• Behavioural economics, motivating psycho-education improvements; a mobile technology initiative in South Africa

      Forsythe, Alexandra; Venter, Catherine (Frontiers Media S.A., 2019-07-10)
      Here we report on a health behavioural support project, using incentivised behaviour on a mobile platform through M4JAM. This was a proof of concept study to support further developments, more specifically targeted at the management of Tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The study reported here examines the impact of financial rewards and app towards improving mental health outcomes in South Africa. 136 participants were recruited from a database and dichotomized into self-determined and heteronomous groups based on self-report scores. Overall the findings highlighted that personal financial incentives have a role in motivating behaviour and that individuals with higher levels of self-determinate motivation. The findings are discussed in light of the usefulness of an incentivized mobile platform in real-world practice to encourage mental health improvements in a low to middle-income countries.
    • A cross-cultural exploratory study of health behaviours and wellbeing during Covid-19

      Devonport, Tracey; Ruiz, Montse; Chen-Wilson, Jo; Nicholls, Wendy; Cagas, Jon; Fernandez-Montalvo, J; Choi, Y; Robazza, C (Frontiers Media S.A., 2021-01-12)
      This study explored the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on perceived health behaviours; physical activity, sleep, and diet behaviours, alongside associations with wellbeing. Participants were 1140 individuals residing in the UK (n = 230), South Korea (n = 204), Finland (n = 171), Philippines (n = 132), Latin America (n = 124), Spain (n = 112), North America (n = 87), and Italy (n = 80). They completed an online survey reporting possible changes in the targeted behaviours as well as perceived changes in their physical and mental health. Multivariate analyses of covariance variance (MANCOVA) on the final sample (n = 1131) revealed significant mean differences regarding perceived physical and mental health ‘over the last week’, as well as changes in health behaviours during the pandemic by levels of physical activity and country of residence. Follow up analyses indicated that individuals with highest decrease in physical activity reported significantly lower physical and mental health, while those with highest increase in physical activity reported significantly higher increase in sleep and lower weight gain. UK participants reported lowest levels of physical health and highest increase in weight while Latin American participants reported being most affected by emotional problems. Finnish participants reported significantly higher ratings for physical health. The physical activity by country interaction was significant for wellbeing. MANCOVA also revealed significant differences across physical activity levels and four established age categories. Participants in the oldest category reported being significantly least affected by personal and emotional problems; youngest participants reported significantly more sleep. The age by physical activity interaction was significant for eating. Discussed in light of Hobfoll’s (1998) conservation of resources theory, findings endorse the policy of advocating physical activity as a means of generating and maintaining resources combative of stress and protective of health.
    • Investigating humor in social interaction in people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review of the literature

      Chadwick, Darren David; Platt, Tracey (Frontiers Media S.A., 2018-09-21)
      Humor, both producing and appreciating, underpins positive social interactions. It acts as a facilitator of communication. There are clear links to wellbeing that go along with this form of social engagement. However, humor appears to be a seldom studied, cross-disciplinary area of investigation when applied to people with an intellectual disability. This review collates the current state of knowledge regarding the role of humor behavior in the social interactions of people with intellectual disabilities and their carers.