Recent Submissions

  • Stability and Change during Periods of Re-organisation: A Cultural Historical Investigation into Children’s Services (in England)

    Wiseman, Paul (Infonomics Society, 2015)
    This paper presents the findings of a quasi-longitudinal investigation of the lived experiences of Children’s Service professionals (in England) between 2004 and 2012. The research aimed to gain an understanding of the factors which shape and transform collective professional behaviour during periods of national policy reform. Cultural historical activity theory formed the analytical framework which helped identify features of professional practice which changed or remained the same; thereby giving insight into ‘the change process’ within large organisations. The findings identified a movement from universal provision of services to one that adopted an increasingly business orientated approach. Multi-agency partnership working remained evident throughout; from policy ambition in 2004 to one embedded in practice through necessity within an environment of decreasing financial and human resources.
  • Participation or exclusion? Perspectives of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders on their participation in leisure activities

    Brewster, Stephanie; Coleyshaw, Liz (Wiley, 2011-12)
    The importance of active participation in leisure activities for everybody is identified by Carr (2004) but issues around leisure in the lives of children with disabilities have received little recognition. The experience of children/young people (henceforth referred to simply as children, for brevity) with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) in accessing and engaging in leisure pursuits is particularly lacking in the literature. This article describes a small-scale investigation of the views of children and young people with ASD around their access to leisure activities. The distinctive range of impairments characteristic of ASD is discussed in terms of their impact on the child’s possibilities for accessing this area of life. Findings indicate the significant challenges these children face in achieving an active and varied life outside of school and home environments. The importance and also the challenge of consulting with children with disabilities are discussed
  • Saying the ‘F word … in the nicest possible way’: augmentative communication and discourses of disability

    Brewster, Stephanie (Routledge, 2013-01)
    This paper examines a case study of a severely physically disabled man, Ralph, in terms of his interaction with his carers. He communicates using various systems of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC, such as symbol boards and high-tech devices), the vocabulary for which has mostly been selected for him by others. The starting point of the paper is the assumption that disabled people have traditionally held a disempowered position in society (relative to non-disabled people), and the question asked is to what extent is Ralph further disempowered by the limited vocabulary available to him in his AAC systems, and in the way others interact with him. The paper draws on the work of Bourdieu, according to whom ‘Language is not only an instrument of communication or even of knowledge, but also an instrument of power’ (1977, 648). I consider the tensions between the drive towards the empowerment of disabled individuals, as exemplified by the provision of AAC, and opposition to allowing access to certain types of vocabulary (especially expletives such as ‘the F word’), unless it is expressed in ‘the nicest possible way’.
  • Does capitalism inevitably increase education inequality?

    Hill, Dave; Greaves, Nigel M.; Maisuria, Alpesh (Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2009)
    This book: Inequality in Education: Comparative and International Perspectives is a compilation of conceptual chapters and national case studies that includes a series of methods for measuring education inequalities. The book provides up-to-date scholarly research on global trends in the distribution of formal schooling in national populations. It also offers a strategic comparative and international education policy statement on recent shifts in education inequality, and new approaches to explore, develop and improve comparative education and policy research globally. Contributing authors examine how education as a process interacts with government finance policy to form patterns of access to education services. In addition to case perspectives from 18 countries across six geographic regions, the volume includes six conceptual chapters on topics that influence education inequality, such as gender, disability, language and economics, and a summary chapter that presents new evidence on the pernicious consequences of inequality in the distribution of education. The book offers (1) a better and more holistic understanding of ways to measure education inequalities; and (2) strategies for facing the challenge of inequality in education in the processes of policy formation, planning and implementation at the local, regional, national and global levels.
  • Embourgeoisment, Immiseration, Commodification - Marxism Revisited: a Critique of Education in Capitalist Systems.

    Greaves, Nigel M.; Hill, Dave; Maisuria, Alpesh (The Institute for Education Policy Studies, 2007)
    In this paper, we explore educational inequality through a theoretical and empirical analysis. We use classical Marxian scholarship and class-based analyses to theorise the relationship between education and the inequality in society that is an inevitable feature of capitalist society/ economy. The relationship between social class and the process of capitalization of education in the USA and UK is identified, where neo-liberal drivers are working to condition the education sector more tightly to the needs of capital. The empirical evidence is utilised to show how capital accumulation is the principal objective of national and international government policy, and of global capitalist organizations such as the World Trade Organization. The key ontological claim of Marxist education theorists is that education serves to complement, regiment and replicate the dominant-subordinate nature of class relations upon which capitalism depends, the labor-capital relation. Through these arguments we show that education services the capitalist economy, helps reproduce the necessary social, political, ideological and economic conditions for capitalism, and therefore, reflects and reproduces the organic inequalities of capitalism originating in the relations of production. We also note that education is a site of cultural contestation and resistance. We conclude that, whether in terms of attainment, selection, or life chances, it is inevitable that education systems reflect and express the larger features of capitalist inequality.
  • Shut the f*** up, you have no rights here: Critical Race Theory and Racialisation in post-7/7 racist Britain.

    Cole, Mike; Maisuria, Alpesh (The Institute for Education Policy Studies, 2007)
    The London bombings of 7th July, 2007 (7/7) were a pivotal moment in British society, not only because of the loss of life and injury, but because it was the first time Britain had been attacked by non-white British citizens. This point was underscored by Chancellor Gordon Brown when he stressed that ‘the uncomfortable facts’ have to be faced that the bombers were ‘British citizens, British born, apparently integrated into our communities, who were prepared to maim and kill fellow British citizens’. Here we assess competing explanations for the role of ‘race’ in contemporary society: Critical Race Theory (CRT) and Racialisation. Two central tenets of CRT are critiqued from a Marxist perspective, and the Marxist concept of racialisation is put forward as having most purchase in explaining manifestations of intensified Islamophobia and xenoracism in post 7/7 Britain.
  • Marxism and Educational Theory: Origins and Issues.

    Cole, Mike (London: Routledge (Taylor & Francis)., 2006)
    We live in a world where thousands make massive profits out of the labours of others, while those others exist as wage slaves, millions of whom die of starvation and poverty-related illness every year. The fundamental aim of Marxism is the overthrow of the anarchic, exploitative and eco-destructive system of world capitalism and its replacement by world socialism and equality. To build a socialist world is a task of gargantuan proportions, but one that Marxists believe is eminently achievable. This book addresses some of these challenges from within educational theory. The key theoretical issues addressed are: • utopian socialism • poststructuralism and postmodernism • transmodernism • globalisation, neo-liberalism and environmental destruction • the new imperialism • critical race theory. Marxism and Educational Theory compellingly and informatively propels the debate forward in the pursuit of that socialist future. In that quest, suggestions are made to connect theoretical issues with the more practical concerns of the school and the classroom.
  • Critical Race Theory and Education: A Marxist Response.

    Cole, Mike (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan., 2009)
    Critical Race Theory (CRT) in the realm of Education has a long history in the US, and is now a bourgeoning field of enquiry in the UK. Critical Race Theory and Education is the first book-length response to CRT from a Marxist perspective. It looks at CRT’s origins in Critical Legal Studies, critiques the work of major US and UK Critical Race Theorists and also looks at some of CRT’s strengths. CRT and Marxism are contextualized with respect to both neo-liberal global capitalism and imperialism and to antiracist socialist developments in South America. The book concludes with some suggestions for classroom practice. Contents: • Critical Legal Studies and the Origins of Critical Race Theory • White Supremacy and Racism; Social Class and Racialization • The Strengths of CRT • CRT and Educational Theory in the US • ‘Race’ and Educational Theory in the UK and the Arrival of CRT • Neo-liberal Global Imperialism in the Twenty-First Century • Marxism and Twenty-First Century Socialism CRT and Marxism: Some Suggestions for Classroom Practice.
  • AS Communication and Culture: The Essential Introduction.

    Bennett, Peter; Slater, Jerry (London: Routledge (Taylor & Francis)., 2008)
    AS Communication & Culture: The Essential Introduction is fully revised for the new 2008 GCE Communication and Culture Advanced Subsidiary specification with full colour throughout, over 120 images, new case studies and examples. The authors introduce students step-by-step to the skills of reading communication texts and understanding the link between communication and culture, as well as taking students through the tasks expected of them to pass the AQA AS Communication and Culture exam. The book is supplemented with a website featuring additional activities and resources, quizzes and tests. Areas covered include: • an introduction to communication and culture • cultural and communication codes • semiotics, communication process and models • the individual and contemporary culture • cultural contexts and practices • how to do the coursework • how to do the exam • examples from advertising, fashion, music, magazines, body language, film and more AS Communication and Culture: The Essential Introduction clearly guides students through the course and gives them the tips they need to become proficient in understanding and deconstructing communication texts and everyday culture.
  • Of ‘duckers and divers’, mice and men: the impact of market fundamentalism in FE colleges post-incorporation.

    Smith, Rob (Routledge (Taylor & Francis)., 2007)
    This paper provides a critique of the current policy orthodoxy of using markets to organise and structure education provision in England, focusing in particular on Further Education (FE) provision. Starting from the context of New Labour's so-called Third Way, it sets out research findings that indicate that marketisation not only produces cultures that relate first and foremost to institutional self-interest but also may be detrimental to quality provision for students. Drawing on qualitative research, the paper explores the impact of quasi-marketisation, focusing on how one college 'successfully' negotiated the funding changes and the competitive context of the FE quasi-market. The paper concludes by looking at the findings through the theoretical lenses of some key concepts from Habermasian theory.
  • Work, Identity and the Quasi-market: The FE Experience.

    Smith, Rob (London: Routledge (Taylor & Francis)., 2007)
    The Further and Higher Education Act (1992) brought about the incorporation of further education (FE) colleges in England and Wales. This legislation effectively removed the influence and control that Local Education Authorities (LEAs) had over the educational provision of colleges and created a quasi-market in which local colleges were forced to compete for students and funds. My research involved an investigation into how quasi-marketisation impacted upon the work and lives of teachers, middle and senior managers in three colleges in the city of Coppleton in the West Midlands region of England. I was interested in exploring how quasi-marketisation affected staff at different levels within the colleges and whether dominant cultures emerged. My findings were that the managerialist practices that became widespread through the sector as a consequence of quasi-marketisation were deployed strategically within colleges; that marketisation served to place colleges’ self-interest over the interests of students; and that the quasi-market environment impacted on data in specific (negative) ways.
  • Influences of gender on achievement.

    Bartlett, Steve; Burton, Diana (London: Routledge (Taylor & Francis)., 2007)
    This book: Teaching Assistants are increasingly relied upon to provide for children who experience difficulties in learning. Key Issues for Teaching Assistants is an essential companion for any Teaching Assistant who wants to understand more about inclusion and diversity in today's classrooms. While focussing particularly on the diverse roles of teaching assistants in supporting inclusive education, this book will be invaluable for all those involved in the development of inclusive learning and teaching. This highly accessible resource explores the values and the possible contradictions in policies and beliefs, enabling Teaching Assistants to develop a deeper understanding of the fundamental principles of inclusive education. Contributions from leading experts in the field consider common classroom issues such as: • inclusion and special needs • dealing with hard-to-reach parents • tackling bullying and supporting those bullied • boys, girls and the different ways they achieve • being the class 'TA' not 'PA'. Each chapter contains an overview of topical debates, current research and initiatives, emphasising inclusive approaches and the importance of understanding the perspectives of children, regardless of their difference. Useful questions for reflection and a helpful list of suggested further reading material are also provided. Teaching Assistants, whether in practice, or as part of their study, will find this book an indispensable resource.
  • Alternative asessment

    Gipps, Caroline; Stobart, G. (Dordrecht: Springer, 2003)
    This invited review for an international handbook makes an original contribution to the development of conceptual understandings around new modes and models of assessment. Building on evidence from a number of countries in its review of alternative approaches to large-scale assessment, as well as both authors’ own contribution to theory, the chapter presents a new analysis of forms of alternative assessment.
  • Assessing literacies

    Gipps, Caroline; Cumming, Joy (Dordrecht: Springer, 2005)
    This is an invited contribution to an international handbook. It builds on this author’s contribution to the theory of assessment and the Australian co-author’s expertise in literacy. This cross-national review of literacy assessment policy and practice was able to demonstrate a shift in the theoretical approach to literacy assessment. It proposes a new schema for countries to use in evaluating their literacy assessment in relation to both models of literacy and modern assessment theory. It is thus an original contribution to theory and policy.
  • Accountability testing and the implications for teacher professionalism

    Gipps, Caroline (New Jersey: Laurence Erlbaum Associates, 2005)
    This chapter comes from an invited keynote address to an international conference organised by Educational Testing Services, USA. It builds on the author’s research over a 10-year period on national curriculum assessment and the impact of a “punitive” accountability testing régime on teachers’ practice and view of their professionalism. The analysis, whilst developed in an English context, has significance for the US scene.
  • Inter-Professional Post-Qualifying Education: The Context

    Glen, Sally (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)
    A sequel to Multiprofessional Learning for Nurses, this book focuses on post-qualifying education, specifically interprofessional Continuing Professional Development (CPD) for qualified nurses. It explores a growing concern that there is a mismatch between current expectations of interprofessional CPD and its capacity to deliver, and argues that CPD cannot be the sole means of developing more interprofessional working. It offers ideas and practical guidance to those developing interprofessional CPD opportunities in the changing climate of health and social care. (Palgrave Macmillan)
  • Interprofessional education: the evidence base influencing policy and policy makers

    Glen, Sally (Elsevier, 2004)
    This article reports on the development of an Interprofessional Capability Framework that articulates the learning outcomes that students need to achieve and continue to develop in order to become capable interprofessional workers. Although there tends to be general agreement around the subject matter to be included under the rubric of interprofessional learning, little information is available regarding the learning outcomes students need to achieve in order to become effective interprofessional workers. The Interprofessional Capability Framework defines capabilities that underpin interprofessional working and are relevant to all health and social care professions. The categories of the Framework were generated utilising grounded theory strategies in the analysis of the Quality Assurance Agency benchmark statements that inform the undergraduate curricula of all health and social care courses in the United Kingdom. This resulted in the conceptualisation of four key domains in which capabilities and learning levels have been articulated: Knowledge in Practice, Ethical Practice, Interprofessional Working and Reflection (learning).
  • Valuing and supporting teachers: a survey of teacher satisfaction, dissatisfaction, morale and retention with an English Local Education Authority

    Rhodes, Christopher; Nevill, Alan M.; Allan, Joanna (Manchester University Press, 2004)
    his study focuses on schoolteacher job satisfaction, dissatisfaction, morale, and facets of professional experience likely to lead to retention or exit from the profession within five years. It was undertaken in an English local education authority which has experienced difficulty in recruiting and retaining teachers. Forty facets of professional experience likely to impinge upon job satisfaction or dissatisfaction were created in a focus group phase and are shown to be valid using a Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. A subsequent questionnaire survey of 368 teachers invited respondents to specify which of the facets they found most or least satisfying. A rank order of the relative importance of the facets, along with rank orders of factors likely to lead to teacher retention or exit from the profession within five years, was created. Chi-square tests of independence were used to identify differences in the five top-ranked factors likely to lead to retention or exit by gender, sector and years of service. The outcomes are used to suggest LEA and school leadership interventions designed to improve professional experience and increase both satisfaction and retention.
  • Self-help in research and development relating to assessment: a case study

    Yorke, Mantz; Barnett, Greg; Evanson, Peter; Haines, Chris; Jenkins, Don; Knight, Peter; Scurry, David; Stowell, Marie; Woolf, Harvey (Routledge, 2004)
    This article briefly chronicles nearly a decade of research and development activity undertaken in the area of assessment by a group of committed volunteers, 'The Student Assessment and Classification Working Group' (SACWG). However, greater attention is given to demonstrating what a self-help approach can achieve in respect of research and development in higher education, and to identifying the factors that contribute to success in this respect. It is suggested that the approach has transfer value, provided that certain conditions are met.

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