• Arts, science and technology in the ISSM project and exhibition

      Doyle, Denise; Glover, Richard; Khechara, Martin; Groes, Sebastian (ISEA International, 2022-06-10)
      In 2019 a team of multi-disciplinary researchers undertook a research project entitled Identifying Successful STARTS Methodologies (ISSM) (2019-2021)1 in order to analyze the innovative and collaborative strategies utilized by the global Science, Technology and Arts (=STARTS) Prize Winners and nominees. The aim was to identify and articulate successful STARTS Methodologies through a series of interviews and in-depth case studies of the recognized projects. The project culminated in a series of case studies and an exhibition at the Made in Wolves Gallery at the University of Wolverhampton, UK, and further presented at UK Garden of Earthly Delights at Ars Electronica in 2020. The project identified three emerging themes: the significance of building a new language of art and science through a third space, the process of anti-disciplinarity as an emergent form of practice, and the importance of different ways of knowing through art and science. A number of the case studies and themes are presented here alongside images from the exhibition.
    • Reliability of motivation and the moral value of actions

      Satne, Paula (Sociedade Kant Brasileira, 2013-06-30)
      Kant is often interpreted as meaning that (a) only actions performed out of duty have moral worth, while (b) actions in conformity with duty are evil or morally inadmissible. Furthermore, it is often claimed that c) having a good Gesinnung (that is, a virtuous character) is the necessary condition for the action of an agent has moral worth. This means that only deeds of duty performed by a virtuous agent can be considered to have moral value. This article argues that this influential interpretation is not correct, showing that Kant is committed to (a) but not to (b) or (c). It is shown that such actions can be right without having moral value, and actions can have moral value, even if the agent does not have a virtuous character. It follows from this that, in Kant's system, one can distinguish three forms of moral appreciation: (i) virtue that is reserved for agents who have good character, or Gesinnung, (ii) moral value that belongs to action. actions performed out of a conscience of duty, and (iii) correction which pertains to actions performed on the basis of maxims that can be willed to be universal laws. This means that Kantian ethics is not only concerned with the correctness or incorrectness of certain actions, nor that it is, above all, an ethics of virtue. Rather, Kant's system is complex and allows for different forms of moral appreciation, in which both an action-centered and an agent-centered perspective can be integrated. or Gesinnung, (ii) moral value that pertains to actions performed out of a conscience of duty, and (iii) correctness that pertains to actions performed on the basis of maxims that can be expected to be laws universal. This means that Kantian ethics is not only concerned with the correctness or incorrectness of certain actions, nor that it is, above all, an ethics of virtue. Rather, Kant's system is complex and allows for different forms of moral appreciation, in which both an action-centered and an agent-centered perspective can be integrated. or Gesinnung, (ii) moral value that pertains to actions performed out of a conscience of duty, and (iii) correctness that pertains to actions performed on the basis of maxims that can be expected to be laws universal. This means that Kantian ethics is not only concerned with the correctness or incorrectness of certain actions, nor that it is, above all, an ethics of virtue. Rather, Kant's system is complex and allows for different forms of moral appreciation, in which both an action-centered and an agent-centered perspective can be integrated. This means that Kantian ethics is not only concerned with the correctness or incorrectness of certain actions, nor that it is, above all, an ethics of virtue. Rather, Kant's system is complex and allows for different forms of moral appreciation, in which both an action-centered and an agent-centered perspective can be integrated. This means that Kantian ethics is not only concerned with the correctness or incorrectness of certain actions, nor that it is, above all, an ethics of virtue. Rather, Kant's system is complex and allows for different forms of moral appreciation, in which both an action-centered and an agent-centered perspective can be integrated.
    • Grenberg's phenomenological Kant

      Satne, Paula (Con-textos Kantianos, 2015-06-30)
    • Introduction: forgiveness and conflict

      Satne, Paula; Department of Philosophy, Manchester University, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PL UK. (Springer, 2016-12-28)
      The papers collected in this volume are a selection of papers that were presented - or scheduled to be presented - at a workshop entitled Forgiveness and Conflict, which took place from 8-10 September 2014, as part of the Mancept Workshops in Political Theory at the University of Manchester. Some of these contributions are now compiled in this volume. The selected papers draw from different philosophical traditions and conceptual frameworks, addressing many aspects of contemporary philosophical debates on the nature and normativity of forgiveness, including its political aspects. The result is a rich collection of essays which covers a wide variety of philosophical issues, displaying cutting edge scholarship in this area. This introduction provides a brief overview of some of the central themes discussed in the volume with a particular emphasis on their innovative aspects.
    • Remembrance beyond forgiveness

      Satne, Paula; Satne, Paula; Scheiter, Krisanna (Springer, 2022-05-06)
      I argue that political forgiveness is sometimes, but not always, compatible with public commemoration of politically motivated wrongdoing. I start by endorsing the claim that commemorating serious past wrongdoing has moral value and imposes moral demands on key actors within post-conflict societies. I am concerned with active commemoration, that is, the deliberate acts of bringing victims and the wrong done to them to public attention. The main issue is whether political forgiveness requires forgetting and conversely whether remembrance can be an impediment to political forgiveness. The notion of political forgiveness, its definition, very possibility and desirability are contentious issues in the contemporary literature. I develop a multidimensional account of political forgiveness with a core element. The core element of political forgiveness involves taking a non-adversarial stance towards perpetrators in the sense of committing to stop holding their wrongdoing against them. The core element of forgiveness is usually combined with other attitudes and practices, which are appropriate depending on the circumstances. This is due to the fact that there are different ways of holding a wrong against an offender. I argue that forgiving perpetrators is not compatible with continue to punishing them, refusing to reconcile with them, and/or reminding them of their misdeed if perpetrators refuse to accept punishment, deny the importance of commemorating the past or wish to reconcile against the victim’s desires. I show that some forms of political forgiveness are not morally legitimate because they conflict with moral demands to punish perpetrators, commemorate atrocities and respect victims. This conclusion is less alarming than it might initially seem because the refusal to forgive politically motivated wrongdoing does not necessarily lead to the perpetuation of violence and conflict. I briefly draw on the example of Argentina in order to show how some forms of political un-forgiveness can be morally legitimate and effective ways for victims to uphold these demands.
    • The language and functions of Czech counter slogans: 1948 to 1989

      Dickins, Tom (Routledge, 2022-04-18)
      This article presents a detailed analysis of the defining linguistic features and functions of anti-regime Czech-language slogans from 1948 to 1989 – their style, tropes, referents and intertextual allusions. The study employs a mixed methodology, combining quantitative and qualitative approaches with empirically based historical research. The application of different linguistic models and tools (Leech’s language functions, Jakobson’s communication functions, Austin’s speech act theory, Halliday’s conceptualization of register, and data-informed discourse analysis), together with a range of documentary evidence, allows for the identification of characteristics and trends in their broader synchronic and diachronic context. The analysis draws on an extensive list of oral and written examples, taken from a variety of sources, and places a strong emphasis on the interface between linguistic and extra-linguistic activity. It is argued that many of the opposition slogans had their origins in popular, collective folk traditions, and bore the hallmark of those traditions stylistically and semantically. The counter slogans tended to be pithy, spontaneous and reactive, and frequently had an affective aesthetic quality, which was characterized by language play, catchy rhythm and rhyme. The accessibility and creativity of the expressions of dissent, which stood in contrast to the woodenness of the official propaganda, added to the impact of the protesters’ grievances and demands. While the chants and inscriptions may not necessarily have achieved their desired outcomes, they nonetheless played a significant symbolic role in subverting the Communist Party’s authoritative discourse. Moreover, the interactional aspect of the protest helped to forge a common identity outside the constraints of the imposed norms, which may have sometimes been more important to the participants than either the message or the medium of the slogans.
    • Class and classification: The BBFC reception of horror at the time of the Festival of Light

      Halligan, Benjamin; Etienne, Anne; Weedman, Christopher; Halligan, Benjamin (Bloomsbury, 2022-12-31)
    • The two waves of Virtual Reality in Artistic Practice

      Doyle, Denise (Intellect Publishers, 2021-10-01)
      As the title of this article suggests, there appears to be two distinct waves of artistic engagement with virtual reality (VR) in artistic practice: the first during the initial technological development in the 1990s that enabled VR to become accessible to artists such as Char Davies and Toni Dove among others and the current second wave that has been based on a much greater accessibility of immersive headsets for artists and a wider general public, driven by both market forces and technological development. The term ‘virtual reality’ has been interchangeably used to mean virtual environments and virtual worlds, but here the aim is to solely examine the use of VR in artistic practices, where the intention is for the participant to largely experience the virtual space through total immersion, reserving the analysis of the mixed use of VR within mixed-reality environments to another study. The article begins with a brief history of the development of VR and an analysis of the key works created in what can be termed the first wave, before discussing the current use of VR in contemporary practices through the notion of affect in VR.
    • “Il faut continuer”: always-on capitalism and subjectivity

      Penzin, Alexei; Penzin, Alexei; Halligan, Benjamin; Carson, Rebecca; Pippa, Stefano (Bloomsbury Academic, 2021-09-09)
    • Who can play? Rethinking video game controllers and accessibility

      Dalgleish, Mat; Spöhrer, Markus (Palgrave Macmillan, 2022-12-31)
    • The grammatical structures of process music: exploring the music of Tom Johnson through combinatory patterns in sound poetry

      Glover, Richard (Taylor & Francis, 2020-10-08)
      This article explores similarities between the permutational processes in sound poetry and process music, suggesting models for new music which supports audience comprehension of processual language. The use of textual materials within the poetry is examined, with reference to the analytic nature of the English language and how different sentence types arise in performance from the results of the processes employed. The article then translates this analysis onto music made from numerical processes, focussing in particular on the work of American composer Tom Johnson. By viewing the material of process music through a morpho-syntactic linguistic frame, this discussion suggests compositional methods and performance approaches which help to facilitate an audience’s understanding of the grammatical structure within a piece of process music.
    • Them and uz: Harrison and me

      Francis, Robert (Intellect, 2021-12-21)
      The working-class writer, having moved into a middle-class dominated field, often feels alienated from their old and new cultures ‐ separated as they are from their heritage and not quite grounded in the new elite circle. The markers of working-class culture are much harder to define in our hyper-modern situation, and this exacerbates the alienation. This position opens up possibilities in perception and expression from those in the margins and off-kilter positions. Tracing the multivoiced qualities of Tony Harrison’s ‘V’ and R. M. Francis’s poetics, alongside biographical and autobiographical details, this hybrid article argues that off-kilter and outcast voices, like those in the aforementioned class liminality, are in the best place to explore and discuss the difficult to navigate cultures, communities and identities. This fusion of personal essay, poetry and literary criticism considers the unusual, marginal and liminal positioning of working-class writers, researchers and academics.
    • Enforcing ecological borders between the human and the nonhuman: Adapting Pygmalion’s benevolent Galatea into Frankenstein’s and contemporary monsters

      Geal, Robert (University of Burgundy, the College of the Holy Cross, and the University of Paris, 2022-06-30)
    • Obstinate memory: Working-class politics and neoliberal forgetting in the United Kingdom and Chile

      Watkins, Heather; Urbina-Montana, Maria (SAGE, 2022-02-08)
      In the 40 years since Chile and the United Kingdom became the crucibles of neoliberalization, working-class agency has been transformed, its institutions systematically dismantled and its politics, after the continuity neoliberalism of both the UK Blair government and the Chilean Concertación, in a crisis of legitimacy. In the process, memories of struggle have been captured within narratives of ‘capitalist realism’ (Fisher) – the present, past and future collapsed into Walter Benjamin’s ‘empty homogeneous time’. This article explores ways in which two traumatic moments of working-class struggle have been narrativized by the media in the service of this ‘presentism’: the 1973 coup in Chile and the 1984–1985 Miners’ Strike in the United Kingdom. We argue that the use of ‘living history’ or bottom-up approaches to memory provides an urgently needed recovery of disruptive narratives of class identity and offers a way of reclaiming alternative futures from the grip of reductive economic nationalism.
    • Confronting denials of casteism

      Dhanda, Meena; Jaoul, Nicolas; Dhanda (Centre d’Etudes de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud, 2021-10-26)
      Punjab-born Meena Dhanda moved to the UK in 1987 as a Commonwealth Scholar in Philosophy at the University of Oxford. There she became a researcher specializing on caste among Punjabi youth both in the UK and Punjab (Dhanda 1993; Dhanda 2009). In 1992, she started teaching Philosophy and Cultural Politics at the University of Wolverhampton, a city with a large concentration of Punjabi-speaking people of Indian origin (2011 census). She has since published several articles on caste in the UK (Dhanda 2020, 2017, 2014) and has become one of the important voices in the debates on the prevalence of casteism in the UK. She joined the UK anti-caste movement in 2008. In 2013, she was appointed Principal Investigator [PI] of a research project on “Caste in Britain” funded by the UK Equality and Human Rights Commission. She has also regularly appeared in British media, as featured in the documentary Caste Aside (Mogul 2017) and was the sole consultant for a BBC1 documentary: Hindus: Do we have a caste problem? (Qayum 2019), which has been viewed by over 1 million people. She talked about her anti-caste activism experience in the UK with Nicolas Jaoul, a French anthropologist who has specialized on the Ambedkarite movement in India and worked on its British counterpart as well (Jaoul 2006, and in this special issue).