• Data for development: shifting research methodologies for Covid-19

      Traxler, John; Smith, Matthew (Commonwealth of Learning, 2021-03-31)
      Successful and appropriate informal digital learning can help individuals and communities build sustainable and meaningful livelihoods, strengthen social cohesion and resilience, preserve and enhance cultural traditions and engage constructively and robustly with the wider world. Building digital learning that embodies participative and collaborative development and community ownership and control rests on the work of educators who understand these individuals and communities and their cultures, which may be very distant and different from global norms and the mainstream of their countries. These educators may however be reliant on research tools and techniques that are inappropriate or inadequate in these different settings and situations. This paper sets out a brief critique of these established tools and techniques as the prelude to reviewing a range of more innovative and eclectic ones drawn from a variety of disciplines. This is timely because COVID-19 has increased the barriers that separate educators from would-be learners whilst also increasing the education that these people and communities need.
    • Products, training, and technology

      Williams, Jean; Vamplew, Wray; Riess, Steven (Bloomsbury, 2021-01-28)
      Sports products can be divided into three major categories. First, spectator products, which are sold either at the sites of events or mediated electronically and made globally available by satellite technology. Secondly, player products which may include games, equipment and costume, instruction and assistance, facilities, clubs, and training. Thirdly, associated products which are goods and services which have been allied with sport in some way, but which are not really necessary to the playing or watching of sport, though they can heighten the enjoyment (Vamplew 2018). These might include a varied range of products which stand alone, but are integral to experiential enjoyment, such as music, food and drink, social media, mainstream media, merchandise, and different spectator experiences (including VIP boxes and special areas with enhanced hospitality) and so forth. As will be shown below, technology had a significant role in developments within all these categories All sports products can be affected also by cultural values through the beliefs, attitudes, and emotions of both producers and consumers. While income, wealth, and prices clearly have a major role in the marketing of sport, as with any other visitor attraction experience, culture also influences the taste demand. Tastes can vary across individuals who maybe like to experience “value for money” or a “grand day out” and are also affected by class, gender, and nationality. Tastes can also be influenced by opinion-makers including entrepreneurs and commercial advertisers, or dictated by law, as the “safe standing” movement in Britain at association football grounds indicates. This chapter, though far from comprehensive, explores some of these cultural issues in an introductory overview.
    • Inspired by Freire: From literacy to community. How the ideas of Paulo Freire shaped work in the UK

      Tuckett, Alan; Lavender, Peter (AONTAS, 2020-12-31)
      This article reviews the adult literacy campaign in the 1970s in the United Kingdom (UK) and the influence of Paulo Freire’s thinking on how we worked. We argue that much adult literacy provision had been designed to ‘domesticate’ rather than ‘liberate’. The mid-1970s ‘Right to Read’ campaign in the UK rejected this approach (BAS, 1974). The use by tutors of the language and the experience of learners led in part to the publication of student writing, creating reading materials and approaches that were different, and challenging to existing power structures. Emancipatory adult literacy work could not withstand the arrival of substantial government funding in 2001, which brought a new Skills for Life government strategy, together with new teacher-training, new standards and literacy qualifications. Also, in the 1970s and 1980s progressive educators and the institutions for whom they worked developed initiatives which focused on under-represented and marginalised groups, asking ‘who isn’t there, and what can be done about it?’ The result was a renewed development of outreach work, better understanding of what helps and hinders participation, and improved progression routes for individuals. One aspect of this development flowed directly from the literacy work in the 1970s – the participation of volunteers as ‘fellow learners’. Looking at educational work with older people in care homes, volunteers from among local university students acted as co-learners in a charity which illustrates Putnam’s (2000) ‘generalised reciprocity’. We consider that Freire’s legacy emerges among voluntary action as much as it does in literacy programmes.
    • Patterns of occupational stress in police contact and dispatch personnel: Implications for physical and psychological health

      Galbraith, Niall; Boyda, David; McFeeters, Danielle; Galbraith, Victoria (Springer Nature, 2020-12-31)
      Purpose Occupational stress in police call handlers is researched less frequently than in operational or front-line police, despite the role’s unique challenges. Occupational stress is potentially manageable, thus improved understanding of its contributors and consequences is important for effective intervention. We aimed to compare levels and sources of organisational stress in police contact and dispatch personnel with UK benchmarks. Secondly, to test whether different typologies of stress were associated with physical health, mental health and substance use. Finally, to examine whether non-organisational factors (socio-demographic factors and family interference with work (FIW)) predicted organisational stress typologies. Methods A sample (n = 720) of police and civilian staff in a UK police call and dispatch centre were surveyed. Results The strongest sources of stress were competing and high demands, low control, insufficient managerial support and ambiguity surrounding workplace change – all of which indicated need for ‘urgent action’ according to UK benchmarks. Substance use and particularly mental health difficulties were higher than published norms. A latent profile analysis grouped respondents into a low stress group and two high stress profiles: As stress increased across profiles, this corresponded with worse physical and mental health and higher substance use. FIW predicted membership of both high stress profiles. Conclusion Despite non-operational roles, police contact and despatch personnel can experience high occupational stress which is associated with physical and mental health difficulties and substance use. Organisational-level interventions which address lack of control, conflicting role demands as well as enhance management support and communication around change might be most effective in this group.
    • Exploring ethical issues arising from ten years of inclusive research with people with a learning disability

      Tilly, Liz (South-East Network for the Social Sciences, 2020-12-31)
      Inclusive research enables people with a learning disability, with support, to take a lead role at all stages of the research, including the design, process and dissemination, rather than just contributing to the data collection (Walmsley and Johnson, 2003). In 2010 a short-term research project enabled a group of people with a learning disability to ‘research their own lives’. An unexpected outcome was that the members greatly valued the opportunity to tell their stories and wanted to continue. Ten years later the group continues to research issues affecting them and their peers from a disability rights (United Nations General Assembly, 2006) and social model of disability perspective. This article is based on the personal observations and reflections of their non-disabled group facilitator and fellow researcher, regarding a range of ethical issues and dilemmas raised by this inclusive research approach. They include anonymity and confidentiality, the need for flexible roles of the group facilitator, including advocate and supporter, and the extent that this conflicts with the role of co-researcher. Power, ownership and control of the research agenda are also discussed.
    • An exploration of UK paramedics’ experiences of cardiopulmonary resuscitation induced consciousness

      Gregory, Pete; Mays, Ben; Kilner, Tim; Sudron, Ceri (The College of Paramedics, 2020-12-31)
      Introduction: Consciousness may occur during cardiopulmonary resuscitation despite the absence of a palpable pulse. This phenomenon, known as CPR-Induced Consciousness (CPR-IC) was first described over three decades ago and there has been an increase in case reports describing CPR-IC. However, there remains limited evidence in relation to the incidence of CPR-IC and to practitioners’ experiences of CPR-IC. Methods: A mixed methods, cross-sectional survey of paramedics who were registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) and working in the United Kingdom (UK) at the time of the survey. Participants who had experienced CPR-IC were asked to provide details about the number of episodes, a description of how consciousness was manifested, and whether or not it interfered with resuscitation. Results: 293 eligible participants completed the study and 167 (57%) said that they had witnessed CPR-IC. Of those, over 56% reported that they had experienced it on at least two occasions. CPR-IC was deemed to interfere with resuscitation in nearly 50% of first experiences but this fell to around 31% by the third experience. The most common reasons for CPR-IC to interfere with resuscitation were; patient resisting clinical interventions, increased rhythm and pulse checks, distress, confusion and reluctance to perform CPR. Conclusions: The prevalence of CPR-IC in our study was similar to earlier studies; however, unlike the other studies, we did not define what constituted interfering CPR-IC. Our findings suggest that interference may be related as much to the exposure of the clinician to CPR-IC as to any specific characteristic of the phenomenon itself.
    • Developing a new curvilinear allometric model to improve the fit and validity of the 20-m shuttle run test as a predictor of cardiorespiratory fitness in adults and youth

      Nevill, Alan; Ramsbottom, Roger; Sandercock, Gavin; Bocachica-González, Carlos Eduardo; Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson; Tomkinson, Grant (Springer Nature, 2020-12-31)
      Background and Objectives: Doubts have been raised concerning the validity of the 20m shuttle run test (20mSRT) as a predictor of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in youth based on Léger’s equation/model. An alternative allometric model has been published recently that is thought to provide, not only a superior fit (criterion validity) but also a more biologically and physiologically interpretable model (construct validity). The purposes of this study were to explore whether allometry can provide a more valid predictor of CRF using 20mSRT compared with Léger’s equation/model. Methods: We fitted and compared Léger’s original model and an alternative allometric model using two cross-sectional datasets (youth, n=306; adult n=105) that contained measurements of CRF (V ̇O2peak /V ̇O2max) and 20mSRT performance. Quality-of-fit was assessed using explained variance (R2) and Bland and Altman’s limits of agreement. Results: The allometric models provided superior fits for the youth (explained variance R2=71.9%) and adult (R2=77.7%) datasets compared with Léger’s equation using their original fixed (R2=35.2%) or re-estimated parameter models (R2=65.9%), confirming that the allometric models demonstrate acceptable criterion validity. However, the allometric models also identified a non-linear “J-shaped” increase in energy cost (V ̇O2peak/V ̇O2max) with faster final shuttle-run speeds, (fitted speed exponent =1.52; 95% CI 1.38 to 1.65). Conclusion: Not only do allometric models provide more accurate predictions of CRF (V ̇O2peak/V ̇O2max; ml.kg-1.min-1) for both youth and adults (evidence of criterion validity), the “J-shaped” rise in energy demand with increasing final shuttle-run speed also provides evidence of construct validity, resulting in a more plausible, physiologically sound and interpretable model.
    • Writing the history of the present

      Jandric, Petar; Hayes, Sarah (Springer, 2020-12-31)
      Teaching in The Age of Covid-19 ‘Teaching in The Age of Covid-19’ (Jandrić et al. 2020) presents 80 textual testimonies and 79 home workspace photographs submitted by 83 authors from 19 countries. Collected between 18 March and 5 May 2020, the testimonies and photographs describe uncanny feelings, daily experiences and challenges, and emergency solutions, developed by worldwide academics at the very beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. Supplemented with one editor’s introduction at the beginning, and another editor’s reflections at the end, these messy and unpredictable texts and images have now obtained the form of a ‘proper’ piece of academic writing. Yet appearance deceives; as we found out early into the project, this collection can be read in many different ways. At a time when local and global surveys are contributing insights on how the move to online learning and teaching is being experienced (Watermeyer et al. 2020), we explain why this particular collection is both different, but also complementary, to other studies. Each contribution to ‘Teaching in The Age of Covid-19’ (Jandrić et al. 2020) is a standalone authored work, that is both distinct and diverse. Some texts and images are small artistic masterpieces; others more focused to the ‘scientific’ side of things; and many contributions, neither particularly artistic nor very scholarly, provide a wealth of insights into the everyday life and practice of teachers and students during the very beginning of lockdown. We have a lot of appreciation for great arts, and new ideas are the bread and butter of academic inquiry. Yet ‘Teaching in The Age of Covid-19’ is not primarily about beautiful storytelling and / or novel ideas.
    • Low back pain and injury in ballet, modern, and hip-hop dancers: a systematic literature review

      Ambegoankar, Jatin; Wyon, Matthew; Smith, Tina; Henn, Erica (International Federation of Sports Physical Therapy, 2020-12-31)
      Background: Anecdotally, low back pain is a common complaint for many dancers; a comparison across recent research is needed to support or disprove this theory across genres. Purpose: To determine the prevalence of low back pain and low back injury in ballet, modern, and hip-hop dancers through a systematic literature review. A secondary goal was to identify trends amongst dance genres, level of mastery, gender, and age, if possible. Study Design: Literature review. Methods: PRISMA search strategy terms between November 2017 and March 2018 with an ADA grading evaluation and a modified Newcastle-Ottawa Risk of Bias assessment. Twenty-five ballet articles, 5 modern, and 3 hip-hop met the inclusion criteria. Results: Prevalence of low back pain or injury seems relatively high in ballet dance; little research exists on the prevalence of back pain in hip-hop or modern dancers. Twenty-five of the 33 studies relied on a questionnaire to gather their data. Conclusion: Ballet dancers are at risk for low back pain or injury independent of gender, age or level of mastery; there is not enough evidence to draw any conclusions about modern dancers or hip-hop dancers and their relationship to low back pain/injury currently. Future studies need a higher level of evidence and a reduced risk of bias. What is known about the subject: There are several injury studies on ballet dancers, but they report ‘low back pain’ or ‘injury’ as a footnote to other injuries. Few studies use modern and hip-hop dancers as participants. The research on ballet dancers fluctuates wildly in reported prevalence, and differing reporting methods prevent direct comparison. What this study adds to existing knowledge: This study illuminates the dearth of research, especially those of high-quality and non-ballet participants. This study aims to call attention to this gap and promote vigorous scholarship for related research moving forward.
    • Bilateral differences on dancers’ dynamic postural stability during jump landing

      Clarke, Frances; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Wilson, Margaret; Wyon, Matthew (J.Michael Ryan Publishing Inc., 2020-12-31)
      Purpose: Although traditional dance training aims to train dancers’ legs equally, the recognised practice of predominately starting and repeating exercises on one side more than the other has led to suggestions that technique classes may cause lateral bias. Such an imbalance could lead to a greater risk of injury, however, despite this potential risk, little is known about the effects of bilateral differences on dancers’ postural stability during jump landings, a key dynamic action in dance. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of possible bilateral differences on dynamic postural stability during single-leg landing using a time to stabilisation protocol. Methods: Thirty-two injury-free female dance university undergraduates (19+1.9 years; 164.8+6.7cm; 62.6+13.6kg) volunteered. They completed a two foot to one-foot jump over a bar onto a force platform stabilising as quickly as possible. The landing leg was randomly assigned, and participants completed three trials for each leg. Results: No significant differences in dynamic postural stability between the right and left leg were revealed and poor effect size was noted (p>0.05): MLSI: t= -.04, df= 190, p= .940 (CI= -.04,.04, r2 = 0); APSI: t= .65, df= 190, p= .519 (CI= -.06-,.12, r2 =.09); VSI: t= 1.85, df= 190, p= .066 (CI= -.02,.68, r2 = .27); DPSI: t= 1.88, df= 190, p= .061 (CI= -.02, .70, r2 30 = .27). Conclusion: The results of this study on jump landings do not support the notion that dance training may cause lateral bias with its associated risk of injury, although lateral bias may be present elsewhere. Furthermore, dancers’ perceptions of their leg dominance did not correlate with their ability to balance in single-leg landings or to absorb GRFs often associated with injury. Even when unequal training exists, it may not have detrimental effects on the dancer’s postural stability
    • The effects of integrating children from lower and upper primary school years during lunch times on physical activity and social behavior

      Devonport, Tracey; Powell, Emma; Nevill, Alan; Brady, Abbe (United States Sports Academy, 2020-12-31)
      The present study examined physical activity (PA) and play behaviors of primary school children (N = 210) during segregated and mixed age group play. We hypothesised that providing more choice regarding who to play with would (1) increase PA and (2) reduce anti-social behaviors among children. In a mixed-method design, lunch time observations were recorded using the System for Observing Children’s Activity and Relationships during Play (SOCARP, Ridgers et al., 2010). These were completed whilst children were physically separated by lower (hereafter referred to as key-stage-one: four-seven years of age) and upper (hereafter referred to as key-stage-two: eight-11 years of age) primary year play, and following integrated age group play. Two playground supervisors and the head teacher were interviewed to ascertain perceptions of behavior under the two conditions. Observational results indicated moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) increased significantly for mixed play. Significant reductions in anti-social physical behaviors were also observed post-integration. Qualitative results indicate playground supervisors and the head teacher perceived increased post-integration PA to improve post lunch break classroom behavior and reduce anti-social physical and verbal behaviors. Findings illustrate the benefits of mixed age group play for increased physical activity and pro-social behaviors.
    • Accuracy of ECG chest electrode placements by paramedics; an observational study

      Gregory, Pete; Kilner, Tim; Lodge, Stephen; Paget, Suzy (The College of Paramedics, 2020-12-31)
      Background The use of the 12-lead ECG is common in sophisticated prehospital Emergency Medical Services but its value depends upon accurate placement of the ECG-electrodes. Several studies have shown widespread variation in the placement of chest electrodes by other health professionals but no studies have addressed the accuracy of paramedics. The main objective of this study was to ascertain the accuracy of the chest lead placements by registered paramedics. Methods Registered paramedics who attended the Emergency Services Show in Birmingham in September 2018 were invited to participate in this observational study. Participants were asked to place the chest electrodes on a male model in accordance with their current practice. Correct positioning was determined against the Society for Cardiological Science & Technology’s Clinical Guidelines for recording a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (2017) with a tolerance of 19mm being deemed acceptable based upon previous studies. Results 52 eligible participants completed the study. Measurement of electrode placement in the vertical and horizontal planes showed a high level of inaccuracy with 3/52 (5.8%) participants able to accurately place all chest electrodes. In leads V1 - V3, the majority of incorrect placements were related to vertical displacement with most participants able to identify the correct horizontal position. In V4, the tendency was to place the electrode too low and to the left of the pre-determined position whilst V5 tended to be below the expected positioning but in the correct horizontal alignment. There was a less defined pattern of error in V6 although vertical displacement was more likely than horizontal displacement. Conclusions Our study identified a high level of variation in the placement of chest ECG electrodes which could alter the morphology of the ECG. Correct placement of V1 improved placement of other electrodes. Improved initial and refresher training should focus on identification of landmarks and correct placement of V1.
    • Postdigital artistic positionality and its potentials for cultural education

      Hayes, Sarah; Jandrić, Petar (Springer, 2020-12-31)
      In 2002, in Culture in Bits, Gary Hall described challenges to the ‘identity’ of cultural studies, pointing to the debate between political economy and cultural studies. Rapid technological change has distracted us since, but these challenges remain. Furthermore, recent developments surrounding the Covid-19 pandemic have also revealed complex interconnections across viral biology and information science, with the global lockdown giving rise to related postdigital artistic activities. In Algorithmic Culture Ted Striphas discussed a delegation of the work of culture to computational processes, which significantly alters the practice, experience, and understanding of culture. This article examines to what extent postdigital art practices offer a form of resistance to political economic ‘illusions’ of democratic forms of public culture found across the Internet, and at which price. If humans and technology are acknowledged as part of a collaborative artistic process, can this address issues pertaining to power, exploitation, and emancipation, in our postdigital age? We conclude that when artists engage with their personal postdigital positionality, this brings such possibilities a little closer in these uncertain times.
    • A systematic review exploring the impact of social media on breastfeeding practices

      Orchard, Lisa; Nicholls, Wendy (Springer Nature, 2020-12-31)
      Social media has potential to promote and support positive health behaviours. This systematic review explores the influence of social media on breastfeeding decision-making, promotion and support. For the purpose of the review, social media was defined as social networking sites and blogs; M-technology and apps were only considered if they included an interactive element, such as a ‘share’ function, or one-to-many communication. Searches were conducted on EBSCO across seven databases (limited to 2007-2019). Of the 1261 papers initially identified, 22 met the inclusion criteria for the current review. Results are mixed, but there is evidence that social media can be used to improve breastfeeding awareness and attitudes. Breastfeeding mothers value pro-breastfeeding online communities. However, the success of such social media groups may be dependent on specific content shared, individual contributors, and group dynamics. Key considerations for practitioners are offered regarding how social media can augment services offered to support breastfeeding. Research in this field is still very much in its infancy. Further investigation of specific social media content is needed, alongside the viewpoints of those who have ceased breastfeeding against their wishes.
    • Injury occurrence in hip hop dance: An online cross-sectional cohort study of breakers

      Tsiouti, Nefeli; Wyon, Matthew (J.Michael Ryan Publishing Inc., 2020-12-01)
      Breaking is the most physical of the hip hop dance styles, but little research has examined the health and well-being of its participants. Using a cross-sectional recall design a self-report online health and wellbeing survey was open for a 5-month period. 320 adult break dancers (16% professional, 65% student/recreational) with a minimum of 6-months experience completed the survey. The main outcome measures were self-report injury incidence and aetiology and training hours. Respondents (52%) trained between 4-9 hours per week over 3 days; significantly less than theatrical dancers. 71.1% reported a dance-related injury and 44.5% reporting being currently injured at time of survey. Self-reported types of injury were significantly different from other dance genres; the most frequently injured were arms/hands (40.6%), shoulders (35.9%), knees (32.2%), neck (22.8%) and ankles (15.6%). When injured, 29% respondents either took their own preventative steps or continued to dance carefully, 20% sought medical professional help; “yourself” was the most cited influence on returning to dance after injury (47%). The current survey highlighted the potential differences between different dance genres particularly regarding injury incidence and aetiology.
    • A Population-Based Analysis of Interpersonal Trauma, Psychosis, and Suicide: Evidence, pathways, and implications

      Boyda, David; McFeeters, Danielle; Katie, Dhingra; Kelleher, Ian (SAGE, 2020-12-01)
      Background: Subthreshold psychotic experiences are known to confer a risk for suicidality. Yet, despite evidence of a strong aetiological trauma-psychosis pathway, the coalesced effect of such concurrences on suicide risk is largely discounted. Objective: Our aims were to examine the impact of different manifestations of lifespan trauma and psychotic-like experiences (PE) on the risk of suicidal thoughts and attempts using an exploratory person-centred approach. Method: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (N= 7,403) was analysed. Psychotic-like experiences were assessed using the Psychosis Screening Questionnaire (PSQ) alongside items probing childhood and adult trauma, in addition to twelve-month suicide thoughts and attempt. Results: A manual 3-step latent class analysis elicited four distinct profiles, namely a socially disconnected/high PE, a sexual victimisation/moderate PE, a lifespan trauma/low PE and a baseline class. The socially disconnected class, characterised by a moderate likelihood of social disconnection, a high probability of various PE endorsements, yet a low likelihood of other significant trauma, showed the greatest risk of twelve-month suicide ideation (OR=13.0, 95%CI=8.539 – 19.021) and attempt (OR=24.2, 95%CI=10.349 – 56.860). Conclusions: Neither multiple nor recurrent traumatic experiences invariably result in the emergence of PEs. Instead, a sense of social disconnection may be either resultant of PEs, or alone sufficient to cultivate such symptom presentations, even in the absence of prior traumas. Moreover, just as traumatic encounters increase the risk of suicidality, so too might seemingly more innocuous adversities such as poor-quality social relationships further elevate the risk, particularly when proximal and coupled with the simultaneity of PEs.
    • ‘Academics online’: Self-promotion, competition and celebrification

      Bartram, Brendan; Bartram, Brendan (Routledge, 2020-10-30)
    • Disability, diversity and inclusive placement learning

      Brewster, Stephanie; Thompson, David; Bartram, Brendan (Routledge, 2020-10-30)
    • Biophysical, psychrometric and physiological limits for continuous liquid and air-based personal cooling systems in working men: A case for amending ASTM2300-10(2016)

      Bach, Aaron JE; Borg, David N; Minett, Geoffrey M; Maley, Matthew J; Stewart, Ian B (Elsevier, 2020-09-22)
      The ASTM F2300-10 standard testing protocol was implemented for two continuous personal cooling systems (venturi air vest and cold-water perfused vest) with theoretically similar cooling capacities. Secondly, we used the same systems in step-wise increments of either temperature or relative humidity in order to define the upper limit of the prescriptive zone for each (i.e., critical environmental limits method). ASTM F2300-10 standard protocol saw both vests equally effective in reducing cardiovascular and thermal strain relative to a no cooling control. The critical environmental limits method saw the upper limit for humidity significantly increase in both vests, with no differences between the vests. However, the upper limit for temperature was increased in the cold-water vest, with the venturi air vest being no more beneficial than the control. Overall, this study used an evidence-based approach to demonstrate that a single environment, as per ASTM F2300-10, failed to delineate differences between continuous cooling systems promoting discrete mechanisms of heat loss. Most notably, relative to no cooling, the use of the air vest provided no additional evaporative cooling in a low humidity environment, and therefore no increase in the upper limits of critical temperature. This should highlight to end users not to assume that one size fits all for effective personal cooling systems if applied outside of the environment it was tested. Based on these findings, we suggest a range of environments be recommended by the ASTM F2300-10 standard for the evaluation of cooling systems to ensure systems ineffective in certain environments can be identified.
    • Evaluating the impact of ICT on teaching and learning: A study of Palestinian students’ and teachers’ perceptions

      Qaddumi, Husam; Bartram, Brendan; Qashmar, Ali (Springer Nature, 2020-09-19)
      This study aimed to investigate the impact of ICT on teaching and learning from the point-of-view of Palestinian students and teachers. A total of 207 school teachers and 276 students from 53 schools taking part in an ICT project in Palestine responded to a questionnaire survey. Results indicated that students in Palestinian public schools perceived ICT to have a moderate influence on their learning. Students indicated that they face frequent challenges such as: lesson duration, access to modern devices and issues with information research skills. These results contrasted with school teachers’ views, which reflected a much stronger impression of the influence of ICT on teaching.