• Strategies to cope with stress among construction professionals: an integrated perspective

      Chinyio, Ezekiel; Riva, Silvia; Hampton, Paul (Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors, 2018-04-29)
      Stress is a major concern in the construction industry (ci), with work overload, time pressure, a number of organizational tasks and physical demands as the common stressors. Although stress in the ci has been studied extensively, there is a lack of clarity on the ways to cope with it. Based on these considerations, the current work is aimed at identifying factors that contribute to stress among industry professionals, considering the coping strategies they should use and examining the effects of stressors on their health and well-being. A descriptive review of the current literature was conducted on stress and coping strategies in construction. The methodology applied was a descriptive review, using different databases and specific keywords terms. The coping strategies applicable include both adaptive and non-adaptive strategies. The use of adaptive coping strategies determines an increment of job performance, positive outcomes and personal growth. On the contrary, the use of non-adaptive coping strategies has detrimental effects on industry professionals' physical and mental well-being with little consideration given to the spill over effects of work stress to their family and social relationships. Recommendations for improving coping include both promoting the use of effective coping strategies and maintaining supportive social relationships, supporting training and education of professionals, and improving research in the ci using an integrated perspective.