• Does physical fitness affect injury occurrence and time loss due to injury in elite vocational ballet students?

      Twitchett, Emily; Brodrick, Anna; Nevill, Alan M.; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Angioi, Manuela; Wyon, Matthew A. (J Michael Ryan Publishing, 2010)
      Most ballet dancers will suffer at least one injury a year. There are numerous causes of injury in dance, and while many investigators have documented risk factors such as anatomical characteristics, past medical history, menstrual history, dance experience, length of dance training, fatigue, and stress, risk factors related to body characteristics and nutrient intake, levels of conditioning, or physical fitness parameters have only recently received the same amount of attention. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to investigate correlations between ballet injury and body fat percentage, active and passive flexibility, lower limb power, upper body and core endurance, and aerobic capacity. Low levels of aerobic fitness were significantly associated with many of the injuries sustained over a 15-week period (r=.590, p=0.034), and body fat percentage was significantly associated with the length of time a dancer was forced to modify activity due to injury (r=-.614, p=0.026). This information may be of benefit to dancers, teachers, physical therapists and physicians in dance schools and companies when formulating strategies to prevent injury.
    • The impact of motivational climate on dance students' achievement goals, trait anxiety, and perfectionism

      Wyon, Matthew; Carr, Sam (J Michael Ryan Publishing, 2003-12)
      This study examined whether dimensions of the perceived motivational climate in dance institutions could predict dancers' levels of task and ego orientation, dimensions of trait anxiety, and dimensions of perfectionism. Participants were 181 English dance students (mean age: 18.5 years; SD: 2.0 years) from dance institutions in the United Kingdom. Participants completed surveys assessing their perceptions of the motivational climate, goal orientations for dance, trait anxiety, and perfectionist tendencies. Results of standard multiple regression analyses suggested that certain elements of the motivational climate were significant predictors of the dependent variables. Specifically, perceptions of dimensions of a performance-oriented climate were significant positive predictors of dancers' ego orientation, elements of cognitive trait anxiety, and elements of neurotic perfectionism. Perceptions of dimensions of a mastery-oriented climate positively predicted dancers' levels of task orientation. The findings are discussed with regard to the implications for dance pedagogy.