• Adoption of smart cities strategies in the United Kingdom: An empirical study

      Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini; Abdalla, Wala (British Academy of Management, 2020-09-02)
      Rapid urbanisation growth is causing a variety of technical and infrastructure-oriented challenges to cities around the world. Therefore, cities urgently need innovative organisational and institutional arrangements to enhance cities performance, liveability and sustainability. Many leaders choose to transform cities into “smart cities.” The aim of this paper is to explore the importance of key smart cities strategies deployed by various SMEs and large organisations in the UK. A web-based questionnaire survey method was employed to collect data. Statistical analyses were undertaken using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The survey revealed that strategies focus on environmental sustainability, such as smart energy, smart infrastructure, smart waste management, smart mobility, and smart water are the most important smart cities strategies. Whereas strategies such as smart financing, smart surveillance, smart manufacturing, and smart governance are less important. The paper concludes that it is necessary to cities to recognise the important smart cities strategies that reflect and respond to citizens’ needs and interests.
    • Challenges for managing smart cities initiatives: An empirical study

      Abdalla, Wala; Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini; Al-Janabi, Razan (IEEE, 2019-11-21)
      Extensive urbanisation is increasing on a global scale. The urban population is estimated to rise to 66 per cent by 2050. This significant urbanisation growth drives the consumption of resources causing resource shortages and posing significant environmental and social concerns. To manage these concerns municipal decision makers' attempt to leverage the smart city concept with collaboration between external actors as a means to maintain the prepossessed living standard in the city. The philosophy of smart cities is to see challenges as opportunities and take advantage of other trends such as digitalization. Smart cities may offer a major market opportunity that can be easily exploited by information and communication technologies providers and their telecom equipment partners. However, although the opportunity exits, capitalizing on it is not as straightforward as it seems. This paper investigates the predominant challenges in smart city initiatives from the municipal decision makers' perspective. The study is based on the findings of a survey conducted via 65 participants from various small and medium enterprises and large organisations. The results show that smart cities decision makers mainly perceive challenges with various technical and non-technical issues such as collaboration, economical, governance, social acceptance, and awareness of technology, as well as high technological risk, security and privacy of users and cyber-crimes issues.
    • The impact of coronavirus on businesses and workers: Written evidence submitted by Wahiba Erriadi, Suresh Renukappa, Subashini Suresh, Wala Abdalla, and Redouane Sarrakh, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton (COV0173)

      Erriadi, Wahiba; Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini; Abdalla, Wala; Sarrakh, Redouane (U.K Parliment, 2020-07-23)
      The COVID-19 pandemic has affected our daily life brining unprecedented changes. This outbreak has shifted many families’ life mainly the ones with children. Balancing between working from home, being responsible for children’s care, and home-schooling, as well as doing the housework have been very difficult. In addition, the mental health and well-being of children are a priority to every single mother besides taking care of her own.
    • Managing knowledge in the context of smart cities: a systematic review

      Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini; Abdalla, Wala (Academic Conferences and Publishing International Ltd, 2020-12-03)
      The most recent view on smart city development has recognized that the level of technology adoption in urban contexts is no more able to reflect the real smartness of cities. Smart cities is seen as a centre of knowledge, education, and creativity. The development of smart cities is becoming more and more knowledge based. As a result, knowledge has been perceived as the core component that makes cities smart. Hence, to take advantage of the opportunities that knowledge-based economy and society can bring to the city, leaders and decision makers need to develop cities that take advantage of local knowledge and intellectual capital of the population. Therefore, they need to take initiative to adapt Knowledge Management (KM) in smart cities development. Smart cities KM offers the means to create valuable knowledge that brings consistent and sustainable added value that can therefore be useful in avoiding strategic risk, better-informed decision, and finding smart and effective business solutions. However, smart cities is a relatively new concept that still raises many questions related to its relevance in knowledge management studies. This often calls for the creation, use, capture and exploitation of new knowledge. Therefore, managing this knowledge is considered an important source of sustainable competitive advantage. However, only a few studies in the academic literature on smart city initiatives address issues related to managerial and knowledge management perspectives. This paper investigates the underlying dynamics behind KM and the need for successful implementation of KM strategies within the context of smart cities. The findings are in the main, based on thorough review of literature. It reviews the concept of smart cities and KM. The paper concludes that effectiveness of smart cities knowledge creation, exploitation and management significantly influences on effectiveness of smart city development. Therefore, smart cities governance must be able to exploit and manage knowledge that results from smart cities development.
    • Managing knowledge in the context of smart cities: An organizational cultural perspective

      Abdalla, Wala; Suresh, Subashini; Renukappa, Suresh ('Cognitione' Foundation for the Dissemination of Knowledge and Science, 2020)
      Smart cities need to take advantage of the opportunities that the knowledge-based economy and society can bring to the city. Therefore, cities planners and decision makers need to develop cities that take advantage of local knowledge and the intellectual capital of the population. Organizational culture is widely held to be a major barrier to creating and leveraging knowledge. Successful implementation of knowledge management (KM) almost always requires a culture change in order to promote a culture of knowledge sharing and collaboration. Hence, organizations implementing smart cities need to place great emphasis on the need to change organizational culture to pursue effective KM and its successful implementation. However, the management of culture change is a complicated task; its precise nature in smart-city development and the strategies required to be adopted remains underspecified. This study aimed to explore organizational cultural transformation needed for managing knowledge in the context of smart cities. The methodological approach for this study is a systematic review, covering publications on smart cities, KM, and organizational culture. The method used in this study involved three stages: planning the review, conducting the review, and reporting and disseminating the results. The findings revealed three key themes which are: organizational perspectives of smart cities; organizational change, innovation, and digital transformation; and the relationship between organizational culture and KM. The paper concludes that the cultural transformation required for the development of smart cities needs to facilitate the ability to integrate, create and reconfigure both internal and external competences to manage knowledge that originates from within and beyond projects boundaries. This study provides an insight into urban policymakers, planners, and scholars to prepare for the challenges that organizations face in their efforts to manage and implement smart cities successfully.
    • Women at workplace after COVID-19 crisis

      Khan, Asiha; Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini; Abdalla, Wala (U.K Parliament, 2020-07-21)
      COVID-19 has widely affected the women’s labour market. Semi-structured interviews were used on five professional women across five different companies. These women held varying positions within their companies. Interviewees were asked, “how has COVID-19 affected them and their career and what can the government do to improve this”? The findings reveal that there are two main issues considered beyond COVID-19 in the workplace is the mental health issues of women and childcare facilities when employers provided the option to work from home.