• Acts of faith: instinct, value and IT investment decisions

      Bannister, Frank; Remenyi, Dan (Palgrave Macmillan, 2000)
      Although well over 1000 journal articles, conference papers, books, technical notes and theses have been written on the subject of information technology (IT) evaluation, only a relatively small subset of this literature has been concerned with the core issues of what precisely is meant by the term 'value' and with the process of making (specifically) IT investment decisions. All too often, the problem and highly complex issue of value is either simplified, ignored or assumed away. Instead the focus of much of the research to date has been on evaluation methodologies and, within this literature, there are different strands of thought which can be classified as partisan, composite and meta approaches to evaluation. Research shows that a small number of partisan techniques are used by most decision makers with a minority using a single technique and a majority using a mixture of such techniques of whom a substantial minority use a formal composite approach. It is argued that, in mapping the set of evaluation methodologies on to what is termed the investment opportunity space, that there is a limit to what can be achieved by formal rational evaluation methods. This limit becomes evident when decision makers fall back on 'gut feel' and other non-formal/rigorous ways of making decisions. It is suggested that an understanding of these more complex processes and decision making, in IT as elsewhere, needs tools drawn from philosophy and psychology.
    • Crime Prevention v Planning: Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. Is it a Material Consideration?

      Moss, Kate (Palgrave Macmillan, 2001)
      In a previous paper, Moss and Pease outlined that although Section 17 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 was arguably the most radical section, this did not appear to have been recognised. Specifically, fieldwork suggested that police requests for crime prevention measures, made on the basis of Section 17, were not consistently being accommodated, particularly where they conflicted with what planning officers wanted. It was argued that Section 17 should have a greater visible impact upon the agencies that it would necessarily affect. Contested planning applications since this time suggest that whilst many police forces and local councils, including planning departments, have been working hard to implement the requirements of Section 17, this is being undermined by decisions of the Planning Inspectorate. They maintain that in the absence of case law, Section 17 does not constitute a material consideration in terms of planning. Some examples, which have been contested on this basis, are discussed. It is suggested that the Planning Inspectorate should interpret Section 17 as a material consideration, in line with the guidelines laid down in Home Office Circular 5/94 'Planning Out Crime'3 and give greater primacy to the views held by the public in Crime Audits.
    • Data Sharing in Crime Reduction: Why and How?

      Moss, Kate; Pease, Ken (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)
      Criteria for the permissible exchange of relevant data within crime and disorder partnerships are to be found in the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. Partnerships have experienced difficulties in reaching agreement about data-sharing. This paper proposes an approach which minimises formal data-sharing while maximising relevance to crime reduction. It should be read as a radical alternative to the approach advocated by Brookes et al (2003) and is based on the excellent work undertaken in the Government Office, East Midlands.
    • Data-sharing and Crime Reduction: The Long and Winding Road

      Brookes, Stephen; Moss, Kate; Pease, Ken (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)
      The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 charges responsible authorities with devising and implementing strategies for community safety. Responsible authorities comprise police and local authorities, working as partnerships. Criteria for the permissible exchange of relevant data are to be found in the Act. In practice, partnerships have experienced difficulties in reaching agreement about datasharing. This paper looks at the legal background to data-sharing, its limitations, best practice, and the potential consequences of lowering barriers to information exchange.
    • Did Wigan have a northern soul?

      Gildart, Keith; Catterall, Stephen; Lashua, Brett; Wagg, Stephen; Spracklen, Karl; Yavuz, M. Selim (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019)
      The town of Wigan in Lancashire, England, will forever be associated with the Northern Soul scene because of the existence of the Casino Club, which operated in the town between 1973 and 1981. By contrast, Liverpool just 22 miles west, with the ‘the most intensely aware soul music Black Community in the country’, (Cohen, 2007, p.31 quoting from Melody Maker, 24 July 1976) remained immune to the attractions of Northern Soul and its associated scene, music, subculture and mythology. Similarly, the city of Manchester has been more broadly associated with punk and post-punk. Wigan was and remains indelibly connected to the Northern Soul scene with the Casino representing a symbolic location for reading the geographical, class and occupational basis of the scene’s practitioners. The club is etched into the history, iconography, and mythology of Northern Soul appearing in the academic and more general literature, television documentaries, memoirs, autobiographies and feature films. This chapter seeks to explore the relationship between history, place, class, industrialisation, mythology and nostalgia in terms of Wigan, the Casino Club and the Northern Soul scene. It asks the question: did Wigan have a northern soul? This is explored through the industrial and working-class history of the town and the place of soul music in its post-war popular culture. More broadly, it complements the historical literature on regional identity identifying how Northern Soul both complemented and challenged orthodox readings of Wigan as a town built on coal and cotton that by the 1970s was entering a process of deindustrialisation.
    • Examining evidence-based change agency practice in anglo and non-anglo countries: implications for professional HRD practitioners

      Jones, Jenni; Hamlin, Robert G.; Ellinger, Andrea D.; Loon, Mark; Stewart, Jim; Nachmias, Stefanos (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020)
      This chapter begins by drawing attention to the role of professional human resource development (HRD) practitioners as ‘organisational change consultants’ in addition to their role as ‘training consultants’ and ‘learning consultants.’ It then discusses the critical change agency role they can and should play in bringing about effective and beneficial organisational change and development (OCD) in strategic partnership with line managers. This is followed by a compelling rationale for the adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) approaches for managing and/or facilitating OCD initiatives. The chapter continues by presenting and discussing the research process and results of a multiple cross-case comparative analysis (MCCCA) of: i) various reflective perspectives on EBP in the field of change management in general and OCD in particular; and of ii) 33 reflective case histories of specific evidence-based OCD initiatives conducted within single organisation settings. The purpose of this study, conducted and previously reported elsewhere (see Hamlin, Jones and Ellinger, 2019), was to glean common insights from the critical reflections upon practice of over 70 evidence-based OCD practitioners who had used bodies of best evidence of various strengths to help enhance their change agency capabilities. The findings of the MCCCA study not only offer validation for a set of ‘original’ common insights and learned lessons (CILs) that resulted from a previous study by one of us, but also include 10 emergent ‘new’ CILs together with numerous confirmatory insights from other ‘seasoned’ evidence-based OCD practitioners. The chapter concludes with an expression of these findings in the form of a ‘conceptual process model for facilitating EBOCD’. We anticipate this model will provide relevant and useful insights for managers and professional HRD practitioners to lead and/or help facilitate more effective OCD initiatives in their respective organisations.
    • Men and the Language of Emotions

      Galasinski, Dariusz (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)
      This book challenges the widely held stereotype that men either have an impoverished emotional life or are inhibited in talking about their emotions. In this major study of middle-aged and older heterosexual men, Dariusz Galasinski demonstrates that they talk about their emotions both indirectly and openly, that masculinity can be constructed in terms of emotions and emotionality in both men's as well as women's discourse. Taking a radically contextual notion of identity, the author argues further for a disassociation of father's identity from biological fatherhood, demonstrating that men can construct themselves as genderless parents. He shows how, faced with unemployment or other difficult experiences, men and women use the same discursive practices in expressing feelings of helplessness. Finally, the book challenges the notion that gender is relevant to all social interactions, concluding that class, ethnicity or employment are fare more significant. (Palgrave Macmillan)
    • Parliamentary candidate selection in the Conservative Party: The meaning of reform for party members and membership parties

      Low, Mark (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-06-30)
      Parliamentary candidate selection reform was fundamental to the Conservative Party’s organisational renewal, but local autonomy was always a potential obstacle. In the context of a falling membership, the leadership took action. Hence, this article addresses three questions. Firstly, it examines how power was utilised for the purpose of dismantling local autonomy in parliamentary candidate selection. Secondly, it discusses the implications of reform for party members. Thirdly, it assesses what the research findings mean for the notion of ‘membership party’ and the models that purport to explain party organisation. A qualitative research design was adopted that focused upon local activists and officials. The conclusion points towards a network approach to party organisation that projects local identity as the emerging organisational model. The research also provides an insight into how the Conservative Party leadership is managing its declining membership base.
    • Re-evaluating the Anglo-Irish Agreement: Central or Incidental to the Northern Ireland Peace process?

      O'Kane, Eammon (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007-10-18)
      The 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement (AIA) was one of the major achievements of Anglo-Irish diplomacy during the course of the Troubles. Yet its importance has been misunderstood and often ignored in subsequent histories of the development of the conflict and the peace process. This article seeks to re-evaluate the AIA. It examines the purposes of the agreement, taking issue with a number of the existing explanations. It is argued that London and Dublin had conflicting analyses of what the AIA was designed to do, which led to disappointment in both states with its impact. These differences also made it difficult for academics to accurately characterize the accord. However, the AIA played a profound and imperative role in shaping the subsequent peace process, but this arose out of consequences of the Agreement that were, despite recent claims to the contrary, unanticipated, and indeed unintended, by those who drew up the document. (Palgrave Macmillan)
    • Security and Liberty: Restriction by Stealth

      Moss, Kate (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)
      In considering the problems of legislating to reduce crime, this book highlights evidence of the veritable deluge of legislation which has reached the statute books over the last ten years and asks, what are the reasons for this? It provides an overview of some of the ways in which citizens are currently criminalized by legislation and gives specific examples of various other stealthy ways in which essential civil liberties have recently been restricted. Generating new insights on crime reduction this study asks, is legislating to reduce crime really a good idea, or are there better ways of doing it and if so, what are these and why are they better? Why might it be wrong to over-legislate and what sort of societies could be produced from a propensity to over-legislate? CONTENTS: * The Retreat from Liberty * Constitutional Origins of Erosion * The Culture of Control * Detention Without Trial * Football Banning Orders * Secure Borders * Implications for Crime Reduction and Criminology
    • The apology in democracies: reflections on the challenge of competing goods, citizenship, nationalism and pluralist politics

      Cunningham, Michael; Mihai, Mihaela; Thaler, Mathias (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-07-08)
      Much of the literature related to the issue of the political apology has focused on one of three areas; attempts to provide a definition of what a ‘real’ or genuine apology looks like and what criteria have to be satisfied to provide one, normative defences of the apology as contributing to various desirable outcomes (e.g. recognition, reconciliation, justice) and the grappling with issues such as collective or transgenerational responsibility, which underpin the coherence of the apology.
    • The changing nature of activist engagement within the Conservative Party: A review of Susan Scarrow’s task-orientated approach to party membership

      Low, Mark (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013-04-29)
      Scarrow highlighted two questions concerning party members: The level of engagement required and the extent to which this occurred within formal party structures. She proposed a task – rather than a people-orientated interpretation. Her framework is applied here to the British Conservative Party. A qualitative research design was adopted, which focused on the views and behaviour of local activists. This permitted an understanding of how the party organisation actually functioned. The findings revealed notable deficiencies in activity levels, member skills, member attitudes towards performance improvement and local managerial capacity. This meant reduced fitness for purpose. Hence, a shrinking of activists’ responsibilities and a simplification of their role has occurred, thereby changing the nature of engagement, but equally modifying the nature of political voluntarism. Increasing emphasis is being placed upon developing networks of supporters, with the implication that there has been a movement towards the American model of party organisation, but with the continuation of membership parties in a looser form. As such, the findings also reveal how the party is managing its declining membership organisation. Overall, Scarrow’s task-orientated approach was found to be apposite for the purpose of measuring local activist engagement.
    • The effective articulation of risk-based compliance in banks

      Haynes, Andrew (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
      The concept of compliance has developed over recent years. Gone are the days when satisfactory compliance in a bank consisted of making sure that a set of rules provided by a regulator had been met and each could be 'ticked off' and that appropriate returns had been sent in. Now the accepted approach is one of ascertaining the risks facing the institution and adopting appropriate measures to manage them. Regulatory guidelines are a tool to this end. A good example of this are the FSA rules in relation to financial regulation which, through their aims, their content, their guidance notes and their structure, clearly determine exactly this approach. However, while dealing with compliance in this way forces the bank to engage in a more careful and precise analysis of the risks facing it, problems can arise. The aim of this paper is to analyse how a bank can best succeed while approaching compliance as a risk-based issue. This is done while bearing in mind the various internal departments and external agencies that can impact on, or be impacted on by the procedures adopted. The paper considers the role of the regulator, compliance risk analysis itself and the relationship between the compliance department, other departments and external agents. It then goes on to consider the factors affecting risk, how compliance systems can best be built and shaped and how they can best be enforced. Finally, it considers the key issues that can be synthesised from this.
    • The Language of Belonging

      Meinhof, Ulrike Hanna; Galasinski, Dariusz (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
      Addressing one of the most significant aspects of social life in our time - that of cultural identities and identifications - the authors demonstrate ways in which the language we use in everyday life, in our conversations and narratives, constructs and confirms in a continuing, flexible and context-bound way our sense of who we are, where and to whom we belong - or wish to belong. They offer a theoretical reassessment of how we understand, study and analyse processes of multiple and sometimes self-contradictory identification as reflected through the language of belonging and not belonging. The theoretical case is exemplified by the discourses of three-generational families on the Polish-German borders. Prompted by photographs to talk about themselves and other social groups, they provide major insights into the complex identities constructed by and for such families as the result of the major political changes in Europe in the 20th century which threw their lives into turmoil and created different and changing socio-political environments for each generation. (Palgrave Macmillan)
    • To be a Woman: socialist and feminist perspectives in the work of Jill Craigie

      HOCKENHULL, STELLA; Nelmes, Jill; Selbo, Jule (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015)
      Women Screenwriters is a study of more than 300 female writers from 60 nations, from the first film scenarios produced in 1986 to the present day. Divided into six sections by continent, the entries give an overview of the history of women screenwriters in each country, as well as individual biographies of its most influential.
    • Youth and permissive social change in British music papers, 1967–1983

      Glen, Patrick (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019-02-04)
      Paul Rambali, a music journalist during the 1970s and 1980s, explained that popular music had ‘suggested a range of possibilities in life that nobody ever told me at school nor my parents.’1 For young people like Rambali, in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s popular music was the most significant cultural form that entertained, informed and influenced them. The music press was where, every week, they found out what was going on and why it mattered. Any young person with a small amount of disposable income could walk to almost any newsagents in Britain and find a copy of a weekly music paper – one of the so-called inkies due to their cheap printing methods which left ink on the readers’ fingers. Even if someone did not have the money to buy a copy, it seemed that music press readers were a generous sort and would share: the National Readership Survey recorded that over nine people read each copy which translated into a potential readership, combining those who read the Melody Maker, New Musical Express (NME) and Sounds, of around 3,000,000 people per week.2 These papers, made in metropolitan London – the hub of the music industry and the press, offered a window into popular music, the people who made it and other fans. Copies piled up in bedrooms, living rooms, university and sixth form common rooms telling not only a story of the happenings in music, but that of social change and the way we as a society understood youth.