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Chemistry for Environmental & Earth SciencesDuke, Catherine V. A.; Williams, Craig D. (CRC Press (Taylor & Francis), 2007)Synopsis: Tackling environmental issues such as global warming, ozone depletion, acid rain, water pollution, and soil contamination requires an understanding of the underlying science and chemistry of these processes in real-world systems and situations. "Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences" provides a student-friendly introduction to the basic chemistry used for the mitigation, remediation, and elimination of pollutants. Written and organized in a style that is accessible to science as well as non-science majors, this textbook divides its content into four intuitive chapters: Fire, Earth, Water, and Air. The first chapter explains classical concepts in chemistry that occur in nature such as atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding and reactions, states of matter, phase transitions, and radioactivity.Subsequent chapters focus on the chemistry relating to the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere-including the chemical aspects of soil, water, and air pollution, respectively.
The Characterisation of Settled Dust by Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive X-ray AnalysisShilton, Vaughan F.; Giess, Paul; Mitchell, David J.; Williams, Craig D. (Springer Verlag, 2002)Settled dust has been collected inside the main foyers of three University buildings in Wolverhampton City Centre, UK. Two of the three buildings are located in a street canyon used almost exclusively by heavy duty diesel vehicles. The dust was collected on adhesive carbon spectro-tabs to be in a form suitable for analysis by scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Using these analytical techniques, individual particle analysis was undertaken for morphology and chemistry. Seasonal variations and variations due to location were observed in both the morphological measurements and chemical analysis. Many of the differences appear attributable to the influence of road traffic, in particular, the heavy duty diesel vehicles, travelling along the street canyon. (Springer Verlag)