• A systematic review and meta-analysis of psychological predictors of successful assisted reproductive technologies

      Purewal, Satvinder; Chapman, Sarah; van den Akker, Olga; University of Wolverhampton (Springer, 2017-12-07)
      Objectives: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to perform an updated investigation of the effects of depression and anxiety on pregnancy outcomes following assisted reproductive technologies. A bibliographic search was performed using PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Science Direct databases. Data retrieved were analysed using a random effects model to estimate standardised mean differences. Results: Of the 22 included studies, 18 investigated depression, 15 state anxiety, and seven trait anxiety. Data from 4018 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Results indicated that women who achieved pregnancy or a live birth reported lower levels of depression pre-treatment than those who did not, although the effects were small d = − 0.177 (95% CI − 0.327 to − 0.027, z = 2.309, p = 0.021). These results were consistent under different methodological conditions and the quality of these observational were graded as satisfactory. A similar pattern was seen for state (d = − 0.096, 95% CI − 0.180 to − 0.012: z = 2.241, p = 0.025) and trait anxiety (d = − 0.188, 95% CI − 0.007 to 0.356, z = 2.181, p = 0.029). More research is needed to investigate the impact of psychological variables on assisted reproductive technologies outcomes and moderator influences during assisted reproductive technologies processes.