Now showing items 41-60 of 662

    • The Nadir of the Regular Army: 28th Division and the Battle for the Hohenzollern Redoubt, September-October 1915

      Jones, Spencer (Society for Army Historical Research, 2020-03-15)
      The year 1915 was a difficult one for the British Army. The Official Historian, Sir James Edmonds, lamented that the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) of 1915 consisted of ‘partly trained’ officers and men who suffered ‘awful slaughter and pitiably small results’ on the Western Front. This was demonstrated at the Battle of Loos, when the novice 21st and 24th Divisions were prematurely committed to action with disastrous consequences. Edmonds acknowledged the courage of these formations but was critical of their lack of field craft and felt that the exertions demanded of them were ‘small as compared with the original five divisions of professional soldiers of the B.E.F.’
    • Empowering Disadvantaged Communities in the UK: Missing the Potential of Co-production

      Booth, Jane (SAGE Publications, 2019-06-01)
      Co-production is a model of service delivery aimed at engaging disadvantaged communities to generate a more responsive approach to the design of local services. Such a shift implies the empowerment of disadvantaged communities, transforming them from ‘passive’ recipients of services to more active citizens. However, its potential to enhance citizenship in the UK is becoming lost in the political landscape of austerity and neoliberalism, with behaviour change being imposed on disadvantaged communities rather than enabled through a genuine sharing of power. If co-production is to fulfil its potential, it requires not only disadvantaged communities to engage but also a transformation of the paternalistic professional practices and institutional cultures that reproduce the power relationship between service users and service providers. Furthermore, without engaging citizens in ideological debate, making visible the systemic nature of inequalities, it is hard to see how co-production can bring about the social change it implies. </jats:p>
    • Coastal Command and the Second World War

      Buckley, John (Centre for Air Power Studies, RAF, 2018-03-01)
      From 1939 to 1945 RAF Coastal Command played a crucial role in maintaining Britain’s maritime communications, thus securing the United Kingdom’s ability to wage war against the Axis powers in Europe. Its primary role was in confronting the German U-boat menace, particularly in the 1940-41 period when Britain came closest to losing the Battle of the Atlantic and with it the war. The importance of air power in the war against the U-boat was amply demonstrated when the closing of the Mid-Atlantic Air Gap in 1943 by Coastal Command aircraft effectively brought victory in the Atlantic campaign. Coastal Command also played a vital role in combating the German surface navy and, in the later stages of the war, in attacking Germany’s maritime links with Scandinavia.
    • Banks' vulnerabilities to money laundering activities

      Yeoh, Peter (Emerald, 2019-12-31)
      Purpose This paper provides insights as to why money laundering persists in banks, and their weaknesses as gatekeepers. Design/methodology/approach This paper contextualizes the design and proliferation of AML measures; investigates the different manners of conceptualizing them; and provides insights pertaining to probable limitations of these measures. The paper relies on primary data from statutes and secondary data from published sources. Findings The paper’s findings suggest that competitive pressures, shareholders returns imperative, and lucrative misaligned incentives for management contributed to weaknesses in effective compliance in banks. Practical implications Insights drawn from this paper reinforces the notion that banks need to seriously review their business approaches, as well as their roles as gatekeepers. Social implications Given the slew of corporate scandals and other materially harmful misjudgments in moneylaundering compliance, banks might need to seriously review their role and obligations in the economy. Originality/value Much has been said about money-laundering activities enabled by the banking sector. This paper contributed to insights as to why they persist despite AML rules, and what measures could be further taken to enhance compliance effectiveness. Keywords Anti-money laundering, bitcoin, European banks, financial disruptions, jurisdictional risk, virtual currencies, whistleblowing
    • Legal challenges for the cannabis industry

      Yeoh, Peter (Emerald, 2019-12-31)
      Purpose-This paper examines laws and regulations applicable to cannabis in the US and the UK, and including legal reforms and international treaty obligations. Design/methodology/approach-The paper relies on primary data from statutes, and secondary data from online and offline resources, and including relevant case studies. Findings-Federal laws in the US and existing UK cannabis legal regime generally prohibit recreational use of cannabis. Increasingly, various individual states in the US have enabled the use of cannabis health-related uses thereby challenging the status of the UN treaties on drug enforcement. As US struggles to reconcile the conflicts between federal law on cannabis and individual states within its borders, much of the rest of the world including the UK are also struggling with how best to reconcile their domestic positions with their UN treaty obligations. Social Implications-Recent disclosures of past recreational use of prohibited drugs by several candidates vying to be UK Prime Minister suggests why understanding of the laws governing the use of cannabis is useful and relevant to the general public. Originality-The paper provide a general but integrated review of national laws in the US and the UK, and international treaties governing the use of cannabis.
    • Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction in Chinese Fast Food Sector: A Proposal for CFFRSERV Scale

      Tan, Qingqing; Oriade, Adedamola; Fallon, Paul (Akdeniz University Publishing House, 2014-07-31)
      This study investigates customer’s perception of Chinese fast food restaurant service quality and its relationship with customer satisfaction. Employing modified DINESERV scale, the study uses both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. Qualitative data collection consisted of face-to-face interviews and group discussion. A questionnaire was developed using three sources: interview responses of the customers, the restaurant’s survey and the literature. A total of 205 completed questionnaires were used in the analysis. The new measurement scale, Chinese Fast Food Restaurants Service Quality Scale (CFFRSERV), contained 28 items across six dimensions: assurance and empathy, food, cleanliness, responsiveness, reliability and tangibles. The findings from the study revealed that service quality variables have positive influence on customer satisfaction except reliability dimension. The findings provided a useful tool for service quality improvement in Chinese fast food restaurants. Validating the scale in other restaurants in various cities in China is an area for further research.
    • Talking with the Body: Tattooing and representing the authentic self

      Rees, Michael (University of Chester, 2019-04-12)
    • Why are people who are socially deprived more likely to develop CKD than those who are not? A systematic scoping review

      Rees, Michael; Brettle, Alison (Kidney Research UK, 2018-06-01)
      This report seeks to examine the relationship between social deprivation and the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the United Kingdom (UK). The aims of the report are to: 1. Understand why people who are socially deprived are more likely to develop CKD than those who are not socially deprived 2. Provide a map of the literature in relation to different types of social deprivation and risk factors 3. Identify gaps in the literature in relation to different types of social deprivation, risk factors and stages of kidney disease 4. Learn lessons from other developed countries in achieving better outcomes for socially deprived groups. It will do this by: 1. Reporting on a systematic scoping review of the literature to identify the evidence base of the relationship between social deprivation and CKD 2. Mapping the evidence according to country/area 3. Drawing up a set of key findings from the results of the review and mapping 4. Identifying opportunities for further research
    • Women in Law. So Many Roles to Play, So Little Time

      Potocnik, Metka (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019-03-08)
      Things are finally falling in place. It has been a couple of years since I have successfully defended my PhD; I am now (finally) in a full-time academic post and am expecting my first research monograph to be published in the summer. But to stop the story there, would be grossly misleading. As with most of our stories, things have been challenging, complex and put simply: life.
    • Are disaggregate industrial returns sensitive to economic policy uncertainty

      Rehman, MU; Asghar, N; Hussain, J (Elsevier BV, 2019-08-01)
      © 2019 Elsevier B.V. This study investigates the impact of economic policy uncertainty on disaggregate US sector based returns. Our work is motivated by the presence of non-linear relationship between US economic policy uncertainty and equity returns of sampled US sectors. The paper uses weekly data from January 1995 to December 2015 for all the return indices and economic policy uncertainty data mainly based on policy issues, provision set for the US federal tax code and disagreement among economic forecasters. Our results indicate that information technology, utilities, industrial and telecommunication sectors remain insensitive to changes in the US economic policy uncertainty. However, financial and the consumer discretionary sectors show significant long run asymmetric relationship with the EPU.
    • Queue Politely! South African Business Rescue Practitioners and their fees in Liquidation. Diener N.O. v Minister of Justice and Correctional Services and Others [2017] ZASCA 180; [2018] 1 All SA 317 (SCA); 2018 (2) SA 399 (SCA)

      Jacobs, Lézelle; Burdette, David (University of Wolverhampton, 2019-06-11)
      In May 2011 South Africa’s new corporate rescue procedure, known as “business rescue”, came into operation. The mechanism is contained in Chapter 6 of the Companies Act 2008 (the SA Companies Act) and replaces the previous corporate rescue mechanism known as judicial management. While business rescue appears to have worked quite well since its inception eight years ago, there have been a number of court judgments that have been critical of the fact that many provisions of the new procedure have not been well drafted. One of these provisions, relating to the payment of unpaid remuneration of the business rescue practitioner (BRP) where a company’s business rescue procedure is converted to a liquidation, recently gave rise to litigation with the Courts focusing on the interpretation of the relevant statutory provisions. The remuneration of insolvency practitioners is a contentious issue as much in the UK as in South Africa (and is indeed a bone of contention throughout the world). In February of this year the right honourable Frank Field MP, the chair of the UK House of Commons’ Work and Pensions Committee, commented on the £44.2 million to be paid in fees to Price Waterhouse Coopers in relation to one year’s Insolvency work on Carillion as “milking the cash cow”. This note endeavours to comment on the South African Courts’ interpretation of provisions relating to the payment of remuneration to BRPs in the event that the business rescue procedure is superseded by liquidation.
    • Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility in Hospitality and Tourism

      Rahimi, Roya; Taheri, Babak (Emerald, 2019-12-31)
      Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in hospitality and tourism is laden with contradictions. From the simple “carbon offsetting” of budget flights to the warning from the Maldivian Government that their country will disappear due to rising water levels whilst also building, in one year, at least seven additional airports to service their resort islands. The academic literature does not always help; the continually inconclusive or contradictory findings of financial impact studies, often meaningless CSR reporting, and consumer cynicism over perceived “green-washing” activities (Farrington et al., 2017) further contribute to the lack of clarity in this area. There is a need for a substantive move towards sustainable, ethical, responsible, environmentally or socially friendly strategies, but also towards concern for the well-being of future generations in the coming decades (Farrington et al., 2017; Jones et al., 2016; Wells et al., 2016a). Despite continued interest, this is a challenge for many countries, particularly with regards to meeting the ever-shifting opinions and customer expectations surrounding environmental issues pertaining to modern hospitality and tourism. Research should fundamentally debate the relevance and application of sustainability to the sector and its relationship with external stakeholders, and move away from narrow focuses. More specifically, ‘one size does not fit all’ with regards to sustainability and CSR, hence societies and organisations with different cultures and beliefs may be motivated to be involved in sustainability and CSR developments for different reasons, and may also face diverse barriers to implementation (Nyahunzvi, 2013; Thompson et al., 2018; Wells et al., 2015; Wells et al., 2016b; Xu, 2014; Yadav et al., 2016). Hence, the goal of this special issue was to encourage new theoretical and empirical development on sustainability and CSR studies in the hospitality and tourism field.
    • Gender disparities and positioning in collaborative hospitality and tourism research

      Rahimi, Roya; Koseoglu, Mehmet Ali; King, Brian (Emerald Publishing, 2019-07-06)
      Purpose: To explore gender disparities in the production of tourism knowledge with particular reference to academic journals. Design/methodology/approach: Authorship and co-authorship analyses were conducted of data extracted from articles and research notes published between 1965 and 2016 in 25 hospitality and tourism journals. Findings: Gender imbalances are evident in the production of knowledge, though the disparities appear to be decreasing. While heterophilic research collaborations (those between men and women) show some evidence of higher productivity, homophilic collaborations (between males) have greater impact. The findings highlight gender imbalances in international collaborations, in SSCI listed journals, in first authoring, and by country. There is evidence of higher collaborative levels amongst male authors and the differences have increased over time. The positioning of men and women within tourism scholarly networks shows no marked differences. Practical Implications: This data-driven analysis provides decision-makers and policymakers with evidence to support well targeted programs that advance female contributions in hospitality and tourism research collaborations. For example, senior academics and University administrators might offer support for female researchers to become more actively involved in hospitality and tourism research groups and projects. Universities or schools might also seek to encourage collaborations between male and female researchers in their performance indicators. Originality/Value: This study is one of the first to examine gender disparities and positioning in collaborative hospitality and tourism research.
    • Proposing Researcher Brand Equity Index in Hospitality and Tourism

      Rahimi, Roya; Köseoglu, Mehmet Ali; Okumus, Fevzi (Emerald Publishing, 2019-09-25)
      Purpose: This study proposes a holistic model to rank and evaluate researchers’ performance. This holistic model is developed by focusing on brand equity, which includes three components of perceived quality, brand image, and brand loyalty. Design/methodology/approach: To show how the model works, two pseudo cases are presented. Findings: This model encourages researchers to conduct more interdisciplinary research and collaborate with researchers from diverse backgrounds. Since the model includes publication attributes identified by researchers in the publication processes, it allows researchers to strengthen their brand equity score or performance. . Practical Implications: The model is applicable not only to the fields of hospitality and tourism but also to other disciplines. Originality/Value: As one of the first study in the field, this research introduces a holistic model to rank and evaluate researchers’ performance.
    • The importance of accountability for the relationship between governance and performance of UK charities

      Bellante, G; Berardi, Laura; Machold, Silke; Nissi, E; Rea, Michele (SIW, 2016-04-22)
      The aim of this paper is to analyse the relationships between governance characteristics of non-profit organizations (NPOs) (CEO duality and board size) and their performance, considered as their ability to collect financial resources. The study is conducted on a sample of 200 UK registered charities that work in a context characterized by a medium to high level of “mandatory” accountability. With a regression analysis we verify strong positive relationships between the NPOs’ financial performance and the CEO duality and board size. Further analyses show that if the charities increase their level of accountability through the use of additional voluntary disclosure mechanisms and tools such as the use of social networks, these relationships are confirmed. Qualitative characteristics of governance and voluntary accountability of UK charities are also analysed in association with some classes of revenues using the logistic regression method and the multiple correspondence analysis.
    • Social Enterprise: Bridging the Gap between the Statutory and Third Sector

      Heyworth-Thomas, Elizabeth Mary; Jones, Rosalind (Sage, 2019-04-08)
      This article contributes to research of vulnerable communities and investigates the role of social enterprise created or saved from closure by social entrepreneurs affected personally by a life-changing event, in the context of stroke survival. Qualitative research is deployed to investigate the ways in which social enterprise supports survivors of stroke and their caregivers. Research analysis identifies start-up motives and challenges faced by social entrepreneurs and highlights how social enterprise can bridge the gap in support provision provided by the statutory and third sectors. Involvement in stroke clubs was found to be a key positive contributor to participants’ life after stroke. This study has found that those who become social entrepreneurs after a life-changing event exhibit altruistic behaviours, while engagement between these social enterprises and this vulnerable group created specific benefits for vulnerable individuals and their caregivers, highlighting the potential for social enterprise to bridge the gap between statutory and third sectors which is currently overlooked in existing policy provision. The article concludes by making detailed recommendations for future research in this context and for governments and policymakers.
    • Workplace Cultures

      Perchard, Andrew; Walkowitz, D (Bloomsbury Academic, 2018-09-20)
      In the song Factory, released as part of the 1978 album Darkness on the Edge of Town album, Bruce Springsteen reflected the centrality of industrial work to many neighbourhoods, towns and cities across the United States at the time. One of Springsteen’s bleakest albums, Darkness was released against the backdrop of the loss of around 22.3m US jobs between 1969 and 1976, with the closure of some 100,000 manufacturing plants between 1963 and 1982. The Freehold, NJ, native drew heavily on the experiences of his family and hometown, which had experienced the closure of the A. & M. Karagheusian Company’s rug factory. Factory reflected the ambiguous nature of industrial work; it underpins both economic and social survival while threatening life and limb. Springsteen’s factory is also a highly gendered space; a masculine world of industrial labour. Springsteen’s factory presents the industrial worker, like those in Sherry Lee Linkon and John Russo’s memorable study of Youngstown, Steeltown USA, as both ‘powerful and powerless’. Above all, the workplace culture of the factory is situated at the heart of community and family.
    • “Buying brains and experts”: British coal owners, regulatory capture and miners’ health, 1918–1946

      Perchard, A; Gildart, K (Informa UK Limited, 2015-08-08)
      © 2015 Taylor & Francis. This article examines British coal owners’ use of medical and scientific knowledge of occupational lung diseases in the mining industry to resist regulatory changes between 1918 and 1946. It explores the strategies deployed by coal owners in response to scientific and lay debates over the hazard to workers’ health presented by dust, and legislation to compensate miners for pneumoconiosis and silicosis contracted in the nation’s collieries. In particular, it investigates coal owner deployment of the views of notable scientists, especially the eminent physiologist John Scott Haldane (1860–1936), who insisted on the harmlessness of coal dust, in order to avoid costly compensation payments, as well as capital investment in ameliorative measures to reduce miners’ exposure to such hazards. In so doing, the article provides new insights by illustrating how coal owners influenced mining education programmes, deploying the arguments of Haldane and others, with direct implications for health and safety in British mines. This contributed to the mounting public health disaster wrought by coal dust on Britain’s mining communities. This process is viewed as part of the broader political activities of the coal owners – and their industry body, the Mining Association of Great Britain – in its attempts to influence the regulatory process in a period of dramatic change in the political economy of coal.
    • Clio in the business school: Historical approaches in strategy, international business and entrepreneurship

      Perchard, A; MacKenzie, NG; Decker, S; Favero, G (Informa UK Limited, 2017-02-17)
      © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. On the back of recent and significant new debates on the use of history within business and management studies, we consider the perception of historians as being anti-theory and of having methodological shortcomings; and business and management scholars displaying insufficient attention to historical context and privileging of certain social science methods over others. These are explored through an examination of three subjects: strategy, international business and entrepreneurship. We propose a framework for advancing the use of history within business and management studies more generally through greater understanding of historical perspectives and methodologies.
    • Book review: Gender and social hierarchies

      Jones, Jenni (SAGE Publications, 2016-10-13)
      ‘Gender and Social Hierarchies’ is a collection of peer reviewed research articles examining the impact of gender-based social hierarchies within education, the workplace and beyond. It is written in three parts. Part I explores the consequences of gender stereotypes, Part II discusses women’s struggles in the workplace and Part III uncovers gender-related prejudice.