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dc.contributor.authorKowalski, Robert
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-19T11:03:45Z
dc.date.available2008-05-19T11:03:45Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationProtoSociology - An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 20: 390-411
dc.identifier.issn1611-1281
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/26812
dc.description.abstractDevelopment is permeated by paradoxes. These are primarily the result of a confusion of logical types that characterises human communication. When these paradoxes are turned into double binds they have a distinctly disabling impact upon the partners and the processes of development. The two main causes of double binds are an inability to withdraw from the no win choices of paradox, and an interdiction against discussing the existence of the paradox. A number of examples of double binds in development and their causes are discussed and a series of suggestions to improve the practices of development are made.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherProtoSociology: The International Journal and Interdisciplinary Project
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.protosociology.de/index.html
dc.subjectWorld-System Analysis
dc.subjectHuman communication
dc.subjectDouble binds
dc.titleDevelopment - paradox, paralysis and praxis
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalProtoSociology - An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research
html.description.abstractDevelopment is permeated by paradoxes. These are primarily the result of a confusion of logical types that characterises human communication. When these paradoxes are turned into double binds they have a distinctly disabling impact upon the partners and the processes of development. The two main causes of double binds are an inability to withdraw from the no win choices of paradox, and an interdiction against discussing the existence of the paradox. A number of examples of double binds in development and their causes are discussed and a series of suggestions to improve the practices of development are made.


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