The evaluation of Carousel : a therapeutic programme for prisoners who self-harm
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AuthorsRose, Julia Margaret Scott
AdvisorsManktelow, Ken I.
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract“Prison self-injury rate accelerates at four times the rise in population” (The Howard League for Penal Reform; 2008a) The rise in self-harm figures in forensic settings in 2003 may largely be due to the improvement in the reporting of self-harm levels in prisons in December 2002. However it does not account for the continued rise in self-harm figures during the years that followed. Despite the increase, there have been few interventions to support prisoners who self-harm, particularly in remand settings. For this purpose the Carousel programme was designed by a counselling psychologist specifically to meet the demands of the female remand population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Carousel. Forty women who had a history of deliberate self-harm entered and completed the programme through means of self-referral. The study employed both a quantitative and qualitative methodology to evaluate the programme. Participants were interviewed and assessed both at the start and completion of Carousel. This included monitoring levels of self-harm incidents, levels of anxiety and depression using the 14-item Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) (Zigmond & Snaith, 1983), and coping levels using the 60-item Coping Styles Questionnaire (CSQ) (Roger, Jarvis & Najarian, 1993). Results showed a significant decrease in depression and anxiety, a reduction in self-harm levels and a change of coping styles in the desired direction. Qualitative methodology using content analysis was employed to ascertain the components of the programme which were deemed most helpful or unhelpful to the participants. Findings suggest that the most useful components within the programme are coping strategies, management of self-harm behaviours, antecedent, behaviour and consequence (ABC) sessions and the understanding of the brain and associated emotions with self-harm behaviours. Implications for counselling psychology and clinical practice are highlighted and limitations of the current study and directions for future research suggested within the report.
PublisherUniversity of Wolverhampton
TypeThesis or dissertation
DescriptionThesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of Wolverhampton for the degree of Doctor of Counselling Psychology