• Child and young person development: biological, environmental and interpersonal influences

      Bennett, Kay; Brown, Zeta; Edwards, Tracey; Brown, Zeta; Ward, Stephen (Routledge, 2017-07-27)
    • Conceptual framework for lean construction ambidexterity in project-based organizations

      Fang, Yanqing; Daniel, Emmanuel Itodo; Li, Shuquan (Routledge, 2021-09-28)
      Lean construction (LC) is widely used to eliminate waste in the construction industry. However, few studies have focussed on LC capabilities. In the absence of a theoretical foundation, the equal treatment of inherent rigidity and flexibility has received little attention. This critical literature review answered the following research questions: What is the current understanding of the two characteristics of LC? Is there a theoretical explanation for their relationship? How can LC capabilities be realized in a project-based organization? The results revealed the lack of a clear definition of LC capabilities. The study posits that LC capabilities involve ambidexterity. Ambidexterity embodies the LC philosophy, principles, and methods, with a focus on resolving the paradoxical tensions in LC projects. Ambidexterity was found to be a two-dimensional paradox comprising exploitative and exploratory capabilities. It emphasizes the achievement of a balance between the two capabilities. The proposed model indicates that LC project-based organizations provide the ideal context for the development of ambidexterity. This study uses a paradoxical lens to introduce the notion of LC capabilities as ambidexterity. This research contributes to the current knowledge and future applications of organizational ambidexterity theory to LC capability development. In addition, it will enable practitioners to understand and manage the paradoxical tensions in LC projects. The proposed framework can guide the creation of an ideal LC project-organization environment.
    • Creating Time and Responsive Dimensions in Science with Mobile Technology

      Khechara, Marin; Smith, S; Crompton, Helen; Traxler, John (Routledge, 2017-12-06)
      Mobile learning (mlearning) is now used extensively in higher education (HE) (El-Hussain & Cronje, 2010). The use of this technology, most commonly represented by smartphones (Ofcom, 2015), allows approaches such as the flipped classroom or ‘flipping’ to be facilitated (Bishop & Verleger, 2013). Content is recorded and made available online before class through a mobile device (Bergman & Sams, 2012), leaving face-to-face sessions free for other activities that support learning. The use of the flipped approach has been shown to have a range of positive impacts on students (Smith, Brown, Purnell & Martin, 2015; Witton, 2016).
    • The design coordination role at the pre-construction stage of construction project

      Ndekugri, Issaka; Ankrah, Nii; Adaku, Ebenezer (Routledge, 2021-09-07)
      The importance of the concept of prevention through design (PtD) to the alleviation of the problem of poor health and safety (H&S) management in the construction industry is widely acknowledged. It has been adopted in the regulatory framework for H&S in the UK construction industry through the Construction Design and Management Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015) which place on the project client obligations with emphasis on coordination of H&S at the pre-construction stage of the project by a client-appointed ‘Principal Designer’ (PD). Unfortunately, research into the implementation of CDM 2015 into actual practice at the pre-construction stage has been patchy. The paper reports, with respect to the PD role, on part of research undertaken to respond to this gap. It involved surveys of clients and practitioners via fourteen focus group discussion sessions with over eighty participants to develop knowledge and understanding of the PD role. The research issues included: appointments to the role; structures for discharge of the role; day-to-day functions of the PD; remuneration arrangements; and common challenges regarding the PD.
    • Increasing student engagement in a biomedical science award: peer-supported learning through video

      Smith, Sara; O'Gara, Elizabeth; Khechara, Martin; Sutcliffe, Mark; Matheson, Ruth (Routledge, 2018-06-11)
    • The introduction of brownfield land registers in England

      Charlson, Jennifer (Routledge, 2020-12-13)
      This review examines recent planning policy and legislation regarding the regeneration of brownfield land in England. The study is centred on housing and England’s West Midlands region with a focus on the Black Country. The Housing and Planning Act 2016 introduced provisions to grant permission in principle for housing-led development in England and mandated the assembly of brownfield planning registers. The Brownfield Land Register Regulations 2017 requirements and their implementation is explored. The review concludes that of almost 18,000 brownfield sites have been mapped and capacity for 1.3 million homes on 21,000 sites covering 25,000 hectares has been identified on brownfield registers.
    • Offsite manufacturing: Envisioning the future agenda

      Goulding, Jack; Pour Rahimian, Farzad (Routledge, 2019-06-19)
      Off-Site Manufacturing (OSM) as a concept/approach is certainly not new, the origins of which rest in literature under various incarnations and typologies. Earliest examples include provision where “… a panelized wood house was shipped from England to Cape Ann in 1624 to provide housing for a shipping fleet” (Arieff, and Burkhart, 2003), through to the importation of housing in Australia (circa 1837), the delivery of Crystal Palace for “The Great Exhibition” in the United Kingdom (UK) (circa 1851), and for mainstream housing in the United States (US) with initiatives such as the Sears Modern Home “kit house” (circa 1908) and Lustron Home (circa 1945). However, there are several different terminologies in current use which describe OSM (Gibb and Pendlebury, 2006; Taylor, 2010); including: modern methods of construction, pod technology, off-site construction/fabrication/production, industrialised building systems, modular construction, pre-cast panels/foundations, volumetric/hybrid construction etc.
    • A systematic literature review evaluating sustainable energy growth in Qatar using the PICO model

      Sarrakh, Redouane; Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini; Manu, Emmanuel; Akotia, Julius (Routledge, 2021-03-11)
      With the increasing importance given currently to sustainable development, countries around the world are shifting their focus and efforts to changing the previous unsustainable growth framework. Accordingly, Qatar has decided to introduce a sustainability plan to ensure prosperity through its national vision and strategy plans. In this chapter, a case example has been presented on the application of a systematic literature review according to the PICO model in built environment research based on a study of the efficiency of policies and tactics implemented by the Qatari Government, in its energy sector, pertaining to sustainability strategies. An initial literature search resulted in the identification of 1990 resources within five different databases, of which 82 met the pre-set inclusion and exclusion criteria, including date, geographic location, language, type of publications, participants, and design of studies. The findings showed that six key sustainability initiatives were noteworthy in the Qatar energy sector, which were: health and safety, environment, climate change and energy, economic performance, society, and workforce. The lack of knowledge of the scope of sustainability is a huge challenge for the organisations in the energy sector. The conclusion from this chapter was that the Qatari sustainable development policies still need great efforts to confront their shortcomings, as more holistic policies and more integrated and comprehensive strategies are required.
    • The value(s) of social media rituals: a cross-cultural analysis of New Year’s resolutions

      Hallinan, Blake; Kim, Bumsoo; Mizoroki, Saki; Scharlach, Rebecca; Trillò, Tommaso; Thelwall, Mike; Segev, Elad; Shifman, Limor (Routledge, 2021-10-20)
      New Year’s resolutions are acts of valuation where people express ideas about what is important and worthwhile in life. Although resolutions have a long history, the twenty-first century has transformed the practice into a social media ritual with greater visibility, interactivity, and reach. Using this unique event to explore the globalization of values, we analyze tweets about New Year’s resolutions in English, German, Italian, Japanese, and Korean. Combining network analysis (n = 160,592) and content analysis (n = 2000), we compare discursive topics, modes of ritual participation, and the values expressed in resolutions. Our findings indicate both that the ritual crosses cultures and that there are language-specific dynamics that do not map neatly onto established divisions between ‘Eastern’ and ‘Western’ value orientations. Instead, we identify three underlying tensions organizing the articulation of values: self-acceptance vs. self-improvement, public vs. private, and conformity vs. oppositionality. We discuss these in relation to an overarching tension between local contexts and global platform cultures. Finally, we explore the study’s broader implications for understanding the interaction between values, norms, and global communicative practices.