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dc.contributor.authorAl-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M
dc.contributor.authorAl-Nakeeb, Yahya
dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Michael J
dc.contributor.authorAl-Sobayel, Hana I
dc.contributor.authorAbahussain, Nada A
dc.contributor.authorMusaiger, Abdulrahman O
dc.contributor.authorLyons, Mark
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Peter
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-27T11:53:57Z
dc.date.available2014-02-27T11:53:57Z
dc.date.issued2013-12
dc.identifier.citationA Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses. 2013, 10 (12):6701-20 Int J Environ Res Public Health
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.pmid24300072
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph10126701
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/313452
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the cross-cultural differences and similarity in health behaviors between Saudi and British adolescents. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted at four cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Al-Khobar; N = 1,648) and Britain (Birmingham and Coventry; N = 1,158). The participants (14-18 year-olds) were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. Measurements included anthropometric, screen time, validated physical activity (PA) questionnaire and dietary habits. The overweight/obesity prevalence among Saudi adolescents (38.3%) was significantly (p < 0.001) higher than that found among British adolescents (24.1%). The British adolescents demonstrated higher total PA energy expenditure than Saudi adolescents (means ± SE = 3,804.8 ± 81.5 vs. 2,219.9 ± 65.5 METs-min/week). Inactivity prevalence was significantly (p < 0.001) higher among Saudi adolescents (64%) compared with that of British adolescents (25.5%). The proportions of adolescents exceeding 2 h of daily screen time were high (88.0% and 90.8% among Saudis and British, respectively). The majority of Saudi and British adolescents did not have daily intakes of breakfast, fruit, vegetables and milk. MANCOVA showed significant (p < 0.05) gender by country interactions in several lifestyle factors. There was a significant (p < 0.001) gender differences in the ratio of physical activity to sedentary behaviors. In conclusion, Saudi and British adolescents demonstrated some similarities and differences in their PA levels, sedentary behaviors and dietary habits. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among adolescents appear to be a cross-cultural phenomenon.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.subjectadolescents
dc.subjectBritish
dc.subjectculture
dc.subjectdietary habits
dc.subjectlifestyle factors
dc.subjectphysical activity
dc.subjectSaudi
dc.subjectscreen time
dc.subjectsedentary behaviors
dc.titleA Cross-Cultural Comparison of Health Behaviors between Saudi and British Adolescents Living in Urban Areas: Gender by Country Analyses.
dc.typeJournal article
dc.identifier.journalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-21T11:04:15Z
html.description.abstractThis study investigated the cross-cultural differences and similarity in health behaviors between Saudi and British adolescents. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted at four cities in Saudi Arabia (Riyadh and Al-Khobar; N = 1,648) and Britain (Birmingham and Coventry; N = 1,158). The participants (14-18 year-olds) were randomly selected using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique. Measurements included anthropometric, screen time, validated physical activity (PA) questionnaire and dietary habits. The overweight/obesity prevalence among Saudi adolescents (38.3%) was significantly (p < 0.001) higher than that found among British adolescents (24.1%). The British adolescents demonstrated higher total PA energy expenditure than Saudi adolescents (means ± SE = 3,804.8 ± 81.5 vs. 2,219.9 ± 65.5 METs-min/week). Inactivity prevalence was significantly (p < 0.001) higher among Saudi adolescents (64%) compared with that of British adolescents (25.5%). The proportions of adolescents exceeding 2 h of daily screen time were high (88.0% and 90.8% among Saudis and British, respectively). The majority of Saudi and British adolescents did not have daily intakes of breakfast, fruit, vegetables and milk. MANCOVA showed significant (p < 0.05) gender by country interactions in several lifestyle factors. There was a significant (p < 0.001) gender differences in the ratio of physical activity to sedentary behaviors. In conclusion, Saudi and British adolescents demonstrated some similarities and differences in their PA levels, sedentary behaviors and dietary habits. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among adolescents appear to be a cross-cultural phenomenon.


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