• The impact of Covid-19 on the UK construction industry

      Suresh, Subashini; Renukappa, Suresh; Stride, Mark (Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee, U.K Parliament, 2020-06-09)
      This written evidence provides a richer insight into the understanding and awareness of the impact of Covid-19 and the changes that the UK construction industry has had to undertake in order to adhere to the lockdown rules while being productive. This written evidence contributes towards informing policymakers on some lessons learned from the management of the Covid-19 from the construction industry perspective.  In total, 13 semi-structured interviews from 10 construction organisations were conducted to collect evidence, which was then analysed for conclusion and recommendations.  Five C’s (i.e. create culture, control systems, courageous decisions, and combat mental health and care for employees) are recommended that have been recognised and should be implemented to help employers and employees safely adapt to workplace during and post-Covid-19 outbreak.
    • Improved patient selection for PEG insertion in England between 2007-2019

      Steed, Helen; Kamran, Umair; Varyani, Fumi; Brookes, Matthew; Trudgil, Nigel (BMJ, 2021-11-07)
    • Invasive species: Review risks before eradicating toads

      Mecke, Sven; Kieckbusch, Max; Schuster, Ka; Ernst, Raffael; O'Shea, Mark; Rödel, Mark-Oliver; Köhler, Gunther; Grillitsch, Heinz; Köhler, Jörn; Haas, Alexander; et al. (Nature Publishing, 2014-07-30)
    • Letter: risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes associated with inflammatory bowel disease medications - reassuring insights from the United Kingdom PREPARE-IBD multi centre cohort study

      Lamb, CA; Sebastian, S; Kent, AJ; Segal, JP; Gonzalez, HA; Brookes, MJ; Mehta, SJ; Subramanian, S; Bhala, N; Hicks, LC; et al. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2021-05-07)
    • Mortality and morbidity associated with PEG insertion in England between 2007 and 2019

      Steed, Helen; Kamran, Umair; Varyani, Femi; Brookes, Matthew; Trudgill, Nigel (BMJ, 2021-11-07)
    • Multiple sclerosis: Intrathecal inflammation mediates mood in relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis

      Patel, Mitesh (Springer, 2017-09-15)
      A new study has revealed that subclinical intrathecal inflammation influences anxiety and depression in relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), and has prognostic relevance in patients with this condition
    • Multiple sclerosis: Microstructural pathology imaged in MS

      Patel, Mitesh (Springer, 2017-09-01)
      The variability of axon and dendrite orientations — termed neurite orientation dispersion — is reduced in the spinal cords of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to new research. This finding could provide a new biomarker for MS prognosis and therapeutic efficacy.
    • Nudging and acceptance-commitment therapy: Cognitive aspects of a mobile application for stress management

      Riva, Silvia; Hampton, Paul; Chinyio, Ezekiel (European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology, 2018-09-05)
      The negative effects of stress at work in terms of emotional disorders and organisational difficulties have urged the need for new solutions and especially direct-to-user tools such as mobile applications. While new technology can support the architecture of such tools adaptive coping behaviours have also been identified as an important factor for promoting new strategies to cope effectively with stress at work. A study being reported in this paper investigates how technology has been used to influence adaptive coping behaviours and synthesises the key aspects into a conceptual model for creating a new mobile application. A literature review concerning coping behaviours and technology was conducted to gather evidence for the foundation of the conceptual model. The empirical findings of the research will be tested and verified against the theoretical framework consisting of the “Nudging theory” and the “Acceptance and Commitment Theory – ACT”. Particularly, ACT is an empirically-based psychological intervention that uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies mixed in different ways with commitment and behaviour-change strategies, to increase psychological flexibility. In our study, ACT resulted predominant to design the App’s solutions to cope with stress. Other aspects used to design the mobile application were: the customisation to the user, the use of relevant and tailored information and feedback, the use of positive reinforcement, and indirect suggestions. The conceptual model provides further knowledge of key aspects to be considered when developing persuasive tools that aim to encourage more efficient ways of coping with stressful events
    • Optimized protocol for Chelex-based extraction of DNA from historical skeletal remains and forensic trace samples

      Schmerer, Wera M (Research Square, 2021-10-08)
      PCR-based analysis of skeletonized human remains is a common aspect in both forensic human identification as well as Ancient DNA research. In this, both areas not merely utilize very similar methodology, but also share the same problems regarding quantity and quality of recovered DNA and presence of inhibitory substances in samples from excavated remains. To enable amplification based analysis of the remains, development of optimized DNA extraction procedures is thus a critical factor in both areas. The method paper here presents an optimized protocol for DNA extraction from ancient skeletonized remains using Chelex-100, with improved effectively in yielding amplifiable extracts from sample material excavated after centuries in a soil environment, which consequently have high inhibitor content and overall limited DNA preservation. Further studies showed that the optimized protocol can likewise be utilized for extraction of DNA from common and trace Forensic sample material.
    • Reply to Adrion et al. On Patel et al. Letter to the Editor, British Medical Journal

      Patel, Mitesh; Arshad, Qadeer; Seemungal, Barry M.; Harcourt, Jonny P.; Golding, John F.; Bronstein, Adolfo M. (British Medical Journal, 2018-02-28)
      We apologise for not having noticed earlier Adrion and colleagues’ comments on our study comparing the effectiveness of intratympanic Methylprednisolone to Gentamicin in refractory Ménière’s disease [1], covered by the BMJ [2]. Contrary to our expectations, both drugs were equally effective in controlling vertigo (primary outcome).
    • Sexing sub-adult human remains with osteological and DNA-analysis based methodology

      Deutschmann, Frauke MN; Schmerer, Wera Margarete (2012-04-20)
    • A single pyramidal-cell and network computational model of the hippocampal CA3 region

      Çelikok, Sami Utku; Navarro-López, Eva M; Şengör, Neslihan Serap (Springer, 2017-08-18)
    • Special Issue "Soil Science in Conservation Agricultural Systems"

      Fullen, Michael A.; Bhattacharyya, Ranjan (MDPI, 2017)
    • Stress and Coping Strategies: A Correlational Analysis to Profiling Maladaptive Behaviors at Work

      Riva, Silvia; Chinyio, Ezekiel (World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology, 2019-05-23)
      Introduction: Workers in different sectors are prone to stress at varying levels. They also respond to stress in different ways. An inspiration was to study stress development amongst workers in a work dangerous setting (Construction Industry) as well as how they cope with specific stress incidences. Objective: The overarching objective of the study was to study and correlate between stress and coping strategies. The research was conducted in an organizational industrial setting, and its findings on the coping actions of construction workers are reported in this article. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey was conducted with 80 participants aged 18-62. These were working for three different construction organizations in the West Midland region of the UK. Their coping actions were assessed using the COPE Inventory (Carver, 2013) instrument while the level of stress was assessed by the Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, 1994). Results: Out of 80 workers (20 female, 25%, mean age 40.66), positive reinterpretation (M=4.15, SD=2.60) and active coping (M=4.18, SD=2.55) were the two most adaptive strategies reported by the workers while the most frequent maladaptive behavior was mental disengagement (M=3.62, SD=2.25). Among the maladaptive tactics, alcohol and drug abuse was a significant moderator in stress reactions (t=6.12, p=.000). Conclusion: Some maladaptive strategies are adopted by construction workers to cope with stress. So, it could be argued that programs of stress prevention and control in the construction industry have a basis to develop solutions that can improve and strengthen effective interventions when workers are stressed or getting stressed.
    • Stroke: Twist in artery linked to stroke in young adults

      Patel, Mitesh (Springer, 2017-08-17)
      Dolichoectasia, a condition of unknown cause characterized by elongation, twisting and dilation of the basilar artery in old age, is common among young patients admitted for acute stroke, a new study shows. This finding highlights the need to consider vascular abnormalities as a risk factor for stroke in young adults.
    • Tracking the evolution of the English language as a network with temporal clustering

      Blanthorn, Oliver; Navarro-López, Eva María (2019-09-30)