Properties of Titanium Dental Implant Models made by Laser Processing
Santos, Edson Costa
Shaik, S. K.
Tolochko, Nikolay K.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis article discusses the influence of various process parameters on the characteristics of titanium dental implants made by laser-forming techniques involving both laser sintering and laser melting. The implant models have a porous surface structure to increase bone-osseointegration and a compact core to provide the required mechanical strength. Models in the shapes of rod and cone were built using a continuous wave (CW) laser yielding a threshold compressive force as high as 1000 N after a postsintering treatment in a vacuum furnace at 1200°C for 1.5 h. Using selective laser melting with the pulsed laser, the best parameters were found to be: scan speed of 6 mm/s, laser peak power of 1 kW, and hatching pitch of 0.4 mm yielding a tensile strength of 300 MPa and torsional fatigue strength of 100 MPa. To improve the surface wear resistance of the titanium models, laser gas nitriding using CW Nd:YAG laser was applied. The formed TiN layers had a sponge-like structure with a thickness varying from 30 to 60 μm. The hardness measured at ε20 μm from the surface varied from 1000 to 600 HV by changing the scan speed from 1 to 16 mm/s.
CitationProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 220(6): 857-863
PublisherProfessional Engineering Publishing
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science