• Bacon and Bergson on Time and Motion

      Arya, Rina (Taylor & Francis, 2015-02-17)
      he bearing of Bergsonian thought on Bacon’s paintings has become apparent as a result of Deleuze’s study, Francis Bacon: Logique de la sensation (1981). But aside from Deleuze’s application, there is a lot to recommend constructing a parallel between Bacon and Bergson as figures in their own right. This article explores Bergson’s approaches to temporality and the idea of immediate experience, and applies these to Bacon’s oeuvre, especially with respect to the artist’s antithetical views about an interpretation of narrative, the violence in his work and the phenomenology of the body.
    • Balance in theatrical dance performance: a systematic review

      Clarke, Frances; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Wilson, Margaret; Wyon, Matthew (Science & Medicine, 2018-12-01)
      AIM: Due to movement complexity and the use of interdisciplinary styles, all theatrical dance genres require dancers to have excellent balance skills to meet choreographic demands. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the experimental evidence for the relationship between balance and dance performance, including balance testing, balance training, and balance performance. The key focus was on balance and theatrical styles of dance, involving adult participants who were either in full-time dance training or professional dancers. METHODS: The databases MEDLINE, PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health (CINAHL), SPORTDiscus, Cochrane, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar were searched using MeSH terms postural balance, balance, postural, musculoskeletal equilibrium, and postural equilibrium, and used in combination with dance, between 1980 and 2016. PRISMA recommendations were applied in modifications to the search terms. RESULTS: The initial search revealed 1,140 published articles. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, 47 articles were judged to be relevant for further assessment using the GRADE system. Results revealed only 1 randomized controlled trial (RCT); the remaining articles were experimental without randomisation or pre-experimental, thus achieving low scores. A total of 39 articles focused on balance ability, including postural sway and control; 5 were related to multi-joint coordination; and 3 investigated laterality and balance. Female ballet dancers were the most studied population, while a wide range of measurement tools and balance tasks were employed. CONCLUSION: The available material on balance and dance performance is of rather low quality. There is a need for more RCTs and intervention balance studies.
    • Bare life in an immigration jail: technologies of surveillance in U.S. pre-deportation detention

      Radziwinowiczówna, Agnieszka (Taylor & Francis, 2020-08-29)
      Migration policies globally are characterised by a growth in the use of detention. These dynamics have also been noted in the United States of America, where, increasingly, the private immigration detention infrastructure is the most developed in the world. Like other total institutions, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention facilities depend on controlling human bodies. This article, which explains how nation-state sovereignty is created by means of surveillance technologies, draws upon the narratives of 26 Mexicans, deported under the administrations of Presidents Bush and Obama and interviewed in four waves of research between 2012 and 2019 in their hometown. The article describes the lived experience of biopolitical interventions on detainees’ bodies and explains the disciplining role of restricting or limiting access to ICTs. The article uses Agamben’s notion of bare life. It describes how biopolitical interventions and disciplines dehumanise precarious migrants and contribute to their governmentality long after their deportation when they abstain from re-entering the United States. The article complicates the notion of bare life by demonstrating that the use of biometrics (fingerprints) not only dehumanises people but also identifies their bodies and thus rehumanise them.
    • BBC News – creating audience in the digital era

      Fox, Andy; Mitu, Bianca (Intellect, 2016-03-01)
      This article will examine how a public service broadcaster, specifically the BBC, delivers news content to its audience across multiple media platforms. Rather than looking at how the audience responds to media texts, this article will take the opposite standpoint by addressing the following question: How does the BBC build its audience on a platform-by-platform basis? To answer this key question we compared news outputs on the three platforms offered by the BBC: web, television and radio. A sample was compiled based on the top stories that appeared at a specific time of day over a month in early 2015. The results suggest that there is no significant difference in establishing news agendas through a digitally converged media landscape. In fact the three platforms analysed do not take media convergence into account when delivering news content.
    • bdpq / Vowels & Consonants

      Sherwin, Guy (2005)
      The work developed from Sherwin’s successful AHRB application of 2003/4 to investigate if 16mm film can be successfully adapted for presentation in the gallery. “bdpq” questions the practical and aesthetic considerations of using a printing machine as projector within a gallery space, and asks if these indicators of geometry can be viewed as the aesthetic core of the artwork. “Vowels & Consonants” asks: what is the character of optical sound that can be generated directly from the physical shapes of letters? How does that sound relate to the sounds we associate with those letterforms? The work investigates chance at many levels. The letterforms b,d,p,q, were generated on a computer and printed onto raw 16mm film without a camera. Looped projection enabled an improvisatory form of projection facilitating live interaction with musicians. Effectively turn the process of film projection into an audio / visual art-form that can interact effectively with live music performance.
    • Beatrice Warde, May Lamberton Becker and Books Across the Sea

      Glaser, Jessica; Roberto, Rose; Alexiou, Artemis (Peter Lang, 2021-12-31)
    • Being Maker-Centric: Making as Method for Self-Organising and Achieving Craft Impact in Local Communities and Economies

      Hackney, Fiona; Figueiredo, Deirdre; Onions, Laura; Rogers, Gavin; Milovanovic, Jana; Bell, Emma; Mangia, Gianluigi; Taylor, Scott; Toraldo, Maria Laura (Routledge, 2018-08-05)
    • Belt

      Bird-Jones, Christine (2002)
      Chris Bird-Jones developed a series and then exhibited three glass/textile pieces, on the theme of the ‘Belt’ for the 7th Womens International Glass Network Exhibition, curated by Holly Sandford and Linda Chalmers, at the Lane Gallery. The Women’s Glass Network sustains dialogue that foregrounds experience and knowledge relative to practice. This includes observing and discussing the creative process of others as a key to developing tacit and technical knowledge. From this dialogue, Bird-Jones’ work stands out through her integration of Reusche enamels into the use of glass on textile objects to achieve special effects of colour and light. The glass components were painted and fired with Reusche enamels introduced by fellow-artist Marie Foucault-Phipps and predominantly used in restoration of stained glass. Through exploration of sample firings and finishes, trace colours were combined with silver nitrate. Bird-Jones developed an intricate pattern of filtered and coloured reflected light, characteristic of many of her works.
    • Between Setting and Character: A Taxonomy of Sentient Spaces in Fantasy Film’

      Pheasant-Kelly, Frances; Pallant, Chris (Bloomsbury, 2015-10-08)
      With reference to Aylish Wood’s concept of ‘timespaces’, this essay explores the sentient spaces of fantasy film.1 It suggests that digital technologies, either in producing computer-generated or computer-assisted effects, have extended the capacity and significance of film settings by endowing them with a cognitive awareness and physical articulation more in line with film characters than with backdrops for action. Wood contends that ‘digital effects produce spaces with the ability to transform, or […] have a temporal quality, thus adding an extra dimension to the narrative progression’2 and designates these temporally-extended special-effects spaces as ‘timespaces’. However, the digitally generated/assisted landscape often moves beyond Wood’s notion of a temporally-extended space, and rather, constitutes an enhancement of setting to the level of a sentient being. Moreover, this sentience invests the narrative with a causal as well as a temporal element. In other words, sentient spaces contribute towards narrative progression in ways beyond temporal extension. Trees are especially amenable to such effects, evident, for example, in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005) when animated tree roots malevolently ensnare one of its characters, Cedric Diggory (Robert Pattinson). The sentience of landscape is not in itself a new phenomenon, being evident in early fantasy film – for instance, the forest of The Wizard of Oz (1939) similarly assumes cognitive qualities. Yet, new animation and digital techniques facilitate a more credible anthropomorphism of settings, to the extent that they are either little different to animated characters or are conflated with them. Analogous to Wood’s contention for convergence between time and space in ‘timespaces’, this chapter therefore argues that settings have become credible sentient entities, with digital technologies effecting a diminishing/absent margin between character and setting. In so doing, it utilises the description ‘animated settings’ in relation to sentience in both the genres of animation and fantasy. Textually analysing a range of fantasy films, including the Harry Potter series (2001-11), Peter Jackson’s The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001-03), and Steven Spielberg’s The Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (2008) amongst others, and referring to Wood’s ‘timespaces’ as well as Sigmund Freud’s theory of animism and studies of animation by Paul Wells and Chris Pallant, this essay posits a concept of sentient computer-generated imagery (CGI) as marking setting-character convergence.
    • Bibliography of British Travel Writing, 1780 - 1840: The European Tour, 1814 - 1818 (excluding Britain and Ireland)

      Colbert, Benjamin (Cardiff University: Centre for Editorial and Intertextual Research, 2004)
      The acquisition in 1997 by Cardiff University of the English language version of the Corvey Microfiche Edition (CME) presented a significant opportunity for research into English literature of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. 'Romantic Textualities: Literature and Print Culture, 1780–1840' is a twice-yearly journal that is committed to foregrounding innovative Romantic-studies research into bibliography, book history, intertextuality, and textual studies. INTRODUCTION TO THIS ARTICLE: "In 1826, Mary Shelley recalled the Summer of 1814 as ‘incarnate romance’, when ‘a new generation’ of youthful travellers with ‘time and money at command’, yet heedless of ‘dirty packets and wretched inns’, ‘poured, in one vast stream, across the Pas de Calais into France’. It is estimated that some 15,512 British tourists and residents were present in Paris alone during 1815, while, at home, accounts began appearing in print. By 1817, the Edinburgh Review commented: The restoration of peace has, as might have been foreseen, produced a vast number of Books of Travels."
    • BLURRING THE LINES: AN INTEGRATED COMPOSITIONAL MODEL FOR DIGITAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENT DESIGN

      Dalgleish, Mat (Proceedings of the 9th Conference on Interdisciplinary Musicology. CIM14. Berlin, Germany, 2014)
    • Bone mineral density and body composition among athletes: Lightweight versus heavyweight sports

      van Santen, JA; Amorim, TA; Sanchez-Santos, MT; Newton, JL; Salbany, F; Pereira, C; Allen, N; Davies, MAM; Jackson, K; Koutedakis, Y; et al. (Springer, 2017-07-24)
      Objectives: Energy restriction and weight loss techniques are associated with adverse effects on bone mineral density (BMD) whilst participation in sports is known to be beneficial for skeletal health. However, it is not entirely clear the skeletal health status in lightweight sports where participants often use weight management techniques to attain relatively low mass. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the differences in BMD and body composition among athletes engaged in weight restricted and non-weight restricted sports.
    • Book Review C. Fowler The Modern Embroidery Movement

      Hackney, Fiona (Intellect Books, 2019-01-23)
      This meticulously researched, well-illustrated and lucidly written book provides a detailed critical history of the work and lives of a group of American women artists who chose to work in embroidery in the first half of the twentieth century.
    • Book Review of "The Happiness Industry: How the Government and Big Business Sold Us Well-Being"

      Platt, Tracey; Ruch, Willibald (The International Society of Humor Studies, 2017-12)
      One may believe that reviewing a book on the “happiness industry” for the International Society for Humor Studies shows that humor is starting to embrace its natural bedfellow, positive psychology. However, before we all rush to jump on this new focus of interest, it might be worth considering the critiques offered by the author, William Davies. In his book Davies explores how and why there has been a shift in how we pursue happiness. He argues that happiness has moved away from being a personal goal to one that is used and controlled by a myriad of public entities, exploited by corporations to increase productivity, and even appearing on government agendas. Going beyond his own political and economic expertise, Davies also builds arguments that encompass practices within neuroscience and the science of psychology
    • Book Review The Kindred of the Kibbo Kift by Annebella Pollen

      Hackney, Fiona (Oxford University Press, 2019-01-23)
      This is a beautiful and intriguing book that tells a fascinating story about a little-known form of alternative modernist design and craft practice. Published by the independent Donlon Books and written by Annebella Pollen as part of an Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded Fellowship, it draws on numerous archival sources from public and private collections, and includes over a hundred largely unseen images in black and white, and colour.
    • Bookishness

      World Book Night Artist Collective (CFPR UWE : Bristol UK, 2017)
    • ‘Brainwave’, centrifugally cast forms

      Garfoot, Stuart (2004)
      Based on the conceptual intentions of previous work to capture the phenomenon of growth and decay in underwater environments. In this series Garfoot extended his investigation into the relationship of technical process and artistic expression through a specific focus on the use of one-off resin-sand moulds and the centrifuge to capture images and perceptions of coral formations and accretions. The process in this project was focused upon the manufacture and testing of single trip moulds; with detail inclusions of small glass elements to extend the use of the centrifuge. The intention being to create a diversity of texture and glass quality in the resulting form.
    • Brickworks

      Heeney, Gwen (London: A & C Black, 2003)
      The book explores the re-emergence of architectural ceramic brick as a primary material and process for public and environmental art practices. The text establishes the international field of practitioners involved in brick. It also examines the history and application of brick with particular focus on the ‘Specials Departments’ within the Brick Industry. Historic traditions and contemporary experiments inform practical processes and methodologies used by Heeney and colleagues. The author examines the way artists and architects use brick in contemporary application; exploiting its architectural potential through manipulation of wet brick, the use of newly fired bricks, or through the use of bricks and related forms as found objects and architectural forms. In the text, collaborative links are explored between artists and the many ‘Specials Departments’ of Brick Companies throughout Europe, Scandinavia and the USA. Heeney explores the possibilities of brick as an essential component of a public art practice that seeks to engage questions of site-specificity and community involvement.
    • Bridging the cultural divide

      McCoy, Tracy J. (University of Wolverhampton, 2004)
      The motivation for this project grew from discussions between a group of lecturers from the university during and post delivery of subject specific bridging courses at North East Normal University in Changchun, China during March 2003. Anecdotal and experiential evidence suggested that there was a common need for study skills development among our prospective Chinese students, inorder to better prepare them for the more open and self-directed style of learning expected of students at the University of Wolverhampton. Prospective students attending the bridging course presented a significant demand for more detailed information about the university and it's teaching methods as well as information about the local area, living expenses etc. The main aim of the project was to investigate the learning styles, experiences and needs of prospective Chinese undergraduates to direct entry at Level 3 of a variety of study programmes and in response to the findings, develop some inter-school learning materials to support Chinese students. Thus it was hoped to avoid unnecessary duplication and the need for large teaching teams to to travel yearly to China to deliver bridging courses.
    • British Legislation Against Caste Based Discrimination and the demand for the Sunset Clause

      Takhar, Opinderjit (Routledge, 2017-07-18)
      On 23 April 2013, British Parliament agreed an Amendment on caste to the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill (ERR Bill). The Bill received Royal Assent on 25 April 2013 and Section 97 of the ERR Act (that provides that Government `shall’ use Section 9(5)a to make caste an aspect of race) came into force on 25 June 2013. The Amendment will be made to the Equality Act 2010 by ‘adding caste as ‘an aspect of’ the protected characteristic of race’ (Waughray 2014). Importantly, although the Government’s timetable states that the legislation will be enforced not before October 2015, the considerable delay in implementation is consequential of the opposition from both Sikh and Hindu organisations. To some degree, there was unanimity amongst most British Sikhs that legislation against caste discrimination was unnecessary under British law. The Sikh Council UK (SCUK) declared that ‘caste allegiances were on their way out in the UK’ and demanded a Sunset Clause which essentially renders the caste legislation as temporary for a period of ten years since the credence of the SCUK is that caste will have absolutely no significance for subsequent generations of British Sikhs. This paper provides an analysis of attitudes, primarily from the British Sikh and Punjabi Dalit communities towards caste discrimination legislation in British Law and in particular attitudes towards the proposal of the Sunset Clause