• Factors affecting the success of business-to-business international Internet marketing (B-to-B IIM): an empirical study of UK companies

      Eid, Riyad; Trueman, Myfanwy (Emerald, 2004)
      Business-to-business international Internet marketing is one of the key drivers in sustaining an organisation’s competitive advantage. The challenge for organisations today is to understand the factors that play a critical role in utilising Internet capabilities and their implications on business strategic objectives to enable them to compete successfully in the electronic age. Proposes 33 critical factors classified into five categories and validated empirically through a sample of 123 UK companies. Discusses the significance, importance and implications for each category and makes recommendations.
    • Factors contributing to organizational change success or failure: a qualitative meta-analysis of 200 reflective case studies

      Jones, Jennifer; Firth, Janet; Hannibal, Claire; Ogunseyin, Michael Ayodele; Hamlin, R.; Ellinger, A.; Jones, J. (IGI Global, 2018-12-31)
      Change, and changing, exercise the minds of most managers most of the time. In consequence, leadership development and change management tend to be top priorities for many human resource development (HRD) professionals today. Despite this, much academic and practitioner literature suggests that 70% of all change programs fail. Through analyzing 200 organizational change case studies, this chapter examines this high failure rate, investigates leadership styles and their relationship to change, and explores the key factors that either enable or hinder successful change. The key findings of this examination were that the majority of the 200 studied change initiatives were considered successful and that using Kotter’s change model, which has been long established, does not necessarily mean success; nor does the use of a democratic/participative leadership style. The most significant hindering factors and the key critical success factors are also acknowledged.
    • Fieldwork

      Gregg, Stephen; Chryssides, George; Zeller, Benjamin (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2014-01-02)
      It has been previously noted that the post 1970s Study of New Religions entails an interdisciplinary methodological approach which has been “created primarily on the basis of the cumulation of fieldwork research projects” (Bromley, 2007, 67) In the introduction to this volume, the editors have skilfully charted the development of this distinct discipline with regard to wider Study of Religion and the Sociology of Religion and in this short chapter I wish to address the multi-methodological heritage of fieldwork research to explore its centrality to the study of New Religions. It should be noted at the outset, however that NRMs present a particularly challenging focus of study for fieldwork – often due to political or ethical issues that will be addressed below – but also simply for the fact that this relatively newly emergent academic discipline borrows from a diversity of methodologies which at the same time both enriches and “complicates the task of assembling a coherent corpus of knowledge” (Bromley, 2007, 66) Perhaps unsurprisingly, therefore, the history of NRM scholarship is a history of diverse fieldwork methodologies complicated by both the evolving nature of the discipline within the Academy and also influenced by perceptions and understandings of NRMs within wider society. Central to many of these research projects, however, is the concept of verstehen (Barker, 1984, 20), the Weberian terminology for understanding a belief or action within the social context relevant to the worldview of the individual or community in question. This has often been a challenging issue for NRM scholars due to the huge diversity of traditions bracketed within NRM studies, and also due to the sometimes counter-cultural or controversial nature of the customs and beliefs of the groups which are studied but, as Whitehead (1987) has argued, detailed fieldwork is particularly central to the study of NRMs as “if unfamiliar cultural systems are not substantially portrayed, they are easily reduced to silly stereotypes.” (Whitehead, 1987, 10)
    • Financial Services Authority Regulation and Risk-based Compliance (2nd rev. ed.)

      Bazley, Stuart; Haynes, Andrew (Tottel Publishing, 2006)
      Previously entitled "Risk-Based Compliance" this unique guide to the role of risk-based FSA regulation compliance in the financial services industry has been fully updated and comprehensively re-written. Focusing on the latest due diligence mechanisms, the guidance and information provided ensures financial services organisations can accurately and confidently comply with their legal responsibilities. This advice and information includes: operating a risk-based approach to regulation, FSA supervision of regulated firms, financial services and markets tribunals, the EU's Financial Services Action Plan, and the FSA Tribunal decisions. (Tottel Publishing)
    • Finding a new voice: challenges facing international (and home!) students writing university assignments in the UK.

      Bailey, Carol; Pieterick, Jackie (University of Wolverhampton, 2008)
      With the globalisation of education, European universities are accepting increasing numbers of students from outside the EU. Some of these have experienced very different academic cultures from that of their host university, and may face difficulties in adapting to the requirements of their new institution. Even within Europe, academic cultures may vary enormously. One challenge which faces all those studying outside their home country is the task of writing academic essays: often in a foreign language and according to unfamiliar criteria. This paper draws on students’ reflections about the academic writing process in their first year at a UK university, exploring areas where the transition from their previous learning environment presents a challenge. It compares the previous experience of home and international students with respect to length and frequency of written assignments, research and organisation of ideas, language and referencing of sources. What is the best way to support them through the transition, and are we doing enough?
    • First year law students: the impact of assessment type on attainment

      Jones, Dawn; Ellison, Lynn (Taylor and Francis, 2018-11-02)
      This article describes an action research project that was undertaken to address a poor progression rate at the end of the first year of a single honours law degree. An attainment gap due to gender, age and ethnicity was also noted. The students were predominantly assessed by examinations; therefore a change of assessment to coursework and portfolio in some areas was proposed and actioned as a potential way to increase attainment and consequently progression. Data on pass rates for two years prior to the change of assessment and two years after the change were analysed. The impact of a change of assessment from examination to coursework raised attainment levels overall, but the gender, age and ethnicity gap remained.
    • Fixed and Floating Charges - A Revelation

      Walton, Peter; Gregory, Roger (Informa Legal Publishing (UK), 2001)
      Reasons for development of law on creation of floating charges, effect of early cases, bills of sale legislation, construction of floating charges, role of hypotheca and position and use of floating charges in commercial world today. (LegaL Journals Index)
    • Flexibility, labour retention and productivity in the EU

      Wang, Wen; Heyes, Jason (Taylor & Francis, 2017-01-23)
      This paper examines the relationship between internal flexibility, the employment of fixed-term contract workers and productivity in 27 European Union countries. Drawing on European Company Survey data, the paper assesses whether establishments that employ on a fixed-term basis experience higher productivity than their competitors and stronger labour productivity improvements over time. These issues are of importance, given the recent weakness of productivity growth in many EU member countries, the steps that governments have taken to relax rules relating to the employment of fixed-term workers, and the emphasis placed on contractual flexibility within the European Commission's flexicurity agenda. The paper finds that establishments that do not use fixed-term contracts enjoy productivity advantages over those that do. Establishments that employ on a fixed-term basis but retain workers once their fixed-term contract has expired perform better than those that do not retain workers. The findings also show that establishments that pursue internal flexibility report both higher productivity than competitors and productivity increases over time. In addition, they are more likely to retain workers who have reached the end of a fixed-term contract.
    • FNGOs and financial inclusion: investigating the impact of microcredit on employment generation in Ghana

      Atiase, Victor; Wang, Yong; Mahmood, Samia (2018)
      Financial Non-Governmental Organisations (FNGOs) are regulated microfinance institutions (MFIs) that operate with a social welfare logic in the delivery of microcredit to the financially excluded in Ghana. The microcredit is aimed at supporting the financially excluded individuals to create sustainable Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) for the generation of both skilled and unskilled employment. From the institutional theory perspective, this study aims at investigating the impact of microcredit provided by FNGOs on employment growth among MSEs in Ghana. The major contribution of this study is the fact that, there is a little study on FNGOs and their impact on employment growth in the Ghanaian context. Therefore, this is one of the few studies which highlights the role of FNGOs in promoting financial inclusion through the provision of microcredit for employment generation purposes. Through a multiple regression analysis, the study uses primary data collected from 506 MSEs in Ghana. The results show that microcredit which is flexible in repayment mode, accessible, and adequate has a positive impact on employment generation among MSEs in Ghana. However, the current cost of microcredit in Ghana has a negative impact on employment growth among MSEs in Ghana.
    • Food and the Food Crisis in Post-War Germany, 1945-1948: British Policy and the Role of British NGOs

      Steinert, Johannes-Dieter (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)
      This volume examines conflicts over food and their implications for European societies in the first half of the Twentieth century. Ranging across Europe, from Scandinavia and Britain to Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union, this volume explores the political, economic and cultural dynamics that shaped conflicts over food and their legacies. (Palgrave Macmillan)
    • Foreign-ownership and job insecurity during the recession: the moderating effect of union density in the UK

      Wang, Wen; Cook, Mark; Seifert, Roger (2018-11-12)
      The institutional influence, specifically trade unions, on the job insecurity of workers in Foreign-owned Enterprises (FoEs) has been generally overlooked. This study uses national representative private sector data to examine firm’s layoff incident and the number of staff made redundant in response to the recent 2008-2012 recession in the UK. Our probit regression and the Negative-Binomial regression show that overall FoEs appear to be more likely to undertake redundancy and to lay off more workers than Domestically-owned Enterprises. However, the strength of trade unionism, measured by union membership density, has a moderating effect in the incident of redundancies controlling for the adverse impact of the recession on companies studied and a wide range of industrial and firm characteristics. Furthermore, FoEs’ headquarter location seems to have no effect on the propensity of layoff or quantity of layoff in the UK.
    • Forming a new concept of home: how consumption of textiles contributed to homemaking between 1760 and 1850

      Ponsonby, Margaret (Middlesex University Press, 2002)
      THIS BOOK: Textiles form the largest group of designed objects available for study, whether as objects in their own rights, as constituents parts of fashion, furniture and interiors, or as industry - the latter embracing production, trade and working environments and experiences. This anthology demonstrates the range of textile studies through eighteen essays that consider the process of designing and making, the makers and manufacturers, the product itself, or how it is sold, used and perceived. Tackling subjects from prehistory to the 1990s, each has been ed to be of particular interest to students and professionals in design, cultural history, fashion and textiles, but also will be of use to anyone who is interested in the study of objects. Set within the context of interdisciplinary techniques in the study of designed objects, the contributors have been drawn from diverse professional backgrounds in both the United Kingdom and the United States. Their experience encompasses the history of textiles and dress, design and economics, museology, social history, psychoanalytical therapy, artchitecture, sociology and textile practice. Divided into four sections, this volume both demonstrates and explores cross-disciplinary research, while enriching and making acccessible the myriad of ways in which textiles - and objects in general - can be interpreted. The editors are the freelance historian, Mary Schoeser, and Dr Christine Boydell, Senior Lecturer in the Department of History of Art and Material Culture, De Montfort University. Published widely, they previously collaborated on the exhibition and publication The Architect of Floors: modernism, art and Marion Dorn designs (1996). (Middlesex University Press)
    • Founders versus Descendants: The Profitability, Growth and Efficiency Characteristics Comparison in the UK Small and Medium Sized Family Businesses

      Wang, Yong; Ahmed, Pervaiz K.; Farquhar, Stuart S. (Sage, 2007)
      Family businesses and business families existed long before the genesis of historians and economists. In most economies, family business is estimated to represent over two–thirds of all enterprises and accounts for about half of the economic activity and private employment contributing to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Over the last two decades, family business studies have gathered momentum, which is reflected not only in terms of the number of published papers and publication outlets, but also in research support provided by agents and foundations. This article proffers researchers and practitioners empirical evidence of variations in financial performance of family businesses mastered by different generations. The article commences with a literature review of theories associated with business performance and family business governance, for example, agency theory, altruism and business lifecycle. This is followed by a description of the research methods adopted in this study. Statistical analyses are then conducted in two phases. Phase A employs univariate analyses to depict business demographic features. Phase B further investigates the differences of financial performance between family businesses marshalled by owner–managers in different generations. In summary, the article concludes with a set of tentative recommendations. It is anticipated that this study will bring to the surface the debate on issues surrounding the practice of family business management and widen awareness of the critical factors shaping business performance.
    • Fraud, Error and Corruption in Healthcare: A Contribution from Criminology (CHAPTER 2) pp 25-44

      Brooks, Graham; Tunley, Martin; Button, Mark; Gee, Jim; Sauter, Wolf (Eleven, 2017)
      Healthcare fraud, corruption and waste are a serious and growing threat to the sustainability and the quality of European healthcare systems. For many years, a lack of objective information and hard evidence has stood in the way of finding efficient and effective solutions to tackle the problem. Healthcare fraud, corruption and waste in Europe. National and academic perspectives provides a better understanding of the specific and complex nature of these phenomena and offers best practices from European countries to fight them. In the first part, healthcare fraud, corruption and waste are explained by senior policymakers and experts from health economical, criminological, data analytic and legal perspectives. The second part compiles a series of reports, describing how countries in Europe face the challenges of reducing the financial losses generated by healthcare fraud, corruption and waste.Containing practical and comparative data, this book provides useful information and tools for policy makers, stakeholders and investigators in combating fraud, corruption and waste in national healthcare systems and across borders
    • Freak scene: cinema-going memories and the British counterculture of the 1960s

      Glen, P (Taylor & Francis, 2019-04-19)
      © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Using oral history interviews and questionnaires gathered as part of the ‘Cultural Memory and British Cinema-going of the 1960s’ project, this article recovers and analyses the reminiscences of people who were interested or involved in the British counterculture. By drawing on a broader range of experiences than typically represented in canonical accounts of the counterculture and those that have informed prior historical scholarship, it adds a wider range of experiences, understandings and behaviours when considering how people remember their discovery of the counterculture and its bearing on their social lives, understanding of film, popular culture, politics and society. The article demonstrates how film and, more generally, popular culture held significance in presenting ideas about counterculture as well as how cinemas and film clubs provided spaces for people to socialise and develop subcultural networks. It also suggests how significant class, locality, educational experiences and gender were in shaping how people did or did not enter countercultural scenes, how they understood themselves, their cinema-going experiences and the films that they watched.
    • From balletics to ballistics: French artillery, 1897-1916

      Krause, Jonathan (BJMH, 2019-12-31)
      The fighting on the Western Front during the First World War was characterized by the mass use of artillery and, thanks to scholarship from recent decades, is now understood as a crucible for learning and innovation. This article follows the trajectory of French artillery capabilities, mental and mechanical, from the late 19th century through to 1916.
    • From decades of certainty to a causational minefield, a note on intentional homelessness following the ruling Haile V London Borough of Waltham Forest (2015)

      Busst, Christopher (UKLSA - The United Kingdom Law Students' Association, 2016-07-12)
      A homeless person may be owed a duty to be re-housed by a local housing authority if they can meet the requirements set out in the Housing Act 1996. The authority does not owe the full duty, however, in circumstances where the homeless person has made themselves ‘intentionally homeless’ - where they have carried out a deliberate act or omission which has led to their loss of accommodation. The House of Lords ruling in Din v Wandsworth London Borough Council [1983] had created a consistent and certain approach to findings of intentionality. The Supreme Court in Haile claims not to have departed from the reasoning in Din. Still, it will be shown that the express findings in Haile have completely changed the approach to intentionality. Despite the Supreme Court’s protestations to the contrary, a certain deliberate act by a homeless person can now be ignored if, hypothetically, the homeless person would have become homeless anyway – creating a causational nightmare for authority decision makers.
    • From outsider to established – explaining the current popularity and acceptability of tattooing

      Rees, Michael (GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, 2016-10-31)
      Tattooing is a practice long associated with social outsiders – sailors, criminals, bikers and women of disrepute. In recent years, however, the practice has become increasingly popular, and acceptable, in mainstream culture as these marks of distinction appear on an ever greater number of bodies. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork, academic literature, and content analysis of popular media, I propose that four inter-related developments have contributed to the redefinition of tattooing: the increasing importance of the body as a site for constructing identity; processes of cultural diversity and globalization; the increased visibility of the practice in popular culture; and attempts to legitimise the practice as an acceptable art form both within academia and popular culture. By drawing together these inter-related developments this paper demonstrates how Elias’ theories of establishedoutsider relations provides an understanding of the processes that lead to changing statuses for certain cultural practices.