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dc.contributor.authorVaglio, Stefano
dc.contributor.authorMinicozzi, Pamela
dc.contributor.authorRomoli, Riccardo
dc.contributor.authorBoscaro, Francesca
dc.contributor.authorPieraccini, Giuseppe
dc.contributor.authorMoneti, Gloriano
dc.contributor.authorMoggi-Cecchi, Jacopo
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-16T15:11:49Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-16T15:11:49Zen
dc.date.issued2016-02
dc.identifier.citationSternal Gland Scent-Marking Signals Sex, Age, Rank, and Group Identity in Captive Mandrills. 2016, 41 (2):177-86 Chem. Senses
dc.identifier.issn1464-3553
dc.identifier.issn0379-864X
dc.identifier.pmid26708734
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/chemse/bjv077
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/601458
dc.description.abstractMandrills are one of the few Old World primates to show scent-marking. We combined ethological and chemical approaches to improve our understanding of this behavior in 3 zoo-managed groups. We observed the olfactory behavior performed by adults and adolescents (N = 39) for 775h. We investigated the volatile components of sternal scent-marks using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and compared volatile profiles with traits of the signaler. Males marked more than females and within each sex the frequency of scent-marking was related to age and dominance status, but alpha males scent-marked most frequently and particularly in specific areas at the enclosure boundaries. We identified a total of 77 volatile components of sternal gland secretion, including compounds functioning as male sex pheromones in other mammals, in scent-marks spontaneously released on filter paper by 27 male and 18 female mandrills. We confirmed our previous findings that chemical profiles contain information including sex, male age and rank, and we also found that odor may encode information about group membership in mandrills. Our results support the hypotheses that scent-marking signals the status of the dominant male as well as playing territorial functions but also suggest that it is part of sociosexual communication.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.relation.urlhttp://chemse.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/12/25/chemse.bjv077.short?rss=1
dc.subjectDynamic Headspace Extraction
dc.subjectGas Chromatography
dc.subjectMass Spectrometry
dc.subjectMandrillus sphinx
dc.subjectMandrillus sphinx
dc.subjectPheromones
dc.subjectSignaling
dc.titleSternal Gland Scent-Marking Signals Sex, Age, Rank, and Group Identity in Captive Mandrills.
dc.typeJournal article
dc.identifier.journalChemical senses ISSN 0379-864X
refterms.dateFOA2017-02-01T00:00:00Z
html.description.abstractMandrills are one of the few Old World primates to show scent-marking. We combined ethological and chemical approaches to improve our understanding of this behavior in 3 zoo-managed groups. We observed the olfactory behavior performed by adults and adolescents (N = 39) for 775h. We investigated the volatile components of sternal scent-marks using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and compared volatile profiles with traits of the signaler. Males marked more than females and within each sex the frequency of scent-marking was related to age and dominance status, but alpha males scent-marked most frequently and particularly in specific areas at the enclosure boundaries. We identified a total of 77 volatile components of sternal gland secretion, including compounds functioning as male sex pheromones in other mammals, in scent-marks spontaneously released on filter paper by 27 male and 18 female mandrills. We confirmed our previous findings that chemical profiles contain information including sex, male age and rank, and we also found that odor may encode information about group membership in mandrills. Our results support the hypotheses that scent-marking signals the status of the dominant male as well as playing territorial functions but also suggest that it is part of sociosexual communication.


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