• Aligning to disadvantage: how corporate political activity and strategic homophily create path dependence in the firm

      Perchard, Andrew; MacKenzie, Niall (SAGE, 2020-03-03)
      To what extent should firms get close to government for competitive advantage? What happens if they get too close? In this article we explore how corporate political activity (CPA) inculcated strategic homophily in leading UK aluminium producer, the British Aluminium Company Ltd (BACo), resulting in its path dependence and eventual lock-in. The paper makes three main contributions: a longitudinal study of CPA and strategic homophily revealing their organizational manifestations and detailed understanding of certain mechanisms of path dependence; articulating the value of historical methods and perspectives to exploring organizational path dependence; and exploring the impact that prolonged business-government relations can have on the organizational behaviour and strategic outlook of the firm with implications for TMT selection and environmental scanning. In so doing it responds to calls for firms to align market positions with political activity, as well as those for the recognition of the value of business history in better understanding the links between CPA and firm performance. It further elucidates the longer-term consequences of strategic homophily, which has to date focused on the early stages of venture formation.
    • The effect of entrepreneurship education on nascent entrepreneurship

      Onjewu, Adah-Kole Emmanuel; Haddoud, Mohamed Yacine; Nowiński, Witold (SAGE, 2021-04-28)
      The literature has been enriched by studies examining the effect of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial or goal intention. Yet, few articles have considered how entrepreneurship education affects nascent entrepreneurship as a more sought-after outcome. Similarly, some scholars assess entrepreneurship education as an aggregate rather than a multidimensional construct comprised of alternative methods with peculiar characteristics yielding distinct student outcomes. Possibly, the present shortage of specificity in the investigation of methods in entrepreneurship education reduces empirical understanding of efficacious teaching and learning modes for optimising entrepreneurial behaviour. Hence, by way of contribution, this inquiry isolates and measures the direct effect of courses, workshops, guest speakers and simulations on new venture creation among UK students. It also measures indirect influence in the same relationships, with self-efficacy as a mediator. A structural equation analysis is performed and the findings show that discretely, in this order, simulations, workshops and courses stimulate nascent entrepreneurship. However, there is particular insignificance in the direct link between guest speakers and nascent entrepreneurship, and further dissociation in the indirect link between workshops and simulations leading to self-efficacy. Theoretical implications arise for future correlation and configurational studies, as well as practical ramifications for entrepreneurship education practitioners, simulation developers and public institutions.
    • Managerial ideology and identity in the nationalised British coal industry, 1947-1994

      Perchard, Andrew; Gildart, Keith (SAGE, 2022-02-03)
      This article examines managerial ideology and identity in the nationalised British coal industry. On nationalisation in 1947, the National Coal Board (NCB) – after 1987 the British Coal Corporation – became the largest socialised industry outside of the Communist bloc. Privatised in 1994, as part of liberal market reforms, the industry was a crucible for ideological clashes amongst managers. The article responds to interest in the impact of managerial ideologies and identities on organisations and in the search for illuminating historical case studies in different organisational settings. The authors position those ideological clashes, and distinctive managerial identities, within a moral economic framework.
    • Toward a universalistic behavioural model of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness for the health services sector

      Hamlin, Robert; Ruiz, Carlos E.; Jones, Jenni; Patel, Taran (SAGE, 2022-04-29)
      Much management and leadership development provision for healthcare professionals has been the subject of considerable criticism, and there have been numerous calls for training programmes explicitly focused on the specific managerial (manager/leader) behaviours healthcare managers, physician leaders and nurse managers need to exhibit to be perceived effective. The aim of our multiple cross-case/cross-nation comparative study has been to: i) identify similarities and differences between the findings of published qualitative critical incident studies of effective and ineffective managerial behaviour observed within British, Egyptian, Mexican and Romanian public hospitals, respectively, and ii) if possible, deduce from the identified commonalities a healthcare-related behavioural model of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness. Adopting a philosophical stance informed by pragmatism, epistemological instrumentalism and abduction, we used realist qualitative analytic methods to code and classify into a maximum number of discrete behavioural categories empirical source data obtained from five previous studies. We found high degrees of empirical generalization which resulted in the identification of five positive (effective) and four negative (ineffective) behavioural dimensions (BDs) derived, respectively, from 14 positive and 9 negative deduced behavioural categories (BCs). These BDs and underpinning BCs are expressed in the form of an emergent two-factor universalistic behavioural model of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness. We suggest the model could be used to critically evaluate the relevance and appropriateness of existing training provision for physician leaders, nurse managers and other healthcare managers/leaders in public hospitals or to design new explicit training programmes informed and shaped by healthcare-specific management research, as called for in the literature.
    • Two-sided institutional impacts and informal entrepreneurship motivation in Nigeria

      Adike, Abinotam Joshua; Anosike, Paschal; Wang, Yong (SAGE, 2021-10-11)
      Institutions are developed to direct individuals’ behaviours in ways that lead to their fulfilment. However, either by deliberate human design or other factors, institutions can also either impact positively or negatively on individuals with entrepreneurial ambition. This characterisation is typical of Nigeria’s institutions because of their often two-sided impacts on the individual. This article uses interview data from a qualitative study to demonstrate how ambiguity, as reflected in the often conflicting effects of institutional arrangements in Nigeria influence the decision to engage in informal entrepreneurship. In particular, the finding that both the enforcement and the absence of enforcement of formal laws potentially cause informality, presents a challenge that seriously implicate policy formulation and point to the need for more targeted research.