• U-Turn (2016, 10')

      Kossoff, Adam (BFI, 2016-07)
      Upside down stop-frame images follow a rhythmic path through Epping Forest on the edge of East London, revealing the beauty and textures of a topsy-turvy forest. The film recalls the attempt by the British government to privatise all the UK forests, but then had to do a U-turn due to large public pressure. Official Selection BFI London Film Festival 2016 - Experimenta Strand
    • Unconventional inputs: New/old instruments, design, DIY and disability

      Dalgleish, Mat (Canadian Electroacoustic Community (CEC), 2016-12-01)
      Musical instruments today exhibit a split between old and new. On one side, there are a modest number of canonical forms that have slowly evolved over millennia; they are now extremely familiar and a few can reasonably be labelled “iconic”. However, rather than idealized or even near-optimal designs, they are necessarily the product of compromise between incompatible acoustical and human factors, and therefore invariably imperfect. For some musicians and composers these limitations are a source of creative stimulation (Eno 1996; Strauss 2004), but many more rarely deeply consider their interaction possibilities — good or bad. In either case there may be little to no demand for changes to be made in the design of an individual instrument, let alone to a family of instruments
    • Unfinished bodies, bodies at work and frank from observation: figure and ground in the work of Dana Schutz.

      Mieves, Christian (Intellect, 2013)
      This article examines questions relating to the limits of representation in the work of US painter Dana Schutz (born 1976). Schutz, who gained popularity through her paintings of self-devouring characters, deals with bodies as circuits of creation and deconstruction. The representation of the ‘unfinished’ body in process not only echoes aspects of the artistic creation process in general, but also reflects on the paradoxical link between construction and deconstruction in the production of art. The deterritorialization of the categories in/out, here/there, up/down in her paintings therefore allows for a productive and thorough-going re-examination of the broader questions attending creation, agency and alienation as part of the aesthetic process.
    • Unrealised: projects 1997 – 2002

      Cornford, Matthew; Cross, David (Routledge (Taylor & Francis), 2005)
      With radical changes happening in arts over the past two decades, this book brings us up to date with the social and economic contexts in which the arts are produced. Influential and knowledgable leaders in the field debate how arts education - particularly in visual art - has changed to meet new needs or shape new futures for its production and reception. Opening up areas of thought previously unexplored in arts and education, this book introduces students of visual culture, peformance studies and art and design to broad contextual frameworks, new directions in practice, and finally gives detailed cases from, and insights into, a changing pedagogy. (Routledge)
    • Uremic myopathy: Is oxidative stress implicated in muscle dysfunction in uremia?

      Kaltsatou, A; Sakkas, GK; Poulianiti, KP; Koutedakis, Y; Tepetes, K; Christodoulidis, G; Stefanidis, I; Karatzaferi, C; Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences (DPESS), School of Physical Education (PE), University of Thessaly Trikala, Greece. (Frontiers Media SA, 2015-03-30)
      Renal failure is accompanied by progressive muscle weakness and premature fatigue, in part linked to hypokinesis and in part to uremic toxicity. These changes are associated with various detrimental biochemical and morphological alterations. All of these pathological parameters are collectively termed uremic myopathy. Various interventions while helpful can't fully remedy the pathological phenotype. Complex mechanisms that stimulate muscle dysfunction in uremia have been proposed, and oxidative stress could be implicated. Skeletal muscles continuously produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) at rest and more so during contraction. The aim of this mini review is to provide an update on recent advances in our understanding of how ROS and RNS generation might contribute to muscle dysfunction in uremia. Thus, a systematic review was conducted searching PubMed and Scopus by using the Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines. While few studies met our criteria their findings are discussed making reference to other available literature data. Oxidative stress can direct muscle cells into a catabolic state and chronic exposure to it leads to wasting. Moreover, redox disturbances can significantly affect force production per se. We conclude that oxidative stress can be in part responsible for some aspects of uremic myopathy. Further research is needed to discern clear mechanisms and to help efforts to counteract muscle weakness and exercise intolerance in uremic patients.
    • The use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in identifying the presence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with compatible symptomatology

      Stavrou, V; Boutou, AK; Vavougios, GD; Pastaka, C; Gourgoulianis, KI; Koutedakis, Y; Daniil, Z; Karetsi, E; Laboratory of Cardiopulmonary Testing, Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece. Electronic address: vasileiosstavrou@hotmail.com. (Elsevier BV, 2019-01-23)
      © 2019 The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and the presence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in order to provide an innovative tool to identify patients with OSAS. A prospective nested case control design was adopted. A consecutive population of male volunteers referred to a Sleep Unit was subjected to nocturnal polysomnography, full lung function testing and maximal CPET. A stepwise linear discriminant function analysis (DFA) was applied to construct a model which could identify individuals with moderate-to-severe OSAS from healthy controls. The total of 30 volunteers formed the OSAS and 24 the non-OSAS groups. Demographic and somatometric parameters were similar between groups. Patients presented with lower Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV: 106.7 ± 28.3 vs. 123.9 ± 22.1, p < 0.001), Leg Fatigue Borg scale (3.9 ± 1.1 vs. 6.1 ± 1.4, p < 0.001), VO 2peak (25.0 ± 5.9 vs. 32.9 ± 7.2 ml/kg −1 /min −1 , p < 0.001), peak breathing frequency (31.0 ± 5.8 vs. 35.5 ± 7.3 1/min −1 , p < 0.001) and peak heart rate (151.1 ± 17.7 vs. 171.2 ± 12.6 beats/min −1 , p < 0.001) compared to controls, but higher peak end-tidal CO 2 (P ET CO 2peak :38.6 ± 4.2 vs. 35.0 ± 4.9 mmHg, p = 0.043) and peak systolic (SBP:188.3 ± 21.9 vs. 173.1 ± 17.9 mmHg, p = 0.009) and diastolic (DBP: 91.3 ± 8.2 vs. 85.4 ± 8.2 mmHg, p = 0.011) blood pressure. Stepwise DFA indicated that ERV % of predicted (0.372), P ET CO 2peak (−0.376), SpO 2resting (0.0667), Leg Fatigue Borg scale (0.564), HR peak (0.530) and DBP peak (−0.543) could separate the two groups, with an overall predictive accuracy of 96.3%. Selected CPET parameters (ERV % of predicted , P ET CO 2peak , SpO 2resting , HR peak , DBP peak and Leg Fatigue Borg Scale ) are independently associated with OSAS presence and could discriminate patients with and without this disorder.
    • “Use/Abuse/Everyone/Everything”: A Dialogue on LA Plays Itself

      Halligan, Benjamin; Wilson, Laura (Wayne State University Press, 2015-10)
    • User Perspective on Translation Tools: Findings of a User Survey

      Corpas Pastor, Gloria; Zaretskaya, A.; M. Seghiri; Duran-Munoz (Leiden, Brill, 2017-12-11)
    • Using art as research in learning and teaching: multidisciplinary approaches across the arts

      Prior, Ross W. (Intellect, 2018-12-15)
      Using Art as Research in Learning and Teaching explores various multidisciplinary visual and performing art forms, including creative writing, as ways to provide a rich contribution and understanding to research, learning, and teaching. Key figures in the field share their art-based research, arts practice, and philosophy, bringing the arts to life within their taught and learned contexts across a variety of art forms and levels of post-compulsory education. Featuring a foreword by internationally-renowned proponent of art-based research Professor Shaun McNiff, this book will be informative and useful to arts researchers and educators, addressing key challenges and possibilities in a rapidly changing higher education environment.
    • Utopia, 1999

      Cornford, Matthew (1999)
      Bournville once offered a model of economic and social relations based on Quaker values, ‘benevolent patriarchy’ and the enforced stability of the British Empire. The codes of conduct have gone which once governed relations between the men and women who worked for Cadbury, although the gendered division of space is still visible. Today, Bournville is marked with Cadbury’s corporate purple on signs, doorways, lamp posts, and railings. On our first visit, we became interested in the ornamental pond which had been the focus of George Cadbury’s ‘Women’s Recreation Ground’ in the period when the Suffragettes used purple in their identity. Despite being in an architectural conservation area, the pond had suffered years of neglect; it had been drained and was being used as a tip for garden and builders’ waste. We had the pond repaired, the paving replaced with newly quarried stone, and new fountains installed. Cadbury’s filled the 37,000 gallon pond by diverting their factory water supply one night. We worked with their Food Scientist to formulate a solution of food-grade purple dye. The dye blotted out the light, preventing photosynthesis in a suffocating extension of the corporate identity. The water in the pond grew dark, translucent so that it was impossible to judge as to depth, and reflective so that its surface mirrored the surrounding garden and the viewer. Utopia played the part of a high profile and popular ‘gift’ to Cadbury’s. This drew the company into a situation whereby the pond — symbol of old time philanthropy — could not disappear without considerable loss of face. To a corporation poised between the pressure to conserve its tokens of benevolent paternalism, and the demands of its shareholders in today’s ‘free’ market, we hope this gave pause for thought.
    • #Vaccineswork: Recontextualizing the content of epidemiological reports on Twitter

      Orpin, Deborah; Luzon, Maria Jose; Perez Llantada, Carmen (John Benjamins, 2019-12-04)
      This study examines the ways in which information originating in epidemiological reports is recontextualized in the @ECDC_VPD account, the Twitter account of a European health agency. Using a corpus-assisted discourse analytical approach complemented with multimodal analysis, this study compares the strategies used to achieve proximity (Hyland 2010) in the space-constrained genre of Twitter with those used in the source texts. The study finds that the macro-structural properties of the @ECDC_VPD tweets have become more complex over time and the use of images to enhance meaning-making has increased. The drive to present claims as newsworthy, coupled with the 140/280-character constraint, results in the tweets containing greater relative use of stance markers and lower use of epistemic modals than is observed in the source texts. The @ECDC_VPD tweets display a greater range of engagement strategies than is seen in the source texts.
    • Validation of the Polar RS800CX for assessing heart rate variability during rest, moderate cycling and post-exercise recovery

      Tsitoglou, Kyriakos; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Dinas, Petros (F1000Research, 2018-09-20)
      Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is an autonomic nervous system marker that provides reliable information for both disease prevention and diagnosis; it is also used in sport settings. We examined the validity of the Polar RS800CX heart rate monitor during rest, moderate cycling, and recovery in considering the total of 24 HRV indices. Method: A total of 32 healthy males (age=24.78±6.87 years, body mass index=24.48±3.13 kg/m 2 ) completed a session comprised by three 20-minute time periods of resting, cycling at 60% of maximal heart rate, and recovery using a Polar RS800CX and an electrocardiogram (ECG) monitors. The HRV indices included time-domain, frequency-domain, Poincaré plot and recurrence plot. Bland–Altman plot analysis was used to estimate agreement between Polar RS800CX and ECG. Results: We detected significant associations (r>0.75, p<0.05) in all HRV indices, while five out of 24 HRV indices displayed significant mean differences (p<0.05) between Polar RS800CX and ECG during the resting period. However, for the exercise and recovery periods, we found significant mean differences (p<0.05) in 16/24 and 22/24 HRV indices between the two monitors, respectively. Conclusion: It is concluded that Polar RS800CX is a valid tool for monitoring HRV in individuals at resting conditions, but it displays inconsistency when used during exercise at 60% of maximal heart rate and recovery periods.
    • Vernacular Christianity

      Gregg, Stephen; Chryssides, George; Gregg, Stephen; Chryssides, George (Bloomsbury, 2019-11-14)
      One of the authors used to begin his Christianity classes by inviting students to consider two statements and to decide which provided a more appropriate description of the Christian faith. The two statements were: (1) Christians believe that Jesus Christ is of one substance with the Father. (2) Christians in Britain eat Christmas puddings on 25 December. By far the majority of students voted for the first statement. It is an important doctrine, defining the Incarnation, which is a central tenet of Christian theology, and it is part of the Nicene Creed, which many Christians recite weekly during congregational worship. By contrast, the second seems frivolous. Christianity purports to offer salvation, teaching that it is brought about through God becoming human, and dying on the cross to redeem humankind from sin; this is certainly not achieved by eating a Christmas pudding. One might also point out that, historically, the Church has excommunicated those who have denied the full deity or the full humanity of Jesus Christ, whereas there is no compulsion for any Christian to observe popular Christmas customs. However, it remains true that there are more Christians who erect Christmas trees and hang up stockings than understand what it means for Jesus Christ to be of one substance with the Father, or indeed most of the other doctrines defined in the traditional creeds.
    • Views From Home and Views from Home Reviewed

      Sherwin, Guy (2006)
      A 10 minute digital videotape exhibited as part of “Guy Sherwin: Re-Enactments” at the Evolution Festival. “Views from Home” addresses the aesthetic question of whether it is possible to successfully integrate an ambient music track (recordings made in the film’s urban neighbourhood) with time-lapse film recordings, since they would seem to occupy mutually exclusive ‘time frames’. The works forms part of Sherwin’s long-term investigation into sound/image relations. Initially influenced by Kubelka and others, the recent research has widened the field of enquiry to include digital technologies augmented by live performance. The work makes use of digital editing to adjust lengths of time-lapse shots to either match or counterpoint rhythms in the soundtrack. The later work “Views...Reviewed” involved a radical re-edit, effectively breaking up the work and allowing space for the musician’s live interaction, allowing opportunities for the performer to move around and even outside the performance space.
    • The vile eastern European: ideology of deportability in the British media discourse

      Radziwinowiczowna, Agnieszka; Galasinska, Aleksandra (Centre of Migration Research, University of Warsaw and the Polish Academy of Sciences, 2021-03-31)
      Pre-Brexit media discourse in the UK focused extensively on the end of free movement, the governance of European mobility, and its relationship with state sovereignty. This article, methodologically anchored in Critical Discourse Analysis, discusses how the potential post-Brexit deportee, namely the ‘Vile Eastern European’, is depicted by the leading pro-Leave British press. The Vile Eastern European is juxtaposed with a minority of hard-working and tax-paying migrants from the continent, as well as with unjustly deported Windrush and Commonwealth migrants. As the newspapers explain, the UK has not been able to deport the Vile Eastern European because of the EU free movement rights. The press links the UK’s inability to remove the unwanted citizens of EU countries with its lack of sovereignty, suggesting that only new immigration regulations will permit this deportation and make the UK sovereign again. The article concludes that the media discourse reproduces and co-produces the UK ideology of deportability that has been the basis for the EU Settlement Scheme and new immigration regulations.
    • Vilnius memoryscape: razing and raising of monuments, collective memory and national identity

      Moore, Irina (John Benjamins Publishing, 2019-11-12)
      This article attempts to analyse collective memory formation (the study of monuments, memory, and public space) through the lens of semiotic landscape. A theoretical focus on power relations in “monumental politics” (Czepczyński, 2008; Forest, Johnson & Till, 2004; Gordon, 2001; Kaufman, 2001), the concept of memoryscape (Clack, 2011) and Van Gennep’s sociological concept of liminality (Van Gennep, A., 2004) and a methodological approach that “treats space as a discursive as well as physical formation” (Jaworski, A., Thurlow, C., 2010) are combined to examine the process of monument destruction, creation, and alteration in post-Soviet Vilnius.
    • Walking on Ostrich Eggshells

      Miller, Candi; Bidwell, Nicola; Winschiers-Theophilus, Heike (Informing Sciences Institute, 2014-09-01)
    • Warde (née Becker), Beatrice Lamberton Becker (1900–1969)

      Glaser, Jessica (Oxford University Press, 2019-03-30)
      Warde (née Becker), Beatrice Lamberton Becker (1900–1969), typographer, was born in New York, USA, on 20 September 1900, the only child of Gustav Becker (1861–1959), pianist and composer, and his wife, May, née Lamberton (1873–1958), the journalist and literary critic ...
    • Well-making: co-building pathways for empathy

      Hackney, Fiona (AHRC, 2018-04-14)
      This one day interactive workshop at the Wellcome Collection in London 2017 explored new research on inclusive design and empathy with a particular focus on how maker spaces might be better understood as ‘well-making spaces’: spaces of empathy that promote health and wellbeing. The event included a keynote by Professor Lizbeth Goodman, Chair of Creative Technology Innovation at University College Dublin, founder/director of the SMARTlab and MAGIC (Multimedia and Games Innovation Centre) about her international research and current European Horizon 2020 project. Other participants included, among others: Simon Duncan (Boing Boing: Resilience Research and Practice), Dr Anni Raw (School of Applied Social Sciences, University of Durham), Mah Rana (Artist and research student University College London), Jayne Howard (Director Arts Well) and Karl Royale (Head of Enterprise and Commercial Development University of Wolverhampton), Ben Salter (Course Leader Interior Design Norwich University of the Arts), a diverse interdisciplinary group of designers and design researchers, arts and crafts practitioners, social scientists, arts for health organisations, community partners, and health researchers
    • 'What About Love?': claiming and re-claiming LGBTQ+ spaces in 21st century musical theatre

      Lovelock, James; Whitfield, Sarah (Red Globe Press, 2019-03-08)