• Prisoners of the Japanese and the Politics of Apology: a battle over history and memory

      Cunningham, Mike (London: Sage Publications, 2004)
      This article examines the arguments and claims of the two groups which have been most active in the campaign for an apology from the Japanese for wartime atrocities and the group which believes that an apology would be counter to its advocacy of reconciliation. The claims and arguments made by the groups are used as a basis to explore further the role of apology within international politics and to develop the criteria for its use.