• Linguistic, ethnic and cultural tensions in the sociolinguistic landscape of Vilnius: a diachronic analysis

      Moore, Irina; Pütz, Martin; Mundt, Neele (Multilingual Matters, 2018-12-20)
    • London Road: the ‘irruption of the real’ and haunting utopias in the verbatim musical

      Zavros, Demetris; Rodosthenous, George (Routledge, 2017-08-15)
      The use of documentary material appeared in musical theatre at least as far back as Joan Littlewood's Oh! What a Lovely War, but it was not until London Road when the potential for a more experimental approach to the 'setting' of verbatim material was used in musical theatre. This chapter offers a slightly alternative perspective into the performance based on the belief that 'the reworking of speech into sung tunes' does not signal an absence as much as an 'irruption of the real' as discussed by Lehmann. It compares the stage and film versions of the musical in relation to their contiguity to the 'real' vs a utopian sensibility that accompanies the more traditionally escapist approaches to the film musical. The film audience becomes less able to viscerally and experientially appreciate the connection between the original and the aesthetic reconstitution that Lehmann so profoundly connects to the 'irruption of the real' in performance.
    • Loneliness and social media: A qualitative investigation of young people's motivations for use and perceptions of social networking sites

      Fox, Bianca; Fox, Bianca (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019-11-09)
      The democratisation of Internet access has incrementally changed every domain of activity and has created new business and economic models. From answering work emails to learning a new language, shopping, booking medical appointments or managing one’s finances, almost everything is attainable at the click of a button. The added implications of the rapid rise of social networking websites (SNSs), such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or Snapchat, have further contributed to changing the way we communicate and build new friendships. Indeed most of our social relationships are now being ‘increasingly developed and maintained online’ (Nowland, Necka & Cacioppo, 2017: 1). Ostensibly, despite improved Internet access and enhanced social connectedness, modern societies are struggling to combat loneliness. It is reported to affect people of all ages, especially young adults (16-24 and 25-34 years old) who are avid Internet and social media users (see Office for National Statistics, 2018).
    • Loop

      Moore, Samantha (Animate projects, 2016-01)
      Loop is about what can be seen and what cannot, how scientists imagine their work and how they describe it. This short animated film is based on the work done in Dr Serge Mostowy’s lab on septin assembly in cells, using a zebrafish model. Lab members describe the intricate sub-cellular septin dynamics and structure, and their explanatory drawings are incorporated into the animation. Each person’s unique and idiosyncratic vision of the process brings a different facet to the complex and secret world of septin cytoskeleton dynamics. The scientists’ different theories of assembly reveal the creative and discursive nature of science.
    • Loop: A Circular Ferric Memory in Slow Decline

      Dalgleish, Mat (MIT Press, 2017-12-01)
      The author describes the manipulation of time and memory in LOOP, a tape-based sound installation started in 2004. Many of my artworks are hybrid assemblages of obsolete and contemporary technology. The use of the obsolete is most immediately apparent in LOOP, a long-running (2004-present) sound installation built out of a Fostex X-34 four track recorder and C90 cassette tape. The Fostex X-34 is in many ways unexceptional: its sound and build quality are adequate at best. Indeed, most notable is perhaps that, by the time of its release in April 2000, it was arguably already rendered obsolete by the rise of MiniDisc recorders and audio-capable home computers. Nevertheless, the X-34 fitted the modest budget of a Birmingham schoolboy, and I acquired a lightly used and moderately discounted ex-demo unit about three months after its launch. The accessibility of the cassette tape was also key: while its popularity had significantly diminished after its late 1980s peak, blank tapes remained readily locally available.
    • Lucky Jim: The Novel in Unchartered Times’

      Allen, Nicole; Shoqairat, Wasfi; Simmons, David (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-07-08)
      Kingsley Amis’ satire on academic life, Lucky Jim (1954) was published at a time of almost unprecedented and (as yet) never repeated social upheaval in Britain. Clement Attlee’s landslide Labour victory in 1945 had led to the introduction of a comprehensive program of reform, including the introduction of the National Health Service, child benefit and old age pensions, an increase in the amount of social housing and the nationalisation of several of Britain’s industries. His government also presided over the decolonisation of a large part of the British Empire. This transformation of British society was intended to be profound; the labour party manifesto of 1945 states that ‘The nation needs a tremendous overhaul’ (Labour Party Manifesto 1945) and changes in the political landscape were soon accompanied by changes in the artistic and cultural life of Britain. The so called ‘Angry Young Men’ popularised ‘kitchen sink’ realism as the Modernist era fell into decline. David Lodge describes this as a struggle between ‘contemporaries’ (Kingsley Amis, John Braine, Alan Sillitoe etc.) and ‘moderns’ (William Golding, Iris Murdoch, Lawrence Durrell etc.) and he notes in Language of Fiction (1966) that the immediate post-war era represented a debate on ‘the meaning of the word ‘life’. Lodge explains that ‘Life to the contemporary is what common sense tells us it is, what people do […] To the modern, life is something elusive, baffling, multiple, subjective’
    • 'Made to think and forced to feel': The power of counter-ritual

      Dhanda, Meena; Rathore, Aakash Singh (Oxford University Press, 2021-02-17)
      Dr Ambedkar argued that habitual conduct with the backing of religion is not easy to change and that salvation will come only if the caste Hindu is ‘made to think and is forced to feel that he must alter his ways’. He meant that the casteist conduct of the ‘caste Hindu’ is hard to change because it springs from an ingrained habit of mind. The impetus to change ways can come from unexpected contingencies: impersonal political junctures, very personal histories, inter-personal challenges, intra-group skirmishes, a whole network of factors that brings the habitual conduct of caste up for scrutiny. This mix of factors is quite complicated in the U.K. where I am located as a researcher and academic, regularly engaging with the public. We need to think through the means of defiance against systematic oppression and stigmatisation of people on the basis of caste. In this paper I will reflect upon whether caste might be disrupted in its everyday reproduction through the use of counter-rituals.
    • 'Make sure you don’t murder your coffee!’ Comedy and violence in the poetry of Luke Kennard

      McDonald, Paul (Sorbonne University Press, 2017-03-30)
      This paper discusses the relationship between comedy, violence, and postmodernism in the work of the British poet, Luke Kennard. It has been argued that British poets of the twentieth century have an ambivalent relationship with postmodernism because, while they accept that certainty is elusive, they refuse to ignore meaning and value, and their writing frequently exhibits “an ethical demand.” I claim that this can also be said of Kennard’s twenty first century postmodernist writing. In an analysis of his popular poem, ‘The Murderer,’ I show that what initially seems to be a typically postmodern, morally disengaged treatment of violence, also employs characteristics associated with traditional comedy, and the combination of the two modes of humour creates a space in which values can be reclaimed.
    • Making the headlines: EU Immigration to the UK and the wave of new racism after Brexit

      Fox, Bianca; Balica, Ecaterina; Marinescu, Valentina (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018-10-24)
      This chapter explores the immigration-related topics in the news media during the EU referendum campaign in the UK (April–June 2016) and after (July–September 2016). The chapter argues that attitudes anti-EU immigration are a wave of “new(s)” racism (van Dijk 2000) in the UK and EU immigration is frequently used as an umbrella term for Eastern European immigration being often mixed with non-EU immigration and the refugee crisis. The data shows that the prevalence of negative news stories has led to a distinctive immigration-narrative, confirming the claim of Hoffner and Cohen (2013) that members of minority groups are almost always associated with violent and threatening media content.
    • MAMIC goes live: a music programming system for non-specialist delivery

      Dalgleish, Mat; Payne, Chris; Hepworth-Sawyer, Russ; Hodgson, Jay; Paterson, Justin; Toulson, Rob (CRC Press, 2019-06-21)
      The computing curriculum in England has shifted from “software training” to a model where children learn to code as a way of understanding underlying principles. This has created challenges for primary school teaching practitioners, many of whom require upskilling. The Music And Math In Collaboration (MAMIC) project addresses these issues via a custom library for the Pure Data (Pd) visual programming environment that interconnects key musical, mathematical and coding concepts within a unified environment that is able to be delivered by non-specialist teachers. Initial findings from deployment “in the wild” (i.e. in situ) are presented and future work is discussed.
    • MAMIC goes Live: A Music Programming System for Non-Specialist Delivery

      Dalgleish, Mat; Payne, Chris; Hepworth-Sawyer, Russ; Hodgson, Jay; Paterson, Justin; Toulson, Rob (Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2018-01)
    • MAMIC: a visual programming library for amalgamating Mathematics and Coding through Music

      Dalgleish, Mat; Payne, Chris (Group for Learning in Art & Design (GLAD), 2015-12)
      The role of computing within the National Curriculum framework has changed dramatically in recent times. Traditionally, the computing curriculum in schools focussed on software competency and proficiency in common but basic tasks such as word processing, delivered through the subject of Information Communication Technology (ICT). In other words, students became perfunctory but perhaps uninspired end users, closely tied to ubiquitous commercial packages such as Microsoft Office. However, in September 2014, then Education Secretary Michael Gove made significant changes to the National Curriculum that affected both primary and secondary education in the UK. This has consisted in essence of an enforced shift from the prior ICT model to one that, at least in theory, embraces coding as a fundamental tenet of computing (i.e. active creation rather than end use, closely related to Rushkoff’s notion of “programmed or be programmed” [7]) and promotes computational thinking more broadly [1]. For instance, Key Stage 1 now asks that students actively consider program structure and sequential design as well as demonstrate core competency [2]. The inclusion of computational thinking seems particularly prescient and important: if the ability to cheaply outsource the drudgery of basic software development (particularly to the far east) may mean that the ability to code is, in and of itself, becoming less important from a UK labour perspective, it could be argued that students able to adopt a computational mindset, may be better prepared to apply computing principles to a range of scenarios.
    • Mapping the meaning of knowledge in design research

      Niedderer, Kristina (Design Research Society, 2007)
      Knowledge plays a vital role in our life in that it reflects how we understand the world around us and thus determines how we act upon it. In this sense, knowledge is of particular importance for designers because they act to shape our world. Conventionally, knowledge creation has been assumed by (design) research. However developments of using practice within research have pointed to knowledge creation within and through practice. This has raised the question of the meaning, role and format of knowledge in both research and practice, and about the compatibility between knowledge of research and practice. The research presented in this paper has set out to investigate the concept of knowledge with regard to this question. The paper begins by considering some of the main problems with knowledge in research within design, and more generally in the creative and practice-led disciplines. It then examines the meaning of knowledge in relation to its philosophical foundations. On this basis, the discussion reconsiders the meaning, role and format of knowledge, and the impact of this for the conduct of research.
    • Marginalising co-operation? A discursive analysis of media reporting on the Co-operative Bank

      Mangan, Anita; Byrne, Aidan (Sage, 2018-03-18)
      Recently there has been renewed academic interest in co-operatives. In contrast, media accounts of co-operatives are relatively scarce, particularly in the UK, where business reporting usually focuses on capitalist narratives, with alternatives routinely marginalised until a scandal pushes them into the public eye. This paper analyses media coverage of the UK’s Co-operative Bank (2011-15), tracing its transformation from an unremarkable presence on the UK high street to preferred bidder for Lloyds Bank branches, and its subsequent near collapse. The paper charts changes in reporting and media interest in the bank through five discursive frames: member and customer service; standard financial reporting; human interest, personality-driven journalism; the PR machine; and political coverage. Our analysis discusses three points: the politicisation of the story through covert and overt political values; simplification and sensationalism; and media hegemony. We argue that although moments of crisis provide an opening for re-evaluating the dominant reporting model, established frames tend to reassert themselves as a story develops. This produces good copy that reflects the interests of the publishers, but does not extend understanding of co-operative organisations. Thus the paper identifies the role of the media in delegitimising organisations with alternative governance structures, thereby promoting ideological and economic conformity. http://mc.
    • Marx against Marxism, Marxism against Marx

      Chukhrov, Keti; Penzin, Alexei; Podoroga, Valery (EUSP, 2017-12-18)
      A Talk with Valery Podoroga on Soviet Philosophy
    • Masculinity and Jazz in Jackie Kay’s Trumpet, Jim Crace’s All That Follows and Alan Plater’s The Beiderbecke Trilogy

      Byrne, Aidan; Allen, Nicole; Hertz, Erich; Roessner, Jeffrey (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2014-05-22)
    • Measuring post-editing time and effort for different types of machine translation errors

      Zaretskaya, Anna; Vela, Mihaela; Corpas Pastor, Gloria; Seghiri, Miriam (International Association for Translation and Intercultural Studies, 2016-01-01)
      Post-editing (PE) of machine translation (MT) is becoming more and more common in the professional translation setting. However, many users refuse to employ MT due to bad quality of the output it provides and even reject post-editing job offers. This can change by improving MT quality from the point of view of the PE process. This article investigates different types of MT errors and the difficulties they pose for PE in terms of post-editing time and technical effort. For the experiment we used English to German translations performed by MT engines. The errors were previously annotated using the MQM scheme for error annotation. The sentences were post-edited by students in translation. The experiment allowed us to make observations about the relation between technical and temporal PE effort, as well as to discover the types of errors that are more challenging for PE.
    • Mediating Mindful Social Interactions through Design

      Niedderer, Kristina; Ie, Amanda; Ngnoumen, Christelle T; Langer, Ellen J (Wiley, 2014-03)
      This chapter focuses on the role of emotions in designing artifacts for mindful social interaction in the context of design as an agent for behavior change. The concept of mindfulness in design, also termed mindful design, refers to the attentiveness of the user toward the consequences of their actions performed with an object. An object which may specifically induce mindfulness of the social consequences of the user's actions is termed a performative object. Mindfulness can aid behavior change because it encourages reconsidering our actions and their causes, helping to adjust them to new situations. Using functional analysis, the research investigated the role of emotions in social interaction in relation to mindful choice. Existing and hypothetical situations and design examples are used to support the analysis. The research establishes a mindful–emotional framework, which provides robust guidance for the analysis of social situations/environments, and to facilitate designing performative objects for these situations. The benefit of the research is a better understanding of the design of performative objects and their application, and of their potential to contribute to behavior change.
    • Mind The Gap: Developing Contexts for Practice

      Ayliffe, Maggie; Harris, Simon J.; Onions, Laura (Taylor & Francis, 2018-03-20)
      An investigation into the development of patchwork texts as a model for enabling students to make progressive links between theory and practice on a BA (Hons) Fine Art course and how this model of delivery might support a more holistic assessment of contextual knowledge in which learning takes place and ‘makes sense over time’ and in relation to a range of experiences.