• Bruxism and psychotropic medications

      Antoun Reyad, Ayman; Girgis, Eriny; Ayoub, Amin; Mishriky, Raafat (Wiley, 2020-02-13)
      Mental Health Disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar and schizoaffective disorders are often treated using psychotropic medications with evidence that some of these medications such as antipsychotics could be associated with significant oral side-effects. In this comprehensive review, we examine the psychotropic medications mechanisms of action and their oral side-effects, with specific focus on psychotropic medications and bruxism as a major oral health complication with a negative impact on the quality of life of mental health sufferers, relevant to psychiatrists, dentists and general practitioners. Bruxism could be caused by the antipsychotics extrapyramidal side-effects through dopaminergic receptors. Bruxism as a side-effect of psychotropic medications could result in significant consequences to oral health such as tooth structure destruction and irreversible harm to the temporomandibular joint. The review findings could assist in understanding the aetiology of bruxism, establish appropriate management plan, while supporting psychiatrists and dentists to detect temporomandibular dysfunctions (TMD) such as bruxism.