• Access to health and social care services for deaf and hard of hearing people in Wolverhampton

      Bown, Sarah; Dekesel, Kristiaan (Healthwatch Wolverhampton in conjunction with University of Wolverhampton, 2017-12-01)
      In 2012 Johannes Fellinger and colleagues highlighted a growing concern for signs of health inequality amongst D/deaf individuals, in the area of both general and mental health, within their respective community/country. The claim was even made that deafness itself can endanger your health (Alexander, Ladd and Powell, 2012). It was also established that the level of poor communication between D/deaf patients and health professionals, exacerbated the barriers to health care, which D/deaf people experienced. Barnet et.al. examining health inequality experienced by D/deaf people argued that “... It appears that addressing language barriers improves adherence with some preventive services and may help prevent chronic diseases or improve patient’s long-term outcomes through earlier detection” (Barnett, et al, 2011:2). This is supported by Alexander, Ladd and Powell, who advocate that “good communication is the key” (2012:980), given that it is “the bedrock of diagnosis and treatment” (The Lancet, 2012:977) and has the potential to avoid offering a lower standard of service (Sign Health 2014).
    • Beyond COVID-19: Lessons for social protection from WFP's work in East Africa in 2020

      Slater, Rachel; McCord, Anna; Devereux, Stephen; Baur, Daniela; Trotter, Danielle; Bright, Rosie (World Food Programme, 2021-05-01)
      In May 2020, RBN established a Social Protection Learning Facility to enhance evidence-based decision making, learning and accountability in WFP’s social protection work in the context of COVID-19 and other shocks. The Facility combined real-time evaluation of WFP’s activities with technical assistance to WFP staff who were navigating difficult trade-offs as they sought to support governments to flex social protection in the region. It comprised of social protection researchers and advisors who provided on demand support to WFP in areas of programme design, implementation and wider strategic considerations in WFP’s work, and offered ‘Ideas Space’ sessions to support the sharing of experiences. This report is a product of the first phase of the facility and focuses on lessons learned from WFP’s work in 2020 that are important for the social protection sector in the region going forward.
    • Company voluntary arrangements: evaluating success and failure

      Walton, P.; Jacobs, L.; Umfreville, C. (R3 & ICAEW, 2018-05-29)
      The report considers the reasons for the ‘success’ or ‘failure’ of company voluntary arrangements (“CVAs”) and investigates the outcomes where CVAs 'fail'. The frequency of CVAs is reasonably low when compared with alternative corporate Insolvency Act 1986 procedures and it has been commented that CVAs have a high failure rate. The research project aims to identify ‘successful’ and ‘failed’ CVAs and by doing so, identify key characteristics which will in turn allow practical guidance to be provided to insolvency practitioners (“IPs”) and also inform policy recommendations to Government. The report combines evaluation of empirical research concentrating on CVAs in England and Wales, surveys of insolvency practitioners and interviews with stakeholders to identify the characteristics of 'successful' and 'failed' CVAs. This is done in the context of national and international insolvency law developments and consultations including comparative analysis. The report present recommendations for reform to address the issues identified in the research and to improve CVA outcomes.
    • Country reviews of social assistance in crises: A compendium of rapid assessments of the nexus between social protection and humanitarian assistance in crisis settings

      Mohamed, Habiba; Szyp, Carolina; Thorsen, Dorte; Bellwood-Howard, Imogen; McLean, Calum; Baur, Daniela; Harvey, Paul; Lind, Jeremy; Longhurst, Daniel; Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel; et al. (Institute of Development Studies, 2021-06)
      This collection brings together brief overviews of the social assistance landscape in eight fragile and conflict-affected settings in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. These overviews were prepared as part of Better Assistance in Crises (BASIC) Research, a multi-year programme (2020–24) supported by the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) of the UK government. BASIC Research aims to inform policy and programming on effective social assistance in situations of crisis, including for those who are experiencing climate-related shocks and stressors, protracted conflict and forced displacement.
    • Deaf and hard of hearing women Menopause survey - Birmingham and Solihull results

      Bown, Sarah (University of Wolverhampton/BID Services, 2019-01-11)
      In November 2018 two workshops were conducted by Sarah Bown from the University of Wolverhampton in partnership with BID Services, focussing on the menopause as experienced by Deaf and hard of hearing women. The feedback from participants indicated a greater need for accessible information and support.
    • A demographic snapshot of the profession: The 2021 census of sign language translators & interpreters in the UK

      Napier, Jemina; Skinner, Robert; Adam, Robert; Stone, Christopher; Pratt, Sandra; Obasi, Chijoke (Association of Sign Language Interpreters, 2021-08)
    • Denied a Future? The right to education of Roma/Gypsy and traveller children in Europe

      Pinnock, Katherine (London: Save the Children, 2001)
      The idea for the Denied a Future? report emerged at the 1999 session of the UN Commission on Human Rights. Save the Children decided that there was a need for a basic text that described legislation, policy and practice with regard to education provision for Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children in a number of European countries. Denied a Future? therefore describes law, policy and practice in the period June 2000 to June 2001. The report was intended to serve as a benchmark against which the impact of contemporaray and future investments by the World Bank, the European Union, national and local governments and other agencies could be assessed. The report, published online in 4 volumes, highlights the lack of access to good-quality education of Roma children across Europe. Across Europe the challenge of providing Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children with access to quality education is not being met. Many school systems continue to marginalise Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children, thereby effectively denying them the chance to reach their full potential. Denied a future? examines 14 countries across Europe. It highlights the impact that a lack of personal security and freedom of movement, poverty and powerlessness all have on access to education for Roma/Gypsy and Traveller children.
    • Developing Preventative Practices: The Experiences of Children, Young People and their families in the Children's Fund

      Evans, Ruth; Pinnock, Katherine; Bierens, Hanne; Edwards, Anne (London: Department for Education and Skills, 2006)
      The Children's Fund was set up in 2000, in part as a catalyst to move forward interagency co-operation and child and family-led preventative services in local authorities. The initiative will run until 2008 and have total funding of £960m over the life of the programme. It is, therefore, part of a long-term strategy aimed at strengthening communities and families as places where children and young people can develop as healthy, responsible and engaged citizens. The initiative targets children and young people aged five to 13 years who are considered to be at risk of social exclusion in 149 partnership arrangements across all 150 local authorities in England. The National Evaluation of the Children's Fund (NECF) was commissioned in late 2002 and ran until March 2006. The NECF was co-ordinated by the University of Birmingham & Institute of Education. The evaluation examined the structures, processes and outcomes of the Children's Fund. The evaluation has generated a series of reports. 'Developing Preventative Practices: The Experiences of Children, Young People and their families in the Children's Fund' aims to address the overarching question of which Children's Fund practices and approaches promote good outcomes for children and young people and support their pathways to inclusion. The report uses the concepts of risk, resilience and protection to understand the responses of children and families to the services provided by the Children's Fund and the immediate impact these services have made on their lives, The report also begins to locate these experiences within some broader notions of social exclusion and inclusion in order to reflect on how learning from the Children's Fund might be taken forward.
    • Evaluation of Specialist Domestic Violence Courts/Fast Track Systems

      Cook, Dee; Burton, Mandy; Robinson, Amanda; Vallely, Christine (Commissioned by the Crown Prosecution Service and the Department for Constitutional Affairs, 2004)
      Overall, our research indicates the notable and positive benefits of Specialist Domestic Violence Courts and Fast Track Systems in three key ways: • Both ‘clustering’ and ‘fast-tracking’ DV cases enhances the effectiveness of court and support services for victims. • Both SDVC and FTS arrangements make advocacy and information-sharing easier to accomplish. • Victim participation and satisfaction is improved and thus public confidence in the CJS is increased. All the courts have created the infrastructure necessary for continued improvements in the effectiveness and efficiency in dealing with domestic violence cases Such courts enable the development of best practice in multi-agency, integrated ways of working that place the victim at the heart of the process.
    • Experiences from frontline forest communities: Covid-19 impacts on indigenous peoples and local communities, women and forest and wildlife illegality in the Congo Basin

      Mbzibain, Aurelian; Mohsen Mohamed, Habiba; Baur, Daniela; Jara Cazares, Cristina (The University of Wolverhampton, Centre for International Development and Training (CIDT), 2021-01-27)
    • Exploring the impact of the Improving forest governance (IFG) course: a study on 4 years (2010-2013) of IFG course delivery

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN; Pavey, Marc; Nyirenda, Richard; Haruna, Ella; Thomas, Sarah; Mahony, Desmond; Dearden, Philip; Begum, Rufsana (University of Wolverhampton, Centre for International Development and training, 2015-07-01)
      This study explores the impact of the Improving Forest Governance course, a UK-based training programme aimed at frontline players in timber producing and processing countries. The course aims to build capacity of participants to engage in and lead on activities promoting better forest governance. This report looks at the extent to which course alumni have been able to improve forest governance, and illustrates the specific outcomes which demonstrate that.
    • Insolvency litigation funding- in the best interests of creditors?

      Walton, Peter (Manolete Partners/IPA/ICAEW, 2020-04-07)
    • Institutions and instruments for tackling chronic poverty: the case of social protection and HIV/Aids

      Slater, Rachel (Chronic Poverty Research Centre, 2008-01-01)
      HIV/AIDS is both a cause and a symptom of chronic poverty and requires new and innovative policy instruments and institutional structures to address its impacts. Focusing specifically on orphans, vulnerable children and the elderly, this paper explores the appropriateness of different social protection mechanisms for supporting households living with HIV/AIDS and suggests what roles are appropriate for different institutions – from households and communities to governments and donors – for tackling chronic poverty among people living with HIV/AIDS.
    • Kidney Health Inequalities in the United Kingdom: Reflecting on the past, reducing in the future

      Caskey, Fergus; Dreyer, Gavin; Evans, Katharine; Methven, Shona; Scott, Jemima; Brettle, Alison; Castledine, Clare; Chapman, Fiona; Fraser, Simon; Hounkpatin, Hilda; et al. (Kidney Research UK, 2018-09-01)
    • Marine Archaeology Legislation Project

      Williams, Michael V. (English Heritage, 2004)
      INTRODUCTION: This Part reviews in depth the genesis and the nature of the present legal framework relating to maritime archaeology in England and Wales. It also considers what advantages and difficulties have resulted from the United Kingdom's continued adherence to this structure. Annexed to this Part is a Report of a survey conducted by NAS Training of the experiences of stakeholders regarding the functioning of the designation and licensing processes under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973. Two principal characteristics determine the legal structure for maritime archaeology in England. The first is the continued reliance on the law of salvage to govern the recovery of wreck from the sea, irrespective of its antiquity. Consequently, the corner stone of this structure is the law of salvage, with its associated legislation, principally the Merchant Shipping Act 1995, which incorporates the International Convention on Salvage 1989 into United Kingdom law. However, it has been recognised that the application of the law of salvage to archaeological material is not considered appropriate by many in the archaeological community, as this approach is contrary to the internationally recognised precautionary principle, which seeks as the first option to preserve the heritage in situ1. Consequently, a few statutory amendments to the salvage regime have been introduced to take account of the particular cultural nature of archaeological material, the desirability of preserving it in situ if possible and the importance, if recovery is necessary, of regulating that process so to preserve archaeologically significant information. However, these amendments are fairly limited in nature, being confined to limitations on the freedom to access wreck sites and initiate salvage operations. Otherwise, the rights and duties of the participants in the maritime archaeological process and the disposal of the recovered wreck material continue to be determined by the law of salvage. The second principal characteristic of the legal structure is the absence of a satisfactory mechanism for protecting archaeology which is not derived from shipwreck, since the salvage regime is not applicable to the protection and recovery of evidence relating to submerged landscapes, dwellings or other former human habitation or activity. Only one statute, the Ancient Monuments & Archaeological Areas Act 1979 enables such archaeological material to be protected and its application underwater has been very limited, never having been applied underwater to remains other than wrecks. This conservative approach to the legal regime for maritime archaeology has generated controversy and numerous documents have drawn attention to the alleged inadequacies of the present framework. To many in the archaeological community, this framework is unduly limited in scope, fails to provide adequate protection to maritime archaeology and, by continued adherence to the salvage regime, has facilitated the use of inappropriate practices relating to the excavation and disposal of artefacts. This, it is claimed, is in stark contrast to the more regulatory stance taken by some other countries, where the diving and excavation of historic wrecks is far more heavily regulated and the protection of historic shipwreck has been taken entirely outside the ambit of the salvage regime.
    • Plymouth Past, Sustainable Future

      Cox, David (Plymouth University Law School, 2016-11)
      On Saturday 14 November 2015 Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery hosted an event which formed part of the Economic & Social Research Council’s (ESRC) annual Festival of Social Science. The interdisciplinary public engagement event (organised by Professor Kim Stevenson) was entitled Plymouth Past: Sustainable Future and involved interactive displays and exhibitions of the work of several members of the Plymouth University School of Law on this year’s ESRC theme of sustainability The exhibition focused on 3 main aspects: social, cultural and environmental sustainability.
    • Pre-Pack Empirical Research: Characteristic and Outcome Analysis of Pre-Pack Administration

      Walton, Peter; Umfreville, Christopher; Wilson, Paul (University of Wolverhampton, 2014-06-16)
    • Rapport final: Forum sur la gouvernance forestière, Brazzaville 2018

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN; Nyirenda, Richard; Nkodia, Alfred; Moukouri, Serge; Nzala, Donatien; Baur, Dani (University of Wolverhampton, Centre for International Development and Training, 2019-01-24)
      Les forêts du Bassin du Congo constituent l’un des plus importants réservoirs de biodiversité dans le monde. Elles fournissent des moyens de subsistance à plus de 75 millions de personnes qui comptent sur les ressources naturelles locales. Mais à cause de la mauvaise gouvernance observée, cette richesse tend à disparaître au fil des temps, ce qui représente une menace pour la survie des populations qui y sont installées. De nombreuses initiatives ont vu le jour pour pallier cette situation parmi lesquelles la certification forestière, REDD+ et les APV-FLEGT. Les pays du bassin du Congo ont fait de la gouvernance forestière une priorité au sein de la Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale (COMIFAC). Pour y parvenir, il est évident que toutes les parties prenantes à la gestion durable des forêts se sentent concernées et doivent s’impliquer. Dans cette perspective, le projet C4CV, cofinancé par l’Union européenne et le DFID a organisé le Forum régional sur la Gouvernance Forestière (FGF) en République du Congo. Ce projet est mis en œuvre au Cameroun, en République centrafricaine, en République démocratique du Congo, au Gabon et en République du Congo. Sous la direction du CIDT de l’université de Wolverhampton, les organisations partenaires dudit projet dans les cinq pays sont : le Centre pour l’Information Environnementale et le Développement Durable (CIEDD), le centre pour l’Environnement et le Développement (CED) et Forêts et développement Rural (FODER) au Cameroun ; l’Observatoire de la Gouvernance Forestière (OGF) en RDC ; Brainforest au Gabon ; le Cercle d’Appui à la Gestion Durable des Forêts (CAGDF) en République du Congo, y compris le Field Legality Advisory Group (FLAG) en tant que partenaire régional et le World Resources Institute (WRI) en tant que partenaire international. Calqué sur le modèle des réunions semestrielles de mise à jour sur l’exploitation illégale à Chatham House, le FGF vise à contribuer aux buts plus étendus du projet CV4C à travers le partage d’expériences et la sensibilisation, et en promouvant le profil des processus APV-FLEGT et REDD+. La 11ème édition du FGF a été organisée en collaboration avec le Partenariat pour les Forêts du Bassin du Congo (PFBC), en vue de la préparation de la Rencontre des Parties de haut niveau, prévue pour la semaine du 26 novembre 2018 à Bruxelles.
    • Social Protection and COVID-19 amidst climate shocks

      Slater, Rachel (World Food Programme, 2020-12-01)
      Recent years have seen an increasing focus on the role of social protection in building the resilience of households to climate-related shocks and stresses. This brief considers some of the potential impacts and implications of the coronavirus pandemic on this work in East Africa. Drawing lessons from WFP programming in a number of countries, the brief lists out three main ways of responding to immediate threats while not losing focus on longer-term agendas and programming in support of resilience building in the face of climate shocks.