• EduChain: CIA-Compliant Block-chain forIntelligent Cyber Defense of Microservices inEducation Industry 4.0

      Rahman, Md Arafatur; Abuludin, Mohd Saharudin; Yuan, Ling Xi; Islam, Md Shohidul; Asyhari, A Taufiq (IEEE, 2021-06-29)
      Massive data handling requirement in education industry 4.0 has attracted interests in the research of microservice architectures due to their scalability, resilience and elasticity characteristics. This development has been challenged by extensive data exchange required by a set of independent microservices tobuilda complete application, which could resultin increasing risksandexposuretothe securityand privacy breaches of the data. It is imperative to see that educational data are highly sensitive, critical for ascertaining educational attainment and facilitating credentials for qualifcation verifcations. This paper puts forward a new proposal of devising a security and privacy-preserving design mechanism of data transactions in educational microservices leveraging the blockchain technology. The design comprises three phases, namely the blockchain framework, data sending-receiving and confdentiality-integrity-availability over a secured platform with each phase having detailed mechanisms for algorithm implementation. The proposal is shown to exhibit favourable performance in terms of time cost of publishing, throughput and latency, and shown to have high surveyacceptance in terms of confdentiality, integrity and availability with approximately 10% improvement from prior blockchain adoption.