• Ideation and Photography: A critique of François Laruelle’s concept of abstraction

      Roberts, John (Taylor & Francis, 2016-07-20)
      In Concept of Non-Photography (2011) and Photo-Fiction (2012), François Laruelle, outlines a theory of photographic abstraction that breaks completely with the debate on realism in photographic theory. Refusing to see photographic representation as involving any concession to resemblance (photographs have more in common with other photographs than with the objects they depict, he declares), he inflates the notion of the photograph as a symbolic entity into a transcendental theoretical domain. This is the result of his radical (non-philosophical) separation of appearances from truth (nothing stands ‘behind’ photographs he asserts). If this inflates photographs-as-abstractions as a form of rich ‘unlimited theoretical’ production, it also deflates them as social discursive entities, that ‘give and ask for reasons’. The result is a post-dialectical flattening of photographic appearances, in which images run in one-dimensional ‘parallel’ with the world. Laruelle’s attempt to release photography from mere appearances, produces a socially deracinated account of abstraction.
    • Identifying and addressing the needs of art and design students at risk of underachievement in their incoming year of study

      Salter, Pam; Peacock, Diane (University of Wolverhampton, 2002)
      Following the piloting of the ILP (Individual Learning Profile) in the previous academic year (2000/1), the project aimed to consolidate the mechanism for identifying needs and supporting students during their incoming year of study. Through refining the processes by which students at risk are identified and assisted, the intention was to empower individual students to recognise and build on their strengths, and enable weaknesses, or perceived weaknesses, to be addressed. The project also aimed to raise awareness of both students and staff to the importance of customized and timely learning support, designed to enable a greater number of students to reach their creative and academic potential. The school can cite numerous anecdotal examples of how targeted Learning Support has had a direct impact on the quality of the student learning experience. The project aimed systematically to test the hypothesis that there is a correlation between additional learning support and student retention.
    • Identity: Being-in-the-world and becoming

      Dhanda, Meena; Garchar, Kimberley; Shew, Melissa (Oxford University Press, 2020-11-17)
    • Ideology and the True/False Performance of Heritage

      Johnson, Paul; Chow, Broderick; Mangold, Alex (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-01)
      Performance in a museum or heritage site1 operates within a complex set of interacting and sometimes conflicting jurisdictions: education and entertainment; objects and experiences; space and place; theatre and museum; visitor and audience; presentation and participation. It almost invariably attempts to serve some educational function, as do the institutions of which it is usually a part. For Tessa Bridal, the first element of museum theatre is that its ‘purpose is educational and linked to the institution’s missions and values’.2 Similarly, Catherine Hughes describes museum theatre as ‘a powerful tool to communicate complex ideas and to create convincing real experiences for the visitor’.3 The relationship between the emergent narratives of museum theatre, and the objects and sites around which the performances are constructed and situated, is often considered in terms of museum theatre’s subservience to the goals of the museum. For instance, the International Museum Theatre Alliance (IMTAL) Europe defines interpretation (including museum theatre), as a ‘communication process designed to reveal to a specific audience the significance of a historic/cultural/natural site or museum and the audience’s relationship to it’.4 Hence the interpretative process, or the action of performance, is seen as transparent. However, museum theatre provides not only different ways of telling the stories of objects and sites, but potentially at least, a qualitatively different type of engagement with past and with heritage, and consequently a different way of constructing social reality.
    • If you can't find it, give us a ring - public works

      Böhm, Kathrin (Ixia, 2006)
      The publication deals with the collaborators interest in, art, architecture and collective practice; which is the basis of their socially engaged work within communities. The book focuses upon their process of making, shaping and ‘letting go’ of public spaces. The publication features an interview between Kathrin Böhm, artist and Andreas Lang, architect of Public Works, and Prof John Butler and Janet Hodgson from the University of Central England, Birmingham. It also includes an essay “Working with Uncertainty Towards a Real Public Space” by Doina Petrescu, School of Architecture, University of Sheffield. “If you can’t find it…” is one of three books commissioned by IXIA (the others feature Lucy Orta and Richard Woods) which address new thinking in public art. The text articulates (and the drawings make visible) the different spatial aspects involved in “Public Works” collaborative and participatory art/architecture practice. The focus of the publication is upon the project “Park Products” at the Serpentine, as a case study. The question was how to best document a dynamic, process-based social process, without relying upon textual narrative alone. The text and images included in the publication present the maps and drawings, which the group deployed for Park Products. This offers the reader a unique and primarily visual insight into the way Public Works go about planning, engaging communities and then realising a project within a public space.
    • Immediacy and personalizing: celebrating Philip Taylor

      Prior, Ross W; Jones, Jonathan P (Jonathan P. Jones, 2019-05-10)
      Many students, over four decades, could write about how Dr Philip Taylor’s scholarship has influenced their thinking and intellectual interests, particularly in the area of drama in education. As one of those former students, I can offer some insights into that particular influence of his, spanning a number of different countries around the globe. Numerous students have travelled great distances for the opportunity to study with him, which also forms part of my own personal story. However no matter whom you are or how you have been introduced to Taylor’s work, you will quickly recognize that he is deeply and authentically affected by the classroom experience.
    • Immersive storytelling in mixed reality environments

      Doyle, Denise (IEEE, 2018-04-26)
      How will we adapt to a future that may see humans as an interplanetary species? The proposed project uses themes of outer space, future worlds and space travel to examine ways in which our future identities may be formed from these new environments, the role/s we may have in future societies; and the relationships that we will form with the people we will meet. The utilization of virtual and mixed reality (AR/VR) technologies can be a powerful tool in which to place the audience in different scenarios, to experience it from different viewpoints, and to allow them to anticipate what the future may look, feel like, and indeed be like, by being placed into a set of future space scenarios. This paper presents ideas from an interdisciplinary team of artists, scientists, and technologists of methodological approaches for art-science-technology and the prototypes anticipated through these dialogues.
    • In Defence of Crude Thinking

      Penzin, Alexei; Kate Fowle (2018)
    • The influence of Christian Orthodox thought on Stanislavski’s theatrical legacy

      Curpan, Gabriela (Informa UK Limited, 2019-08-01)
      Expressed through many Orthodox concepts, such as ‘soul’, ‘heart’, ‘love’, ‘beauty’ and ‘truth’, scattered throughout all his writings, Stanislavski’s personal religious feelings seemed constantly to have shaped his life-long sense of an artistic spirituality. Yet, in spite of this presence, the Orthodox connections appear to be neither properly analysed nor fully explained. Therefore, this paper strives to identify and reflect upon how such generally ignored but key Orthodox ideas might have had a crucial influence on shaping Stanislavski’s ‘system’.
    • Information overload in literature

      Groes, Sebastian; English and Creative Writing, University of Roehampton, London, UK (2016-01-20)
    • Injury incidence and severity in pre-professional musical theatre dancers: a 5-year prospective study

      Stephens, Nicola; Nevill, Alan; Wyon, Matthew (Thieme, 2021-12-31)
      Dance injury research has mainly focused on ballet and modern dance with little data on musical theatre dancers. The purpose was to assess the incidence and severity of injuries in a musical theatre dance college over a 5-year period; 198 pre-professional musical theatre dancers (3 cohorts on a 3-year training course) volunteered for the study; 21 students left the course over the study period. Injury aetiology data were collected by an in-house physiotherapy team. Differences between academic year and sex were analysed using a Poisson distribution model; significant difference was set at p≤0.05. In total 913 injuries were recorded, more injuries occurred in academic year 1 than year 2 and 3. Overall injury incidence was 1.46 injuries per 1000 hours (95%CI 1.34, 1.56); incidence significantly decreased between year 1, 2 and 3 (p<0.05). There was no significant sex difference for incidence or severity. Most injuries were classified as overuse (71% female, 67% male). Pre-professional musical theatre dancers report a high proportion of lower limb and overuse injuries that is comparable to other dance genres. Unlike other studies on pre-professional dancers; injury incidence and severity decreased with academic year, even though workload increased across the course.
    • Inner peace and global harmony: Individual wellbeing and global solutions in the art of living

      Jacobs, Stephen (Liköping University, 2014-09-30)
      This paper explores the discourse in the Art of Living (AOL), a Hindu derived transnational meditation movement, which suggests that solutions to global problems are best addressed at the individual level. Ethnographic fieldwork, qualitative interviews and an analysis of published material suggest that the primary concern of the AOL is the reduction of stress and anxiety for the individual practitioner. This reduction of stress not only means that the individual practitioner develops ‘inner peace’, but also contributes to global harmony. AOL is an exemplar of ‘therapeutic solutions’, which are characterized by disillusionment with established institutions and a quest for inner meaning. AOL articulates this therapeutic solution, not only in terms of narcissistic needs, but links this quest for inner meaning to wider social and global concerns
    • Inside Outside

      Cornford, Matthew; Cross, David (Taylor & Francis, 2004)
      Cornford & Cross were invited to contribute a paper for a special edition of “Third Text” focused on collaboration. The article explored the limits of collaboration and the tolerance and intolerances of institutions in the wake of the museum’s incorporation of post-conceptual practice. Writing about their art practice and nature of collaboration in relation to the institution, Cornford & Cross questioned the privileging of the art object, and the role of artists primarily as being either to produce such objects for consumption, or to facilitate community involvement in urban regeneration. Cornford & Cross do produce objects, installations and images, and they do engage in a range of interactions with various organizations and groups. However, the distinguishing aspect of their practice is ‘action research’, a process of creative and critical collaboration, which may transform social relations.
    • Instruments to assess secondhand smoke exposure in large cohorts of never smokers: The smoke scales

      Misailidi, M; Tzatzarakis, MN; Kavvalakis, MP; Koutedakis, Y; Tsatsakis, AM; Flouris, AD; FAME Laboratory, Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Trikala, Greece ; Department of Exercise Sciences, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece ; Regional Directorate of Primary and Secondary Education of Western Greece, Patras, Greece. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2014-01-21)
      The objectives of this study were to: (i) to develop questionnaires that can identify never-smoking children and adults experiencing increased exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS+), (ii) to determine their validity against hair nicotine, and (iii) assess their reliability. A sample of 191 children (85 males; 106 females; 7-18 years) and 95 adult (23 males; 72 females; 18- 62 years) never-smokers consented to hair nicotine analysis and answered a large number of questions assessing all sources of SHS. A randomly-selected 30% answered the questions again after 20-30 days. Prevalence of SHS+ in children and adults was 0.52±0.07 and 0.67±0.10, respectively (p<0.05). The Smoke Scale for Children (SS-C) and the Smoke Scale for Adults (SS-A) were developed via factor analysis and included nine questions each. Positivity criteria for SS-C and SS-A via receiver operating characteristics curve analysis were identified at >16.5 and >16, respectively. Significant Kappa agreement (p<0.05) was confirmed when comparing the SS-C and SS-A to hair nicotine concentration. Reliability analyses demonstrated that the SS-C and SS-A scores obtained on two different days are highly correlated (p<0.001) and not significantly different (p>0.05). Area under the curve and McNemar's Chi-square showed no pair-wise differences in sensitivity and specificity at the cutoff point between the two different days for SS-C and SS-A (p>0.05). We conclude that the SS-C and the SS-A represent valid, reliable, practical, and inexpensive instruments to identify children and adult never-smokers exposed to increased SHS. Future research should aim to further increase the validity of the two questionnaires. © 2014 Misailidi et al.
    • Integration and disintegration in Next to Normal

      Chandler, Clare (Musical Theatre Educators Alliance, 2019-01-31)
      Romance and romantic entanglements are the fuel of traditional musical theatre, fusing words and music (Engel and Kissel 113) to create entertaining and successful shows with happy endings. Frequently, these happy romantic resolutions reinforce gender hierarchies and heteronormative stereotypes: "Women wait for love, men bring it" (Barnes 51). Tom Kitt and Brian Yorkey’s 2009 musical Next to Normal, in subverting the audience's expectations both for a "normal" heroine and a happy ending, deviates from the conventions of musical theatre and provides an interesting case study of accepted notions of the traditional, integrated musical.
    • Inteliterm: in search of efficient terminology lookup tools for translators

      Corpas Pastor, G.; Muñoz, Durán.; Balsa, Mónica Mirazo; Riveiro, C. Valcárcel; Domínguez, M. J. (De Gruyter, 2018-04-12)
    • Interview with Margret Meagher

      Prior, Ross W (Intellect, 2019-07-01)
    • Intimate Live Girls

      Halligan, Benjamin; Fairclough, Kirsty; Edgar, Robert; Spelman, Nicola (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2015)
    • Introduction

      Pheasant-Kelly, Frances; Andrews, Eleanor; HOCKENHULL, STELLA (Routledge, 2015-08)
      This book examines the ways in which the house appears in films and the modes by which it moves beyond being merely a backdrop for action. Specifically, it explores the ways that domestic spaces carry inherent connotations that filmmakers exploit to enhance meanings and pleasures within film. Rather than simply examining the representation of the house as national symbol, auteur trait, or in terms of genre, contributors study various rooms in the domestic sphere from an assortment of time periods and from a diversity of national cinemas―from interior spaces in ancient Rome to the Chinese kitchen, from the animated house to the metaphor of the armchair in film noir.