• Securitisation and currency hedging under Islamic Shafi law, part 1

      Haynes, Andrew; Reis-Roy, Calvin (Sweet & Maxwell, 2018-02-28)
      This, the first part of a two-part article, examines key features of asset-backed securitisation and currency hedging under Islamic Shafi law. Reviews basic principles of Shafi law, and the Musharaka structures of its profit-sharing agreements, the use of Ijarah structures in securitisation, agency agreements using the Wakalah structure, purchase and sale transactions under the Salam structure, and asset financing through Murabahah structures.
    • Securitisation and currency hedging under Islamic Shafi law, part 2

      Haynes, Andrew; Reis-Roy, Calvin (Sweet & Maxwell, 2018-03-31)
      This, the second part of a two-part article on key features of asset-backed securitisation and currency hedging under Islamic Shafi law, examines the potential range of Sharia-compliant assets, the types of sukuk that may be used, the possible choice of law questions, the pricing models involved, credit enhancement arrangements and the challenges concerning secondary bond markets. Details the scope for currency hedging under Sharia law.
    • Security and Liberty: Restriction by Stealth

      Moss, Kate (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)
      In considering the problems of legislating to reduce crime, this book highlights evidence of the veritable deluge of legislation which has reached the statute books over the last ten years and asks, what are the reasons for this? It provides an overview of some of the ways in which citizens are currently criminalized by legislation and gives specific examples of various other stealthy ways in which essential civil liberties have recently been restricted. Generating new insights on crime reduction this study asks, is legislating to reduce crime really a good idea, or are there better ways of doing it and if so, what are these and why are they better? Why might it be wrong to over-legislate and what sort of societies could be produced from a propensity to over-legislate? CONTENTS: * The Retreat from Liberty * Constitutional Origins of Erosion * The Culture of Control * Detention Without Trial * Football Banning Orders * Secure Borders * Implications for Crime Reduction and Criminology
    • Sensory ecologies and semiotic assemblages during British Sign Language interpreted weather forecasts

      Stone, Christopher; Köhring, Jenny (Taylor & Francis, 2021-01-11)
      We present a study examining broadcast British Sign Language (BSL) interpreted weather forecasts. These are filmed against a green screen with a superimposed composite image broadcast including maps and satellite information, etc. that can be indexed. We examine the semiotic resources used when interacting with the available visible on-screen information to the viewing audiences. The forecasters and interpreters tailor their multimodal communicative practice to the sensory ecology (Kusters, 2017) of the audiences they serve. That is to say that, speakers/hearers hear the spoken monolingual linguistic resources while seeing the gestural resources of the forecaster ; BSL signers/watchers view the multilingual linguistic resources (both categorical and gradient) and co-sign gestural resources, subsequently watching the gestural resources of the forecaster and the interpreter -presenter. We identify that while similar gestural resources are used by the weather presenters and the in-vision interpreter-presenters, the temporal alignment of the semiotic assemblages (Pennycook & Otsuji, 2017) of linguistic and gestural resources are different. The assumed normative practices of the deaf audience appear to significantly contribute to the consecutive use of semiotic resources that we see presented in BSL by in-vision interpreter-presenters. In addition to simultaneous assemblages, favoured by the weather forecaster presenters, they also create consecutive semiotic assemblages.
    • Sentiment and Factual Transitions in Online Medical Forums

      Bobicev, Victoria; Sokolova, Marina; Oakes, Michael (Springer, 2015)
      This work studies sentiment and factual transitions on an online medical forum where users correspond in English. We work with discussions dedicated to reproductive technologies, an emotionally-charged issue. In several learning problems, we demonstrate that multi-class sentiment classification significantly improves when messages are represented by affective terms combined with sentiment and factual transition information (paired t-test, P=0.0011).
    • Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction in Chinese Fast Food Sector: A Proposal for CFFRSERV Scale

      Tan, Qingqing; Oriade, Adedamola; Fallon, Paul (Akdeniz University Publishing House, 2014-07-31)
      This study investigates customer’s perception of Chinese fast food restaurant service quality and its relationship with customer satisfaction. Employing modified DINESERV scale, the study uses both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. Qualitative data collection consisted of face-to-face interviews and group discussion. A questionnaire was developed using three sources: interview responses of the customers, the restaurant’s survey and the literature. A total of 205 completed questionnaires were used in the analysis. The new measurement scale, Chinese Fast Food Restaurants Service Quality Scale (CFFRSERV), contained 28 items across six dimensions: assurance and empathy, food, cleanliness, responsiveness, reliability and tangibles. The findings from the study revealed that service quality variables have positive influence on customer satisfaction except reliability dimension. The findings provided a useful tool for service quality improvement in Chinese fast food restaurants. Validating the scale in other restaurants in various cities in China is an area for further research.
    • Setting the stage for service experience: design strategies for functional services

      Beltagui, Ahmad; Candi, Marina; Riedel, Johann (Emerald, 2016-09-30)
      Purpose—This research identifies service design strategies to improve outcome-oriented services by enhancing consumers’ emotional experience, while overcoming customer variability. Design/methodology/approach—An abductive, multiple-case study involves 12 service firms from diverse online and offline service sectors. Findings—Six service design strategies represent two overarching themes: Customer empowerment can involve design for typical customers, visibility, and community building, while customer accommodation can involve design for personas, invisibility, and relationship building. Using these strategies helps set the stage for a service to offer an emotional experience. Research limitations/implications—The study offers a first step toward combining investigations of service experience and user experience. Further research can strengthen these links. Practical implications—The six design strategies described using examples from case research offer managerial recommendations. In particular, these strategies can help service managers address the customer-induced variability inherent in services. Originality/value—Extant studies of experience staging have focused on particular sectors such as hospitality and leisure; this study contributes by investigating outcome-focused services and identifying strategies to create unique experiences that offset variability. It also represents a rare effort to combine research from service management and interaction design, shedding light on the link between service experience and user experience. Keywords—Service experience, Customer experience, Service design, Service management, Interaction design, Emotional design
    • Severe (Psychopathic) Personality Disorder: A Review

      Moss, Kate; Prins, Herschel (Barnsbury Publishing, 2006)
      Reviews the historical development of clinical understanding about the concept, causes, and management of severe (psychopathic) personality disorder. Considers the legal implications of a diagnosis of psychopathic disorder, including where a patient is deemed to be untreatable. (Legal Journals Index)
    • Séance sitters, ghost hunters, spiritualists, and theosophists: esoteric belief and practice in the British parliamentary Labour Party, c1929–51

      Gildart, Keith (Oxford University Press, 2017-10-25)
      This article explores esoteric identities and cultures in the British Parliamentary Labour Party c1929–51. The historiography of the Labour Party has tended to overemphasize the one-dimensional nature of ideological affiliation and identity amongst Labour Members of Parliament in this period along the lines of a rather simplistic left/right dichotomy. Moreover, some historians have suggested that after 1918 particular socialist traditions and currents had become marginalized or dissolved once the party had developed a clearly defined constitution and the experience of political power. The argument presented here is that a range of esoteric identities remained a feature of labour culture through to the general election of 1951 and beyond. Three currents highlight the complexity and fluidity of specific strands of labour/socialist identity; in particular, spiritualism, theosophy and belief in the supernormal and the fantastic. Spiritualism and esotericism attracted a range of Labour MPs and shaped their reaction to contemporary political problems and the purpose and direction of working-class politics. An examination of such individuals and beliefs raises some new questions and challenges existing assumptions relating to labour identities in mid-twentieth century Britain. Socialist spiritualists, ghost hunters, and theosophists viewed political identity, mobilization and practice as an activity that drew as much on the personal, the spiritual and ‘other-worldly’ as it did on the economic, social and material basis of society.
    • Shadow banking: The next financial crisis?

      Barnes, Matthew (Thomson Reuters - Sweet & Maxwell, 2021-03-31)
      Shadow banking plays an integral part in modern day banking and finance. However, shadow banking is not a modern concept, in fact, it has existed for many years when considering credit outside of banking institutions. Shadow banking was coined around the time of the global financial crisis 2007-2009, but the roots of such run far deeper than this time period. This paper will discuss credit outside of the traditional banking system, shadow banking and the global financial crisis focusing on securitisation, and prominently how shadow banking may be the catalyst for the next financial crisis with a focus on China where it appears rife.
    • Shaping British and Anzac soldiers’ experience of Gallipoli: environmental and medical factors, and the development of trench warfare

      Sheffield, Gary (British Journal for Military History, 2017-11-01)
      Works discussing the experience of combatants, based on their writings or on oral testimony, are a well-established genre of military history. However, it is rare to find authors explicitly analysing the various influences that shaped the soldier’s experience in any era. This article, which forms part of a wider study of British and Dominion soldiers in the two world wars, attempts to fill this gap by using the Gallipoli campaign as a vehicle to examine some of the factors that shaped the experience of British, Australian and New Zealand soldiers that served at the Dardanelles. Here, ‘experience’ is defined as ‘the process or an instance of undergoing and being affected by an event or a series of connected events’. Such an exploration helps to reveal the extent to which individuals in war have ‘agency’, the ability to determine their own fate, or are limited by external factors (in sociological terms, ‘structural constraints’). Such external factors could stem from apparently trivial things, which nevertheless determined a man’s fate. In September 1914 Philip Ibbetson and his mate Jack tried to join the Royal Australian Navy in Brisbane, but Jack was rejected because of hammer toes. Both men then enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF), which was evidently less fussy about recruits’ feet. They eventually found themselves at Gallipoli, rather than experiencing a rather different war at sea. In their case, agency was noticeably absent.
    • Shaping our academic future

      Brunson, Jeremy; Roy, Cynthia; Stone, Christopher (WASLI, 2020-09-13)
      Many countries around the world struggle to provide Deaf people with qualified interpreters. Those who are institutionalizing a solution for this often do so through Interpreter Education Programs (IEPs) and typically situate their philosophy within a skill based training- interpreting. We suggest this presents a myopic view of interpreting; a view that assumes language and interaction occur within a vacuum. Therefore, we believe a more useful paradigm under which to teach interpreting is a theoretical-based education- Interpreting Studies (IS). In order to do this, educators and students must be able to define Interpreting Studies and recognize the contribution of various disciplines that make up this field. Embedding these disciplines within IS requires grounding in each discipline's theoretical principles which is significant as the education of interpreters takes hold in academia.
    • Sheldrake Regulatory Offences and Reverse Legal Burdens of Proof

      Glover, Richard M. (Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, 2006)
      This article examines the reverse legal burden of proof upheld by the House of Lords in Sheldrake v The Director of Public Prosecutions [2004] UKHL 43 in relation to the offence ‘being drunk in charge’ of a motor vehicle, contrary to the Road Traffic Act 1988 s.5(1)(b), and the defence under s5(2). It considers two main arguments that arose from Sheldrake. First, that the section 5(2) defence that there was no likelihood of the defendant driving while over the limit forms part of the gravamen of the section 5(1)(b) offence and that, accordingly, a reverse legal burden amounts to a breach of the presumption of innocence. It is argued that this analysis, approved by the Divisional Court but largely overlooked by the House of Lords, is per Lord Bingham “too simple and only partially correct”. Secondly, it will be considered whether some offences, such as ‘being drunk in charge’, may be classified as regulatory on the basis that the offence was concerned with a lawful activity that the defendant voluntarily engaged in that presented a serious risk or danger to public health and safety. It is argued that in this context a reverse legal burden may normally be presumed.
    • 'Shooting Power': A Study of the Effectiveness of Boer and British Rifle Fire, 1899 - 1914

      Jones, Spencer (British Journal of Military History, 2014-10-17)
      The effectiveness of Boer rifle fire had a significant legacy on the development of British musketry standards. This would prompt improvements in training which would allow the infantry of the BEF to cause disproportionate casualties to their German adversaries in 1914. This paper charts the success of the Boer methods and explains how the British adapted to the increase in infantry rifle fire.
    • Shopping for a New Identity: Constructions of the Polish–German border in a Polish Border community

      Galasinska, Aleksandra; Galasinski, Dariusz (Sage Publications, 2005)
      This article aims to show the varying constructions of the Polish–German border in the Polish border town of Zgorzelec. We are interested in how informants from three generations discursively position the frontier itself and the two towns on its either side: Polish Zgorzelec and German Görlitz. The data comes from a Europe-wide ethnographic project studying communities living on the borders between the European Union (EU) and its ascendant nations, funded by the European Commission's Fifth Framework Programme. We suggest that the inhabitants of Zgorzelec construct the border on two planes: public and private. In the public sphere, the border is constructed as a means of identifying ‘us Poles’ against all those living on the other side. In those nationalized terms, the border is also constructed as protecting Poland and Zgorzelec's (Polish) community. On the other hand, in the private sphere, the border is represented as virtually invisible allowing the individual to cross it for shopping or entertainment. The border becomes a gateway in which the individual becomes a customer, a shopper with his or her national identity pushed to the background. We also show that the two spheres intersect, creating spaces in which the two orders of discourse are made to co-exist and the discursive mechanisms of separation run next to the mechanisms of inclusion. We explore our informants’ discourses as mediated by the historical context of common experience (eviction, displacement, communism) pertaining mostly to the older generation and by the cultural-economic context (shopping, entertainment) largely in the case of our younger informants. (Sage Publications)
    • Should private equity funds be further regulated?

      Yeoh, Peter (Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2007)
      This paper examines the current concerns over the systemic risk posed by the fast-expanding private equity funds. Such worries appear to emerge as a consequence of controversies generated by private equity and hedge funds over their lack of transparency in asset valuations and use of excessive debts, and more importantly over their general manner of operation. While market imperfections feature to some extent, this investigation argues that these are not significant enough to warrant formal regulatory mechanisms. It further argues for the continuance of a light-touch regulatory framework, as this industry works best under a flexible governance framework. Additionally, this paper suggests that a shared commitment to the wider regulatory objectives by regulators, the regulated and their advisers through regular dialogues is likely to produce a more favourable outcome of appropriate market behaviour.
    • Simply unwilling? is patriarchy preventing the prosecution of crimes against women in African states: a Kenyan and Ugandan perspective

      Kartar-Hyett, Luci (Edinburgh University Press, 2016-05-01)
      Lack of domestic prosecution for sexual and gender based crimes in Kenya and Uganda renders them unwilling (not unable) to prosecute International crimes