A pilot project on the potential contribution of palm-mat geotextiles to soil conservation

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/9862
Title:
A pilot project on the potential contribution of palm-mat geotextiles to soil conservation; Shropshire
Authors:
Davies, Kathleen; Booth, Colin A.; Fullen, Michael A.
Abstract:
Geotextiles constructed from Borassus aethiopum (black rhun palm) leaves are currently being investigated for their effectiveness in decreasing water erosion. The study aims to develop sustainable methods of soil conservation where the material meets selected criteria (readily available, simple and cost-effective to manufacture, provides immediate erosion control and possibly increases soil fertility and organic matter content). Grid mats were manufactured in a cottage workshop in The Gambia, West Africa. They are currently under investigation at the Hilton Experimental Site in Shropshire, UK. Eight runoff plots (10 × 1 m on a 15° slope) are being used, with duplicate treatments: (i) bare soil; (ii) grassed; (iii) bare soil with 1 m palm-mat buffer zones at the lower end of the plots; and (iv) completely covered with palm-mats. Results from one year of field study (2002-03) indicate sediment yield is 36·8 per cent from replicated covered plots and 35·9 per cent from the replicated buffer zone plots, compared to the control bare plots. Sediment yield equated to 0·45 t ha-1 from bare soil, 0·09 t ha-1 from grassed plots and 0·17 t ha-1 from both the covered and buffer zone plots. The results suggest palm-mat application as protective buffer strips is highly effective in temperate climates. Future work is intended to follow this pilot study and develop well-researched guidelines for practical field applications in other global regions, namely Africa, Southeast Asia and South America.
Citation:
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 31(5): 561-569
Publisher:
Wiley; Wiley InterScience
Issue Date:
2006
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/9862
DOI:
10.1002/esp.1349
Additional Links:
http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/112584928/abstract
Submitted date:
2007-03-07
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Special Issue paper: The Use of Vegetation for Erosion Control and Environmental Protection. Metadata only record.
ISSN:
01979337; 10969837 (online)
Appears in Collections:
Plant and Environmental Research Group; Construction and Infrastructure

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Kathleen-
dc.contributor.authorBooth, Colin A.-
dc.contributor.authorFullen, Michael A.-
dc.date.accessioned2007-03-08T13:54:50Z-
dc.date.available2007-03-08T13:54:50Z-
dc.date.issued2006-
dc.date.submitted2007-03-07-
dc.identifier.citationEarth Surface Processes and Landforms, 31(5): 561-569en
dc.identifier.issn01979337-
dc.identifier.issn10969837 (online)-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/esp.1349-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/9862-
dc.descriptionSpecial Issue paper: The Use of Vegetation for Erosion Control and Environmental Protection. Metadata only record.en
dc.description.abstractGeotextiles constructed from Borassus aethiopum (black rhun palm) leaves are currently being investigated for their effectiveness in decreasing water erosion. The study aims to develop sustainable methods of soil conservation where the material meets selected criteria (readily available, simple and cost-effective to manufacture, provides immediate erosion control and possibly increases soil fertility and organic matter content). Grid mats were manufactured in a cottage workshop in The Gambia, West Africa. They are currently under investigation at the Hilton Experimental Site in Shropshire, UK. Eight runoff plots (10 × 1 m on a 15° slope) are being used, with duplicate treatments: (i) bare soil; (ii) grassed; (iii) bare soil with 1 m palm-mat buffer zones at the lower end of the plots; and (iv) completely covered with palm-mats. Results from one year of field study (2002-03) indicate sediment yield is 36·8 per cent from replicated covered plots and 35·9 per cent from the replicated buffer zone plots, compared to the control bare plots. Sediment yield equated to 0·45 t ha-1 from bare soil, 0·09 t ha-1 from grassed plots and 0·17 t ha-1 from both the covered and buffer zone plots. The results suggest palm-mat application as protective buffer strips is highly effective in temperate climates. Future work is intended to follow this pilot study and develop well-researched guidelines for practical field applications in other global regions, namely Africa, Southeast Asia and South America.en
dc.format.extent393879 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.publisherWiley InterScience-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/112584928/abstracten
dc.subjectHilton Experimental Siteen
dc.subjectBorassus aethiopumen
dc.subjectRunoff plotsen
dc.subjectSoil erosionen
dc.subjectGeotextiles-
dc.subjectSoil conservation-
dc.subjectPalm mat geotextiles-
dc.subjectGeotextile mats-
dc.titleA pilot project on the potential contribution of palm-mat geotextiles to soil conservationen
dc.titleShropshire-
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-
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