• 'Made to think and forced to feel': The power of counter-ritual

      Dhanda, Meena; Rathore, Aakash Singh (Oxford University Press, 2021-02-17)
      Dr Ambedkar argued that habitual conduct with the backing of religion is not easy to change and that salvation will come only if the caste Hindu is ‘made to think and is forced to feel that he must alter his ways’. He meant that the casteist conduct of the ‘caste Hindu’ is hard to change because it springs from an ingrained habit of mind. The impetus to change ways can come from unexpected contingencies: impersonal political junctures, very personal histories, inter-personal challenges, intra-group skirmishes, a whole network of factors that brings the habitual conduct of caste up for scrutiny. This mix of factors is quite complicated in the U.K. where I am located as a researcher and academic, regularly engaging with the public. We need to think through the means of defiance against systematic oppression and stigmatisation of people on the basis of caste. In this paper I will reflect upon whether caste might be disrupted in its everyday reproduction through the use of counter-rituals.
    • 'Make sure you don’t murder your coffee!’ Comedy and violence in the poetry of Luke Kennard

      McDonald, Paul (Sorbonne University Press, 2017-03-30)
      This paper discusses the relationship between comedy, violence, and postmodernism in the work of the British poet, Luke Kennard. It has been argued that British poets of the twentieth century have an ambivalent relationship with postmodernism because, while they accept that certainty is elusive, they refuse to ignore meaning and value, and their writing frequently exhibits “an ethical demand.” I claim that this can also be said of Kennard’s twenty first century postmodernist writing. In an analysis of his popular poem, ‘The Murderer,’ I show that what initially seems to be a typically postmodern, morally disengaged treatment of violence, also employs characteristics associated with traditional comedy, and the combination of the two modes of humour creates a space in which values can be reclaimed.
    • Making the headlines: EU Immigration to the UK and the wave of new racism after Brexit

      Fox, Bianca; Balica, Ecaterina; Marinescu, Valentina (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018-10-24)
      This chapter explores the immigration-related topics in the news media during the EU referendum campaign in the UK (April–June 2016) and after (July–September 2016). The chapter argues that attitudes anti-EU immigration are a wave of “new(s)” racism (van Dijk 2000) in the UK and EU immigration is frequently used as an umbrella term for Eastern European immigration being often mixed with non-EU immigration and the refugee crisis. The data shows that the prevalence of negative news stories has led to a distinctive immigration-narrative, confirming the claim of Hoffner and Cohen (2013) that members of minority groups are almost always associated with violent and threatening media content.
    • MAMIC goes live: a music programming system for non-specialist delivery

      Dalgleish, Mat; Payne, Chris; Hepworth-Sawyer, Russ; Hodgson, Jay; Paterson, Justin; Toulson, Rob (CRC Press, 2019-06-21)
      The computing curriculum in England has shifted from “software training” to a model where children learn to code as a way of understanding underlying principles. This has created challenges for primary school teaching practitioners, many of whom require upskilling. The Music And Math In Collaboration (MAMIC) project addresses these issues via a custom library for the Pure Data (Pd) visual programming environment that interconnects key musical, mathematical and coding concepts within a unified environment that is able to be delivered by non-specialist teachers. Initial findings from deployment “in the wild” (i.e. in situ) are presented and future work is discussed.
    • MAMIC goes Live: A Music Programming System for Non-Specialist Delivery

      Dalgleish, Mat; Payne, Chris; Hepworth-Sawyer, Russ; Hodgson, Jay; Paterson, Justin; Toulson, Rob (Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2018-01)
    • MAMIC: a visual programming library for amalgamating Mathematics and Coding through Music

      Dalgleish, Mat; Payne, Chris (Group for Learning in Art & Design (GLAD), 2015-12)
      The role of computing within the National Curriculum framework has changed dramatically in recent times. Traditionally, the computing curriculum in schools focussed on software competency and proficiency in common but basic tasks such as word processing, delivered through the subject of Information Communication Technology (ICT). In other words, students became perfunctory but perhaps uninspired end users, closely tied to ubiquitous commercial packages such as Microsoft Office. However, in September 2014, then Education Secretary Michael Gove made significant changes to the National Curriculum that affected both primary and secondary education in the UK. This has consisted in essence of an enforced shift from the prior ICT model to one that, at least in theory, embraces coding as a fundamental tenet of computing (i.e. active creation rather than end use, closely related to Rushkoff’s notion of “programmed or be programmed” [7]) and promotes computational thinking more broadly [1]. For instance, Key Stage 1 now asks that students actively consider program structure and sequential design as well as demonstrate core competency [2]. The inclusion of computational thinking seems particularly prescient and important: if the ability to cheaply outsource the drudgery of basic software development (particularly to the far east) may mean that the ability to code is, in and of itself, becoming less important from a UK labour perspective, it could be argued that students able to adopt a computational mindset, may be better prepared to apply computing principles to a range of scenarios.
    • Mapping the meaning of knowledge in design research

      Niedderer, Kristina (Design Research Society, 2007)
      Knowledge plays a vital role in our life in that it reflects how we understand the world around us and thus determines how we act upon it. In this sense, knowledge is of particular importance for designers because they act to shape our world. Conventionally, knowledge creation has been assumed by (design) research. However developments of using practice within research have pointed to knowledge creation within and through practice. This has raised the question of the meaning, role and format of knowledge in both research and practice, and about the compatibility between knowledge of research and practice. The research presented in this paper has set out to investigate the concept of knowledge with regard to this question. The paper begins by considering some of the main problems with knowledge in research within design, and more generally in the creative and practice-led disciplines. It then examines the meaning of knowledge in relation to its philosophical foundations. On this basis, the discussion reconsiders the meaning, role and format of knowledge, and the impact of this for the conduct of research.
    • Marginalising co-operation? A discursive analysis of media reporting on the Co-operative Bank

      Mangan, Anita; Byrne, Aidan (Sage, 2018-03-18)
      Recently there has been renewed academic interest in co-operatives. In contrast, media accounts of co-operatives are relatively scarce, particularly in the UK, where business reporting usually focuses on capitalist narratives, with alternatives routinely marginalised until a scandal pushes them into the public eye. This paper analyses media coverage of the UK’s Co-operative Bank (2011-15), tracing its transformation from an unremarkable presence on the UK high street to preferred bidder for Lloyds Bank branches, and its subsequent near collapse. The paper charts changes in reporting and media interest in the bank through five discursive frames: member and customer service; standard financial reporting; human interest, personality-driven journalism; the PR machine; and political coverage. Our analysis discusses three points: the politicisation of the story through covert and overt political values; simplification and sensationalism; and media hegemony. We argue that although moments of crisis provide an opening for re-evaluating the dominant reporting model, established frames tend to reassert themselves as a story develops. This produces good copy that reflects the interests of the publishers, but does not extend understanding of co-operative organisations. Thus the paper identifies the role of the media in delegitimising organisations with alternative governance structures, thereby promoting ideological and economic conformity. http://mc.
    • Marx against Marxism, Marxism against Marx

      Chukhrov, Keti; Penzin, Alexei; Podoroga, Valery (EUSP, 2017-12-18)
      A Talk with Valery Podoroga on Soviet Philosophy
    • Masculinity and Jazz in Jackie Kay’s Trumpet, Jim Crace’s All That Follows and Alan Plater’s The Beiderbecke Trilogy

      Byrne, Aidan; Allen, Nicole; Hertz, Erich; Roessner, Jeffrey (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2014-05-22)
    • Measuring post-editing time and effort for different types of machine translation errors

      Zaretskaya, Anna; Vela, Mihaela; Corpas Pastor, Gloria; Seghiri, Miriam (International Association for Translation and Intercultural Studies, 2016-01-01)
      Post-editing (PE) of machine translation (MT) is becoming more and more common in the professional translation setting. However, many users refuse to employ MT due to bad quality of the output it provides and even reject post-editing job offers. This can change by improving MT quality from the point of view of the PE process. This article investigates different types of MT errors and the difficulties they pose for PE in terms of post-editing time and technical effort. For the experiment we used English to German translations performed by MT engines. The errors were previously annotated using the MQM scheme for error annotation. The sentences were post-edited by students in translation. The experiment allowed us to make observations about the relation between technical and temporal PE effort, as well as to discover the types of errors that are more challenging for PE.
    • Mediating Mindful Social Interactions through Design

      Niedderer, Kristina; Ie, Amanda; Ngnoumen, Christelle T; Langer, Ellen J (Wiley, 2014-03)
      This chapter focuses on the role of emotions in designing artifacts for mindful social interaction in the context of design as an agent for behavior change. The concept of mindfulness in design, also termed mindful design, refers to the attentiveness of the user toward the consequences of their actions performed with an object. An object which may specifically induce mindfulness of the social consequences of the user's actions is termed a performative object. Mindfulness can aid behavior change because it encourages reconsidering our actions and their causes, helping to adjust them to new situations. Using functional analysis, the research investigated the role of emotions in social interaction in relation to mindful choice. Existing and hypothetical situations and design examples are used to support the analysis. The research establishes a mindful–emotional framework, which provides robust guidance for the analysis of social situations/environments, and to facilitate designing performative objects for these situations. The benefit of the research is a better understanding of the design of performative objects and their application, and of their potential to contribute to behavior change.
    • Mind The Gap: Developing Contexts for Practice

      Ayliffe, Maggie; Harris, Simon J.; Onions, Laura (Taylor & Francis, 2018-03-20)
      An investigation into the development of patchwork texts as a model for enabling students to make progressive links between theory and practice on a BA (Hons) Fine Art course and how this model of delivery might support a more holistic assessment of contextual knowledge in which learning takes place and ‘makes sense over time’ and in relation to a range of experiences.
    • Mind Usurps Program: Virtuality and the "New Machine Aesthetic" of Electronic Dance Music

      Halligan, Benjamin; Rambarran, Shara; Whiteley, Sheila (Oxford University Press (US), 2016-03-14)
      This chapter outlines the changes in perceptions of electronic dance music across the phase of the introduction of virtuality. The chapter argues that such music must be read in relation to its conception of its audience, and that the audience, often cognitively impaired, responds to the music in a way that suggests ideological positions that redeem the music from accusations of cliché and racism. The chapter notes early theorizing of virtuality as giving rise to the idea or potential of a proletarian collective, as was realized in aspects of rave cultures, as associated with the idea of the “temporary autonomous zone.” The chapter turns to specific case studies from the work of Layo and Bushwacka! and Leftfield.
    • Minimalism and Narrativity: some stories by Steve Reich

      Pymm, John (Ashgate Publishing, 2013-11)
      In recent years the music of minimalist composers such as La Monte Young, Terry Riley, Steve Reich and Philip Glass has, increasingly, become the subject of important musicological reflection, research and debate. Scholars have also been turning their attention to the work of lesser-known contemporaries such as Phill Niblock and Eliane Radigue, or to second and third generation minimalists such as John Adams, Louis Andriessen, Michael Nyman and William Duckworth, whose range of styles may undermine any sense of shared aesthetic approach but whose output is still to a large extent informed by the innovative work of their minimalist predecessors. Attempts have also been made by a number of academics to contextualise the work of composers who have moved in parallel with these developments while remaining resolutely outside its immediate environment, including such diverse figures as Karel Goeyvaerts, Robert Ashley, Arvo Pärt and Brian Eno. Theory has reflected practice in many respects, with the multimedia works of Reich and Glass encouraging interdisciplinary approaches, associations and interconnections. Minimalism’s role in culture and society has also become the subject of recent interest and debate, complementing existing scholarship, which addressed the subject from the perspective of historiography, analysis, aesthetics and philosophy. The Ashgate Research Companion to Minimalist and Postminimalist Music provides an authoritative overview of established research in this area, while also offering new and innovative approaches to the subject.
    • Mixing realities for heritage and health: L'inframince between the real and the virtual

      Harrison, Dew (2020-07-20)
      As an artist and practice-led researcher my work concerns the space between art, technology and consciousness studies, this has developed to include algorithms facilitating behavioural change and I am now the lead partner coordinator for the EU funded MinD project, designing for people with dementia. This paper presents two projects where tangible interfaces to mixed-reality installations have been created to enable the visitor to bridge the space between the real world and virtual states in order to better understand a complex situation.
    • Modelling Affective Labour: On Terry Richardson’s Photography

      Halligan, Benjamin (Duke University Press, 2017-03-01)
      Photographer Terry Richardson works in a digital aesthetic vernacular that looks more to underground hardcore pornography of yesteryear than traditions associated with the institutionalisation of erotica, as associated with Playboy. And yet his images, in Kibosh and Terryworld, anticipate the contemporary public recalibration of ideas of intimacy as associated with Social Media, tally with contested ideas of the sexualisation of female empowerment as associated with contested elements of Third Wave Feminism, and can be read as a contemporary phase of Antonio Negri’s theory of art and immaterial labour in their evidencing of the affective labour on the part of the photographer himself. This critical commentary, the first such academic writing on Richardson, explores his work in these contexts, and considers Richardson’s return to the figure (over abstraction) as evidencing and exploring of the nature of work, and the nascent eroticisation of working relations, under Western neoliberal regimes.
    • Multitude void: the regal mode of imperial legitimation

      Halligan, Benjamin; Penzin, Alexei; Halligan, Benjamin; Pippa, Stefano; Carson, Rebecca (Bloomsbury Academic, 2021-09-01)