• Correlates of technology-assisted adolescent dating violence and abuse

      Karlie E. Stonard (Universal Wiser Publisher Pte. Ltd, 2020-05-12)
      Technology-Assisted Adolescent Dating Violence and Abuse (TAADVA) has recently been recognised as new form of violence. However, little is known about the potential risk factors for TAADVA victimisation/perpetration or whether they are similar to those identified for offline Adolescent Dating Violence and Abuse (ADVA). This paper therefore examines the potential correlates of TAADVA victimisation only and perpetration-victimisation (vs. not involved). Findings are reported based on 277 12-18 year old British adolescents who had dated in the last year and completed a series of questionnaires. Findings highlight that correlates associated with ADVA are also related to TAADVA (e.g. past ADVA and having friends with experience of dating violence), however avoidant attachment insecurity was related to male TAADVA, which has not been identified before. Differences were found in some significant correlates for males and females. The findings highlight implications for addressing TAADVA and ADVA through education and awareness about healthy relationships, while considering factors that are associated with TAADVA involvement in prevention and intervention efforts.
    • Court Connected Construction Mediation Practice in England and Wales

      Brooker, Penny; Agapiou, Andrew; Ilter, Deniz (Routledge, 2016-08)
    • Courting white southerners: Theodore Roosevelt’s quest for the heart of the South

      Burns, Adam (Taylor and Francis, 2019-02-13)
      Most studies of President Theodore Roosevelt address his “southern strategy” to revive the Republican Party’s fortunes in a region where it was effectively shut out by 1900. This essay revisits Roosevelt’s approach to the South between 1901 and 1912 and argues that wooing white southerners away from the Democratic Party, more than any other approach, represented Roosevelt’s overriding strategy for the revitalization of the southern GOP.
    • Creating Jobs, Manufacturing Unity: Ulster Unionism and Mass Unemployment 1922-34

      Norton, Christopher (London: Routledge, 2001)
      The inter-war recession and resultant mass unemployment presented a serious problem for the new Northern Ireland government. Having weathered republican attempts to destabilise the state, the Unionist government found its credibility questioned by a core element of its own support: the Protestant working class. In its efforts to galvanise support and ensure Unionist unity the government resorted to a series of strategies to alleviate the unemployment problem. The pursuit of these strategies created tension and division within the Unionist cabinet. What became apparent was that Unionist unity could be secure not by the appeal of sectarianism but only by the appearance of competence. (Informaworld)
    • Creating shared value in an industrial conurbation: evidence from the North Staffordshire ceramics cluster

      Jackson, Ian; Limbrick, Lorraine (Wiley, 2019-03-15)
      The claims by Porter and Kramer that the concept of Creating Shared Value is an effective way of reinventing modern capitalism by releasing an upsurge in innovation is misleading because it maintains self-interest principally of large corporations at the centre of the economic system. The long-term development of the North Staffordshire Ceramics cluster suggests that firms such as Wedgwood were developing a primitive form of CSV over 250 years ago at the start of capitalism as opposed to a recent way of reinventing modern capitalism. The evidence of competitive forces remains strong and the resilience of firms in the cluster is much more in line with Schumpeterian “perennial gale of creative destruction” than a “wave of innovation and growth” offered by Porter and Kramer.
    • Crime & Criminal Justice in China 1949-99

      Jones, Carol (Routledge-Cavendish, 2005)
      This book examines the issues of crime and its control in the 21st century - an era of human history where people live in an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world. It is one of the very few books that examines crime and its control in a global and translational context. The volume contains 15 chapters, which are written by well-established academic criminologists from different parts of the world.The book is divided into four main parts. Part two focuses on an examination of crime and social control issues in selected regions, or countries. It examines crime and social control in Saudi Arabia, Singapore, China, Post-Apartheid South Africa, and West Africa.
    • Crime Prevention as Law: Rhetoric or Reality?

      Moss, Kate (London: Routledge, 2005)
      This innovative and pioneering new book establishes links between crime reduction and the law, uniquely offering a detailed examination of how specific legislation and performance targets aid or undermine attempts at crime reduction. Providing a sustained analysis, this ground-breaking book considers the social policy, politics and legislation that surround and drive the crime reduction agenda. It analyzes: the creation of 'safe environments' through Town and Country Planning legislation, the role of local authorities in crime reduction initiatives, the nature of drug policy, paedophilia legislation, and programs to control mental disorder crime. Bringing together the work of internationally renowned experts in this field, this book will prove very useful to students of criminology and sociology, as well as crime prevention and reduction practitioners, police officers and community safety partnership professionals. (Routledge)
    • Crime Prevention v Planning: Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. Is it a Material Consideration?

      Moss, Kate (Palgrave Macmillan, 2001)
      In a previous paper, Moss and Pease outlined that although Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 was arguably the most radical section, this did not appear to have been recognised. Specifically, fieldwork suggested that police requests for crime prevention measures, made on the basis of Section 17, were not consistently being accommodated, particularly where they conflicted with what planning officers wanted. It was argued that Section 17 should have a greater visible impact upon the agencies that it would necessarily affect. Contested planning applications since this time suggest that whilst many police forces and local councils, including planning departments, have been working hard to implement the requirements of Section 17, this is being undermined by decisions of the Planning Inspectorate. They maintain that in the absence of case law, Section 17 does not constitute a material consideration in terms of planning. Some examples, which have been contested on this basis, are discussed. It is suggested that the Planning Inspectorate should interpret Section 17 as a material consideration, in line with the guidelines laid down in Home Office Circular 5/94 'Planning Out Crime'3 and give greater primacy to the views held by the public in Crime Audits.
    • Crime Reduction

      Moss, Kate (Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 2008)
      Across the globe, challenging and contentious issues about community safety and security increasingly exercise governments and police forces—as well as, for example, town planners and car-park designers. Consequently, as a specialist area within the wider discipline of criminology, crime reduction has never before enjoyed such prominence in public and scholarly discourse. With research on and around the subject flourishing as never before, this new title in the Routledge Major Works series, Critical Concepts in Criminology, meets the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of the subdiscipline’s colossal literature and the continuing explosion in research output and practice. Edited by Kate Moss, a prominent academic in the field, Crime Reduction is a four-volume collection of foundational and cutting-edge scholarship. The first volume in the collection (‘Approaches to Reduction’) brings together the best research on the different approaches to crime reduction, including its classification and theory, and ideas of what is preventable. The work gathered here also includes criticisms of crime reduction, not least research around the phenomena of displacement and sustainability. Volume II (‘Motivation of the Criminal Inclination’) collects the most important work on issues of crime reduction, particularly those concerned with what one thinker has described as ‘structure and psyche’. The scholarship in this volume draws both on the structural perspective (which emphasizes the view that reduction is achievable only through economic and social change, especially by ameliorating inequality or levels of social exclusion), and the ‘psyche’ approach (which regards crime principally as a product of the human spirit and seeks to change criminal inclination and activity by policies of, for example, deterrence, incapacitation, and reform). The notion of situational crime reduction has been a particularly active area of research in recent years. But the idea that changes to the social and physical settings in which crime may occur can reduce its frequency or impact is far from uncontroversial. Volume III (‘Situational Crime Reduction’) assembles the best thinking in this area tackling, for example, ethical dilemmas about the impact of some reduction strategies on our freedom and privacy rights, as well as the difficult and profound implications that arise from the increasing extent to which crime reduction has become the de facto responsibility of private rather than state organizations. The final volume in the collection (‘Crime Prevention in Action’) gathers together the best cutting-edge work to highlight key examples of empirical crime reduction research in action. It includes research focusing on: the need to incentivize crime reduction to persuade more people to take responsibility for reducing a greater variety of crime; the effects of apparently subtle strategies (such as changes to street lighting); and anticipatory changes (whereby crime seems to reduce in advance of reduction initiatives). Volume IV also includes assessments of the future developments in the field. Crime Reduction is fully indexed and includes a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the collected material in its historical and intellectual context. An essential reference collection, it is destined to be valued by scholars, students, and practitioners as a vital one-stop research and pedagogic resource.
    • Crime reduction and the law

      Moss, Kate; Stephens, Mike (London: Routledge, 2005)
      This innovative and pioneering new book establishes links between crime reduction and the law, uniquely offering a detailed examination of how specific legislation and performance targets aid or undermine attempts at crime reduction. Providing a sustained analysis, this ground-breaking book considers the social policy, politics and legislation that surround and drive the crime reduction agenda. It analyzes: the creation of 'safe environments' through Town and Country Planning legislation, the role of local authorities in crime reduction initiatives, the nature of drug policy, paedophilia legislation and programs to control mental disorder crime. Bringing together the work of internationally renowned experts in this field, this book will prove very useful to students of criminology and sociology, as well as crime prevention and reduction practitioners, police officers and community safety partnership professionals.(Routledge)
    • Criminal and Social Justice

      Cook, Dee (London: Sage Publications, 2006)
      Criminal and Social Justice provides an important insight into the relationship between social inequality, crime and criminalisation. In this accessible and innovative account, Dee Cook examines the nature of the relationship between criminal and social justice - both in theory and in practice. Current social, economic, political and cultural considerations are brought to bear, and contemporary examples are used throughout to help the student to consider this relationship. The book is essential reading for students and researchers in criminology, social policy, social work and sociology. It is also relevant to practitioners in statutory, voluntary and community sector organisations. (Sage Publications)
    • Criminal Justice in Hong Kong

      Jones, Carol; Vagg, John (Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 2007)
      Containing a wealth of archival material and statistical data on crime and criminal justice, Criminal Justice in Hong Kong presents a detailed evaluation of Hong Kong’s criminal justice system, both past and present. Exploring the justice system and the perceptions of popular culture, this book demonstrates how the current criminal justice system has been influenced and shaped over time by Hong Kong’s historical position between ‘East’ and ‘West’. Jones and Vagg’s examination of the justice system not only takes into account geographical changes, like the erection of the border with communist China in 1950 but also insists that any deep understanding of the current system requires a dialogue with the rich and complex narratives of Hong Kong’s history. It explores a range of questions, including: * How were Hong Kong's criminal justice institutions and practices formed? * What has been its experience of law and order? * How has Hong Kong's status as between 'East' and 'West' affected its social, political and legal institutions? Careful and detailed, this analysis of one of the most economically successful, politically stable and safe yet frequently misrepresented cities, is a valuable addition to the bookshelves of all undergraduate and postgraduate students studying Asian law. (Routledge)
    • Critical Marketing: Defining the Field

      Saren, Michael; MacLaran, Pauline; Goulding, Christina; Elliott, Richard; Shankar, Avi; Catterall, Miriam (Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007)
      Marketing is still widely perceived as simply the creator of wants and needs through selling and advertising and marketing theory has been criticized for not taking a more critical approach to the subject. This is because most conventional marketing thinking takes a broadly managerial perspective without reflecting on the wider societal implications of the effects of marketing activities. In response this important new book is the first text designed to raise awareness of the critical, ethical, social and methodological issues facing contemporary marketing. Uniquely it provides: • The latest knowledge based on a series of major seminars in the field • The insights of a leading team of international contributors with an interdisciplinary perspective . A clear map of the domain of critical marketing • A rigorous analysis of the implications for future thinking and research. For faculty and upper level students and practitioners in Marketing, and those in the related areas of cultural studies and media, Critical Marketing will be a major addition to the literature and the development of the subject. * The only critical marketing text by marketing academics * Features leading international contributors * Maps out the domain of critical marketing using inter-disciplinary perspectives.
    • Critical perspectives on accounting, audit and accountability in public services

      Gill-Mclure, Whyeda; Sowa, Frank; Staples, Ronald; Zapfel, Stefan (Routledge, 2018)
    • Critical success factors for employee suggestion schemes: a literature review

      Lasrado, Flevy; Arif, Mohammed; Rizvi, Aftab; Urdzik, Chris (Emerald, 2016-05-09)
      Employee suggestion schemes have existed for many years and numerous articles on this subject have been published over the last several decades. These schemes have been studied from many perspectives to illustrate their objectives, nature, content, processes, significance and benefits. Arguments have been made with respect to successes and failures of suggestion schemes. Although organizations widely use suggestion schemes to elicit the creative ideas of their employees, sustaining an effective suggestion scheme is still a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to extract critical success factors and critical success criteria to suggestion schemes and to discuss the importance of these factors on suggestion system sustainability. This is a literature review paper. It identifies 23 critical success factors and 9 critical success criteria for suggestion schemes. It also discusses the interconnection between critical success factors and critical success criteria. Further, the frequency of each of the factors is also presented. It recognizes the lack of work on assessment frameworks for suggestion scheme sustainability. This paper should be of value to practitioners of suggestion schemes and to academics who are interested in knowing how this program has evolved, where it is today and what future it holds. It offers practical help to an individual starting out on research on sustainability of suggestion schemes.
    • CSR and leadership approaches and practices: a comparative inquiry of owners and professional executives

      Yamak, Sibel; Ergur, Ali; Karatas-Ozkan, Mine; Tatli, Ahu (Wiley, 2018-08-20)
      This study generates comparative insights into CSR approaches of owners and non-kin professional executives in an emerging country context, Turkey. Drawing on 61 interviews, we found that ownership status of the executive is crucial in shaping their CSR perceptions and practices. Owner-executives are empowered in pursuing CSR approaches based on their personal preferences and values; they have mostly societal aims. Professionals display tendency for company-related CSR practice; they exhibit greater knowledge of CSR, and their CSR initiatives are the results of strategic choices to enhance their power within the corporation. Our paper contributes to the debate on the drivers for CSR by accounting for both societal and individual influences on the CSR agency of these two key groups of executives. First, we develop a typology of CSR approaches of owners and professionals. Second, we provide insights from an emerging country context. Third, we present empirically grounded practice implications for CSR.
    • Curriculum planning with 'learning outcomes': a theoretical analysis

      Kemp, Brian (University of Wolverhampton, 1999-06)
      The use of learning outcomes for curriculum planning is widely advocated in higher education, it is supported by an imposing set of claims, and it has official sanction, for example from the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA). In opposition, there are fierce criticisms, mainly on theoretical grounds. The debate between opposing parties can be sterile, unless conducted in relation to an actual application of learning outcomes. The intention here is to examine such a scheme. This paper considers theoretical arguments in relation to the scheme. There will be a subsequent paper which looks at empirical evidence, and a final paper will offer an alternative framework for planning curriculum content. The motive for this project is the author’s belief that there is much in ‘learning outcomes’ that is inimical to any warranted conception of higher education.
    • Curtailing the use of multiple Notices of Intention to Appoint Administrators: the case for a moratorium?

      Umfreville, Christopher (Thomson Reuters, 2017-07-31)
      Considers the implications of the ruling in JCAM Commercial Real Estate Property XV Ltd v Davis Haulage Ltd (CA (Civ Div)) that an insolvent company must show that it has a settled intention to appoint an administrator before it may file a notice of intention under the Insolvency Act 1986 Sch.B1 para.26 and trigger a 10-day interim moratorium under para.44.
    • Customer Care

      Haynes, Andrew (Tottel Publishing, 2002)
      The 3rd edition of "Banking and Financial Services Regulation" provides detailed analysis and practical guidance on the UK regulatory system as it affects banking and financial services. The book has been written by a team of well known authors comprising practising lawyers, compliance officers, in-house counsel and academics.
    • Customer relationship management (people, process and technology) and organisational culture in hotels: which traits matter?

      Rahimi, Roya (Emerald Publishing Limited, 2017-05-08)
      Purpose: Current study tries to examine the impact of four organisational cultural traits of adaptability, consistency, involvement and mission on the three components of CRM, namely; people, process and technology in the context of the hotel industry. Methodology: Required data is collected with a quantitative approach and using a questionnaire adapted from the Denison organisational culture survey and the Mendoza CRM model. The questionnaire distributed among 364 managers of a chain hotel in the UK and gathered data examined by the Structural Equation Modelling method. Findings: The results of the research reveal that the four traits of organisational culture (adaptability, consistency, involvement and mission) have positive and significant impacts on three components of CRM (people, process and technology). A set of theoretical contributions and practical implications also discussed. Research limitations: The research is conducted with a case study approach hence the findings cannot be generalized to a larger population and the results might be different for other industries. Due to the limitation of access to all employees, only managers were selected as the sample and future studies with all employees may show different results. Practical implications Current study helps hotel managers to understand the role and importance of organisational cultural traits in successful implementation of the components of their CRM strategy. Originality/value: The position taken in this research recognizes the need to enhance the understanding of organisational culture’s impact on implementing CRM components. Organisational cultural traits have different levels of impact on CRM implementation and this is the first study to investigate the detailed impacts of four traits of adaptability, consistency, involvement and mission on three components of CRM, namely; people, process and technology.