• #Vaccineswork: Recontextualizing the content of epidemiological reports on Twitter

      Orpin, Deborah; Luzon, Maria Jose; Perez Llantada, Carmen (John Benjamins, 2019-12-04)
      This study examines the ways in which information originating in epidemiological reports is recontextualized in the @ECDC_VPD account, the Twitter account of a European health agency. Using a corpus-assisted discourse analytical approach complemented with multimodal analysis, this study compares the strategies used to achieve proximity (Hyland 2010) in the space-constrained genre of Twitter with those used in the source texts. The study finds that the macro-structural properties of the @ECDC_VPD tweets have become more complex over time and the use of images to enhance meaning-making has increased. The drive to present claims as newsworthy, coupled with the 140/280-character constraint, results in the tweets containing greater relative use of stance markers and lower use of epistemic modals than is observed in the source texts. The @ECDC_VPD tweets display a greater range of engagement strategies than is seen in the source texts.
    • Validation of the Polar RS800CX for assessing heart rate variability during rest, moderate cycling and post-exercise recovery

      Tsitoglou, Kyriakos; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Dinas, Petros (F1000Research, 2018-09-20)
      Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an autonomic nervous system marker that provides reliable information for both disease prevention and diagnosis; it is also used in sport settings. We examined the validity of the Polar RS800CX heart rate monitor during rest, moderate cycling, and recovery in considering the total of 24 HRV indices. Method: A total of 32 healthy males (age=24.78±6.87 years, body mass index=24.48±3.13 kg/m 2 ) completed a session comprised by three 20-minute time periods of resting, cycling at 60% of maximal heart rate, and recovery using a Polar RS800CX and an electrocardiogram (ECG) monitors. The HRV indices included time-domain, frequency-domain, Poincaré plot and recurrence plot. Bland–Altman plot analysis was used to estimate agreement between Polar RS800CX and ECG. Results: We detected significant associations (r>0.75, p<0.05) in all HRV indices, while five out of 24 HRV indices displayed significant mean differences (p<0.05) between Polar RS800CX and ECG during the resting period. However, for the exercise and recovery periods, we found significant mean differences (p<0.05) in 16/24 and 22/24 HRV indices between the two monitors, respectively. Conclusion: It is concluded that Polar RS800CX is a valid tool for monitoring HRV in individuals at resting conditions, but it displays inconsistency when used during exercise at 60% of maximal heart rate and recovery periods.
    • Vernacular Christianity

      Gregg, Stephen; Chryssides, George; Gregg, Stephen; Chryssides, George (Bloomsbury, 2019-11-14)
      One of the authors used to begin his Christianity classes by inviting students to consider two statements and to decide which provided a more appropriate description of the Christian faith. The two statements were: (1) Christians believe that Jesus Christ is of one substance with the Father. (2) Christians in Britain eat Christmas puddings on 25 December. By far the majority of students voted for the first statement. It is an important doctrine, defining the Incarnation, which is a central tenet of Christian theology, and it is part of the Nicene Creed, which many Christians recite weekly during congregational worship. By contrast, the second seems frivolous. Christianity purports to offer salvation, teaching that it is brought about through God becoming human, and dying on the cross to redeem humankind from sin; this is certainly not achieved by eating a Christmas pudding. One might also point out that, historically, the Church has excommunicated those who have denied the full deity or the full humanity of Jesus Christ, whereas there is no compulsion for any Christian to observe popular Christmas customs. However, it remains true that there are more Christians who erect Christmas trees and hang up stockings than understand what it means for Jesus Christ to be of one substance with the Father, or indeed most of the other doctrines defined in the traditional creeds.
    • Views From Home and Views from Home Reviewed

      Sherwin, Guy (2006)
      A 10 minute digital videotape exhibited as part of “Guy Sherwin: Re-Enactments” at the Evolution Festival. “Views from Home” addresses the aesthetic question of whether it is possible to successfully integrate an ambient music track (recordings made in the film’s urban neighbourhood) with time-lapse film recordings, since they would seem to occupy mutually exclusive ‘time frames’. The works forms part of Sherwin’s long-term investigation into sound/image relations. Initially influenced by Kubelka and others, the recent research has widened the field of enquiry to include digital technologies augmented by live performance. The work makes use of digital editing to adjust lengths of time-lapse shots to either match or counterpoint rhythms in the soundtrack. The later work “Views...Reviewed” involved a radical re-edit, effectively breaking up the work and allowing space for the musician’s live interaction, allowing opportunities for the performer to move around and even outside the performance space.
    • Vilnius memoryscape: razing and raising of monuments, collective memory and national identity

      Moore, Irina (John Benjamins Publishing, 2019-11-12)
      This article attempts to analyse collective memory formation (the study of monuments, memory, and public space) through the lens of semiotic landscape. A theoretical focus on power relations in “monumental politics” (Czepczyński, 2008; Forest, Johnson & Till, 2004; Gordon, 2001; Kaufman, 2001), the concept of memoryscape (Clack, 2011) and Van Gennep’s sociological concept of liminality (Van Gennep, A., 2004) and a methodological approach that “treats space as a discursive as well as physical formation” (Jaworski, A., Thurlow, C., 2010) are combined to examine the process of monument destruction, creation, and alteration in post-Soviet Vilnius.
    • Walking on Ostrich Eggshells

      Miller, Candi; Bidwell, Nicola; Winschiers-Theophilus, Heike (Informing Sciences Institute, 2014-09-01)
    • Warde (née Becker), Beatrice Lamberton Becker (1900–1969)

      Glaser, Jessica (Oxford University Press, 2019-03-30)
      Warde (née Becker), Beatrice Lamberton Becker (1900–1969), typographer, was born in New York, USA, on 20 September 1900, the only child of Gustav Becker (1861–1959), pianist and composer, and his wife, May, née Lamberton (1873–1958), the journalist and literary critic ...
    • Well-making: co-building pathways for empathy

      Hackney, Fiona (AHRC, 2018-04-14)
      This one day interactive workshop at the Wellcome Collection in London 2017 explored new research on inclusive design and empathy with a particular focus on how maker spaces might be better understood as ‘well-making spaces’: spaces of empathy that promote health and wellbeing. The event included a keynote by Professor Lizbeth Goodman, Chair of Creative Technology Innovation at University College Dublin, founder/director of the SMARTlab and MAGIC (Multimedia and Games Innovation Centre) about her international research and current European Horizon 2020 project. Other participants included, among others: Simon Duncan (Boing Boing: Resilience Research and Practice), Dr Anni Raw (School of Applied Social Sciences, University of Durham), Mah Rana (Artist and research student University College London), Jayne Howard (Director Arts Well) and Karl Royale (Head of Enterprise and Commercial Development University of Wolverhampton), Ben Salter (Course Leader Interior Design Norwich University of the Arts), a diverse interdisciplinary group of designers and design researchers, arts and crafts practitioners, social scientists, arts for health organisations, community partners, and health researchers
    • What will survive us? Sigurd Leeder and his legacy

      Lidbury, Clare (Society of Dance History Scholars, 2017-04-30)
      What was it about a single gesture by Peter Wright that made me exclaim “He must have studied with Leeder” (BBC TV 1988). What I had seen was a ‘central movement’ of the arm which Wright was using to demonstrate a possible intention for a reaching gesture. ‘Central movement’ is very distinctive and rarely performed, in my experience, by those who have not had some contact with the Jooss-Leeder training. In fact Wright had worked with Sigurd Leeder from 1944-47 receiving his first dance training and performing experience as an apprentice travelling with the Ballets Jooss on tour in the UK (Wright, 1993). Subsequently Wright studied and worked with many other teachers, mostly in classical ballet, and went on to play a significant part in the development of British Ballet in the second half of the twentieth century. Some 40 years on, having experienced and embraced it, that work with Leeder was still clearly imprinted in Wright’s body.
    • When Sally Met Harry: a fictocritique on the use of tablet readers for indigenous knowledge transfer

      Miller, Candi; Bassett, Caroline; Burns, Ryan; Glasson, Russell; O'Riordan, Kate (Falmer: REFRAME BooksSussex, GB, 2015-03-03)
    • Where is the work?

      Cornford, Matthew; Cross, David (2005)
      For “Where is the Work?” the artists produced photographs and texts, which explicate and attempt to stabilize a body of ephemeral, context-specific work. Cornford and Cross acted as artists, curators, instigators, designers and authors. The exhibition site itself is the work, the transgression is found in the decision to critically articulate and institutionally validate this work through a touring exhibition, publication and website. The touring exhibition and website constitute a key development of investigation by Cornford & Cross into the relationship between artistic collaboration, social engagement and site-specific installation. Their art practice leads from the proposition that a key function of contemporary art is to test concepts, assumptions and boundaries in everyday life. The touring show made visible the widest range of projects by the artists and included realized and unrealized projects, with the intent to engage a variety of audiences in reflection and debate.
    • Whitegold

      Shaw, Vicky (2005)
      Shaw produced three variations of bowl forms, with precise patterns juxtaposed against bold background colours for “Whitegold”, an international exhibition of commissioned work in porcelain. Based on previous work, this commission enabled Shaw to develop a new strategy for complex pattern making based on building up intricate layers of colour through screen-printing. While pursuing the juxtaposition of colour and form, which is the signature of her work, Shaw used the new patterning process to develop a new aesthetic for her work, metaphorically referencing domestic table settings.
    • Who makes revolution in the age of speculative design?

      Chukhrov, Keti (European University at Saint-Petersburg, 2018-12-28)
      Contemporary theories of social emancipation contend that it is time to dispense with the concept of revolution and leave it merely as the legacy of political struggles belonging to the age of industrial economy. Today’s globalization, semio-capital, speculative design, crypto-economy, and artificial intelligence would engage epistemologically different emancipatory lexicons and techniques of resistance. All new futurisms posit technological solutions for hitherto political stakes. What remains unheeded in them is the existential need for cognitive equality and social continuity with the masses in constructing the collective subject of emancipation. Recent election results in the U.S., U.K., Eastern Europe, and Russia diagnose an immense cognitive rupture between the producers of emancipatory lexicons and disadvantaged workers. Such a split between mind and body was already made apparent in Hegel’s dialectics of lord and bondsman. In order to surpass this split, it is of utmost importance to reconsider the conditions in which the premature construction of the proletariat took place in the context of the October revolution. The proletariat was posited in this case not only as revolutionary subject, but as the principal subject of Enlightenment as well.
    • Whoever pays the piper calls the tune: Kurt Jooss, public subsidy and private patronage

      Lidbury, Clare (Edinburgh University Press, 2018-05-31)
      This article discusses how subsidy and patronage from German municipalities, private individuals, and British organisations supported Kurt Jooss’s artistic output enabling him to create new work, to have high production values, and to present and disseminate his work in Britain, across Europe, the USA and South America. Working chronologically consideration is given to how each sponsor and benefactor impacted on Jooss’s work, particularly his activities as a theatre/opera director and as a choreographer for Baroque operas and oratorios. It is concluded that without such deliberate sponsorship Jooss’s work would have been severely restricted.
    • Whole body interaction in abstract domains

      Holland, SImon; Wilkie, Katie; Bouwer, Anders; Dalgleish, Mat; Mulholland, Paul; England, David; England, David (Springer Verlag, 2011)
      Whole Body Interaction appears to be a good fit of interaction style for some categories of application domain, such as the motion capture of gestures for computer games and virtual physical sports. However, the suitability of whole body interaction for more abstract application domains is less apparent, and the creation of appropriate whole body interaction designs for complex abstract areas such as mathematics, programming and musical harmony remains challenging. We argue, illustrated by a detailed case study, that conceptual metaphor theory and sensory motor contingency theory offer analytic and synthetic tools whereby whole body interaction can in principle be applied usefully to arbitrary abstract application domains. We present the case study of a whole body interaction system for a highly abstract application area, tonal harmony in music. We demonstrate ways in which whole body interaction offers strong affordances for action and insight in this domain when appropriate conceptual metaphors are harnessed in the design. We outline how this approach can be applied to abstract domains in general, and discuss its limitations.
    • Why Read the Classics?

      Cornford, Matthew (2005)
      Why Read the Classics? is a work made around a damaged classical statue in the Villa Aldobrandini, a public garden in Rome. A flight of stone steps leads past ancient ruins up to palms and orange trees, in a garden, which though beautiful, is rather used and neglected. Near the top of the stairway stands the marble figure of a young woman, on a pedestal in an alcove in the wall. Like so many statues in Rome, the head of the figure is missing. Behind the space of the figure’s head we hung a golden disc, of the kind used to reflect light onto the faces of actors and models. Opposite the figure we installed a powerful film and television lamp, so its beam of light reflected onto the disc and created an aura or halo. Visitors to the garden where confronted by the dazzling light shinning from the iconic vision of a mythical woman. Yet the lamp and electrical cables that produce the light anchored the scene firmly in the present. Later, the work will exist as a pair of still photographs which will formulate a relationship between the fragment and its setting of loss and decline. In Why Read the Classics? three conceptions of femininity converge: the classical goddess, the Christian Madonna, and the contemporary film star. ‘Why Read the Classics?’ is the title of a book by the great
    • Widening access, narrowing curriculum: is the expectation of software training changing the culture within visual communications higher education?

      Marshall, Lindsey (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2005)
      Increasingly, students entering visual communications courses seem to expect training in industry-standard software to make up the majority of course content. This is seen as the source of some tension between visual communication design educators and government/university policies for widening participation. It may also be related to the perceived need for graduate employees to have knowledge of industry standard software prior to employment. There has been a rise in the number of students applying to study visual communications since the introduction of desktop publishing in the 1980s. This, together with a more diverse student profile has created differing student expectations and a change in the culture of visual communications higher education courses. Widening participation policies have facilitated an increase in recruitment both directly from sixth form study (post 16 year old) and from an increasing ethnically diverse background from the UK, Europe and internationally, rather than through UK based traditional preparatory courses. These factors place pressure on existing curricula, and may lead to a narrowing of content as a deficit in prior learning and understanding has to be accounted for. Student expectation of software training together with the vocational nature of visual communication design courses may lead to courses becoming predominantly software oriented. In the context of the implementation of government widening participation policy, this may result in the reduction of courses to technological skill provision. In order to identify any tension between student expectation and course content, staff perceptions of student requirements have been compared to their perceptions of the purpose of an education in visual communications.
    • Wired 2

      Wood, Karen; Say, Genevieve; Lycett, Ben (Arts Council England, 2014-05)
    • Wiring the ear: Instrumentality and aural primacy in and after David Tudor’s Unstable Circuits

      Dalgleish, Mat (2016-09-21)
      The early 20th century saw a spate of innovative electronic musical instruments. For instance, the theremin (1919) and Ondes Martenot (1928) not only offered new sound generation techniques, but married them to similarly innovative means of interaction. However, by the late 1920s, the development of novel performance interfaces had stalled, and the familiar organ-type keyboard re-appeared on many electronic instruments of the 1930s (Manning 2004, pp. 4-6). Moreover, as the era of the tape-based studio began postwar, the link between electronic music and live performance seemed to recede (Ibid., pp. 19-74). Compared to the limited timbres of most earlier electronic instruments, the sound creation and manipulation possibilities of tape were more sophisticated. However, splicing together even a short piece could take months of toil. Thus, by the mid-1960s, a number of real-time alternatives had emerged, from Stockhausen’s electronic processing of acoustic instruments, to the modular synthesizer, and the live electronics of David Tudor.
    • Woman Appeal. A New Rhetoric of Consumption: Women’s Domestic Magazines in the 1920s and 1930s

      Hackney, Fiona; Clay, Catherine; DiCenzo, Maria; Green, Barbara (Edinburgh University Press, 2017-12-31)
      When in 1926 two brothers from South Wales, William and Gomer Berry, struck a deal to acquire the entire business of the Amalgamated Press (AP), they took on the mantle of ‘Britain’s leading magazine publishing business,’ after the untimely death of AP owner and press magnate, Alfred Harmsworth (Lord Northcliffe) (Cox and Mowatt 2014: 60–3). The continued importance of magazines aimed at the female reader for the Berry’s empire was emphasised by William in his first speech as chairman, and in the coming years a host of new titles including Woman and Home, Woman’s Journal, Woman’s Companion, Wife and Home, Woman and Beauty and Home Journal were added to established staples such as Home Chat, Women’s Pictorial, Woman’s World and Woman’s Weekly. The launch of over fifty titles by AP and its rivals Newnes and Pearson, and Odhams Press, put women and their magazines at the forefront of popular publishing in the interwar years. By the end of the 1930s Odhams Press, under the direction of its dynamic managing director Julias Elias (Lord Southwood), had usurped the AP’s position with its innovative publication Woman, which brought the visual appeal of good quality colour printing to a tuppeny weekly, something that previously had only been available in expensive, high-class magazines. The interwar years witnessed expansion and consolidation, struggle and innovation as these publishing giants competed to command the lucrative market for women’s magazines.