• Ideology and the True/False Performance of Heritage

      Johnson, Paul; Chow, Broderick; Mangold, Alex (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-01)
      Performance in a museum or heritage site1 operates within a complex set of interacting and sometimes conflicting jurisdictions: education and entertainment; objects and experiences; space and place; theatre and museum; visitor and audience; presentation and participation. It almost invariably attempts to serve some educational function, as do the institutions of which it is usually a part. For Tessa Bridal, the first element of museum theatre is that its ‘purpose is educational and linked to the institution’s missions and values’.2 Similarly, Catherine Hughes describes museum theatre as ‘a powerful tool to communicate complex ideas and to create convincing real experiences for the visitor’.3 The relationship between the emergent narratives of museum theatre, and the objects and sites around which the performances are constructed and situated, is often considered in terms of museum theatre’s subservience to the goals of the museum. For instance, the International Museum Theatre Alliance (IMTAL) Europe defines interpretation (including museum theatre), as a ‘communication process designed to reveal to a specific audience the significance of a historic/cultural/natural site or museum and the audience’s relationship to it’.4 Hence the interpretative process, or the action of performance, is seen as transparent. However, museum theatre provides not only different ways of telling the stories of objects and sites, but potentially at least, a qualitatively different type of engagement with past and with heritage, and consequently a different way of constructing social reality.
    • Loneliness and social media: A qualitative investigation of young people's motivations for use and perceptions of social networking sites

      Fox, Bianca; Fox, Bianca (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019-11-09)
      The democratisation of Internet access has incrementally changed every domain of activity and has created new business and economic models. From answering work emails to learning a new language, shopping, booking medical appointments or managing one’s finances, almost everything is attainable at the click of a button. The added implications of the rapid rise of social networking websites (SNSs), such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or Snapchat, have further contributed to changing the way we communicate and build new friendships. Indeed most of our social relationships are now being ‘increasingly developed and maintained online’ (Nowland, Necka & Cacioppo, 2017: 1). Ostensibly, despite improved Internet access and enhanced social connectedness, modern societies are struggling to combat loneliness. It is reported to affect people of all ages, especially young adults (16-24 and 25-34 years old) who are avid Internet and social media users (see Office for National Statistics, 2018).
    • Lucky Jim: The Novel in Unchartered Times’

      Allen, Nicole; Shoqairat, Wasfi; Simmons, David (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-07-08)
      Kingsley Amis’ satire on academic life, Lucky Jim (1954) was published at a time of almost unprecedented and (as yet) never repeated social upheaval in Britain. Clement Attlee’s landslide Labour victory in 1945 had led to the introduction of a comprehensive program of reform, including the introduction of the National Health Service, child benefit and old age pensions, an increase in the amount of social housing and the nationalisation of several of Britain’s industries. His government also presided over the decolonisation of a large part of the British Empire. This transformation of British society was intended to be profound; the labour party manifesto of 1945 states that ‘The nation needs a tremendous overhaul’ (Labour Party Manifesto 1945) and changes in the political landscape were soon accompanied by changes in the artistic and cultural life of Britain. The so called ‘Angry Young Men’ popularised ‘kitchen sink’ realism as the Modernist era fell into decline. David Lodge describes this as a struggle between ‘contemporaries’ (Kingsley Amis, John Braine, Alan Sillitoe etc.) and ‘moderns’ (William Golding, Iris Murdoch, Lawrence Durrell etc.) and he notes in Language of Fiction (1966) that the immediate post-war era represented a debate on ‘the meaning of the word ‘life’. Lodge explains that ‘Life to the contemporary is what common sense tells us it is, what people do […] To the modern, life is something elusive, baffling, multiple, subjective’
    • Making the headlines: EU Immigration to the UK and the wave of new racism after Brexit

      Fox, Bianca; Balica, Ecaterina; Marinescu, Valentina (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018-10-24)
      This chapter explores the immigration-related topics in the news media during the EU referendum campaign in the UK (April–June 2016) and after (July–September 2016). The chapter argues that attitudes anti-EU immigration are a wave of “new(s)” racism (van Dijk 2000) in the UK and EU immigration is frequently used as an umbrella term for Eastern European immigration being often mixed with non-EU immigration and the refugee crisis. The data shows that the prevalence of negative news stories has led to a distinctive immigration-narrative, confirming the claim of Hoffner and Cohen (2013) that members of minority groups are almost always associated with violent and threatening media content.
    • Popular Romanticism? Publishing, Readership and the Making of Literary History

      Colbert, Benjamin (Palgrave Macmillan, 2002)
      This book: These essays explore the remarkable expansion of publishing from 1750 to 1850 which reflected the growth of literacy and the diversification of the reading public. Experimentation with new genres, methods of advertising, marketing and dissemination, forms of critical reception and modes of access to writing are also examined in detail. This collection represents a new wave of critical writing extending cultural materialism beyond its accustomed concern with historicizing the words on the page into the economics of literature and the investigation of neglected areas of print culture. (Palgrave Macmillan)
    • Surveillance in Zero Dark Thirty: Terrorism, Space and Identity

      Pheasant-Kelly, Frances; Flynn, Susan; Mackay, Antonia (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017)
      This chapter examines strategies for surveillance in the film Zero Dark Thirty (Bigelow, 2012) and considers the ways in which these reflect changes in real-world monitoring of both public and terrorist activities since 9/11. The film is particularly relevant to a consideration of surveillance and space because it charts the ten year search for Osama bin Laden across various locations, a mission that is accomplished through a combination of strategic physical and technological observation. Indeed, its visual style and narrative trajectory are dictated by surveillance, the film thereby epitomising its prevalence in contemporary visual culture since 9/11. The claim here is that the forms of surveillance exercised within the film embody a combination of the models articulated by Michel Foucault (1991) and Thomas Mathiesen (1997), which consider, respectively, how the few view the many and how the many watch the few. The film’s expression of surveillance is likewise concerned with the physical space between the observed and the observer, albeit this is often in terms of geographically greater or more technologically controlled distances. As in the real world situation, predictive profiling is also important, and, while the filmic version of bin Laden’s capture further rests on the seemingly intuitive conclusions of its female protagonist, Maya, this is reflective of the input of women CIA analysts in the search for him (Bergen, 2013: 77). Because it is a production based on real events, an analysis of the film offers opportunities to consider the implementation of real-world surveillance, the multiple forms that this can take, and its potential inadequacies as well as its increasing significance in combating terrorism.
    • The Mobile Phone and the Flow of Things

      Kossoff, Adam; Berry, Marsha; Schleser, Max (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)