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dc.contributor.authorYaneva, Victoria
dc.contributor.authorTemnikova, Irina
dc.contributor.authorMitkov, Ruslan Prof.
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-19T12:02:52Zen
dc.date.available2016-05-19T12:02:52Zen
dc.date.issued2016-05-19
dc.identifier.citationYaneva, V., Temnikova, I., Mitkov, R. (2016) 'Accessible texts for autism: an eye-tracking study', ASSETS 2015, The 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference of Computers and Accessibility, Lisbon, Portugal, October 26-28, New York, USA: Association of Computing Machinery, pp. 49-57
dc.identifier.isbn9781450334006
dc.identifier.doi10.1145/2700648.2809852
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/609866
dc.description.abstractImages are widely used in automatic text simplification systems, Picture Exchange Communication Systems (PECS) and human-produced easy-read documents, in order to make text more accessible for people with various types of disabilities, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). People with ASD are known to experience difficulties in reading comprehension, as well as to have unusual attention patterns, which makes the development of user-centred tools for this population a challenging task. This paper presents the first study to use eye-tracking technology with ASD participants in order to evaluate text documents. Its aim is two-fold. First, it evaluates the use of images in texts and provides evidence of a significant difference in the attention patterns of participants with and without autism, with the autistic participants focusing on images more than the non-autistic ones. Sets of two types of images, photographs and symbols, are compared to establish which ones are more useful to include in simple documents. Second, the study evaluates human-produced easy-read documents, as a gold standard for accessible documents, on 20 adults with autism. The results provide an understanding of the perceived level of difficulty of easy-read documents according to this population, as well as the preferences of autistic individuals in text presentation. The results are synthesized as set of guidelines for creating accessible text for autism.
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversity of Wolverhampton
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherAssociation of Computing Machinery
dc.relation.urlhttps://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2809852
dc.subjectAutism
dc.subjectReadability
dc.subjectReading Comprehension
dc.subjectText Simplifi cation
dc.subjectEasy-Read
dc.subjectEye Tracking
dc.titleAccessible texts for autism: an eye-tracking study
dc.typeConference contribution
dc.identifier.journalASSETS '15: Proceedings of the 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers & Accessibility
dc.conference.nameThe 17th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference of Computers and Accessibility
pubs.finish-date2015-10-28
pubs.place-of-publicationNew York, USA
pubs.start-date2015-10-26
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-21T12:54:36Z
html.description.abstractImages are widely used in automatic text simplification systems, Picture Exchange Communication Systems (PECS) and human-produced easy-read documents, in order to make text more accessible for people with various types of disabilities, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). People with ASD are known to experience difficulties in reading comprehension, as well as to have unusual attention patterns, which makes the development of user-centred tools for this population a challenging task. This paper presents the first study to use eye-tracking technology with ASD participants in order to evaluate text documents. Its aim is two-fold. First, it evaluates the use of images in texts and provides evidence of a significant difference in the attention patterns of participants with and without autism, with the autistic participants focusing on images more than the non-autistic ones. Sets of two types of images, photographs and symbols, are compared to establish which ones are more useful to include in simple documents. Second, the study evaluates human-produced easy-read documents, as a gold standard for accessible documents, on 20 adults with autism. The results provide an understanding of the perceived level of difficulty of easy-read documents according to this population, as well as the preferences of autistic individuals in text presentation. The results are synthesized as set of guidelines for creating accessible text for autism.


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