Curriculum Design in Higher Education Using a Learning Outcome-Led Model: Its Influence on How Students Perceive Learning
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis thesis examines the potential of a learning outcome-led model of curriculum design to influence how students perceive learning in education studies within a modular context of a new university. It identifies and compares the conceptions of learning held by students and lecturers on traditional and outcome-led modules, and it explores and specifies the design factors which shape these conceptions. The issue is located within the interpretivist paradigm for the research seeks understanding which derives from the perceptions, attitudes and beliefs that students and their lecturers hold about learning in a given context. But the methodology employed is not wholly consistent with this paradigm, for a qualitative approach is complemented by the use of factor analysis techniques to facilitate the identification of the design features which influence how students perceive learning. The approach is thus eclectic drawing on quantitative methods to examine what is essentially qualitative data. An innovative model of learning outcome-led design is proposed, implemented and modified as a result of the research. The learner is placed at the centre of the learning experience which is defined as incorporating three domains: the teaching context; the assessment régime; and the directed learning undertaken by students outside of taught sessions. The model incorporates a trichotomy of outcomes which define the subject -specific, the transferable skills and the generic academic outcomes which influence directly both the content and process of learning, and which successful students are expected to achieve on completion of a module. The findings show that five design features influence how students perceive learning: the clarity of expectations; congruence between the content and process of each domain of the learning experience; direction in respect to the learning activities which should be undertaken in each domain to achieve the outcomes; and the content and process of the teaching context. The data suggest that a much higher profile should be given to metacognitive skills in curriculum development in HE because how students perceive both the process and the content of learning profoundly influences their conception of learning and, consistent with the underpinning theory, how they approach learning and therefore ultimately the kind of outcomes they achieve. The research leads to recommendations for the modification of the three models of learning in context; Ramsden (1988), Biggs (1990b) and Prosser (1995), which are presented and analysed in the thesis. The findings suggest that the learning experience should be redefined to specify the three domains - the teaching context, assessment régime and directed learning - and that clarity of expectations, metacognitive skills and congruence between the content and process of learning in each of the domains should be articulated as directly influencing students' conceptions of learning. The models should also seek to indicate that learning outcomes influence how students perceive learning, and that therefore they feature both at the starting point and as the end product of a contextualised learning process. The findings relating to students' conceptions of learning show that the study of outcome-led modules has resulted in a much greater degree of congruence between how lecturers and students perceive learning in a given module and that fewer students studying outcome-led modules hold a quantitative conception of learning. This suggests that the outcome-led model does have the potential to improve teaching and learning and consequently that there is an educational rationale for curriculum development premised on this model.
PublisherUniversity of Wolverhampton
TypeThesis or dissertation
DescriptionSubmitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of Wolverhampton for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. The research programme was carried out in the School of Education, University of Wolverhampton.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Widening Participation: A Virtual Approach to F.E. CollaborationMcConville, Sally A. (University of Wolverhampton, 2005)Discusses a programme specifically designed for use by students undertaking Access to Nursing courses at local colleges of further education in Wolverhampton. Students access the Wolverhampton On-Line Learning Framework (WOLF) site using guest status to log on to and engage with a selection of exciting, interactive learning activities related to nursing and linked to modules studied during the first year pre-registration training.
To interact or not to interact, that is the question: an analysis of student engagement with on-line learning activities in WOLFDale, Crispin; Lane, Andrew M.; Horrell, Andrew (University of Wolverhampton, 2005)Engagement with Wolverhampton On-line Learning Framework (WOLF) by both staff and students is a key strategic priority of the University with the aim to develop the interactive learning environment so that by 2005 the majority of technology-based learning undertaken by learners will involve them in active participation in on-line activities in a media-rich environment. However, current practice within the School of Sports, Performing Arts and Leisure (SSPAL) has demonstrated that even though some students choose to engage with the interactive learning activities the majority decide not to, and are content with downloading module lectures and notes without reciprocating with the on-line activities that have been developed to assist their learning. The aim of this research project is to explore the views, opinions and experiences of students who do and do not engage with on-line learning activities using the University of Wolverhampton On-line Learning Framework (WOLF), and to use this knowledge to develop learning and teaching strategies that enhance student engagement with on-line learning activities.
Electronic delivery in law: what difference does it make to results?Migdal, Stephen; Cartwright, Martin J. (Web Journal of Current Legal Issues, 2000)This article details research which attempts to assess what effect electronic delivery of law modules has on actual student assessment performance. The authors reviewed the assessment results of students who had taken both conventionally and electronically delivered modules and compared and contrasted individual student performances in all the modules studied by them in a particular semester. As far as the authors' researches were able to ascertain this was a relatively unique piece of research as far as legal study is concerned. We found that weaker students (those who might ordinarily fail or scrape a bare pass) were achieving a mark some 10% higher than that achieved in the conventionally delivered modules; pushing those students into the lower second category - the assessment criteria for such classification demanding evidence of deep as opposed to surface learning. However there was little or no difference in the marks achieved by upper second quality students. The authors acknowledge that many factors affect the quality of assessment performance and that, whilst the article addresses some of the variables, any specific conclusions based on results alone are open to question. Furthermore, we accept the limitations of a small and narrow statistical sample and that therefore this can only be a survey rather than a controlled experiment. Nevertheless we believe that as part of the debate on the role of C & IT it has a useful role to play. Inevitably an article such as this trespasses on many pedagogical issues deserving debate which goes beyond the objectives of this discussion.