Corpas Pastor, Gloria (Springer International Publishing, 2017-10-26)
In recent years, Construction Grammar has emerged as an enhanced theoretical framework for studies on phraseology in general, and particularly for collocational analysis. This paper aims at contributing to the study of collocational constructions in translated Spanish. To this end, the construction [V PP_ de miedo ] is analysed in detail. Our methodology is corpus-based and compares subtitled translations with general Spanish, American Spanish and Peninsular Spanish. The findings suggest that collocational constructions in translated Spanish have a clear preference for the Peninsular standard. They reflect features of translationese, as well as universal traits such as simplification, normalisation, and convergence. Another interesting finding refers to corpus selection, as giga-token corpora appear to provide more fine-grained analysis that conventional, balanced corpora.
This paper introduces VIP, an R&D project that explores the impact and feasibility of using Human Language Technology (HLT) and Natural Language Processing (NLP) for interpreting training, practice and research. This project aims at filling the gap in and addressing the pressing need for technology in general for interpreters, which is reported to be scarce. Although most interpreters are unaware of interpreting technologies or are reluctant to use them, there are some tools and resources already available, mainly computer-assisted interpreting (CAI) tools. VIP is working on the development of technology and cutting-edge research with the potential to revolutionise the interpreting industry by lowering costs for interpreter training, fostering an online community which shares, generates and cultivates interpreting resources; and providing an efficient interpreter workbench tool (computerassisted interpreting software).
The impetus of the one-hundredth anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War of 1914-18 has provided opportunities for the re-evaluation of both historical understanding of the war, and of its commemoration and remembrance. 1 With the deaths of the last war veterans, the war must be understood in terms of remembrance rather than of memory, as well as in terms of its history. As fresh findings have emerged from the investigation of historical evidence, so the history of the war has been greatly modified, and these new historical findings have begun to impact on the approach to the study of remembrance. The last decade (or so) of historical research has been characterised by a new openness and new approaches, as well as fresh controversies. These have included several recent publications on the war’s origins and outbreak, on its conduct in both military and social terms, and on its aftermath. In many areas of research, old assumptions and national or regional histories, and narrower methodological approaches, are being replaced by the beginnings of a real global history for what was truly a world war.
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