Now showing items 21-40 of 630

    • A-Wakening

      Foster, Christopher; Mills, Joanne; University of Wolverhampton (University of Wolverhampton, 2017-11)
      Installation: A-Wakening November 2017 Arena Theatre, Wolverhampton. A-Wakening: a multi-sensory environmental installation created to respond to the active and immersive relationship between audience and artwork. A collaboration between artist and PhD student Joanne Mills and Dr Chris Foster of the University of Wolverhampton, a dark space is filled with haze, visuals and a ‘dream-like’ soundscape to be experienced and explored.
    • Layering the senses: exploring audio primacy in multisensory cinema

      Dalgleish, Mat (Institute of Acoustics, 2021-11-22)
    • 11+ dance: a neuromuscular injury prevention exercise program for dancers

      Kolokythas, Nico; Metsios, George; Galloway, Shaun; Allen, Nick; Wyon, Matthew (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2021-11-10)
      Epidemiological studies over the past decade indicate high Injury prevalence in pre-professional ballet (76%), and professional contemporary and ballet dancers (60-69%). Injuries can have detrimental effects both for the dancers and the dance company. Most injuries are in the lower limb and reported as the gradual onset of overuse. Professional dance companies have reduced injury incidence and severity through the implementation of comprehensive injury audit programs and proactive exercise prescription. Injury prevention research in dance is scarce and there has been no intervention targeting dance injuries. This article describes the development of 11+Dance, an injury prevention training program designed for dancers based on current evidence and best practice on injury prevention in sports. It is a 25–30-minute neuromuscular based training program focused on strength, balance and jumping/landing technique, with special attention on ankle, knee, and hip alignment. The high prevalence of injuries reported in the different styles of dance, suggests that implementation of an injury prevention program is both the plausible and ethical action to take for all levels of performance.
    • Caste: experiences in South Asia and beyond

      Gorringe, Hugo; Jodhka, Surinder S.; Takhar, Opinderjit Kaur (Informa UK Limited, 2017-07-03)
      This special issue of Contemporary South Asia seeks to capture the diversity and situatedness of the caste experience and deepen our understanding of caste dynamics and lives in the twenty-first century. In this Introduction, we highlight the continuing salience of caste, offer an overview of theoretical understandings of caste and foreground the importance of analysing caste in the present as a dynamic form of human relations, rather than a remnant of tradition. Following on from this, we highlight the increasingly global spread of caste and reflect on what happens to caste-based social relations when they traverse continents. In conclusion, we introduce the papers that make up this special issue. Taken together, they speak to changes in attitudes towards caste, but also the persistence of caste-based identities and dynamics in India and Britain. Even though the papers presented in this special issue work with the assumption of caste being a reality in and among the Indians, caste-like status hierarchies have existed in most, if not all, societies, and they continue to persist and intersect with other forms of differences/inequalities.
    • Prevalence and risk factors of dance injury during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study from university students in China

      Dang, Yanan; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Chen, Rouling; Wyon, Matthew (Frontiers Media, 2021-10-27)
      Objectives: Although COVID-19 has transformed dancers’ training environment worldwide, little is known on how this has affected injury prevalence, causes and risk factors. Methods: An online investigation was conducted (September to November 2020) involving Chinese full-time dance students, which covered two 6-month periods just before and during the first COVID-19 lockdown. Results: 2086 students (19 ±2.4yrs) responded. Injury prevalence before lockdown dropped from 39.6% to 16.5% during lockdown (p<0.01). A significant increase in injury severity during lockdown was noted with a 4.1% increase in moderate to severe injuries (p<0.05). During the lockdown, injuries of the lower back, feet and shoulders decreased significantly (p<0.01), but the knees, ankles and groin/hip-joint injuries remained the same. Recurrence of old injury and fatigue remained as the top 2 perceived causes of injury between the two periods with unsuitable floor (p<0.01), cold environment (p<0.05) and set/props (p<0.05) increasing. Students’ fatigue degree decreased (p<0.01) and sleep hours increased (p<0.01) during lockdown. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that dance injury was associated with fatigue, hours of sleep, and action taken if they suspected an injury during lockdown (p<0.05), but was only related to time set aside for cool-down and age before lockdown (p<0.05). Conclusion: Although the injury prevalence dropped significantly during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Chinese dance students, the main dance injury characteristics remained the same. Decreased fatigue and longer sleep hours could explain the aforementioned drop in injury prevalence during the lockdown.
    • Altered drop jump landing biomechanics following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage

      Tsatalas, T; Karampina, E; Mina, MA; Patikas, DA; Laschou, VC; Pappas, A; Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Giakas, Giannis; Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, 382 21 Trikala, Greece. (MDPI, 2021-02-05)
      Limited research exists in the literature regarding the biomechanics of the jump-landing sequence in individuals that experience symptoms of muscle damage. The present study investigated the effects of knee localized muscle damage on sagittal plane landing biomechanics during drop vertical jump (DVJ). Thirteen regional level athletes performed five sets of 15 maximal eccentric voluntary contractions of the knee extensors of both legs at 60◦/s. Pelvic and lower body kinematics and kinetics were measured preand 48 h post-eccentric exercise. The examination of muscle damage indicators included isometric torque, muscle soreness, and serum creatine kinase (CK) activity. The results revealed that all indicators changed significantly following eccentric exercise (p< 0.05). Peak knee and hip joint flexion as well as peak anterior pelvic tilt significantly increased, whereas vertical ground reaction force (GRF), internal knee extension moment, and knee joint stiffness significantly decreased during landing (p< 0.05). Therefore, the participants displayed a softer landing pattern following knee-localized eccentric exercise while being in a muscle-damaged state. This observation provides new insights on how the DVJ landing kinematics and kinetics alter to compensate the impaired function of the knee extensors following exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and residual muscle soreness 48 h post-exercise.
    • Effects of cardiovascular, resistance and combined exercise training on cardiovascular, performance and blood redox parameters in coronary artery disease patients: An 8-month training-detraining randomized intervention

      Tofas, T; Fatouros, IG; Draganidis, D; Deli, CK; Chatzinikolaou, A; Tziortzis, C; Panayiotou, G; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.; School of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Thessaly, 42100 Trikala, Greece. (MDPI, 2021-03-09)
      It is well-documented that chronic/regular exercise improves the cardiovascular func-tion, decreases oxidative stress and enhances the antioxidant capacity in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the chronic effects of different types of training and detraining on cardiovascular function and the levels of oxidative stress and antioxidant status in these patients. Therefore, the present study aimed at investigating the effects of cardiovascular, resistance and combined exercise training followed by a three-month detraining period, on cardiovascular function, physical performance and blood redox status parameters in CAD patients. Sixty coronary artery disease patients were randomly assigned to either a cardiovascular training (CVT, N = 15), resistance training (RT, N = 11), combined cardiovascular and resistance training (CT, N = 16) or a control (C, N = 15) group. The training groups participated in an 8-month supervised training program (training three days/week) followed by a 3-month detraining period, while the control group participated only in measurements. Body composition, blood pressure, performance-related variables (aerobic capacity (VO2max ), muscle strength, flexibility) and blood redox status-related parameters (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), catalase activity (CAT), protein carbonyls (PC)) were assessed at the beginning of the study, after 4 and 8 months of training as well as following 1, 2 and 3 months of detraining (DT). CVT induced the most remarkable and pronounced alterations in blood pressure (~9% reduction in systolic blood pressure and ~5% in diastolic blood pressure) and redox status since it had a positive effect on all redox-related variables (ranging from 16 to 137%). RT and CT training affected positively some of the assessed (TAC, CAT and PC) redox-related variables. Performance-related variables retained the positive response of the training, whereas most of the redox status parameters, for all training groups, restored near to the pre-exercise values at the end of the DT period. These results indicate that exercise training has a significant effect on redox status of CAD. Three months of detraining is enough to abolish the exercise-induced beneficial effects on redox status, indicating that for a better antioxidant status, exercise must be a lifetime commitment.
    • Associations between nutrition, energy expenditure and energy availability with bone mass acquisition in dance students: A 3-year longitudinal study

      Amorim, Tânia; Freitas, Laura; Metsios, George S.; Gomes, Thayse; Wyon, Matthew; Flouris, Andreas D.; Maia, José; Marques, Franklim; Nogueira, Luísa; Adubeiro, Nuno; et al. (Springer, 2021-09-24)
      Purpose To determine whether risk factors normally associated with low bone mass in athletic populations (i.e. nutrition intake, energy expenditure and energy availability) are significant predictors of bone mass changes in vocational dance students. Methods The total of 101 vocational dancers (63 females, 12.8±2.2yrs; 38 males, 12.7±2.2yrs) and 118 age-matched controls (50 females, 13.0±2.1yrs; 68 males, 13.0±1.8yrs) were monitored for three consecutive years. Bone mass parameters were measured annually at impact sites (femoral neck – FN; lumber spine – LS) and non-impact site (forearm) using DXA. Nutrition (3-day record), energy expenditure (accelerometer), energy availability and IGF-1 serum concentration (immunoradiometric assays) were also assessed. Results Female and male vocational dancers had consistently reduced bone mass at all anatomical sites (p<0.001) than controls. IGF-1 did not differ between male vocational dancers and controls, but female dancers showed it higher than controls. At baseline, calcium intake was significantly greater in female vocational dancers than controls (p<0.05). Male vocational dancers’ fat and carbohydrate intakes were significantly lower than matched controls (p<0.001 and p<0.05, respectively). Energy availability of both female and male vocational dancers was within the normal range. A significant group effect was found at the FN regarding energy intake (p<0.05) in female dancers. No significant predictors were found to explain bone mass differences in males. Conclusion Our 3-years study revealed that both female and male vocational dancers displayed lower bone mass compared to controls, at both impact and non-impact sites. The aetiology of these findings may be grounded on factors different than those usually considered in athletic populations.
    • Rapport

      Hamilton, Judith (Oxford University Press, 2021-08-07)
    • Tracing HIV/AIDS representation through science in 120 BPM

      Pheasant-Kelly, Frances (Routledge, 2021-12-07)
    • Innovating the frame: Kathryn Bigelow in close-up

      Pheasant-Kelly, Frances (Routledge, 2021-09-02)
    • Resisting a “digital green revolution”: agri-logistics, India’s new farm laws and the regional politics of protest

      Singh, Tanya; Singh, Pritam; Dhanda, Meena (Taylor & Francis, 2021-07-27)
      Recent laws introduced by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government aim to centralise India’s federal structure, for the goal of a unified (Hindu) national market, and to corporatise its agro-food system at the expense of smallholder farming and small-scale trade. These laws are being challenged by mass mobilisations led by farmers’ unions from northwestern states—once-booming agricultural regions where, in recent decades and in the aftershocks of the Green Revolution, agrarian suicides have become endemic. The roots of this catastrophe are rapid marketisation in the 1960s (installing monocropping dependent on petrochemical inputs, destroying local agroecology) followed by post-1980s neoliberalism (with highly inequitable contract farming, alongside defunding of public infrastructure). Farmers and labourers now face interwoven crises of social reproduction—ecological depletion, precarisation, and chronic indebtedness, with no post-agricultural future in sight. The new laws claim to redress this by employing populist rhetoric against “exploitative middlemen”; in reality, markets are re-regulated in favour of large export-oriented agribusiness, thereby endangering food security, livelihoods and climate. The laws also herald digitalisation in agriculture and retail—further subsuming smallholders into productivist, financialised and outsourced logics. Their promulgation has triggered substantial FDI from global Big Tech, including Facebook and Google, aided by Indian conglomerates with close ties to the BJP built during PM Narendra Modi’s prior tenure as Chief Minister of Gujarat. This paper details the above and concludes by contextualising the ongoing protest movement. We focus on southern Punjab, a region that has suffered acute crises of health and ecology, as well as violent political conflict and state repression. Decades of left-wing rural union activity in this region, fighting debt and dispossession as well as in support of anticaste land struggles, have laid the organisational groundwork for hopeful new political trajectories, including potentials for grassroots red-green coalitions centring women and landless labourers.
    • Kantian guilt

      Satne, Paula; Himmelmann, Beatrix; Serck-Hanssen, Camilla (De Gruyter, 2021-11-08)
    • Introduction

      Satne, Paula; Scheiter, Krisanna; Satne, Paula; Scheiter, Krisanna (Springer, 2022-05-06)
      The editors of the volume, Krisanna Scheiter and Paula Satne, introduce some of the central themes in the book and briefly summarise the content of the different chapters. The chapters examine the merits and pitfalls of common reactive attitudes to wrongdoing, such as anger, hatred, resentment, and forgiveness, taking into account both historical perspectives and contemporary debates. The introduction explains some of the philosophical debates about the nature and the desirability of anger, and the alleged distinction between revenge and punishment (1.1). The introduction also surveys deep disagreements regarding the normativity of interpersonal forgiveness and indeed the very nature of forgiveness, blame, and resentment, which run through the different chapters of the book (1.2). The third section of the introduction (1.3) turns its attention to forgiveness, punishment, and reconciliation in the political sphere and the philosophical debates surrounding the nature and desirability of political forgiveness and its relation to the moral duty to remember after an atrocity, as well as the relationship between political reconciliation, apologies, and punishment. The volume offers cutting-edge scholarship on these issues and a new way to interpret and understand these concepts by important figures in the history of philosophy. The hope is that the different contributions in this volume will help the reader understand the philosophical issues that are at stake when we think about our responses to both interpersonal and political wrongdoing as well as the considerations that underpin conflicts and our attempts to resolve them.
    • La ética de la memoria: una perspectiva Kantiana

      Satne, Paula; Sanchez Madrid, Nuria; Villacañas, José Luis; Muñoz, Julia (Peter Lang, 2021-07-05)
      In this article, I address the issue of whether we have an obligation to remember past immoral actions. My central question is: are we oblige to remember past moral transgressions? I address this central question through three more specific questions. In the first section, I enquiry whether we have an obligation to remember our own past transgressions. In the second section, I ask whether we have an obligation to remember the wrongful actions that others have committed against ourselves. In the last section, I investigate whether we have a duty to remember the suffering of victims of crimes that have a political aspect, crimes such as state violence, oppression and racial discrimination, for example.
    • Does past experience effect balance in older women: a cross-sectional study comparing retired dancers and age-matched controls?

      Wyon, Matthew; Reeve, Eileen; Ambegaonkar, Jatin; Cloak, Ross; Clarke, Frances; Davies, Paul (Springer Nature, 2021-05-24)
      Background: Falls are increasing prevalent in the elderly but little data has been reported on the effect of previous life experience on balance ability. Aims: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to determine whether participants with historically highly developed postural control (retired dancers) provided protection after activity had stopped by comparing their balance abilities with age-matched sedentary counterparts. Methods: Ten retired dancers [RD] 65 ±7.36yrs and 10 sedentary controls[C] 66 ±5.66yrs carried out a series of balance tests in a laboratory setting in a set order: Romberg, Functional Reach, Timed Up and Go, Berg and Tinetti. Results: The RD group performed significantly better solely in the static balance tests (Romberg and Berg Balance) (p<0.05). Therefore, past exercise history of the individual possibly needs to be considered when selecting a balance test battery with a need to use tests that have multiple constructs of balance. Conclusion: The RD group performed significantly better at static balance tests suggesting a possible skill retention from their dance careers
    • Anti-establishment language humour and creativity in the Czech-speaking lands, 1938 to 1989

      Dickins, Tom (Modern Humanities Research Association, 2021-04-23)
      This article addresses a phenomenon that has been downplayed (especially in publications aimed at non-Czech speakers) — anti-establishment language humour and creativity in the Czech-speaking lands from 1938 to 1989. The study begins with a discussion of the motivation behind the humour and wordplay, with particular reference to their linguistic and comedic functions. This is followed by an examination of the principal themes and targets of the humour, or its message(s). A distinction is drawn here between anti-German humour, which sought to defend Czech identity, and humour critical of Communism, which was aimed mainly at political reform. In the final and longest section, the focus switches to the medium of the humour, which is analysed in detail under two defining headings: metalinguistic playfulness, and intertextual and encoded referents. In conclusion, the article stresses, inter alia, the symbolic importance of the anti-regime humour as a means of subversion, and the pleasure and solace that people took from it, both as a form of escapism and as an aesthetic experience.
    • Kathryn Bigelow: new action realist

      Gaine, Vincent M. (Routledge, 2021-09-02)
      This article argues that Kathryn Bigelow is an auteur of new action realism, a distinct sub-genre within contemporary action cinema. As a new action realist, Bigelow and her collaborators create films that feature unresolved narratives and an aesthetic characterised by claustrophobic immediacy and obscuration. Through discussion of theory, genre, narrative and style in The Hurt Locker (2008) and Zero Dark Thirty (2012), I argue that, as a new action realist, Bigelow problematises notions of film realism. Bigelow’s work brings the viewer into intimate and sometimes uncomfortable proximity with the violent action depicted onscreen, this proximity being a key feature of new action realism. The presentation is explicit and sudden, the graphic presentation creating a discomforting nearness which is partially created through immediacy. Such imagery, particularly evident in The Hurt Locker and Zero Dark Thirty, echoes footage captured by military personnel, news reporters and civilians on portable cameras and smart phones, recalling news reports of 9/11 and similar reports of crisis. With this aesthetic of intimacy and immediacy, Bigelow’s new action realism hints at as much as it explicitly presents. This incomplete visual display imbues her films with a sense of confusion and hopelessness and consequently presents a world of fear and paranoia that is simultaneously familiar and unfamiliar, captured by and yet obscured by its medium.
    • Between man and machine: the liminal superhero body

      Gaine, Vincent M. (Routledge, 2021-04-02)
      This article discusses the liminal bodies of superheroes in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, with a focus upon the blending of the biological and the technological. The article covers the commercial and aesthetic logic of contemporary Hollywood cinema, engaging with discourses around embodiment and digital effects as well as the relationship between visual text and viewer. Furthermore, the article identifies the Marvel franchise’s exploration of the politics of social identity and technology, an exploration that is played out over the superhero bodies.