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dc.contributor.authorPaschalis, Vassilis
dc.contributor.authorNikolaidis, Michalis G.
dc.contributor.authorTheodorou, Anastasios
dc.contributor.authorGiakas, Giannis
dc.contributor.authorJamurtas, Athanasios
dc.contributor.authorKoutedakis, Yiannis
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-19T14:09:20Z
dc.date.available2010-10-19T14:09:20Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Sports Sciences, 28 (1): 33-43en
dc.identifier.issn0264-0414
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02640410903334764
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/113487
dc.description.abstractIn this study, we investigated the effect of eccentric exercise on position sense and reaction angle of the elbow and knee flexors. Twelve males underwent two eccentric exercise sessions involving a randomized crossover design. In the first session participants used their elbow flexors and in the other session their knee flexors. Muscle damage indices, position sense, and joint reaction angle to release of the elbow and knee flexors were measured before, immediately after, and up to 7 days after exercise. Exercise induced greater muscle damage in the elbow flexors than knee flexors. Exercise disturbed position sense of the elbow and knee joint. For both limbs, the participants adopted a more extended position than the reference angle. The elbow and knee joint reaction angles to release increased after exercise for both the elbow and knee flexors. The disturbances in position sense and reaction angle after exercise were greater in the elbow flexors than knee flexors. The elbow flexors remained more accurate and faster than the knee flexors at all time points. These results may be explained by the higher density of muscle spindles and the lower innervation ratio of the elbow flexors compared with the knee flexors, as well as the fact that the arms are more accustomed than the legs to perform fast and accurate movements.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherRoutledge (Taylor & Francis Group)en
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02640410903334764en
dc.subjectDelayed-onset muscle sorenessen
dc.subjectArmen
dc.subjectProprioceptionen
dc.subjectReaction timeen
dc.subjectLegen
dc.titleEccentric exercise affects the upper limbs more than the lower limbs in position sense and reaction angleen
dc.typeJournal article
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Sports Sciencesen
html.description.abstractIn this study, we investigated the effect of eccentric exercise on position sense and reaction angle of the elbow and knee flexors. Twelve males underwent two eccentric exercise sessions involving a randomized crossover design. In the first session participants used their elbow flexors and in the other session their knee flexors. Muscle damage indices, position sense, and joint reaction angle to release of the elbow and knee flexors were measured before, immediately after, and up to 7 days after exercise. Exercise induced greater muscle damage in the elbow flexors than knee flexors. Exercise disturbed position sense of the elbow and knee joint. For both limbs, the participants adopted a more extended position than the reference angle. The elbow and knee joint reaction angles to release increased after exercise for both the elbow and knee flexors. The disturbances in position sense and reaction angle after exercise were greater in the elbow flexors than knee flexors. The elbow flexors remained more accurate and faster than the knee flexors at all time points. These results may be explained by the higher density of muscle spindles and the lower innervation ratio of the elbow flexors compared with the knee flexors, as well as the fact that the arms are more accustomed than the legs to perform fast and accurate movements.


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