• The language and functions of Czech counter slogans: 1948 to 1989

      Dickins, Tom (Routledge, 2022-04-18)
      This article presents a detailed analysis of the defining linguistic features and functions of anti-regime Czech-language slogans from 1948 to 1989 – their style, tropes, referents and intertextual allusions. The study employs a mixed methodology, combining quantitative and qualitative approaches with empirically based historical research. The application of different linguistic models and tools (Leech’s language functions, Jakobson’s communication functions, Austin’s speech act theory, Halliday’s conceptualization of register, and data-informed discourse analysis), together with a range of documentary evidence, allows for the identification of characteristics and trends in their broader synchronic and diachronic context. The analysis draws on an extensive list of oral and written examples, taken from a variety of sources, and places a strong emphasis on the interface between linguistic and extra-linguistic activity. It is argued that many of the opposition slogans had their origins in popular, collective folk traditions, and bore the hallmark of those traditions stylistically and semantically. The counter slogans tended to be pithy, spontaneous and reactive, and frequently had an affective aesthetic quality, which was characterized by language play, catchy rhythm and rhyme. The accessibility and creativity of the expressions of dissent, which stood in contrast to the woodenness of the official propaganda, added to the impact of the protesters’ grievances and demands. While the chants and inscriptions may not necessarily have achieved their desired outcomes, they nonetheless played a significant symbolic role in subverting the Communist Party’s authoritative discourse. Moreover, the interactional aspect of the protest helped to forge a common identity outside the constraints of the imposed norms, which may have sometimes been more important to the participants than either the message or the medium of the slogans.
    • Class and classification: The BBFC reception of horror at the time of the Festival of Light

      Halligan, Benjamin; Etienne, Anne; Weedman, Christopher; Halligan, Benjamin (Bloomsbury, 2022-12-31)
    • The two waves of Virtual Reality in Artistic Practice

      Doyle, Denise (Intellect Publishers, 2021-10-01)
      As the title of this article suggests, there appears to be two distinct waves of artistic engagement with virtual reality (VR) in artistic practice: the first during the initial technological development in the 1990s that enabled VR to become accessible to artists such as Char Davies and Toni Dove among others and the current second wave that has been based on a much greater accessibility of immersive headsets for artists and a wider general public, driven by both market forces and technological development. The term ‘virtual reality’ has been interchangeably used to mean virtual environments and virtual worlds, but here the aim is to solely examine the use of VR in artistic practices, where the intention is for the participant to largely experience the virtual space through total immersion, reserving the analysis of the mixed use of VR within mixed-reality environments to another study. The article begins with a brief history of the development of VR and an analysis of the key works created in what can be termed the first wave, before discussing the current use of VR in contemporary practices through the notion of affect in VR.
    • “Il faut continuer”: always-on capitalism and subjectivity

      Penzin, Alexei; Penzin, Alexei; Halligan, Benjamin; Carson, Rebecca; Pippa, Stefano (Bloomsbury Academic, 2021-09-09)
    • Who can play? Rethinking video game controllers and accessibility

      Dalgleish, Mat; Spöhrer, Markus (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022-12-31)
    • The grammatical structures of process music: exploring the music of Tom Johnson through combinatory patterns in sound poetry

      Glover, Richard (Taylor & Francis, 2020-10-08)
      This article explores similarities between the permutational processes in sound poetry and process music, suggesting models for new music which supports audience comprehension of processual language. The use of textual materials within the poetry is examined, with reference to the analytic nature of the English language and how different sentence types arise in performance from the results of the processes employed. The article then translates this analysis onto music made from numerical processes, focussing in particular on the work of American composer Tom Johnson. By viewing the material of process music through a morpho-syntactic linguistic frame, this discussion suggests compositional methods and performance approaches which help to facilitate an audience’s understanding of the grammatical structure within a piece of process music.
    • Them and uz: Harrison and me

      Francis, Robert (Intellect, 2021-12-21)
      The working-class writer, having moved into a middle-class dominated field, often feels alienated from their old and new cultures ‐ separated as they are from their heritage and not quite grounded in the new elite circle. The markers of working-class culture are much harder to define in our hyper-modern situation, and this exacerbates the alienation. This position opens up possibilities in perception and expression from those in the margins and off-kilter positions. Tracing the multivoiced qualities of Tony Harrison’s ‘V’ and R. M. Francis’s poetics, alongside biographical and autobiographical details, this hybrid article argues that off-kilter and outcast voices, like those in the aforementioned class liminality, are in the best place to explore and discuss the difficult to navigate cultures, communities and identities. This fusion of personal essay, poetry and literary criticism considers the unusual, marginal and liminal positioning of working-class writers, researchers and academics.
    • Enforcing ecological borders between the human and the nonhuman: Adapting Pygmalion’s benevolent Galatea into Frankenstein’s and contemporary monsters

      Geal, Robert (University of Burgundy, the College of the Holy Cross, and the University of Paris, 2022-12-31)
    • Obstinate memory: Working-class politics and neoliberal forgetting in the United Kingdom and Chile

      Watkins, Heather; Urbina-Montana, Maria (SAGE, 2022-02-08)
      In the 40 years since Chile and the United Kingdom became the crucibles of neoliberalization, working-class agency has been transformed, its institutions systematically dismantled and its politics, after the continuity neoliberalism of both the UK Blair government and the Chilean Concertación, in a crisis of legitimacy. In the process, memories of struggle have been captured within narratives of ‘capitalist realism’ (Fisher) – the present, past and future collapsed into Walter Benjamin’s ‘empty homogeneous time’. This article explores ways in which two traumatic moments of working-class struggle have been narrativized by the media in the service of this ‘presentism’: the 1973 coup in Chile and the 1984–1985 Miners’ Strike in the United Kingdom. We argue that the use of ‘living history’ or bottom-up approaches to memory provides an urgently needed recovery of disruptive narratives of class identity and offers a way of reclaiming alternative futures from the grip of reductive economic nationalism.
    • Confronting denials of casteism

      Dhanda, Meena; Jaoul, Nicolas; Dhanda (Centre d’Etudes de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud, 2021-10-26)
      Punjab-born Meena Dhanda moved to the UK in 1987 as a Commonwealth Scholar in Philosophy at the University of Oxford. There she became a researcher specializing on caste among Punjabi youth both in the UK and Punjab (Dhanda 1993; Dhanda 2009). In 1992, she started teaching Philosophy and Cultural Politics at the University of Wolverhampton, a city with a large concentration of Punjabi-speaking people of Indian origin (2011 census). She has since published several articles on caste in the UK (Dhanda 2020, 2017, 2014) and has become one of the important voices in the debates on the prevalence of casteism in the UK. She joined the UK anti-caste movement in 2008. In 2013, she was appointed Principal Investigator [PI] of a research project on “Caste in Britain” funded by the UK Equality and Human Rights Commission. She has also regularly appeared in British media, as featured in the documentary Caste Aside (Mogul 2017) and was the sole consultant for a BBC1 documentary: Hindus: Do we have a caste problem? (Qayum 2019), which has been viewed by over 1 million people. She talked about her anti-caste activism experience in the UK with Nicolas Jaoul, a French anthropologist who has specialized on the Ambedkarite movement in India and worked on its British counterpart as well (Jaoul 2006, and in this special issue).
    • A-Wakening

      Foster, Christopher; Mills, Joanne; University of Wolverhampton (University of Wolverhampton, 2017-11)
      Installation: A-Wakening November 2017 Arena Theatre, Wolverhampton. A-Wakening: a multi-sensory environmental installation created to respond to the active and immersive relationship between audience and artwork. A collaboration between artist and PhD student Joanne Mills and Dr Chris Foster of the University of Wolverhampton, a dark space is filled with haze, visuals and a ‘dream-like’ soundscape to be experienced and explored.
    • Layering the senses: exploring audio primacy in multisensory cinema

      Dalgleish, Mat (Institute of Acoustics, 2021-11-22)
    • 11+ dance: a neuromuscular injury prevention exercise program for dancers

      Kolokythas, Nico; Metsios, George; Galloway, Shaun; Allen, Nick; Wyon, Matthew (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2021-11-10)
      Epidemiological studies over the past decade indicate high Injury prevalence in pre-professional ballet (76%), and professional contemporary and ballet dancers (60-69%). Injuries can have detrimental effects both for the dancers and the dance company. Most injuries are in the lower limb and reported as the gradual onset of overuse. Professional dance companies have reduced injury incidence and severity through the implementation of comprehensive injury audit programs and proactive exercise prescription. Injury prevention research in dance is scarce and there has been no intervention targeting dance injuries. This article describes the development of 11+Dance, an injury prevention training program designed for dancers based on current evidence and best practice on injury prevention in sports. It is a 25–30-minute neuromuscular based training program focused on strength, balance and jumping/landing technique, with special attention on ankle, knee, and hip alignment. The high prevalence of injuries reported in the different styles of dance, suggests that implementation of an injury prevention program is both the plausible and ethical action to take for all levels of performance.
    • Caste: experiences in South Asia and beyond

      Gorringe, Hugo; Jodhka, Surinder S.; Takhar, Opinderjit Kaur (Informa UK Limited, 2017-07-03)
      This special issue of Contemporary South Asia seeks to capture the diversity and situatedness of the caste experience and deepen our understanding of caste dynamics and lives in the twenty-first century. In this Introduction, we highlight the continuing salience of caste, offer an overview of theoretical understandings of caste and foreground the importance of analysing caste in the present as a dynamic form of human relations, rather than a remnant of tradition. Following on from this, we highlight the increasingly global spread of caste and reflect on what happens to caste-based social relations when they traverse continents. In conclusion, we introduce the papers that make up this special issue. Taken together, they speak to changes in attitudes towards caste, but also the persistence of caste-based identities and dynamics in India and Britain. Even though the papers presented in this special issue work with the assumption of caste being a reality in and among the Indians, caste-like status hierarchies have existed in most, if not all, societies, and they continue to persist and intersect with other forms of differences/inequalities.