Browsing Faculty of Arts by Journal
Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Assessment of the relationship between macronutrient intake and browning of white fat in adult malesResearch conducted in rodents and humans present conflicting results on the relationship between caloric intake and the browning of subcutaneous white adipose tissue (scWAT). For example, exercise combined with caloric restriction did not change browning indices measured from human scWAT samples. In another study, caloric restriction in mice resulted in the browning of both scWAT and visceral white adipose tissue. Few investigators, however, have examined the relationship between differences in macronutrient intake and browning processes of human scWAT.
Circulating Sclerostin responses to acute weight and non weight bearing sport activity in pre adolescent malesMechanical loading, i.e. physical activity and/or exercise, promotes bone formation during growth. Sclerostin, a glycoprotein, mediates osteocytes' response to mechanical loading by inhibiting the Wnt/lf-catenin pathway thereby inhibiting bone formation.
The effects of pre-exercise corinthian currants supplementation on antioxidant responsesΤhe use of nutritional supplements before and during a sporting event, especially of a prolonged nature, is very common among competitors and routinely advised by exercise professionals. Corinthian currants have a high carbohydrate content making them a potentially ideal carbohydrate source for prolonged exercise. However, their effectiveness as an ergogenic aid has never been studied.
Enhanced erythrocyte antioxidant status following an 8-week aerobic exercise training program in heavy drinkersAlcohol-induced oxidative stress is involved in the development and progression of various pathological conditions and diseases whereas exercise training has been shown to improve redox status, thus attenuating oxidative stress-associated disease processes. PURPOSE: to evaluate the effect of an exercise training program on blood redox status in heavy drinkers. METHODS: Eleven sedentary, heavy drinking men participated in an intervention where they completed an 8-week supervised aerobic training program of moderate intensity. Blood samples were collected before, during (week 4) and after intervention and analyzed for total antioxidant capacity (TAC), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyls (PC), uric acid (UA), bilirubin, reduced glutathione (GSH) and catalase activity. RESULTS: Catalase activity increased (p<0.05) after 8 weeks (340.7+13.3 U mg/Hb) of intervention compared to week 4 (299.5+18.7 U mg/Hb). GSH increased (p<0.05) after 8 weeks of intervention (1.22+0.16 μmol/g Hb) compared to the control condition (1.11 + 0.17 μmol/g Hb) and to week 4 (1.11 + 0.15 μmol/g Hb ). TAC, UA, bilirubin, TBARS and PC did not significantly change at any time point. CONCLUSION: An 8-week aerobic training program enhanced erythrocyte antioxidant status in heavy drinkers, indicating that aerobic training may attenuate pathological processes caused by alcohol-induced oxidative stress.