• Introduction: Art as a bridge

      Prior, Ross W.; Kossack, Mitchell; Fisher, Teresa A; Prior, Ross W; Kossak, Mitchell; Fisher, Teresa A (Intellect, 2022-12-31)
    • Women in social housing and the pursuit of entrepreneurship

      Hussain, Sundas; Onjewu, Adah-Kole Emmanuel; Carey, Charlotte; Jafari-Sadeghi, Vahid (Inderscience, 2022-12-31)
      Women’s engagement in entrepreneurship from a social housing perspective has scarcely been explored in the literature. Thus, insights into how the social housing system may condition participation in entrepreneurship have been excluded from empirical understanding. In order to address this gap, we assess the entrepreneurial intention of women in a deprived area of one of the UK’s largest cities. Through an inductive analysis, we develop a conceptual model in which attitude towards entrepreneurship, self-efficacy and subjective norms emerge as mediators of entrepreneurial intention. Our findings pose theoretical implications for future variance-based analyses, as well as practical implications for social housing providers and the role of public institutions in fostering entrepreneurial outcomes.
    • Exposing gender bias in intellectual property law: the UK music industries

      Potočnik, Metka; Mtima, Lateef; Jamar, Steven D (Cambridge University Press, 2022-12-31)
    • Black Britain in the weekly music press during the late-1960s and 1970s

      Glen, Patrick (Taylor & Francis, 2022-12-31)
      Music is a means of communicating and sharing. Sounds and lyrics, even the most abstract or oblique, can document memories, impressions of the present and articulate desires for the future that listeners unpack and reinterpret imposing their own contexts, experiences and prior understandings. Recorded music provided a memory technology that allowed these ideas, sounds and cultures to be articulated, transmitted and interpreted more quickly and further than oral cultures previously allowed. A culture industry and mass media (newspapers, magazines, books television and radio) gave certain—profoundly shaped by capitalism, creating and perpetuating structures of power in society—recorded songs and musics the chance to be shared across and between countries and continents. Within the colonial and post-colonial context Britain after 1945, music made and performed by people who had arrived in Britain from colonies, created in dialogue with those who remained, and the reaction to it by their ‘hosts’, provided an impression of both new arrivals and British society. As Jon Stratton argues regarding Caribbean migration to Britain, ‘[music] offered sites for memory and identity, a refuge from the present and a source of opposition and to and commentary on the migrants’ circumstances. In the new situation cultural exchange with the dominant culture was inevitable.’
    • Determinants of environmental sustainable behaviour amongst logging companies in Cameroon

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN (Academic Star Publishing Company, 2022-12-31)
      This paper presents the findings of an indepth qualitative study of the most important forest logging companies and syndicates to explore the factors which influence forest exploitation and related businesses in the Congo Basin of Africa to act or not in environmentally sustainable ways. More specifically, the study explored the motivations, the benefits and the factors which facilitate or constrain sustainable behaviour amongst forest exploitation companies in Cameroon. Data analysis was undertaken using a holistic model consisting of institutional, economic and resource based factors. Economic motivations were the most cited factors driven by increased awareness and demands from clients. Interestingly, the most cited benefit from adopting environmentally sustainable behaviour related to gains in internal organisation, transparency and productivity within the company. The regulatory institutional environment was the most cited constraint because of illegality, weak law enforcement and corruption in the country’s forest sector followed by high costs of investment and unclear financial premiums from environmentally sourced timber. The policy implications are discussed.
    • Impact of COVID-19 on mental health and career anxiety of hospitality and tourism students in the UK

      Rahimi, Roya; Akgündüz, Yılmaz; Bilgihan, Anil (Emerald, 2022-06-09)
      Purpose The current study investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health and career perspectives of the future workforce of the tourism and hospitality industry in the UK. The paper is based on theories of emotion and focuses on the interplay role of three factors of fear of COVID-19, depression, and future career anxiety. Methodology The current research uses a mixed-method approach in two studies to answer the research questions. First, an online questionnaire was distributed among 197 current tourism and hospitality students in the UK. In the second phase through a qualitative approach and 17 semi-structured interviews, a more in-depth approach was taken to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the future career perspectives of the respondents. Findings Findings reveal a high level of mental health disorders among respondents. The majority of respondents suffer from some sort of mental health conditions/disorders that affect their moods, thinking, and behaviors. The results further show that the fear of COVID-19 causes depression which results in career anxiety. Practical Implications Our findings suggest that the future tourism workforce in the UK is likely to suffer from some sort of mental health disorder that can influence their performances in the workplace. Companies are advised to make adjustments that help to protect the well-being and psychological health of their staff. Originality/value Previous studies used a snapshot in time only with a focus on the immediate and short-term effects of the pandemic. In the current study, by taking a long-term impact approach, we attempted to understand the psychological impact of the COVID-19 on the future workforce of the tourism industry in the UK and offered practical implications for stakeholders.
    • Dual nature of the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and human resource management (HRM): A blessing or a curse?

      Karatas-Ozkan, Mine; Özgören, Çağla; Yamak, Sibel; Ibrahim, Shahnaz; Pinnington, Ashly; Nicolopoulou, Katerina; Tunalıoğlu, Melike Nur; Baruch, Yehuda (Wiley, 2022-05-23)
      With the increase and prominence of CSR, it is important to understand the interaction between CSR and HRM, drawing on multiple institutional logics that shape such interaction in organizations. Drawing on a qualitative study, we reveal context sensitive nature of the CSR-HRM relationship by demonstrating all field-level forces and peculiarities of meso-level influences. We have identified a dual nature in this relationship. This duality is implicated in unintended and intended organizational outcomes, such as exploitation of workforce and democratizing CSR engagements, respectively. We offer multiple contributions to knowledge and practice. By exploring dual nature of the CSR-HRM relationship, we demonstrate multiple roles that the HR function plays in organizations, such as mediating role, regulating and governance role and legitimizing role. We recommend that organizations might better approach CSR from an employee engagement perspective and posit that employees’ perceptions of CSR authenticity and of local needs will transform the dynamics of the CSR-HRM relationship and organizational commitments.
    • Sustaining existing social protection programmes during crises: What do we know? How can we know more?

      Slater, Rachel (Institute of Development Studies, 2022-05-11)
      Research on social assistance in crisis situations has focused predominantly on how social assistance can flex in response to rapid-onset emergencies such as floods or hurricanes and to slower-onset shocks such as drought. This paper identifies a substantial knowledge gap – namely, our understanding of the ways in which existing, government-led programmes can be sustained during crises to ensure that households that were already poor and vulnerable before a crisis continue to be supported. The limited literature available focuses on climate- and natural environment-related shocks – far less attention is paid to other crises. Conflict-affected situations are a major gap, although there is an emerging body of evidence of the ways in which focus on adapting delivery mechanisms has allowed social assistance and other social protection programmes to be sustained throughout the Covid-19 pandemic. The paper concludes that a better understanding of when, where and how existing programmes can be sustained during situations of violent conflict will help to ensure that poor and vulnerable households can be supported – either through government programmes or by enabling robust diagnosis of when efforts to sustaining existing programmes will be inadequate and an additional, external responses are required.
    • Guest editorial: International sources for advertising and marketing history

      Hawkins, Richard; Neilson, Leighann (Emerald, 2022-05-06)
    • Toward a universalistic behavioural model of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness for the health services sector

      Hamlin, Robert; Ruiz, Carlos E.; Jones, Jenni; Patel, Taran (SAGE, 2022-04-29)
      Much management and leadership development provision for healthcare professionals has been the subject of considerable criticism, and there have been numerous calls for training programmes explicitly focused on the specific managerial (manager/leader) behaviours healthcare managers, physician leaders and nurse managers need to exhibit to be perceived effective. The aim of our multiple cross-case/cross-nation comparative study has been to: i) identify similarities and differences between the findings of published qualitative critical incident studies of effective and ineffective managerial behaviour observed within British, Egyptian, Mexican and Romanian public hospitals, respectively, and ii) if possible, deduce from the identified commonalities a healthcare-related behavioural model of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness. Adopting a philosophical stance informed by pragmatism, epistemological instrumentalism and abduction, we used realist qualitative analytic methods to code and classify into a maximum number of discrete behavioural categories empirical source data obtained from five previous studies. We found high degrees of empirical generalization which resulted in the identification of five positive (effective) and four negative (ineffective) behavioural dimensions (BDs) derived, respectively, from 14 positive and 9 negative deduced behavioural categories (BCs). These BDs and underpinning BCs are expressed in the form of an emergent two-factor universalistic behavioural model of perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness. We suggest the model could be used to critically evaluate the relevance and appropriateness of existing training provision for physician leaders, nurse managers and other healthcare managers/leaders in public hospitals or to design new explicit training programmes informed and shaped by healthcare-specific management research, as called for in the literature.
    • Know your guests’ preferences before they arrive at your hotel: evidence from TripAdvisor

      Rahimi, Roya; Thelwall, Mike; Okumus, Fevzi; Bilgihan, Anil (Emerald, 2022-04-26)
      Purpose Toward achieving a better guest experience, the current study uses the word frequency comparison technique to evaluate the types of attributes and services that are used most frequently in guests’ five- and one-star reviews on TripAdvisor. The paper also investigates the differences between reviews written by men and women. Design/methodology/approach A combined sentiment and text analysis was applied to 329,849 UK hotel reviews from UK TripAdvisor to identify factors that influence customer satisfaction, including those with gender differences. Findings Our findings reveal important differences between the male- and female-produced terms. The results show that female travelers pay more attention to the hotel’s core products and their comfort compared to male travelers. In terms of food and beverage, men’s comments tended to focus on pubs, beer, and certain types of food. In contrast, women’s comments were more likely to be related to healthy eating, such as homemade, vegan, and vegetarian foods, as well as fruits and healthy breakfasts. Women also pay more attention to the soft skills of staff such as friendliness, helpfulness, and welcoming messages. Implications While core attributes of a hotel stay remain crucial for all guests, disparities exist between the language men and women use to describe them. For core products, women pay more attention to the room’s cleanliness, comfort, and features such as bed, pillow, blanket, towel, toiletries, and decoration, whereas men pay more attention to the layout, size, and type of room. Hotels may use gender as a segmentation variable and use these findings in their marketing campaigns. Originality/value This is one of the first studies offering insights into the differences between the male and female reactions to and preferences for hotel services at a national level. Following a novel method, this study has listed and ranked attributes and differentiated them based on gender.
    • The influence of American retailing innovation in Great Britain: A case study of F.W. Woolworth & Co., 1909-1982

      Hawkins, Richard (Marketing History Society of Japan, 2022-03-31)
      This article explores the diffusion of American retailing innovation in Great Britain with a case study of F.W. Woolworth & Co. from its foundation in 1909 to its divestment by its American parent company in 1982. Initially Woolworthʼs British subsidiary introduced a retail format modelled on that of its American parent company, cheap high quality variety merchandise with three fixed prices, one, three and six pence. The management team was led by American executives and Woolworth family members together with Britons recruited by the founder, Frank Winfield Woolworth. As Woolworthʼs British subsidiary steadily increased the number of stores during its first two decades, the Americans were succeeded by Britons. Woolworthʼs American retail format proved to be very successful in Britain until the end of the 1930 s. However, Woolworthʼs retail format became unsustainable in Britain during the 1940 s as a result of wartime inflation followed by the increase of the rate of purchase tax on some of its merchandise. By the early 1950s fixed prices had been abandoned. During the subsidiaryʼs final three decades it ceased to be dynamic because it was led by a succession of conservative British managers who were reluctant to adapt to the changing British and international retail environment. During the early post-war period they resisted the adoption of self-service retailing which had been embraced by its American parent company. Later during the 1960s and 1970s the subsidiaryʼs British managers resisted and obstructed the diffusion from America to Britain of the parent companyʼs out-of-town discount department store format, Woolco.
    • Women in business leadership in the Midlands

      Mahmood, Samia; Eke, Priscilla; Mpofu, Tanya; Machold, Silke (The University of Wolverhampton, 2022-03-28)
      This report summarises a research project commissioned by the Midlands Engine on women in business leadership in the Midlands. Prior research has shown that women are under-represented at executive and board levels and less likely than men to be involved in entrepreneurship (Rose, 2019; Vinnicombe et al., 2021). These studies also advocated that more diverse leadership and greater inclusivity leads to significant business and societal benefits. This research focuses on women on boards and women-owned business leadership in the East and West Midlands to provide a much-needed regional perspective on this phenomenon. The research, undertaken by the University of Wolverhampton, aimed to understand better the current representation of women on boards and women-owned businesses in the Midlands region, identify barriers to gender diversity and inclusivity, and provide recommendations to promote gender diversity in leadership. Women hold 15.8% of directorships in the top 350 public and private companies in the Midlands, lower than the UK’s large public companies. Moreover, women account for only 7.8% of executive directorships in the Midlands’ top 350 companies compared to 13.7% and 11.3% in FTSE100 and FTSE250 companies, respectively. Among the Midlands top 350 companies, 169 have exclusively male boards (48%). In addition, women both lead and own a lower percentage of small businesses in the Midlands than in most England regions. Data collected through interviews with stakeholders show that in addition to well-documented gender biases, the presence of historically male-dominated industries and a prevalence of cultural stereotypes have impeded progress towards greater diversity and inclusivity in the Midlands. Nevertheless, many industry leaders in the Midlands are championing women’s inclusion within their organisations and leadership teams by creating platforms for representation, advocating role models and supporting flexible working. The report identifies examples where such actions resulted in a critical mass of women in the boardroom. Yet without effective interventions on a wider scale, the barriers identified can significantly inhibit the growth of women-led businesses, impede greater diversity in leadership positions in the region and, therefore, make it challenging to achieve the goal of gender diversity and inclusivity. The findings lead to proposals for interventions to promote women into leadership at a range of scales: at the individual level, such as tackling biases and allyship; at the organisational level, such as flexible working hours and targets towards gender balance, and; at the regional level, such as support networks and targeted resources.
    • Ukraine - can social protection be sustained and support a humanitarian response?

      Sojka, Bozena; Harvey, Paul; Slater, Rachel (Centre for International Development and Training, University of Wolverhampton, 2022-03-15)
    • Detoxing university through creative engagement

      Prior, Ross; Francis, Abraham P.; Carter, Margaret Anne (Springer, 2022-03-13)
      This chapter outlines a philosophy of higher education practice that includes emphasis on using creativity to engage students, both in and outside of formal classes, to improve wellbeing. In an age of increasing discourse preoccupied with division and difference, individuals’ feelings of isolation and loneliness, increased student debt, lack of job opportunities and societal destabilisation, there is urgent need for a philosophy of ‘togetherness’. In developing this ideal of coming together, the benefits to mental health and wellbeing are many. Further, the way we conduct research in the academy is something to consider more carefully too. The choice of our research methodologies may not be as benign as we might think and can shift perceptions and distort values over time. The past decade has revealed an unhealthy preoccupation with measurement and performance rankings which has been pervasive amongst the neoliberalist higher education sector. However, lived experience, feelings and creative endeavour resist numerical reduction. Running alongside this issue has been growing calls across those working in wellbeing and education to increase usage of art-based approaches in understanding and evidencing the benefits of expressive art practice. To these ends, this chapter offers hope in how creative activity might bring about essential change to combat a corporate hardening that has in recent times ruthlessly hijacked the love of learning and indeed the love of enabling others. Reporting on an initiative where artistic processes have been used as an antidote to the ‘toxic university’, the chapter explores what we can do to bring about positive change for both students and staff.
    • Revisiting innovation practices in subsistence farming: The net effects of land management, pesticide, herbicide and fungicide practices on expected crop harvest in Ethiopia

      Onjewu, Adah-Kole; Jafari-Sadeghi, Vahid; Hussain, Sundas (Inderscience Publishers, 2022-03-10)
      To settle inconsistent findings in the farming innovation and productivity nexus, this inquiry examines the land management practices of 7,625 households in rural Ethiopia. Specifically, the net effects of (1) improved seeds, (2) mixed cropping and (3) row planting on the use of (4) pesticides, (5) herbicides and (6) fungicides are assessed. Using a structural equation technique, the study probes how these six practices predict households’ expected harvest. It is found that while improved seeds increase pesticide, herbicide and fungicide use, mixed cropping and row planting generally reduce these practices. Moreover, mixed cropping moderately increases expected harvest while improved seeds and row planting have the reverse effect. The interrelations of these factors increase knowledge in contingency-driven agronomics, and provoke reflection on the sustainability of land management practices. Particularly, opposed to prevailing views, it is demonstrated that sowing traditional seeds will reduce households’ reliance on pesticides, herbicides and fungicides. The inherent findings speak to policy-makers tasked with supporting peasant life in rural Ethiopia and similar contexts.
    • Comparative study of the perceptions of Mexican and Colombian employees about managerial and leadership behavioural effectiveness

      Ruiz, Carlos E.; Hamlin, Robert G.; Torres, Luis (Emerald, 2022-02-22)
      Abstract Purpose The purpose of this qualitative study was to compare the perceptions of employed people in Mexico and Colombia about managerial and leadership behavioural effectiveness. Research Design A qualitative multiple cross-case and cross-nation comparative analysis of findings obtained from the two past emic replication (Mexico and Colombia) studies was conducted. Findings Our study suggests that people within Mexican and Colombian organizations perceive ‘managerial and leadership behavioural effectiveness’ in very similar ways. Our findings support those researchers whose studies indicate that culture may not, as previously thought, play a significant role in the way managers should manage and lead their subordinates. Originality Our comparative study attempts to generate new insights and better understanding within the context of ‘managerial and leadership behavioural effectiveness’ research, which we hope will make a useful contribution to the existing small body of knowledge regarding similarities and differences in managerial practices across culturally diverse Latin American countries. Practical implications The findings of our comparative study are relevant to those HRD professionals in international companies with operations in Mexico and/or Colombia when preparing their executives for international assignments in these Latin American countries.
    • Toward a generic framework of perceived negative manager/leader behavior: A comparative study across nations and private sector industries

      Patel, Taran; Hamlin, Robert G.; Louis, Dima (Wiley, 2022-02-15)
      Reviewing three relevant streams of extant literature reveals a marked absence of a generic framework comprised of a full range of negative manager/leader behaviors (from moderate to extreme) across sectors and countries, a void particularly detrimental to the effectiveness of management and leadership development (MLD) programs. To address this concern, we conduct a multiple cross-case/cross-nation comparative analysis (MCCA) of data collected from our own 13 previous empirical replication studies (using the critical incident technique) of effective/ineffective managerial/leader behavior across nine culturally diverse countries and varied private sector industries, resulting in a comprehensive framework of perceived negative manager/leader behavior. Our generic framework is comprised of five behavioral dimensions: general inadequate behavior, unethical behavior, impersonal domineering behavior, depriving behavior, and closed/negative-minded behavior, and lends support to the universal school of culture in business literature by showing that neither national culture nor sectorial specificities influence people’s perceptions of negative manager/leader behavior. It also stresses the importance of the mundane (as opposed to the glorious) in managerial/leadership work by revealing that employees’ perceptions of negative manager/leader behavior includes not only conspicuously ‘bad’ behaviors, but also less conspicuous ‘poor’ behaviors.