Now showing items 1-20 of 770

    • Out of area housing by local authorities in England: displacement of vulnerable households in a neoliberal housing crisis

      Iafrati, Steve (Policy Press, 2021-01-19)
      Based on freedom of information responses from English local authorities, the research examines the number of households where a duty to accommodate was accepted that were subsequently housed in other local authority areas. Recognising neoliberal housing policy of increased marketisation and less government intervention, the article identifies market failure, housing unaffordability and welfare reform contributing to households being displaced and social cleansing. Importantly, the research recognises negative housing outcomes beyond the binary of homelessness and the impact on vulnerable households by examining out of area housing, which is currently an under-researched area within housing.
    • Operation Allied Force as a catalyst for change: Toward Intensified multinational cooperation

      Burczynska, Maria E; Paget, Steven (University Press of Kentucky, 2021-01)
    • Sensory ecologies and semiotic assemblages during British Sign Language interpreted weather forecasts

      Stone, Christopher; Köhring, Jenny (Taylor & Francis, 2021-12-31)
      We present a study examining broadcast British Sign Language (BSL) interpreted weather forecasts. These are filmed against a green screen with a superimposed composite image broadcast including maps and satellite information, etc. that can be indexed. We examine the semiotic resources used when interacting with the available visible on-screen information to the viewing audiences. The forecasters and interpreters tailor their multimodal communicative practice to the sensory ecology (Kusters, 2017) of the audiences they serve. That is to say that, speakers/hearers hear the spoken monolingual linguistic resources while seeing the gestural resources of the forecaster ; BSL signers/watchers view the multilingual linguistic resources (both categorical and gradient) and co-sign gestural resources, subsequently watching the gestural resources of the forecaster and the interpreter -presenter. We identify that while similar gestural resources are used by the weather presenters and the in-vision interpreter-presenters, the temporal alignment of the semiotic assemblages (Pennycook & Otsuji, 2017) of linguistic and gestural resources are different. The assumed normative practices of the deaf audience appear to significantly contribute to the consecutive use of semiotic resources that we see presented in BSL by in-vision interpreter-presenters. In addition to simultaneous assemblages, favoured by the weather forecaster presenters, they also create consecutive semiotic assemblages.
    • Mediation and arbitration: An alternative forum for transnational dispute resolution in the music industries

      Potocnik, Metka; Harrison, Ann; Rigg, Tony (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2021-08-26)
    • Does intergenerational leadership hinder the realization of innovation potential? A resource orchestration perspective

      Wang, Yong; Beltagui, Ahmad (Taylor and Francis, 2021-03-31)
      This study examines the impact of intergenerational leadership on innovative capability and business performance. Applying a resource orchestration perspective to data from 531 family businesses in China, the results suggest that innovative capability is positively related to growth performance of family businesses. Furthermore, family businesses in solo control by one generation demonstrate a higher positive relationship between innovative capability and performance than those jointly controlled by two generations. This suggests that intergenerational leadership hampers the realization of the potential of innovation.
    • Denying the right to work. German trade regulation and anti-gypsy policy 1871-1914

      Constantine, Simon (Taylor and Francis, 2020-12-31)
      This article examines the role that a discriminatory application of the German Trade Code (Gewerbeordnung) played in the ‘Gypsy’ policy of the German Second Empire. It argues that the Code became central to the legalistic, bureaucratic form that their persecution assumed in this period, serving to criminalize the itinerant lifestyle of the Sinti and Roma and contributing greatly to their social and economic marginalization.
    • The postdigital university: do we still need just a little of that human touch?

      Cureton, Debra; Jones, Jenni; Hughes, Julie (Springer, 2020-12-21)
      An increasing body of literature considers the role of belonging and social connectivity in undergraduate student success. The core tenet of this research is that relationships are crucial to the development of a sense of belonging. However, within the Higher Education (HE) sector, our processes, and therefore how we interact with students, are becoming more and more automated. None more so than during the Covid-19 pandemic and the ‘new normal’ in HE. This paper considers how we, as a profession, might support each student’s developing sense of belonging within a sector that is shifting towards increased digitalisation. This is achieved through considering the political agenda that drives the creation of digital education and some of the assumptions that underpin the movement towards it. As a result, a theoretical platform is created to consider the areas where digitisation impacts on teaching staff, and on students, and how this relates to each student’s sense of belonging within HE. The inclusion of two case studies has provided the opportunity to answer two key questions: 1) What is important to students developing a personal sense of belonging in HE during their first few weeks in a University? 2) How can the differentiated human touch be provided by ‘third space’ professionals both in person and virtually?
    • Editorial

      Oriade, A; Robinson, P; Clegg, A (Inderscience, 2020-10-01)
    • Examining evidence-based change agency practice in anglo and non-anglo countries: implications for professional HRD practitioners

      Jones, Jenni; Hamlin, Robert G.; Ellinger, Andrea D.; Loon, Mark; Stewart, Jim; Nachmias, Stefanos (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020)
      This chapter begins by drawing attention to the role of professional human resource development (HRD) practitioners as ‘organisational change consultants’ in addition to their role as ‘training consultants’ and ‘learning consultants.’ It then discusses the critical change agency role they can and should play in bringing about effective and beneficial organisational change and development (OCD) in strategic partnership with line managers. This is followed by a compelling rationale for the adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) approaches for managing and/or facilitating OCD initiatives. The chapter continues by presenting and discussing the research process and results of a multiple cross-case comparative analysis (MCCCA) of: i) various reflective perspectives on EBP in the field of change management in general and OCD in particular; and of ii) 33 reflective case histories of specific evidence-based OCD initiatives conducted within single organisation settings. The purpose of this study, conducted and previously reported elsewhere (see Hamlin, Jones and Ellinger, 2019), was to glean common insights from the critical reflections upon practice of over 70 evidence-based OCD practitioners who had used bodies of best evidence of various strengths to help enhance their change agency capabilities. The findings of the MCCCA study not only offer validation for a set of ‘original’ common insights and learned lessons (CILs) that resulted from a previous study by one of us, but also include 10 emergent ‘new’ CILs together with numerous confirmatory insights from other ‘seasoned’ evidence-based OCD practitioners. The chapter concludes with an expression of these findings in the form of a ‘conceptual process model for facilitating EBOCD’. We anticipate this model will provide relevant and useful insights for managers and professional HRD practitioners to lead and/or help facilitate more effective OCD initiatives in their respective organisations.
    • Evidence-based organizational change and development: is evidence-based OCD a reality or mere rhetoric?

      Hamlin, Robert G.; Jones, Jenni; Ellinger, Andrea D. (European Association of People Management, the University Forum for Human Resource Development and the World Federation of People Management Associations, 2020-09-30)
      This article discusses the compelling need for, and demonstrates, the significant practical 'reality' of evidence-based organizational change and development (EBOCD). It offers a summary of a previously conducted analysis that resulted in 10 validated 'original' and 10 'new' emergent common 'insights' and 'lessons learned' on the effective formulation and implementation of OCD initiatives. These were deduced from 'critical perspectives' and 'reflective case histories' of EBOCD practice offered by over 70 evidence-based organizational leaders/managers, HRD professionals and change management consultants. The article concludes with several recommendations for those engaged in OCD change agency practice
    • Sustainability awareness, management practices and organisational culture in hotels: Evidence from developing countries

      Oriade, Ade; Osinaike, Adesola; Aduhene, Ken; Wang, Yong (Elsevier, 2020-11-02)
      The subject of sustainability and it its management in the hotel context is somewhat volatile with varied evidence in support of different viewpoints. This study, adopting Situated Cognition (SC), explores the role of organisational culture in sustainability practice and awareness among hotel practitioners. The findings from this study reveal that management practice of sustainability has strong relationship with both organisational culture and employees’ sustainability awareness. However, organisational culture only mediates the relationship between sustainability awareness and management on country to country basis. The study recommends that owner-managers need to realise the importance of building up a robust organisational culture particularly in support of their sustainability management and empowerment of their staff.
    • Martin Ives, Reform, Revolution and Direct Action amongst British Miners: The Struggle for the Charter in 1919

      Gildart, Keith (Athabasca University Press/ Canadian Committee on Labour History, 2020-04-30)
    • Shaping our academic future

      Brunson, Jeremy; Roy, Cynthia; Stone, Christopher (WASLI, 2020-09-13)
      Many countries around the world struggle to provide Deaf people with qualified interpreters. Those who are institutionalizing a solution for this often do so through Interpreter Education Programs (IEPs) and typically situate their philosophy within a skill based training- interpreting. We suggest this presents a myopic view of interpreting; a view that assumes language and interaction occur within a vacuum. Therefore, we believe a more useful paradigm under which to teach interpreting is a theoretical-based education- Interpreting Studies (IS). In order to do this, educators and students must be able to define Interpreting Studies and recognize the contribution of various disciplines that make up this field. Embedding these disciplines within IS requires grounding in each discipline's theoretical principles which is significant as the education of interpreters takes hold in academia.
    • Konferenzdolmetscher in werden: Die Erfahrungen tauber Dolmetscher innen

      Stone, C; Isari, S (Gesellschaft für Gebärdensprache und Kommunikation Gehörloser (GGKG), 2019-07-01)
      In this article we consider the experience of two traditional ‘amateur’ Deaf interpreters working at an international conference within the context of the professionalization of deaf interpreters. We explore the themes raised during interviews of the Deaf and hearing interpreters who worked together at an efsli event. The path to becoming a professional deaf interpreter is often mediated by such capacity building opportunities in countries with limited access to formal training and so we note the dynamics of the teams and the professional reflections of the interpreters. We also draw attention to the attitudinal barriers that deaf interpreters face, which can affect the work of deaf interpreters and the ways in which traditional Deaf interpreters adopt strategies of collegiality and resilience to enable their professionalization.
    • Wolverhampton Law Journal: open access to law research

      Potocnik, Metka (University of Wolverhampton, 2020-10-19)
    • Dying to Talk? Co-producing resources with young people to get them talking about bereavement, death and dying

      Booth, Jane; Croucher, Karina; Bryant, Eleanor (Policy Press, 2020-10-26)
      The Dying to Talk project in Bradford, UK aimed to build resilience in young people around the topic of death, dying and bereavement. Starting conversations early in life could buttress people’s future wellbeing when faced with bereavement and indeed their own mortality. Research indicates that a key feature in young people’s experience of bereavement is ‘powerlessness’ (Ribbens McCarthy, 2007). Drawing on the principles of co-production, young people led the development of the project aimed at encouraging young people to talk about death, using archaeology as a facilitator to those conversations. The partnership between the University of Bradford, the voluntary sector and the young people proved to be a positive and empowering one. It laid the foundations for future collaboration and developed a framework for engaging young people in talking about death, building their resilience for dealing with death and dying in the future – a step towards building a ‘compassionate city’ for young people (Kellehear, 2012).
    • Revisiting the history of the British coal industry: the politics of legacy, memory and heritage

      Gildart, Keith; Perchard, Andrew; Curtis, Ben; Millar, Grace (Waseda University Japan, 2020-10-12)
      This paper revisits the history of the British coal industry in the context of deindustrialisation, ruptures in electoral politics, and attempts by former miners to preserve a mining past. Methodologically it draws on an oral history project that involved over 100 participants in England, Scotland and Wales. The life stories conveyed by the former miners provide entry points to various aspects of the industrial, social and cultural life of coal communities. The specific focus here is on the ways in which the miners themselves are striving to create and curate their own stories and experiences through local heritage projects in the town of Leigh in north west England and the former mining villages of the north Wales coast. The interviews are indicative of the sense of the isolation they continue to experience in the contemporary economic context of deindustrialisation and challenges to their sense of class, community and nation. Tensions between former miners and the wider social and political culture of their communities hinge on narratives and histories of the 1984/5 miners’ strike. Heritage projects developed in both localities have become battlegrounds for what kind of history should be presented to the public, where memorials should be located, and which memories and experiences should be preserved. Miners who took part in the strike understandably want to centre their histories and narratives through the lens of 1984/5, while those who continued to work through the dispute argue that it should be given a more marginal position in commemoration and heritage. The interviews offer more complex readings of the social and cultural politics of the coal industry and challenge some of the prevailing orthodoxies in the historiography
    • The battle of the giants: EU law, ECHR and the Energy Charter Treaty; the rematch to protect property rights in Europe

      Potocnik, Metka; Alvarez, Gloria (University of Aberdeen, 2019-05-09)
      This article explores the various levels of compensation for expropriated investments in the European legal framework. This article is timely, because it adds to the discussion on the changing position of UK investors after Brexit and whether their international protection is equal to their protection under EU law. In order to critically evaluate the proposition that energy investors are granted equivalent protection of their investments under the EU legal framework, as compared to the legal framework of investment treaties (BITs, FTAs, IIAs), this article evaluates the existing rules on compensation under the Energy Charter Treaty, the EU law and the European Convention on Human Rights.
    • The origins of chemical warfare in the French Army

      Krause, Jonathan (SAGE Publications, 2013-11-01)
      Following the Germans’ first use of chlorine gas during the second battle of Ypres, the Entente had to develop means of protection from future poison gas attacks as well as systems for retaliation. This article, through the analysis of heretofore unexamined archival sources, considers early French attempts at engaging in chemical warfare. Contrary to the existing historiography, the French army aggressively adapted to, and engaged in, chemical warfare. Indeed, the French army would be the first to fire asphyxiating gas shells from field guns and, by June 1915, would pioneer the use of gas as a neutralization weapon to be used in counter-battery fire, as opposed to unleashing gas via canisters to engage enemy infantry. Such innovation invites a rethinking not only of French gas efforts but also of the role and evolution of the French army as a whole on the Western Front, a topic which the Anglophone world is in great need of examining further.