• A History of Glassforming

      Cummings, Keith (London: A & C Black, 2002)
      Cummings asks in what ways do the final forms of glass artefacts and products relate to the specific nature of glass and the methods invented over its history to shape it? The research involved an examination of the conventional taxonomic approaches in written accounts of glass artefacts; with the intent to expose the presumptions and gaps that prevent a fuller understanding of the material history. The work moves to expose the forces involved in the evolution of glass as a series of individual and collective creative decisions. The author examined the relationships between the unique material properties of glass, and the methods and processes used to shape it; with specific focus upon technology, tools, and equipment. The focus is upon the fact that glass becomes more and less liquid in relationship to temperature, furthermore glass acts as a universal solvent allowing artists to experiment with a range of materials that affect colour, transparency, opacity and the relationship between surface and body
    • Brickworks

      Heeney, Gwen (London: A & C Black, 2003)
      The book explores the re-emergence of architectural ceramic brick as a primary material and process for public and environmental art practices. The text establishes the international field of practitioners involved in brick. It also examines the history and application of brick with particular focus on the ‘Specials Departments’ within the Brick Industry. Historic traditions and contemporary experiments inform practical processes and methodologies used by Heeney and colleagues. The author examines the way artists and architects use brick in contemporary application; exploiting its architectural potential through manipulation of wet brick, the use of newly fired bricks, or through the use of bricks and related forms as found objects and architectural forms. In the text, collaborative links are explored between artists and the many ‘Specials Departments’ of Brick Companies throughout Europe, Scandinavia and the USA. Heeney explores the possibilities of brick as an essential component of a public art practice that seeks to engage questions of site-specificity and community involvement.