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  • Parental asthma related anxiety and feeding practices in families of children living with controlled and inadequately controlled asthma

    Clarke, Rebecca; Farrow, Claire; Heath, Gemma; Nagakumar, Prasad; Pattinson, Helen (Elsevier, 2020-10-29)
  • The voices of people with an intellectual disability and a carer about orthopaedic and trauma hospital care in the UK: An interpretative phenomenological study

    Drozd, Mary; Chadwick, Darren; Jester, Rebecca (Elsevier, 2020-11-07)
    Introduction People with intellectual disabilities (PWID) have a greater prevalence ofmusculoskeletal conditions and injuries than the general population. Orthopaedic andtrauma hospital care has not been investigated with this group who seldom have theirvoices heard or their experiences valued and interpreted. Aim To understand theorthopaedic and trauma hospital experiences from the perspective of PWID. Methods A qualitative approach, focusing on peoples’ lived experiences, was utilised. Apurposive sample of five participants was recruited and one-to-one, semi-structuredinterviews were undertaken. Analysis of the interviews employed an interpretative phenomenological analytical framework. Findings There were communicationchallenges, a lack of person-centred care, issues with pain management, a lack ofconfidence in hospital care, valuable support and expertise of carers, incompetence ofhospital staff and isolation and loneliness. Discussion and conclusions There weresignificant shortcomings as PWID and a carer perceived they were unsupported andreceived poor care. Recommendations for practice: Person-centred care is neededalong with specific education and training, including close liaison with the experts byexperience – PWID, their carers as well as the specialists in intellectual disability.
  • A cross-case comparison of the trauma and orthopaedic hospital experiences of adults with intellectual disabilities using interpretative phenomenological analysis

    Drozd, Mary; Chadwick, Darren; Jester, Rebecca (Wiley, 2020-12-31)
    Aim: To present the cross-case comparison component of a qualitative study exploring and describing the experiences of adults with an intellectual disability who have received trauma and orthopaedic hospital care for musculoskeletal conditions or injuries in the United Kingdom. Design A qualitative, exploratory study was conducted using 1:1 semi-structured interviews to describe the lived experiences of trauma and orthopaedic hospital care from the perspectives of people with intellectual disabilities and a carer of a person with profound and multiple intellectual disabilities. The data was analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research guidelines were applied. Results: There were common and interconnected experiences across the five participants: Communication challenges; lack of person-centred care; issues related to pain management; lack of confidence in hospital care; the valuable support and expertise of carers; incompetence of hospital staff and isolation and loneliness. Discussion: Although adults with intellectual disabilities are seldom included as participants in health research studies, their unique experiences provided valuable insights and informs the evidence base in relation to trauma and orthopaedic hospital care. Conclusions: This study revealed poor quality and unsafe trauma and orthopaedic hospital experiences as described by people with intellectual disabilities and a carer. Health care providers, commissioners and staff require urgent education and training to ensure that a person-centred approach, incorporating reasonable and achievable adjustments, is implemented to meet the currently unmet needs of adults with intellectual disabilities.
  • Education and social work working collaboratively to support vulnerable families: benefits and tensions

    Jopling, Michael; Vincent, Sharon; Williams-Brown, Zeta; Mander, Sarah; Williams-Brown, Zeta; Mander, Sarah (Routledge, 2020-10-29)
    This chapter examines two innovative programmes aimed at improving support and provision for vulnerable families, and promoting their well-being and resilience. It focuses on the benefits, tensions and challenges associated with the inter-agency collaboration, which was central to the two programmes and, arguably, all effective support for vulnerable children, young people and families. After a brief discussion of the term “vulnerable” and inter-agency collaboration, we focus on what our research into the programmes told us about how education and social work professionals collaborate both with each other and (less commonly) with the families with whom they work, both of which are relatively unexplored areas.
  • Character building: How accommodating is the FE newbuild™?

    Bennett, Pete (Routledge, 2018-02-02)
    © 2018 selection and editorial matter, Pete Bennett and Rob Smith; individual chapters, the contributors. In his seminal essay Building Dwelling Thinking, the philosopher Martin Heidegger argues for a relationship between ideas about ‘dwelling’ and ‘building’, suggesting “Only if we are capable of dwelling, only then can we build” (Heidegger, 1971: 160). He suggests that the task is “to trace in thought the nature of dwelling” and to ask the question: “what is the state of dwelling in our precarious age?" (Heidegger, 1971: 161). In contemporary post-compulsory education the most demonstrative sign of investment in recent times has been an investment in ‘building’ and this chapter to some extent is an attempt to “to trace in thought the nature of dwelling” to explore the extent to which high quality accommodation is genuinely accommodating.Taking these observations as a starting point, this chapter develops a critique of recently built FE colleges in Birmingham and the Black Country.
  • Type of diabetes mellitus and health-related quality of life in Nigeria: ethnic and gender differences

    David, Onyekachi Prince; Edgar, Graham; Catherwood, D.; Taiwo, Abigail Olubola (National Inquiry Services Centre/ Routledge, 2020-12-31)
    This study examined quality of life (QoL) differences among diabetic patients in Nigeria by ethnicity, gender and type of diabetes. A total of (N=486) out-patients with diabetes mellitus DM; (type 1=16%, females =71%, Igbo =25% Hausa =22%, Yoruba =32%, Others = 21%, age range 18 to 65) completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQoL) questionnaire. A 4x2x2 (Ethnicity x Gender x Diabetes Type) analysis of variance showed no significant interactions but all main effects were significant. By gender, males had higher QoL scores for compared to females with both Type 2. Type 1 diabetes. The analysis by ethnicity the Yoruba ethnic group reported the highest QoL followed by the Igbo and Hausa groups (which do not differ significantly from each other), with lowest QoL scores for Other ethnic groups. Interventions for diabetes control should take into account ethnic, gender and diabetes type differences to optimize the QoL outcomes.
  • Tracking children’s physical activity patterns across the school year: a mixed-methods longitudinal case study

    Khawaja, Irfan; Woodfield, Lorayne; Collins, Peter; Benkwitz, Adam; Nevill, Alan (MDPI AG, 2020-10-12)
    Despite the breadth of health benefits associated with regular physical activity (PA), many children in the UK are not sufficiently active enough to meet health guidelines, and tend to become less active as they mature into and throughout adolescence. Research has indicated that children’s school, home and neighbourhood environments can all significantly influence their opportunities to engage in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). However, less is known about how children’s MVPA patterns within these key environments may change across the school year. The current mixed-methods case study aims to explore this issue by tracking key stage 2 (KS2) and key stage 3 (KS3) children’s MVPA patterns across the school year. Fifty-eight children (29 boys, 29 girls, KS2 = 34, KS3 = 24) wore an integrated global positioning systems (GPS) and heart rate (HR) monitor over four consecutive days in the first term of school (autumn), before these measurements were repeated in the two remaining school terms (winter–summer). A subsample of children (n = 6–8 per group) were invited to take part in one of six focus groups each term to further explore their PA behaviours and identify the barriers and facilitators to PA. The children’s MVPA was significantly lower (p = 0.046) in term 2 (winter/spring term) than during the warmer terms (autumn and summer). All the locations showed reductions in MVPA in term 2, except indoor MVPA, which increased, and MVPA on foot in the neighbourhood, which remained consistent. Focus groups revealed location, friends, and the variety of options to be associated with MVPA, and poor weather, parental permission, and time limitations to be barriers to MVPA. This mixed-methodological, repeated-measures design study highlights differences in the activity patterns and perceptions of children over the school year. Future studies should implement longitudinal, multi-method approaches to gain deeper insight into how children’s PA behaviours differ over time. Consequently, this can inform future health policies promoting children’s PA throughout the year.
  • Explosive strength modeling in children: trends according to growth and prediction equation

    Carnevale Pellino, Vittoria; Giuriato, Matteo; Ceccarelli, Gabriele; Codella, Roberto; Vandoni, Matteo; Lovecchio, Nicola; Nevill, Alan M (MDPI AG, 2020-09-15)
    Lower limb explosive strength has been widely used to evaluate physical fitness and general health in children. A plethora of studies have scoped the practicality of the standing broad jump (SBJ), though without accounting for body dimensions, which are tremendously affected by growth. This study aimed at modeling SBJ-specific allometric equations, underlying an objectively predictive approach while controlling for maturity offset (MO). A total of 7317 children (8–11 years) were tested for their SBJs; demographics and anthropometrics data were also collected. The multiplicative model with allometric body size components, MO, and categorial differences were implemented with SBJ performance. The log-multiplicative model suggested that the optimal body shape associated with SBJs is ectomorphic (H = −0.435; M = 1.152). Likewise, age, sex, and age–sex interactions were revealed to be significant (p < 0.001). Our results confirmed the efficacy of the allometric approach to identify the most appropriate body size and shape in children. Males, as they mature, did not significantly augment their performances, whereas females did, outperforming their peers. The model successfully fit the equation for SBJ performance, adjusted for age, sex, and MO. Predictive equations modeled on developmental factors are needed to interpret appropriately the performances that are used to evaluate physical fitness.
  • Cyber-disability hate cases in the UK: the documentation by the police and potential barriers to reporting

    Alhaboby, Zhraa A.; Al-Khateeb, Haider M.; Barnes, James; Jahankhani, Hamid; Pitchford, Melanie; Conradie, Liesl; Short, Emma (Springer, 2021-01-31)
    Disability hate crime is under-reported in the UK with perceived lim-ited support given to the victims. The use of online communication resulted in cyber-disability hate cases, recognised by the Police with the addition of an ‘online-flag’ in the documentation. However, the cases remain under-reported, with potential individual, societal and organisational barriers to reporting espe-cially during a pandemic. This paper aims to contextualise the reporting of cyber-disability hate cases, identify potential barriers, and provide recommendations to improve support to victims by the Police. The retrospective examination was car-ried out on disability-related cyber incidents documented by a police force in the UK for 19 months. Among 3,349 cyber-crimes, 23 cases were included. The anal-ysis covered descriptive statistics and qualitative document analysis (QDA). Only 0.7% of cyber incidents or 6.7% of cyber-hate incidents were disability re-lated. The age of victims ranged between 15 and 61 years, with a mean of 25.8 years. Most of the victims (78%) were from White ethnic background, and the majority were females (61.5%). Three overarching themes emerged from the qualitative data as influencers of reporting or documentation, these were: psy-chological impact, fear for safety, and the type of disability. Cyber-offences re-sulted in a serious impact on wellbeing, however, cases that included people with visible disabilities were more documented. Further awareness-raising targeting the police and public is needed to understand the impact of cyber-offences and recognise the different types of disabilities, which might encourage both report-ing and documentation.
  • Predicting Facebook jealousy in romantic relationships: Further support for attachment style and trust

    Hira, Simran; Bhogal, Manpal (Springer Nature, 2020-10-12)
    Previous research has explored the role of individual differences in romantic jealousy. Research suggests that attachment styles predict romantic jealousy, with anxiously attached individuals experiencing high levels of romantic jealousy, whereas avoidant individuals experience less romantic jealousy. The aim of this study was to apply this previous literature to online Facebook jealousy. In a sample of participants in heterosexual romantic relationships (n=124), we found that attachment anxiety was a positive predictor of Facebook jealousy. Furthermore, we find that trust and attachment avoidance negatively predicted Facebook jealousy, in that low trust and low attachment avoidance were associated with higher Facebook jealousy, thus successfully applying previous findings focusing on offline jealousy to online jealousy. The findings of this study extend previous literature by providing further support of the role of attachment styles and trust in Facebook jealousy.
  • Twelve tips for using co-creation for value creation and professional development

    Temple Clothier, Anne; Matheson, David (Association for Medical Education in Europe, 2020-09-14)
    A growing body of research advocates the positive benefits of using co-creation projects to add value to existing services and practices and to enhance professional development. We present a practical guide to adopting the democratic principles of co-creation and structuring a project effectively. From identifying the initial focus, we provide advice concerning how to create a Mission Statement, identify objectives, and develop a cohesive learning community. We also outline how using measurable outcomes and an agreed timescale, it is possible to co-create activities that are both democratic and inclusive. Whilst co-creation can take place in face-to-face or virtual settings, we suggest ways that engaging with technology will enhance the creative elements, and how reflective practice underpins the career developments taking place. Finally, we explore the value associated with evaluating the project, and identifying avenues for the dissemination of its achievements.
  • Biophysical, psychrometric and physiological limits for continuous liquid and air-based personal cooling systems in working men: A case for amending ASTM2300-10(2016)

    Bach, Aaron JE; Borg, David N; Minett, Geoffrey M; Maley, Matthew J; Stewart, Ian B (Elsevier, 2020-09-22)
    The ASTM F2300-10 standard testing protocol was implemented for two continuous personal cooling systems (venturi air vest and cold-water perfused vest) with theoretically similar cooling capacities. Secondly, we used the same systems in step-wise increments of either temperature or relative humidity in order to define the upper limit of the prescriptive zone for each (i.e., critical environmental limits method). ASTM F2300-10 standard protocol saw both vests equally effective in reducing cardiovascular and thermal strain relative to a no cooling control. The critical environmental limits method saw the upper limit for humidity significantly increase in both vests, with no differences between the vests. However, the upper limit for temperature was increased in the cold-water vest, with the venturi air vest being no more beneficial than the control. Overall, this study used an evidence-based approach to demonstrate that a single environment, as per ASTM F2300-10, failed to delineate differences between continuous cooling systems promoting discrete mechanisms of heat loss. Most notably, relative to no cooling, the use of the air vest provided no additional evaporative cooling in a low humidity environment, and therefore no increase in the upper limits of critical temperature. This should highlight to end users not to assume that one size fits all for effective personal cooling systems if applied outside of the environment it was tested. Based on these findings, we suggest a range of environments be recommended by the ASTM F2300-10 standard for the evaluation of cooling systems to ensure systems ineffective in certain environments can be identified.
  • Philosophy of education in a new key: Who remembers Greta Thunberg? Education and environment after the coronavirus

    Jandrić, Petar; Jaldemark, Jimmy; Hurley, Zoe; Bartram, Brendan; Matthews, Adam; Jopling, Michael; Mañero, Julia; MacKenzie, Alison; Irwin, Jones; Rothmüller, Ninette; et al. (Informa UK Limited, 2020-09-15)
    This paper explores relationships between environment and education after the Covid-19 pandemic through the lens of philosophy of education in a new key developed by Michael Peters and the Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia (PESA). The paper is collectively written by 15 authors who responded to the question: Who remembers Greta Thunberg? Their answers are classified into four main themes and corresponding sections. The first section, ‘As we bake the earth, let's try and bake it from scratch’, gathers wider philosophical considerations about the intersection between environment, education, and the pandemic. The second section, ‘Bump in the road or a catalyst for structural change?’, looks more closely into issues pertaining to education. The third section, ‘If you choose to fail us, we will never forgive you’, focuses to Greta Thunberg’s messages and their responses. The last section, ‘Towards a new (educational) normal’, explores future scenarios and develops recommendations for critical emancipatory action. The concluding part brings these insights together, showing that resulting synergy between the answers offers much more then the sum of articles’ parts. With its ethos of collectivity, interconnectedness, and solidarity, philosophy of education in a new key is a crucial tool for development of post-pandemic (philosophy of) education.
  • Technological unemployment and its educational discontents

    Jandrić, Petar; Hayes, Sarah (Helsinki University Press, 2020-08-11)
    This chapter introduces a post-digital perspective to relationships between technological unemployment and its educational discontents. It examines a possible future where digital technologies will destroy more jobs than they will create in three steps. First, an extensive literature overview identifies why people from various historical periods and working in various fields have perceived technological unemployment as a threat. Second, it distils six main areas of educational discontent in current literature: discontent with neoliberalization, discontent with automation, discontent with dehumanization, discontent with acceleration, discontent with content of work and discontent with educationalization. Concluding that educational discontent with technological unemployment identified in our work seems to have surprisingly little to do with either technology or with employment, it returns to the post-digital perspective to explain this result. Finally, it examines educational discontent of technological unemployment as an agent of change, and concludes that the notion of educational discontent with technological unemployment has the potential to help formulate new post-digital critical rage pedagogy.
  • The effects of whole body vibration training on vertical jump height in dancers: A systematic review with meta-analysis

    Donida, Rebeca Gimenes; Delabary, Marcela dos Santos; Bittar, Adriano; Wyon, Matthew; Haas, Aline Nogueira (National Dance Society, 2020-09-16)
    Dancers must be strong and flexible for a balanced body and great performances. However, dance training and fitness methods are quite divergent between dance styles, dance coaches and teachers. It was verified in the scientific literature that whole-body vibration (WBV) training can improve the vertical jump height (VJH) for dancers from different styles when compared to other interventions or no intervention. The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of WBV training on VJH in dancers, compared to other interventions or no intervention, in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), through a systematic review with meta-analysis. The search used the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane, PEDro, Psycinfo and Google Scholar (between 1985 and September, 2019). RCTs that analyzed the effects of WBV training on vertical jump height in dancers, compared to other models of training or no intervention, were included. Four studies met the eligibility criteria; 56 were excluded. The data from the selected studies were extracted by two independent and blind reviewers. Four RCTs that assessed 84 participants in total were included. WBV training promoted significant improvements in VJH, compared to other interventions such as intense stretching, or extra dance classes. WBV training proved to be beneficial even with a short time intervention.
  • A systematic review exploring the impact of social media on breastfeeding practices

    Orchard, Lisa; Nicholls, Wendy (Springer Nature, 2020-10-09)
    Social media has potential to promote and support positive health behaviours. This systematic review explores the influence of social media on breastfeeding decision-making, promotion and support. For the purpose of the review, social media was defined as social networking sites and blogs; M-technology and apps were only considered if they included an interactive element, such as a ‘share’ function, or one-to-many communication. Searches were conducted on EBSCO across seven databases (limited to 2007-2019). Of the 1261 papers initially identified, 22 met the inclusion criteria for the current review. Results are mixed, but there is evidence that social media can be used to improve breastfeeding awareness and attitudes. Breastfeeding mothers value pro-breastfeeding online communities. However, the success of such social media groups may be dependent on specific content shared, individual contributors, and group dynamics. Key considerations for practitioners are offered regarding how social media can augment services offered to support breastfeeding. Research in this field is still very much in its infancy. Further investigation of specific social media content is needed, alongside the viewpoints of those who have ceased breastfeeding against their wishes.
  • Evaluating the impact of ICT on teaching and learning: A study of Palestinian students’ and teachers’ perceptions

    Qaddumi, Husam; Bartram, Brendan; Qashmar, Ali (Springer Nature, 2020-09-19)
    This study aimed to investigate the impact of ICT on teaching and learning from the point-of-view of Palestinian students and teachers. A total of 207 school teachers and 276 students from 53 schools taking part in an ICT project in Palestine responded to a questionnaire survey. Results indicated that students in Palestinian public schools perceived ICT to have a moderate influence on their learning. Students indicated that they face frequent challenges such as: lesson duration, access to modern devices and issues with information research skills. These results contrasted with school teachers’ views, which reflected a much stronger impression of the influence of ICT on teaching.
  • The relationship between passion, basic psychological needs satisfaction and athlete burnout: examining direct and indirect effects

    Kent, Sofie; Kingston, Kieran; Paradis, Kyle F (Human Kinetics, 2018-03-01)
    Athlete burnout symptoms are detrimental to athlete well-being. Obsessive passion has been identified as an antecedent of athlete burnout, with basic psychological need satisfaction potentially mediating this process. The aim of the current research was to extend on previous work and examine whether the relationship between passion and athlete burnout was mediated by psychological need satisfaction in a heterogeneous sample. Participants were 120 competitive athletes (Mage = 22.04, SD = 5.83) from 21 different sports. Each participant completed the Passion Scale, Basic Psychological Needs in Sport Scale, and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire. Multiple regression and bootstrapping procedures were used to analyze the data. Passion (harmonious and obsessive) was found to share a significant relationship with sport devaluation but shared no significant relationship with emotional and physical exhaustion and reduced sense of accomplishment. Bootstrapping results suggested that the basic psychological need of autonomy was the only significant mediating variable in the relationship between passion (harmonious and obsessive) and burnout (sport devaluation). Potential antecedents and consequences of athlete burnout, alongside applied and conceptual implications are discussed.
  • Accuracy of ECG chest electrode placements by paramedics; an observational study

    Gregory, Pete; Kilner, Tim; Lodge, Stephen; Paget, Suzy (The College of Paramedics, 2020-12-31)
    Background The use of the 12-lead ECG is common in sophisticated prehospital Emergency Medical Services but its value depends upon accurate placement of the ECG-electrodes. Several studies have shown widespread variation in the placement of chest electrodes by other health professionals but no studies have addressed the accuracy of paramedics. The main objective of this study was to ascertain the accuracy of the chest lead placements by registered paramedics. Methods Registered paramedics who attended the Emergency Services Show in Birmingham in September 2018 were invited to participate in this observational study. Participants were asked to place the chest electrodes on a male model in accordance with their current practice. Correct positioning was determined against the Society for Cardiological Science & Technology’s Clinical Guidelines for recording a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (2017) with a tolerance of 19mm being deemed acceptable based upon previous studies. Results 52 eligible participants completed the study. Measurement of electrode placement in the vertical and horizontal planes showed a high level of inaccuracy with 3/52 (5.8%) participants able to accurately place all chest electrodes. In leads V1 - V3, the majority of incorrect placements were related to vertical displacement with most participants able to identify the correct horizontal position. In V4, the tendency was to place the electrode too low and to the left of the pre-determined position whilst V5 tended to be below the expected positioning but in the correct horizontal alignment. There was a less defined pattern of error in V6 although vertical displacement was more likely than horizontal displacement. Conclusions Our study identified a high level of variation in the placement of chest ECG electrodes which could alter the morphology of the ECG. Correct placement of V1 improved placement of other electrodes. Improved initial and refresher training should focus on identification of landmarks and correct placement of V1.

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