• It's not just What you do, it's also the Way that you do it: Patient and Public Involvement in the Development of Health Research

      Devonport, Tracey; Nicholls, Wendy; Johnston, Lynne H; Gutteridge, Robin; Watt, Angela (Oxford Academic, 2018-01-16)
      Purpose: This paper presents a reflective account of Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) in the development of obesity and binge eating research. Method: We established Patient Advisory Groups (PAGs) at two English regional National Health Service (NHS) weight management services. PPI was evaluated as follows; (1) PAG members completed a PPEQ, (2) PAG meetings captured group discussion on PPI involvement, (3) practitioner and researchers produced written reflections on PPI, (4) sources one to three were consolidated during reflections that took place via e-mail and telephone correspondence between researchers and practitioners, culminating in a summary SKYPE meeting between one practitioner and one researcher involved in the PAGs. Results: Results in the form of reflections suggest guidelines on undertaking PPI were helpful with regards what to do, but less helpful on how. For example, suggestions for the management of interpersonal factors such as eliciting self-disclosure and managing power differentials are insufficiently addressed in existing guidelines. Conclusions: The present case study illustrated how interpersonal considerations can help or hinder the optimal use of PPI. Recommendations for practitioners and researchers planning PPI are offered.
    • Sedentary behaviour in rheumatoid arthritis: definition, measurement and implications for health

      Fenton, Sally A. M.; Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Jet J. C. S.; Duda, Joan L.; Metsios, George S.; Kitas, George D. (Oxford Academic, 2017-04-07)
      RA is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by high grade-inflammation, and associated with elevated cardiovascular risk, rheumatoid-cachexia and functional impairment. Sedentary behaviour (SB) is linked to heightened inflammation, and is highly pervasive in RA, likely as a result of compromised physical function and persistent fatigue. This high sedentarity may exacerbate the inflammatory process in RA, and hold relevance for disease-related outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to provide an overview of the definition, measurement and health relevance of SB in the context of RA. Contradictions are highlighted with regard to the manner in which SB is operationalized, and the significance of SB for disease outcomes in RA is outlined. The advantages and disadvantages of SB measurement approaches are also discussed. Against this background, we summarize studies that have reported SB and its health correlates in RA, and propose directions for future research.