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  • A life in balance: Sattvic food and the art of living foundation

    Jacobs, Stephen (MDPI, 2018-12-21)
    Many modern forms of yoga can be located in the holistic milieu. Discourses of health and wellbeing for mind, body and soul are central in the holistic milieu. Ideas about food and diet are frequently significant aspects of this therapeutic discourse. This paper focuses on ideas about food and diet in the Art of Living Foundation (AOL), a modern transnational yoga movement. AOL legitimises its beliefs about food through an appeal to concepts found in traditional texts on yoga and ayurveda. ¯ In particular, the concept of sattva, which can be translated as balance or harmony—both significant tropes in the holistic milieu—is central to discourses about food choices in AOL and other writers in the holistic milieu.
  • "The National Anthem", Terrorism and Digital Media

    Pheasant-Kelly, Frances (Palgrave, 2019-12-31)
  • Choosers: The design and evaluation of a visual algorithmic music composition language for non-programmers

    Bellingham, Matt; Holland, Simon; Mulholland, Paul (Psychology of Programming Interest Group, 2018-09-06)
    Algorithmic music composition involves specifying music in such a way that it is non-deterministic on playback, leading to music which has the potential to be different each time it is played. Current systems for algorithmic music composition typically require the user to have considerable programming skill and may require formal knowledge of music. However, much of the potential user population are music producers and musicians (some professional, but many amateur) with little or no programming experience and few formal musical skills. To investigate how this gap between tools and potential users might be better bridged we designed Choosers, a prototype algorithmic programming system centred around a new abstraction (of the same name) designed to allow non-programmers access to algorithmic music composition methods. Choosers provides a graphical notation that allows structural elements of key importance in algorithmic composition (such as sequencing, choice, multi-choice, weighting, looping and nesting) to be foregrounded in the notation in a way that is accessible to non-programmers. In order to test design assumptions a Wizard of Oz study was conducted in which seven pairs of undergraduate Music Technology students used Choosers to carry out a range of rudimentary algorithmic composition tasks. Feedback was gathered using the Programming Walkthrough method. All users were familiar with Digital Audio Workstations, and as a result they came with some relevant understanding, but also with some expectations that were not appropriate for algorithmic music work. Users were able to successfully make use of the mechanisms for choice, multi-choice, looping, and weighting after a brief training period. The ‘stop’ behaviour was not so easily understood and required additional input before users fully grasped it. Some users wanted an easier way to override algorithmic choices. These findings have been used to further refine the design of Choosers.
  • There are no universal interfaces: how asymmetrical roles and asymmetrical controllers can increase access diversity

    Dalgleish, Mat (Culturale Ludica, 2019-12-31)
    Many people with a disability play games despite difficulties in relation to access or quality of experience. Better access is needed, but there has been limited industry interest. For players with motor impairments the focus has been on the controller. Numerous solutions have been developed by third parties, but all are likely unsuitable for at least some users and there remains space for radically alternative angles. Informed by my experiences as a disabled gamer, concepts of affordance and control dimensionality are used to discuss the accessibility implications of controller design from the Magnavox Odyssey to the present. Notions of incidental body-controller fit and precarious accessibility are outlined. I subsequently draw on Lévy’s theory of collective intelligence and example games Keep Talking and Nobody Explodes and Artemis Spaceship Bridge Commander to develop a model that uses asymmetrical roles and diverse input to fit individual abilities and thereby expand participation.
  • Reflections of science and medicine in two Frankenstein adaptations: Frankenstein (Whale 1931) and Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (Branagh 1994)

    Pheasant-Kelly, Frances (John Hopkins University Press, 2019-12-31)
    Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, a novel that centers on a scientist who collects organs and limbs from dead bodies to construct a new being, illustrates the complex, interwoven history of science and science fiction. The novel’s attention to the animation of assembled body parts reflects contemporaneous scientific interest in the reanimation of corpses by galvanism. In this article, I extend the science/science-fiction relationship developed in the novel by analyzing the visual differences between two of its subsequent film adaptations. Although scholars have extensively scrutinized and speculated about Shelley’s influences, limited consideration of contemporary scientific influences on later film versions exists.
  • Diary of a Well-Maker: a note on crafts as research practice

    Hackney, Fiona; Rana, Mah (Plymouth College of Art, 2018-11-30)
    This paper signals the value of making for well-being as a reflexive research activity. It focuses on a series of short reflective diary entries created by artist and researcher Mah Rana during her daily encounters with people, spaces, places, and things. The entries are personal and incidental, involve memories and snippets of conversation but, crucially, they are all positioned from her perspective as a self-identified ‘well-maker’. Someone, that is, who is alert to the particular values, benefits, qualities, and characteristics of creative making for mental and physical health: who takes note of how these manifest in our everyday lives, often in the quietest of ways.
  • Designing a sensibility for sustainable clothing

    Hackney, Fiona; Saunders, Clare; Willett, Joanie; West, Jodie; Hill, Katie (Environmental Audit Committee, 2018-10-10)
  • Dress and textiles network: Heritage and design in the West Midlands

    Hackney, Fiona (MUPI: Museum-University Partnership Initiative, 2018-10-10)
  • Althusser and contingency

    Pippa, Stefano (Mimesis International, 2019-01-31)
    The concept of contingency plays a central role in Althusser's attempt to recast Marxist philosophy and to free the Marxist conception of history from notions such as teleology, necessity and origin. Drawing on a wealth of published and unpublished material, Stefano Pippa discusses how Althusser's unfaltering commitment to contingency should encourage us to revisit our understanding of his conceptions of structural change, ideology, politics and materialism. As grounded on contingency, Althusser's so-called 'Structural Marxism' originates in fact a 'logic of interruption' and a notion of structurally under-determined becoming; just like his theory of ideology is radically reinterpreted on the basis of his notion of 'overinterpellation'. Though constant, Althusser's relationship with contingency has not been monolithic throughout his career. As observed by Pippa, it is possible to distinguish a 'political' and a 'philosophical' moment in Althusser's late materialism of contingency. Perhaps, as this volume suggests, the problematic coexistence of these two aspects might account for the unstable character of Althusser's late philosophical project.
  • The Last Ship from Broadway to Newcastle: A feminist political musical for the Brexit era

    Browne, Sarah (Intellect, 2018-12-31)
    Sting’s musical, The Last Ship premiered on Broadway in 2014. Four years later, following a series of workshops at Northern Stage, the musical embarked on its UK tour featuring a number of revisions to its narrative and structure. What emerges from the revised production is a narrative, which places women at the centre through affording them agency and allowing them to occupy powerful, liminal spaces. Whilst The Last Ship remains a tale for the working classes, its UK revisions do well to reposition the central role of the women in this community. Through removing principal characters, which previously served to reinforce a patriarchal hierarchy, the fictional women of Wallsend now drive the plot, allowing for The Last Ship to communicate a morality tale, which echoes the ideologies of a feminist, post-Brexit era.
  • A comparative study on the acoustic behaviour of free-standing curved and flat single panel screens in an open-plan enclosed environment

    Arjunan, Arun; Foteinou, Aglaia (Institute of Noise Control Engineering, 2017-12-07)
    Free-standing flat screen partitions are commonly used in open-plan environments to improve the visual and acoustic privacy of employees and to differentiate individual work spaces. Acoustic behaviour of flat screen single leaf barriers under free-field conditions have been extensively studied over the past years. However, the behaviour of free standing structures in enclosed spaces are not fully investigated and hence any opportunities for geometrical improvements such as damping effect of added curvature has not been considered. Curved structures are known to exhibit different stiffness behaviour compared to flat structures of similar global dimensions. Consequently, this work is an initial attempt to understand the acoustic performance of free-standing curved screens in comparison with flat screens of similar global dimensions simulated in an open-plan but enclosed environment. Vibroacoustic simulation using the Finite Element Method (FEM) is used in this study to predict the acoustic response and to conduct further parametric analysis. The numerical model presented in this study is validated using experimental test at one-third-octave bands for a frequency range of 100 to 3150 Hz. The results of this study provide a better understanding of the acoustic performance of flat and curved free-standing single panel structures in enclosed environments. It is considered that this can help in developing acoustically efficient free-standing partitions for open-plan offices.
  • Girl talk: feminist phonocentrism as act of resistance in the musical, Hair

    Browne, Sarah (Intellect, 2018-12-01)
    In response to Wollman’s assertion that ‘despite its left-leaning approach to the many social and political issues it tackles, Hair is jarringly old-fashioned in its depictions of women’, this article instead proposes that Hair’s sung moments function as acts of resistance against the hegemonic, patriarchal values of musical theatre in both form and content. By adopting Annette Schlichter’s proposition of a ‘feminist phonocentrism’ which positions the voice as a ‘metaphor of agency and self-representation [...] thereby allowing for an authentic self-presence’, the analysis presented illustrates a rejection of historical discourses that persistently link the female voice to an absence of social and cultural authority. With specific reference to songs from the score and their interpretations, this article celebrates ‘girl talk’ forming at the margins.
  • From Domus to Polis: Hybrid Identities in Southey’s Letters from England (1807) and Blanco White’s Letters from Spain (1822)

    Colbert, Benjamin (Taylor and Francis, 2018-10-01)
    Robert Southey’s fictive travelogue, Letters from England, by Don Manuel Alvarez Espriella (1807), inspired several imitators, most importantly José María Blanco White’s Letters from Spain (1822). These works rejuvenate a fictional device popularised by Montesquieu’s Persian Letters – the “familiar stranger” – at a crucial juncture when British involvement in the affairs of Europe provoked a reassessment of pre-Revolutionary cosmopolitanism. The stranger as “home-interpreter” calls attention to an emerging emphasis in European Romantic thought on the contingency of freedom with hybrid, mobile identities, prefiguring the psycho-social-historical terrain in which Jean-François Lyotard and Dean MacCannell link modernity with travel and tourism. This essay argues that the Romantic figure of the foreign traveller expresses a condition of travel, reflecting Lyotard’s critique of human contingency in his essay, “Domus and Megalopolis.” Southey’s sympathetic stranger modulates a conversation with Wordsworth about the nature of modern subjectivity, historically contingent yet paradoxically liberated from historical particulars. Blanco White’s Letters from Spain demonstrates how displacement, emigration, and expatriation become refigured as conditions of the modern psyche, especially visible in moments of political crisis, when the cosmopolitan polis is immobilised by the myth of the domus.
  • Demonstrating the SIDSYNTH: an 8-bit synthesizer combining obsolete and open hardware

    Hassell, Rob; Dalgleish, Mat (Coventry University, 2018-10-25)
    After the introduction of programmable sound generator integrated circuits (ICs) in the 8-bit video game hardware of the 1980s, the industry quickly moved on to more sophisticated sound generation methods such as frequency modulation (FM) synthesis and CD-quality audio file playback. Nevertheless, if once largely forgotten, the last decade has seen a significant and sustained revival of interest in the early video game sound technologies, and the rise of a vibrant ‘chiptunes’ community intent on exploring their distinctive musical possibilities. Developed by Rob Hassell between May 2017 and May 2018 as part of the BA (Hons) Music Technology programme at the University of Wolverhampton, SIDsynth is a multi-voice chiptunes synthesizer based around the use of obsolete MOS Technology 6581/8580 Sound Interface Device (SID) chips; a specialised IC originally found in the Commodore 64 computer. Despite the age of the SID chip, the SIDsynth draws heavily on contemporary developments and could arguably not have existed until relatively recently. Online marketplaces enable increasingly scarce and revered second-hand ICs to be sourced from individual sellers worldwide. Dedicated enthusiasts have made crucial but previously rarely accessible technical documentation freely available in online repositories such as SIDmusic and archive6502. Additionally, by using open source and low-cost Arduino microcontrollers to interface otherwise disparate elements (three SID ICs, contemporary computer hardware and a physical user interface), the project has been able to benefit from the Arduino platform’s extensive documentation and community expertise.
  • ‘Seeing’ my beloved: Darsan and the Sikhi perspective

    Takhar, Opinderjit Kaur (Equinox, 2018-09-01)
    Book: Sensual Religion demonstrates the value of paying attention to the senses and materials in lived religion and also leads the way for improved studies of religion as sensuality. Each of the five senses - vision, hearing, taste, touch and smell - will be covered by two chapters, the first historical and the second contemporary. The historical discussions focus on the sensuality of religion in ancient Greece, Samaria, Rome and Byzantium - including reflections on their value for understanding other historical and contemporary contexts. Chapters with a contemporary focus engage with Chinese, African-Brazilian, Sikh, First Nations and Metis, and Spanish Catholic religious lives and activities. Beyond the rich case studies, each chapter offers perspectives and arguments about better ways of approaching lived, material and performative religion - or sensual religion. Historical and ethnographic critical and methodological expertise is presented in ways that will inspire and enable readers to apply, refine and improve on their practice of the study of religions. In particular, our intention is to foreground the senses and sensuality as a critical issue in understanding religion and to radically improve multi- and inter-disciplinary research and teaching about the lived realities of religious people in this sensual world.
  • Autocrine motility-stimulatory pathways of oral premalignant lesion cells

    Young, M. Rita I.; Neville, Brad W.; Chi, Angela C.; Lathers, Deanne M. R.; Gillespie, M. Boyd; Day, Terry A. (Springer, 2007-03-17)
    Patients with premalignant oral lesions have varying levels of risk of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), whose aggressiveness requires increased motility. Not known is if and how premalignant oral lesion cells acquire the increased motility characteristic of OSCC. This was addressed by immunohistochemical analysis of banked premalignant lesion tissues and by functional analyses using cultures established from premalignant oral lesions and OSCC. These studies showed premalignant oral lesion cells and OSCC to be more motile than normal keratinocytes. Concomitantly, levels of ceramide were reduced. The activity of the protein phosphatase PP-2A, which restricts motility and which can be activated by ceramide, was also diminished. This was due to IL-10 released from premalignant lesion cells. Treatment with a membrane-permeable ceramide restored PP-2A activity and blocked migration. These studies show an autocrine motility-stimulatory pathway that is mediated in premalignant lesion cells by IL-10 through its reduction of ceramide levels and inhibition of PP-2A activity.

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