• Von der Gstättn nach Auschwitz. Jüdische Kinderzwangsarbeiter 1938-1945

      Steinert, Johannes-Dieter (Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies, 2019-12-31)
      This lecture is based on a research project that evaluated – alongside contemporary documents – over 500 autobiographical testimonies in which survivors of the Holocaust reported on their time under German occupation, on ghettos and camps, on the fates of their families, and on forced labour. Jewish children were forced to work in all sectors of industry, mining, and agriculture. They worked in the ghettos, in the concentration and extermination camps, and in the construction of motorways and railways, defensive fortifications, barracks, and airstrips. On the basis of a sample, the lecture traces an arc from the forced labour performed by Jewish children in the Viennese dump in 1938 to the Sonderkommando in Auschwitz. In summary, the lecture focuses on the attempts made in the personal testimonies to explain one’s own survival and the lifelong consequences of forced labour in the shadow of the Holocaust.
    • Foreword to the Special Issue: Women in Law and Criminal Justice: Quo Vadis?

      Potocnik, Metka (Law Research Centre, University of Wolverhampton, 2019-11-28)
      It is my esteemed pleasure to welcome the Special Issue of the Wolverhampton Law Journal (WLJ), which has been prepared in celebration of Women in Law and Criminal Justice. At the start of 2019, the celebrations of the centenary of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 began. In April, Wolverhampton Law School hosted the Artwork celebrating the First 100 Years of women in law which has also featured at the Supreme Court and the Royal Courts of Justice. At the same time the Law School organised a PhD Conference under the same theme, where PhD researchers from the West Midlands Legal Doctoral Network shared their findings about the women who have most influenced their areas of the law. In October, the Law Research Centre organised the First 100 Years Colloquium, the report of which is referenced below. In order to continue the celebrations, and with the Law Research Centre’s home journal, we found the unique opportunity to publish select contributions on this theme in this Special Issue.
    • Book Review: Robin West and Cynthia Grant Bowman (eds), Research Handbook on Feminist Jurisprudence (Edward Elgar, 2019) ISBN 978 1 78643 968 0 (cased), 544 pp.

      Potocnik, Metka (University of Wolverhampton, 2019-11-29)
      Feminist jurisprudence is unfortunately not an extensively studied subject in law courses in the United Kingdom. Most researchers with extensive careers would struggle with clearly explaining the key schools of thought, authors or concepts in feminist jurisprudence. Arguably, however, all areas of law would greatly benefit from a feminist investigation. This is true for areas, which expressly deal with women issues, but equally important in areas of law, which are written as “gender-neutral.” To dispel some of the mystery around feminist jurisprudence, Edward Elgar has published a much-needed collection of expert views on feminist jurisprudence. Although most contributions offer the United States’ perspective, this research handbook’s rich spread of twenty-six chapters (including the Introduction), represents a welcome addition to jurisprudential literature.
    • Book Review: Susan Harris Rimmer and Kate Ogg (eds), Research Handbook on Feminist Engagement with International Law (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019) ISBN 978 1 78536 391 7 (cased), 558 pp.

      Potocnik, Metka (University of Wolverhampton, 2019-11-29)
      The time has passed for feminist theories of law to be placed at the back of a jurisprudence book. Equally, experts in international law would benefit greatly by expanding their theoretical approaches and methodologies, to include feminist expertise. In this edited research handbook,1 Edward Elgar introduces a much-needed collection of expert views on feminist engagement with international law, adding to some of the pre-existing literature. 2 With thirty chapters and an Afterword, 3 this edited volume is a welcome addition to the research literature on international law and feminist jurisprudence, to be read by experts and novices alike. For readers not yet familiar with feminist theories, this edited collection offers a glimpse to the possibilities (both theoretical and methodological) that feminist approaches offer in all areas of fragmented international law.
    • On value and value creation: Perspectives from board research and practice in SMEs

      Yar Hamidi, D; Gabrielsson, J.; Khlif, W.; Yamak, S. (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019-07-26)
      While corporate governance research has been evolving over the last decade, it still has challenges to deal with. In this chapter we will discuss the contributions of the board of directors to value and value creation. This study reveals that, independent of the context of the board, there will be various definitions and perceptions about value and consequently on value creation in firms. In addition to a literature review of recent research on the governance of SMEs with a focus on value and value creation, results from interviews with board directors on SME boards are presented and reveal what directors perceive to be value and what they aim to do to create value. While research supports the practitioners’ perspective on value and value creation, there seems to be a disproportionate focus on financial performance and the structural aspects of boards in corporate governance research, which is not supported by the practitioners’ perspective.
    • Internationalism, peace and reconciliation: Anglo-German connections in the Youth Hostels movement, 1930-1950

      Cunningham, Michael; Constantine, Simon (Wiley, 2020-01-31)
      This article examines the close relationship that existed between the English and Welsh Youth Hostel Association (YHA) and the Deutsche Jugendherbergswerk (DJH), the German pioneer movement, between 1930 and 1950. It emphasises the importance of shared cultural values and the influence that the German DJH had on the YHA from its beginnings. It argues that the internationalism and pacifism of the fledgling national association, its debt of gratitude to the parent organisation, and close relationship between leading figures, all pushed it towards a position of accommodation with Germany, even when the German movement was subsumed within the racist, nationalist and militarist Nazi movement in 1933. The YHA thus reinforced the spirit and policy of Appeasement between the wars. In the aftermath of war, the same commitment to peaceful cooperation between nations, and the same personal ties, saw the hostel movement re-emerge as a vehicle for reconciliation.
    • Pirates, slavers, brigands and gangs: the French terminology of anticolonial rebellion, 1880–1920

      D’Andurain, Julie; Krause, Jonathan (Oxford University Press, 2017-11-27)
      During the most rapid period of French colonial expansion (roughly 1880–1914) the French faced regular, often violent, resistance to the expansion of their imperial dominion over people in Africa and Southeast Asia. This article examines the changing terminology that French soldiers, officers and administrators used to describe the anticolonial movements they were called upon to suppress during the course of French conquest and ‘pacification’ operations. This terminology is gleaned both from archival sources, as well as from the so-called ‘grey literature’ of books, letters and pamphlets published by members of the French military, which do not exist in traditional libraries and holdings like the Bibliothèque Nationale. Taken as a whole this analysis grants us insight into how the French thought about themselves, their anticolonial opponents, how these conceptions changed over time, and how these conceptions translated into action and methodology.
    • Transnational policing in Southern Africa: moving towards a centralized European model of police cooperation?

      McDaniel, John; van der Spuy, Elrena; McDaniel, John LM; Stonard, Karlie E; Cox, David J (Routledge, 2019-10-15)
      The nature of cross-border police cooperation in Southern Africa has undergone radical transformation over the past two decades. Numerous international treaties and agreements now formalize and enhance the conduct and effectiveness of police cooperation. Legislative and policy initiatives have given shape and form to a framework of cooperation, with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its constituent Southern African Regional Police Chiefs Cooperation Organisation (SARPCCO) at its centre. The establishment of Afripol in 2015 suggests that transnational policing is becoming more centralized, similar in ways to the EU transnational policing infrastructure. The chapter questions the wisdom of using EU structures and processes for police cooperation as a benchmark.
    • The use of Socrative in university social science teaching

      Pryke, Sam (Berghahn Press, 2020-04-01)
      Socrative is an online platform that allows a teacher to put questions to students through an app on their smart phone or tablet. In existence since 2011, its use is now quite common in university teaching. But is Socrative any good? This article reviews the literature on the device and discusses my research on the use of the app, the first carried out with social science students. The secondary research findings are that students find Socrative easy to use, fun, of genuine benefit to their learning and a medium that aids active participation. Further, there is evidence that it benefits attainment as testing helps memory retention. My research findings broadly concur. Also considered is how Socrative use can be extended beyond revision style testing, to introduce students to new information that challenges existing beliefs and to elicit controversial opinions and sensitive information.
    • “Something is happening and you don’t know what it is”: The music and entertainment press

      Glen, Patrick; Conboy, Martin; Finkelstein, David (University of Edinburgh, 2020-01-01)
      Coleman joined the Melody Maker at their Fleet Street office in 1960, and at first found it hard to adjust to a different style of showbiz journalism. He couldn't see what was ‘newsworthy’ about a string of Cliff Richard tour dates and preferred to stir up a row with the BBC or research a heavily angled investigation into the music business. Feeling frustrated, he planned to defect to the Daily Telegraph. Then he encountered a classic put-down from a Telegraph executive at his job interview. Asked where he worked, he replied: ‘The Melody Maker.’ And before that? ‘The Manchester Evening News.’ After a long pause, the executive inquired icily: ‘Tell me, Mr Coleman, why did you leave journalism?’ The anecdote, taken from Roy Coleman’s obituary (Independent 13 September 1996) reveals a common preconception about the entertainment press: it was a journalistic backwater, a place for fanatics and second-rate journalists, where publishers made easy money. The view misses the significance of a medium where the entertainment industry and the public came together to discuss the creative practices, performances and commercial products of artistes. These journalistic and publishing practices were not performed in isolation: the entertainment press, often implicitly but also knowingly, constructed and represented broader understandings of society, politics and culture.
    • Rapport final: Forum sur la gouvernance forestière, Brazzaville 2018

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN; Nyirenda, Richard; Nkodia, Alfred; Moukouri, Serge; Nzala, Donatien; Baur, Dani (University of Wolverhampton, Centre for International Development and Training, 2019-01-24)
      Les forêts du Bassin du Congo constituent l’un des plus importants réservoirs de biodiversité dans le monde. Elles fournissent des moyens de subsistance à plus de 75 millions de personnes qui comptent sur les ressources naturelles locales. Mais à cause de la mauvaise gouvernance observée, cette richesse tend à disparaître au fil des temps, ce qui représente une menace pour la survie des populations qui y sont installées. De nombreuses initiatives ont vu le jour pour pallier cette situation parmi lesquelles la certification forestière, REDD+ et les APV-FLEGT. Les pays du bassin du Congo ont fait de la gouvernance forestière une priorité au sein de la Commission des Forêts d’Afrique Centrale (COMIFAC). Pour y parvenir, il est évident que toutes les parties prenantes à la gestion durable des forêts se sentent concernées et doivent s’impliquer. Dans cette perspective, le projet C4CV, cofinancé par l’Union européenne et le DFID a organisé le Forum régional sur la Gouvernance Forestière (FGF) en République du Congo. Ce projet est mis en œuvre au Cameroun, en République centrafricaine, en République démocratique du Congo, au Gabon et en République du Congo. Sous la direction du CIDT de l’université de Wolverhampton, les organisations partenaires dudit projet dans les cinq pays sont : le Centre pour l’Information Environnementale et le Développement Durable (CIEDD), le centre pour l’Environnement et le Développement (CED) et Forêts et développement Rural (FODER) au Cameroun ; l’Observatoire de la Gouvernance Forestière (OGF) en RDC ; Brainforest au Gabon ; le Cercle d’Appui à la Gestion Durable des Forêts (CAGDF) en République du Congo, y compris le Field Legality Advisory Group (FLAG) en tant que partenaire régional et le World Resources Institute (WRI) en tant que partenaire international. Calqué sur le modèle des réunions semestrielles de mise à jour sur l’exploitation illégale à Chatham House, le FGF vise à contribuer aux buts plus étendus du projet CV4C à travers le partage d’expériences et la sensibilisation, et en promouvant le profil des processus APV-FLEGT et REDD+. La 11ème édition du FGF a été organisée en collaboration avec le Partenariat pour les Forêts du Bassin du Congo (PFBC), en vue de la préparation de la Rencontre des Parties de haut niveau, prévue pour la semaine du 26 novembre 2018 à Bruxelles.
    • Summary report of the Cameroon Regional Forest Governance Forum: creating space for stakeholder participation in forest governance

      Begum, Rufsana; Mei, Giorgia; Nyirenda, Richard; Kouetcha, Christelle; Mbzibain, Aurelian (Centre for International Development and Training, University of Wolverhampton, 2016-09-02)
      The Cameroon Regional Forest Governance Forum held 16th-18th March 2016 at Hotel La Falaise, Yaoundé was the first to be held under the auspices of the Congo Basin VPA Implementation - Championing Forest Peoples’ Rights and Participation Project (EU-CFPR) project. It is the tenth under a series of similar international conferences implemented under the Centre for International Development and Training (CIDT)’s previous project ‘Strengthening African Forest Governance’ (SAFG). The EU-CFPR project is supported by the European Union and DFID and is implemented in the Central African Republic (CAR) and Cameroon. The project is led by the Centre for International Development and Training (CIDT), University of Wolverhampton, working in partnership with Centre pour l’Information Environnementale et le Développement Durable (CIEDD), Maison de l’Enfant et de la Femme Pygmées (MEFP) in CAR, Centre pour l’Environnement et le Développement (CED) and Forêts et Développement Rural (FODER) in Cameroon, FERN and Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) in Europe. The Cameroon Regional Forest Governance Forum was also delivered with the generous support of a number of organisations and initiatives. These included the EU FAO FLEGT Programme, the DFID funded FLEGT-VPA support programme, the Forest Stewardship Council, the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR Regional Office, Cameroon) and the Cameroon Ministry of Forests and Wildlife. The Cameroon Regional FGF was the first in which the FSC was officially involved. The aim of the Cameroon Regional FGF was to contribute to the wider aims of the EU-CFPR project through experience sharing and raising awareness, and the profile of FLEGT-VPA process. The specific objective of the Cameroon Regional FGF was to provide a free, deliberative and open space for the exchange of information, experiences, lessons, ideas and up to date research around Forest Governance, FLEGT-VPAs and other initiatives seeking to improve forest governance and combat illegal logging. This objective was met in full as will be highlighted in this report.
    • Améliorer la gouvernance forestière en Afrique Centrale: Bonnes pratiques et leçons apprises de la collaboration entre parlementaires, société civile et médias

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN; Amine, Khadidja (University of Wolverhampton, 2016-01-01)
      Le Bassin du Congo comprend environ 70 % de la couverture forestière de l’Afrique: sur les 530 millions d’hectares du bassin du Congo, 300 millions sont couverts par la forêt. Ces forêts hébergent quelques 30 millions de personnes et fournissent des moyens de subsistance à plus de 75 millions de personnes qui comptent sur les ressources naturelles locales. Bien que la déforestation et la dégradation des forêts soient restées à un niveau faible dans le bassin du Congo, elles ont toutes deux nettement accéléré au cours des dernières années.
    • Exploring the impact of the Improving forest governance (IFG) course: a study on 4 years (2010-2013) of IFG course delivery

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN; Pavey, Marc; Nyirenda, Richard; Haruna, Ella; Thomas, Sarah; Mahony, Desmond; Dearden, Philip; Begum, Rufsana (University of Wolverhampton, Centre for International Development and training, 2015-07-01)
      This study explores the impact of the Improving Forest Governance course, a UK-based training programme aimed at frontline players in timber producing and processing countries. The course aims to build capacity of participants to engage in and lead on activities promoting better forest governance. This report looks at the extent to which course alumni have been able to improve forest governance, and illustrates the specific outcomes which demonstrate that.
    • Developing capacity, confidence and voice: experiences from a five-year capacity building for improving forest governance model

      MBZIBAIN, AURELIAN; Begum, Rufsana; Haruna, Ella; Nyirenda, Richard; Pavey, Marc (World Forestry Congress 2015, 2015-09-07)
      The objective of this paper is to share lessons learnt from the Centre for International Development and Training’s (CIDT) five-year capacity building (CB) model for improving forest governance (FG). The model develops individual, organisational, and institutional capacities and creates “venues of accountability” that facilitate cross-country learning. The model operates at three levels: international, regional and national. The first component is a UK-based programme of training and mentoring that targets mid-level FG champions from government, private sector and civil society in 20+ countries/3 continents. This is complemented by a series of high-level regional Forest Governance Forums (FGFs) facilitated in selected countries (Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana and Liberia) and tailored national CB events co-delivered with local partners. Data is drawn from online surveys of international alumni, regional FGF participants and 80 face-to-face interviews with various stakeholders from 15 countries. Results show significant improvements in knowledge, skills, attitudes and confidence of course participants, with evidence of effective application of learning and multiplier effects on the ground. Additionally, the value of north-south and south-south exchanges is evidenced by the creation of networks and alliances of FG champions. The findings also demonstrate the innovativeness of FGFs as spaces of accountability and cross-country learning, notably because they ensure momentum on FG reforms is maintained at national, regional and international levels. The implications of this work to policy and practice are discussed.
    • Pointing, telling and showing: multimodal deitic enrichment during in-vision news sign language translation

      Stone, Christopher; Tipton, Rebecca; Desilla, Louisa (Routledge, 2019-06-07)
      The Broadcasting Act 1996, chapter 55, section 20, placed a legal obliged on broadcaster in the UK to include British Sign Language (BSL) in their programmes either have, presentation in, or translation into, sign language. This has included the translation into BSL of current affairs programmes, popular programmes and soaps with a variety of Deaf and hearing T/Is being employed to undertake this work. This in-vision translation is not new, and has preceded 1996 (Ladd, 200?), but little attention has been paid to the multimodal nature of the translation and the pragmatics of delivering a seen translation, with the translator viewed by the audience, presenting a translation that interacts with other elements on the television screen. This involves the representation of the news and other current affairs to ensure that sign language using deaf people have access to the news in their first or preferred language.
    • Police misconduct, protraction and the mental health of accused police officers

      McDaniel, John; Moss, Kate; Pease, Ken; Singh, Paramjit; McDaniel, John LM; Moss, Kate; Pease, Ken G (Routledge, 2020-01-10)
      The chapter describes findings from a research project carried out in collaboration with one UK police force. The project was designed to examine and understand the force’s welfare practices towards officers accused of misconduct and the impact of prolonged misconduct investigations on the mental health and wellbeing of police officers, specifically police officers who were subsequently exonerated. The aim was to identify new opportunities for mental health support, points of avoidable delay, demotivation and embitterment, and stress-reducing possibilities throughout the misconduct process, and to produce a simple and clear evidence-based set of recommendations for improvement.
    • Enhancing the accountability and transparency of transnational police cooperation within the European Union

      McDaniel, John; Lavorgna, Anita; McDaniel, John LM; Stonard, Karlie; Cox, David J (Routledge, 2019-10-15)
      The EU’s development of advanced instruments and processes of police cooperation on both policy and operational fronts presents new challenges and opportunities for conventional approaches to police accountability and transparency. Although no substantive mention is made of police accountability under Title V of the Lisbon Treaty 2009, it can be expected that the EU’s common transnational measures draw upon, reconcile and enhance Member State approaches to police accountability which are rooted in long-standing constitutional, legal and administrative traditions and values. This chapter will consider whether and to what extent various Member State norms on police accountability and transparency are informing the concept, design and operation of the EU policing regime and vice versa. More particularly, it will recommend the development of a new ethos of ‘transnational police accountability’ which should guide and shape EU policy-making in this area.
    • Rebellion and resistance in French Indochina, 1914-1918

      Krause, Jonathan (Taylor & Francis, 2019-12-31)
      Nearly every major French colony experienced some form of organized anticolonial resistance during, and as a direct result of, the First World War. Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Senegal, Niger, Mali, Chad, Burkina Faso, Madagascar, New Caledonia, and Indochina all experienced rebellion of some notable scope. Similar patterns of unrest also developed in the British, Russian, Italian and Ottoman empires during the First World War, suggesting a global moment for anticolonialism. These rebellions took place for many different reasons, in a wide range of historical, cultural, political and economic contexts. For all their contextual diversity, however, the anticolonial rebellions that erupted from 1914 through to the 1920s could not help but be influenced by the realities presented by the First World War. The two principal realities that influenced and helped spark anticolonial rebellions in the First World War were the reduction of colonial occupation forces across Africa and Asia and the recruitment of Afro-Asians for military and industrial service in Europe, often through coercive means. The direct influence of aspects of the First World War in sparking anticolonial rebellions across large swathes of Africa and Asia demand that we discuss these rebellions as part of both the global experience and legacy of the First World War.
    • From balletics to ballistics: French artillery, 1897-1916

      Krause, Jonathan (BJMH, 2019-10-24)
      The fighting on the Western Front during the First World War was characterized by the mass use of artillery and, thanks to scholarship from recent decades, is now understood as a crucible for learning and innovation. This article follows the trajectory of French artillery capabilities, mental and mechanical, from the late 19th century through to 1916.