• Exploring the efficacy and safety of cannabis in the management of fibromyalgia

      Sagdeo, Amol; Askari, Ayman; Ball, Patrick; Morrissey, Hana (Innovare Academic Sciences, 2022-01-15)
      Fibromyalgia is a chronic health condition characterized by chronic pain fatigue, sleep disturbances and many other symptoms affecting a patient’s quality of life. Patients with fibromyalgia often visit rheumatology outpatients with a long list of symptoms and often receive multiple medications. Many have seen multiple specialists and have done a lot of reading about alternative modalities of treatment. The limited effectiveness of conventional therapy coupled with widespread media attention raises the question of cannabis use. This review examines the literature on cannabinoid use in fibromyalgia against the context of the international variation in legal frameworks, the available products and the outcomes reported. A detailed review was performed using the EMBASE and PUBMED databases. It was concluded that despite the interest in the use of cannabinoids in the management of fibromyalgia, there is insufficient evidence to prescribe the currently available licensed medicines or to recommend the complementary health products available for legal purchase. There is a need for more global clinical randomised trials to accurately determine medicinal cannabis short and long-term long efficacy and safety for its acute and chronic use.
    • England local community pharmacists opinions on independent prescribing training

      Kauser, Samaira; Morrissey, Hana; Ball, Patrick (SPER Publications and Solutions Pvt. Ltd., 2022-01-01)
      The National Health Service has recognized an increasing need for pharmacists to upskill as an advanced clinical practitioners to practice as part of the wider multi-disciplinary team in primary care but outside of the community pharmacy. This explored community pharmacists’ opinions on independent prescribing training that can equip them to meet the workforce needs. Two activities have undertaken an audit of the independent prescribing pharmacists’ current employability in Wolverhampton and community pharmacists opinion online survey. Only 21 out of 57 surgeries (37%) in Wolverhampton employed an IP. With only 7 out of 57 (12%) surgeries employing an IP on an FTE basis, the remaining employed IP mainly part-time. There were 70 IPs employed a total of 50.2 FTE. The most selected areas as highly confident were public health knowledge 19.6%, followed by pharmacology and routine biochemistry equally at 17.65%. There were 23.5% who reported not being confident in interpreting highly specialized diagnostics, followed by anatomy at 18%. The most selected as the first option of course of future studies was 1-2 days continuous professional development (42.55%), where Masters, professional doctorate and doctor od philosophy were selected as least favorable options (53%, 63%, 72% respectively) indicating that the majority prefer a maximum of 6 month PT studies. This study confirmed the need for rethinking the current postgraduate pharmacy independent prescribing education, the pharmacists’ independent prescribers’ integration into primary care, and the need to redistribute resources and responsibilities‎.
    • Challenges negating virtual construction project team performance in the Middle East

      Sagar, Sukhwant Kaur; Arif, Mohammed; Oladinrin, Olugbenga Timo; Rana, Muhammad Qasim (Emerald, 2022-12-31)
      Purpose Over the last couple of decades, many organisations are increasingly adopting virtual team concepts, and construction companies in the Middle East are no exception. Members of a virtual team are geographically scattered and represent diverse cultures. Thus, challenging issues emerge more frequently than in a traditional team. There are challenges associated with space and time as well as high client’s demand. Therefore, this study aims to identify and probe the causes of the challenges in virtual project teams in the construction industry of the Middle East. Design/methodology/approach A list of challenges was derived through a comprehensive review of relevant literature. Questionnaire survey was conducted with professionals who are involved in construction virtual project teams. Further, the factor analysis technique was used to analyse the survey responses. Findings Results show that the challenges in virtual team arrangement in the Middle East construction industry can be grouped into seven categories, namely: organisational culture, conflict within the team, characteristics of the team members, trust within the team members diversity of the team, communication and training, and cohesion in the team. Understanding of these factors will drive the needed platform to support effective virtual project teams in the Middle East. Originality/value This study raises the prospect that organisations may establish an environment for team members to achieve higher levels of virtual cooperation by concentrating on these potentially crucial factors. This, in turn, will encourage further innovation and performance within construction organisations.
    • Experimental and simulation study of the effect of cut-out defect in carbon fibres twill weave composite

      Bari, Klaudio; Sen, Sukru; Gulia, Kiran (Springer, 2020-05-03)
      The automated fibre placement (AFP) is an effective manufacturing process that produces a large complex structure with high quality at low secondary waste. Although, the AFP is highly accurate and reproducible and very common in the aerospace application, break and cut-out defect in the plies are inevitable. In this study, we have investigated 4 different types of geometrical cut-out defect that have an equal area (38.4 mm2) that cut from identical locations in the specimen plies. The effect of triangular, rectangular, square and circular cut-out defect has been investigated and compared to a virgin material that has no flaw or cut-out defect in the plies. It has been observed and hence reported that the circle induced flaw has caused 73% reduction in the impact strength due its 360° distortion of carrying stress. The failure mode of the circular cut-out defect specimens was proven to be matrix crack due to miscarriage of the stresses in the fibre, while a pull-out fibres failure mode has been observed in the virgin specimen. The experimental work has been validated using FEA analysis that identically simulate the boundary condition of both bending and impact test.
    • Country indicators moderating the relationship between phubbing and psychological distress: A study in 20 countries

      Błachnio, Agata; Przepiórka, Aneta; Gorbaniuk, Oleg; McNeill, Monika; Bendayan, Rebecca; Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre; Ben-Ezra, Menachem; Benvenuti, Martina; Angeluci, Alan; et al. (Frontiers Media, 2021-12-24)
      Problematic mobile phone use can be related to negative mental states. Some studies indicate that behavioural dependency is related to variables associated with the country of origin. The aim of our study was to investigate if country indicators moderated the relationship between phubbing and psychological distress. Our sample consisted of 7,315 individuals from 20 countries, who completed the Phubbing Scale and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6). The analyses also included country indicators: the Gender Gap Index (GGI), the Human Development Index (HDI), the Social Progress Index (SPI), Hofstede’s dimensions of culture, and the World Happiness Index (WHI). Our results showed that psychological distress was related to at least one dimension of phubbing (i.e., to communication disturbance or phone obsession) in all countries, which means this relationship is culturally universal. The results of the study demonstrate the importance of testing measurement invariance to determine what type of analysis and what type of conclusion are valid in a given study or comparison. Moreover, the increasing or decreasing correlation between phubbing and distress is related to some culture-level indices.
    • 'You really do become invisible': Examining older adults' right to the city in the United Kingdom

      Menezes, Deborah; Woolrych, Ryan; Sixsmith, Judith; Makita, Meiko; Smith, Harry; Fisher, Jenny; Garcia-Ferrari, Soledad; Lawthom, Rebecca; Henderson, James; Murray, Michael (Cambridge University Press, 2021-12-16)
      A global ageing population presents opportunities and challenges to designing urban environments that support ageing in place. The World Health Organization's Global Age-Friendly Cities movement has identified the need to develop communities that optimise health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age. Ensuring that age-friendly urban environments create the conditions for active ageing requires cities and communities to support older adults' rights to access and move around the city ('appropriation') and for them to be actively involved in the transformation ('making and remaking') of the city. These opportunities raise important questions: What are older adults' everyday experiences in exercising their rights to the city? What are the challenges and opportunities in supporting a rights to the city approach? How can the delivery of age-friendly cities support rights to the city for older adults? This paper aims to respond to these questions by examining the lived experiences of older adults across three cities and nine neighbourhoods in the United Kingdom. Drawing on 104 semi-structured interviews with older adults between the ages of 51 and 94, the discussion centres on the themes of: right to use urban space; respect and visibility; and the right to participate in planning and decision-making. These themes are illustrated as areas in which older adults' rights to access and shape urban environments need to be addressed, along with recommendations for age-friendly cities that support a rights-based approach.
    • Scopus 1900-2020: Growth in articles, abstracts, countries, fields, and journals

      Thelwall, Michael; Sud, Pardeep (MIT Press, 2022-01-12)
      Scientometric research often relies on large-scale bibliometric databases of academic journal articles. Long term and longitudinal research can be affected if the composition of a database varies over time, and text processing research can be affected if the percentage of articles with abstracts changes. This article therefore assesses changes in the magnitude of the coverage of a major citation index, Scopus, over 121 years from 1900. The results show sustained exponential growth from 1900, except for dips during both world wars, and with increased growth after 2004. Over the same period, the percentage of articles with 500+ character abstracts increased from 1% to 95%. The number of different journals in Scopus also increased exponentially, but slowing down from 2010, with the number of articles per journal being approximately constant until 1980, then tripling due to megajournals and online-only publishing. The breadth of Scopus, in terms of the number of narrow fields with substantial numbers of articles, simultaneously increased from one field having 1000 articles in 1945 to 308 in 2020. Scopus’s international character also radically changed from 68% of first authors from Germany and the USA in 1900 to just 17% in 2020, with China dominating (25%).
    • Covid-19 refereeing duration and impact in major medical journals

      Kousha, Kayvan; Thelwall, Mike (MIT Press, 2022-01-12)
      Two partly conflicting academic pressures from the seriousness of the Covid-19 pandemic are the need for faster peer review of Covid-19 health-related research and greater scrutiny of its findings. This paper investigates whether decreases in peer review durations for Covid-19 articles were universal across 97 major medical journals, Nature, Science, and Cell. The results suggest that on average, Covid-19 articles submitted during 2020 were reviewed 1.7-2.1 times faster than non-Covid-19 articles submitted during 2017-2020. Nevertheless, whilst the review speed of Covid-19 research was particularly fast during the first five months (1.9-3.4 times faster) of the pandemic (January-May 2020), this speed advantage was no longer evident for articles submitted November-December 2020. Faster peer review also associates with higher citation impact for Covid-19 articles in the same journals, suggesting it did not usually compromise the scholarly impact of important Covid-19 research. Overall, then, it seems that core medical and general journals responded quickly but carefully to the pandemic, although the situation returned closer to normal within a year.
    • Improved attentive pairwise interaction (API-Net) for fine-grained image classification

      Yet, Ong Zu; Rassem, Taha H; Rahman, Md Arafatur; Rahman, MM (IEEE, 2022-12-31)
      Fine-grained classification is a challenging problem as one has to deal with a similar class of objects but with various types of variations. For more elaboration, they are almost similar and have subtle differences, and are confusing. In this study, aircraft will be the fine-grained object to be focused on. Aircraft which has almost similar shapes and patterns can be hardly recognized even for humans, especially those who haven not gone through any training. In recent years, a lot of proposed methods addressed to solve the difficulties in fine-grained problems by learning contrastive clues from an image. This study aims to increase the accuracy of the Attentive Pairwise Interaction Network (API-Net) by introducing data augmentation into the network structure. Some of the previous studies proved that data augmentation does help improve a network. So, this study is going to modify the API-Net with different data augmentation settings. In this study, various settings have been introduced to the API-Net. Several experiments had been done with a simple modification where a portion of the train dataset’s images will randomly convert into greyscale images. These settings are, only brightness & contrast 0.2, only grayscale 0.3, only grayscale 0.5, b rightness & contrast 0.2 with grayscale 0.3, and brightness & contrast 0.2 with grayscale 0.5. As a result, the proposed modification achieved with 92.74% with brightness & contrast 0.2, 92.80% on brightness & contrast 0.2 with grayscale 0.5, and 92.86% on brightness & contrast 0.2 with grayscale 0.3. While grayscale 0.3 alone achieve 93.25% and grayscale 0.5 alone achieve 93.46% compared with the original results which reached 92.77%.
    • A secure and intelligent framework for vehicle health monitoring exploiting big-data analytics

      Rahman, Md Arafatur; Rahim, Md Abdur; Rahman, Md Mustafizur; Moustafa, Nour; Razzak, Imran; Ahmad, Tanvir; N. Patwary, Mohammad; Rahman (IEEE, 2022-01-04)
      The dependency on vehicles is increasing tremendously due to its excellent transport capacity, fast, efficient, flexible, pleasant journey, minimal physical effort, and substantial economic impact. As a result, the demand for smart and intelligent feature enhancement is growing and becoming a prime concern for maximum productivity based on the current perspective. In this case, the Internet of Everything (IoE) is an emerging concept that can play an essential role in the automotive industry by integrating the stakeholders, process, data, and things via networked connections. But the unavailability of intelligent features leads to negligence about proper maintenance of vehicle vulnerable parts, reckless driving and severe accident, lack of instructive driving, and improper decision, which incurred extra expenses for maintenance besides hindering national economic growth. For this, we proposed a conceptual framework for a central VHMS exploiting IoE-driven Multi-Layer Heterogeneous Networks (HetNet) and a machine learning technique to oversee individual vehicle health conditions, notify the respective owner driver real-timely and store the information for further necessary action. This article transparently portrayed an overview of central VHMS and proposed the taxonomy to achieve such an objective. Subsequently, we unveiled the framework for central VHMS, IoE-driven Multi-tire HetNet, with a secure and trustworthy data collection and analytics system. Finally, anticipating this proposition’s outcome is immense in the automotive sector. It may motivate the researcher to develop a central intelligent and secure vehicular condition diagnostic system to move this sector towards Industry 4.0.
    • Novel reactive flex configuration in kiwi wing foil surfboard

      Fat Cheung, Adrien M; Bari, Klaudio (MDPI, 2021-12-26)
      The creation of an ideal surfboard is art. The design and construction depend on the individual surfer’s skill level and type of the required performance. In this research, four fuselage concepts were carefully explored to meet the following unique needs: lightweight, strong, and a fast-manufacturing process. The fuselages were manufactured by compression moulding using skin and core materials. The skin material was selected to be unidirectional (UD) carbon fibre, discontinuous carbon fibre (SMC) and Filava quadriaxial fibre impregnated with epoxy, while the core material was selected to be lightweight PVC foam. To assess the mechanical performance, three-point bending has been performed according to BS-ISO 14125 and validated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) using Ansys software. As expected, the flexural test revealed that the UD carbon fibre fuselage was the strongest and SMC was the weakest, while large deflection was seen in Filava fibre fuselages before failure, showing great reactive flex that promotes projection during surfing. The experimental results show good agreement with FEA simulation, and the locations of the physical failure in the fuselage matches the location of maximum flexural stress obtained from FEA simulation. Although all fuselages were found to carry a surfer weight of 150 kg, including a factor of safety 3, except the SMC fuselage, due to shrinkage. The Filava fibre fuselages were seen to have a large deflection before failure, showing great flexibility to handle high ocean waves. This promotes the potential use of reactive flex in high performance sports equipment, such as surfing boards. A large shrinkage must be taken under consideration during compression moulding that depends on fibre orientation, resin nature, and part geometry.
    • Interpretive structural model of trust factors in construction virtual project teams

      Sagar, Sukhwant Kaur; Oladinrin, Olugbenga Timo; Arif, Mohammed; Rana, Muhammad Qasim (Emerald, 2022-12-31)
      Purpose Organisational dependence on virtual project teams (VPTs) is growing dramatically due to the substantial benefits they offer, such as efficiently achieving objectives and improving organisational performance. One of the major issues that influence the effectiveness of VPTs is trust building. The study aims to determine the key factors of trust in VPTs and design a model by identifying the interrelationships among the trust factors. Design/methodology/approach Focus group discussion was employed to gather data on factors affecting trust in VPTs and their interrelationships. Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) was used to establish the relationship among the factors. MICMAC analysis was conducted to identify the driving power and the dependence power towards effective VPTs in the construction sector. Findings The finding revealed that ‘characteristics of team members’ (such as ability, integrity, benevolence, competence, reliability and professionalism) is the most significant factor for building trust in virtual team members. Some factors were further identified as having high driving power, while others were defined as having high dependence variables. Practical implications The findings will assist construction managers and practitioners dealing with VPTs identify the factors influencing trust among team members. Taking cognisance of the factors that influence 34 trust will enable them to design more effective virtual team arrangements. Originality/value As the first research of its kind using ISM technique, the study offers insights into interrelationships between trust factors in the construction VPTs. It provides guides for construction managers on the effective management of trustworthy VPTs.
    • Exploring factors affecting trust in construction virtual project teams

      Sagar, Sukhwant Kaur; Arif, Mohammed; Oladinrin, Olugbenga Timo; Rana, Muhammad Qasim (OMICS International, 2021-12-10)
      Many organizations have embraced a new reality of virtual working, which poses new challenges for leaders. Virtual teaming has numerous advantages, but it also increases the danger of misalignment and lack of cooperation, which may have a negative impact on team trust and employee engagement if not done correctly. Team leaders and organizations must understand the strategies for establishing and maintaining trust in Virtual Project Teams (VPTs) to maintain team members performance after transitioning to decentralized workplaces. This study examines the process of building trust in VPTs by analyzing the factors that influence trust in virtual teams. Qualitative interviews with ten experienced professionals in the Middle East’s construction sectors were conducted to gain insights for the study. The study results revealed that factors influencing trust among VPTs in the Middle East construction sector show some unique attributes. The effects of prominent factors, including organizational culture, communication, diversity, leadership, and task-technology fit, and team member characteristics on trust-building in VPTs were identified. Understanding the interdependence between these factors and trust will help virtual team members remain focused on achieving effectiveness and efficiency in their work.
    • Which types of online resource support US patent claims?

      Font-Julián, Cristina I.; Ontalba-Ruipérez, José-Antonio; Orduña-Malea, Enrique; Thelwall, Mike (Elsevier, 2022-01-05)
      Patents are key documents to support the commercial exploitation of inventions. Patent documents must claim inventiveness, industrial application, and novelty to be granted and may use citations and URLs to support these claims as well as to explain their ideas. Although there is much research into the citations used to support inventions, almost nothing is known about the cited URLs. This may hinder inventors and evaluators from deciding which URLs are appropriate. To investigate this issue, all 3,133,247 patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) from 2008 to 2018 were investigated, and 2,719,705 URLs (patent outlinks) were automatically extracted using heuristics, and analyzed using link analyses techniques. A minority of patents included URLs (17.1%), with the percentage increasing over time. The inclusion of URLs differs between disciplines, with Physics (especially the subcategory Computation) having the most URLs per patent. Patents are generally embedded in the “other citations” patent section (referring to academic publications) and the “description” section (e.g., supplementary information and definitions). Online content-oriented resources (e.g., Wayback Machine, Wikipedia, YouTube), academic bibliographic databases (e.g., IEEE Xplore, Microsoft Academic, PubMed, CiteSeerX) and technological companies (e.g., IBM, Amazon, Microsoft) are often linked from USPTO patents. These findings show the broad roles that URLs can play when supporting a patent claim. Finally, in order to avoid bad practices found in the inclusion of URLs in patents, a list of recommendations to cite online resources from patents is provided.
    • Evaluation of challenges for sustainable transformation of Qatar oil and gas industry: A graph theoretic and matrix approach

      Sarrakh, Redouane; Renukappa, Suresh; Suresh, Subashini (Elsevier, 2022-06-30)
      Despite Qatar’s National Vision 2030 implementation, several organisations within the oil and gas sector still have difficulties in embedding sustainability agenda in their systems and processes. There is, also, a paucity of empirical research on the key challenges Qatar oil and gas organisations face in embedding sustainable strategies to improve competitiveness – which is the core raison d’être of this paper. A qualitative approach was adopted to collect and analyze data based on 24 interviewees from eight organizations. Six key challenges hindering the implementation of sustainability strategies. They are: stakeholders’ issues, volatility of price, resistance to change, knowledge and awareness, initial cost and strategic issues. Furthermore, the graph theoretic and matrix approach was applied to evaluate the challenges inhibiting the implementation of sustainability strategies within the Qatar oil and gas industry. The results show that strategic issues represent a greatest challenge when compared to other challenges.
    • A systematic literature review of factors affecting cloud computing adoption internationally

      Ullah, Raja Muhammad Ubaid; A.Buckley, Kevan; Garvey, Mary; Li, Jun (Seventh Sense Research Group, 2019-03-30)
      Context: The adoption of cloud computing in small and medium size organisations has become a significant trend in today’s information technology. Therefore, there is a requirement to identify possible security challenges and guidelines for the researchers based on the adoption. Keeping in view of these elements, a systematic literature review (SLR) of cloud computing adoption in businesses and organisations was conducted. Goal: The main purpose of this research is to identify the possible opportunities, challenges, factors and guidelines for the evaluation and adoption of cloud computing (CC) for organisations intending to adopt or already using CC. Method: ASLR is conducted to achieve the above goals. The search process of this literature review used quality scholarly databases such as ACM Digital Library, IEEE Xplore, Inspec, Springer, Google Scholar, Researchgate, Google Books and Wolverhampton University Online Library(8 types of databases) along with open-access journals for relevant articles. Results: A total of 561articles were found of which 85articles met the included criteria. Nine different categories were identified securing CC adoption in organisation, namely (1) CC adoption (n=30); (2) CC security (n=18); (3) CC overview / Objective (n=8); (4) CC adoption challenges (n=7); (5) CC adoption factor influencing (n=7); (6) CC adoption factor affecting (n=6); (7) CC future forecast (n=4); (8) CC adoption decision (n=3); (9) CC adoption & implementation (n=2); Conclusion: The basis of this SLR can help the development of guidelines to support newcomer companies whether to adopt and migrate to CC, the evaluation of relationship between nine factors and the selection of providers.
    • Cloud computing adoption in enterprise: challenges and benefits

      Ullah, Raja Muhammad Ubaid; A.Buckley, Kevan; Garvey, Mary; Li, Jun (Seventh Sense Research Group, 2019-06-30)
      Loss of the business and downturn of economics are part of almost all types of business activities. There are also new concepts and technologies evolved and entrepreneurs need to keep update accordingly. Therefore, business people have to concentrate on keep exploring new ways to cut down expenses without compromising on the quality. One of the options is to go for the latest technologies. Taking into consideration these problems, the entrepreneurs always choose the right technology to minimise losses, increase efficiency and maximise their profit. In order to help out the entrepreneurs, the IT industries have developed platforms for businesses to use shared resources and online applications through cloud computing. The significant role played by cloud computing in providing a solution to the problems faced by business enterprises to increase business growth and help them to stay alive in a competitive environment. Cloud computing also brings efficiency in managing business resources and make improvements in traditional business practices. It also facilitates the enterprises to avoid unnecessary expenses of procedural and administrative nature, hardware and software costs. Apart from the advantages of cloud computing have certain drawbacks also. The main issue is the security in cloud computing considering the attacks on the cloud too. The primary objective of this paper is to highlight the benefits, challenges in adopting cloud computing and utilizing services offered by cloud computing. Recommendations have also been made to ease the adoption process and how to address security issues.The method has been used is the secondary research, that is collecting the respective data from published journal papers and conference papers.
    • A survey based investigation for cloud computing adoption internationally

      Ubaid Ullah, Raja Muhammad; A.Buckley, Kevan; Garvey, Mary; Li, Jun (Seventh Sense Research Group, 2019-04-30)
      Cloud computing (CC) is a new trend in information technology and has the potential to play a major role, in addressing inefficient resources, make a fundamental growth and competitiveness for large, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) internationally. The main benefits of adoption of CC services by Large and SMEs will be able to use the latest technology, without the need for the upfront cost, but reducing cost, providing a secure information platform and increasing productivity. The main drawback is that most organisations are adopting the CC without properly understanding that information data they are storing in the cloud is secure or not. The primary objective of this paper is to explore the CC adoption from large and SME perspective internationally. The current state of CC information intensity, different levels of external and other support in the organisations, motivations, requirements prevent the intensity of information and various level of external and other support for CC environment, the study findings can provide guidance on how to address the business and technology risks associated by CC adoption. However, a survey is conducted internationally on 107 Large and SMEs through survey monkey website, which shows interest in the CC services adoption. Specifically, in this paper users are evaluated through 6 factors, for instance, external support, competitive pressure, senior management support, employees cloud knowledge, adequate resources and information intensity.Though survey it is revealed that already adopted some cloud services are 84.11%, are in the processes of Implementing 8.41%, intend to adopt cloud services in the next 3 years 6.54% and don't intend to adopt any cloud services in near future 0.93%. The findings are expected to be beneficial for Large and SMEs in their adoption of CC services and may also be useful for service providers with respect to end-users’ concerns.
    • Factors analysis of the adoption of cloud computing in England

      Ullah, Raja Muhammad Ubaid; Buckley, Kevan A; Garvey, Mary; Li, Jun (Seventh Sense Research Group, 2019-06-30)
      The trend in information technology has been changed by cloud computing (CC) services to facilitate the day to day business activities. CC services benefits for business and information technology (IT) includes a secure platform, reducing cost and increasing productivity. There are some challenges for some organisations that adopting CC services without ensuring that the information in the cloud is secure. The primary objective of this research is to investigate the IT and IT professional perception regarding the adoption of CC services as a new generation trend in computing technology. However, the extent of CC adoption services, to identify some of the factors motivating and some challenges affecting the adoption of CC services in England. Still some organisations are struggling, how to create a secure and cost effective CC services environment.The expected finding from this research believe to provide the certain analysis and confirm the significant factors from which perceptions are derived through classification, that can address the business and technology related issues by CC services. Especially, in this study, the CC users analyse the secure platform technologies, compatibility, cost evaluation and some other types of control they assume are beneficial for the deployment of on-premise or in the cloud environment. The interview data are presented, where CC services users reviews are collected to rate the different types of important information’s related to CC services adoption. Then results are used to determine the compatibility, security and cost effectiveness are critical parameter to make this technology as a turning point for the organisation for their day to day business activities.
    • Statistical analysis of factors that influences the evaluation and adoption of multi-tenant databases

      Olumuyiwa, Matthew; Buckley, Kevan; Garvey, Mary (Seventh Sense Research Group, 2016-07-31)
      Multi-tenant Databases (MTD) are implemented in the deployment of database management services to Information Technology (IT) platform users. A database service provider hosts the Multi-tenant Database Management System (MTDMS) and each tenant subscribes to the service through a standard method such as a web service. Improved groupings of the factors that influence the adoption of MTDs are presented in this paper. A survey is presented here that involves forty one experts from the field of databases. A predictive analytical method called Relative Importance Index (RII) and other statistical tools have been adopted in the analysis. The result has led to the new framework in the adoption of MTDs. The research also considers the direction of decisions about MTDs in situations where two or more factors are combined. A new improved MTD framework is presented that improves the decision making process of MTD adoption.