2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/93789
Title:
Effects of tobacco waste tipping on the Sefton coastal dunes (North-West England)
Authors:
Millington, J. A.; Booth, Colin A.; Fullen, Michael A.; Trueman, Ian C.; Worsley, Annie T.; Richardson, Nigel; Newton, M.; Lymbery, G.; Wisse, P.; Brockbank, A.
Abstract:
Between 1956-1974, the British Nicotine Company Ltd tipped some 22,000 tonnes per year of wet tobacco waste onto the Sefton coastal sand dunes, at Formby, North-West England. The effect on the natural dune vegetation is evident by a dense coverage of non-native stinging nettles (Uritica dioica), displacing native flora species, such as sand sedge (Carex arenaria) and marram grass (Ammophilia arenaria), on this internationally-recognized calcareous dune system. In turn, this is affecting current coastal processes, as dune building has been interrupted by the presence of vegetation less capable of trapping sand than native dune species. Resultant dune deflation has caused the shoreline to migrate landwards, exposing the tobacco waste, thus creating eroding cliffs (up to 3 m high) of waste and depositing it on the beach. The National Trust advocates the wide understanding of the importance of such natural coastal processes and therefore accepts dune rollback as a positive process in tobacco waste management, rather than the costly total removal strategy.
Citation:
In: Sarsby, R. W. and Meggyes, T. (eds.), Construction for a sustainable environment : 481-487
Publisher:
CRC Press/Taylor and Francis
Issue Date:
2010
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/93789
Additional Links:
http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780415566179;jsessionid=5zEJSLflK09QcxFcI7Yl9g**
Type:
Book chapter
Language:
en
Description:
Proceedings of the Green5 Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania 1 July - 4 July 2008
ISBN:
0415566177; 9780415566179
Appears in Collections:
Plant and Environmental Research Group

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMillington, J. A.en
dc.contributor.authorBooth, Colin A.en
dc.contributor.authorFullen, Michael A.en
dc.contributor.authorTrueman, Ian C.en
dc.contributor.authorWorsley, Annie T.en
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, Nigelen
dc.contributor.authorNewton, M.en
dc.contributor.authorLymbery, G.en
dc.contributor.authorWisse, P.en
dc.contributor.authorBrockbank, A.en
dc.date.accessioned2010-03-05T16:47:04Z-
dc.date.available2010-03-05T16:47:04Z-
dc.date.issued2010-
dc.identifier.citationIn: Sarsby, R. W. and Meggyes, T. (eds.), Construction for a sustainable environment : 481-487en
dc.identifier.isbn0415566177-
dc.identifier.isbn9780415566179-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/93789-
dc.descriptionProceedings of the Green5 Conference, Vilnius, Lithuania 1 July - 4 July 2008en
dc.description.abstractBetween 1956-1974, the British Nicotine Company Ltd tipped some 22,000 tonnes per year of wet tobacco waste onto the Sefton coastal sand dunes, at Formby, North-West England. The effect on the natural dune vegetation is evident by a dense coverage of non-native stinging nettles (Uritica dioica), displacing native flora species, such as sand sedge (Carex arenaria) and marram grass (Ammophilia arenaria), on this internationally-recognized calcareous dune system. In turn, this is affecting current coastal processes, as dune building has been interrupted by the presence of vegetation less capable of trapping sand than native dune species. Resultant dune deflation has caused the shoreline to migrate landwards, exposing the tobacco waste, thus creating eroding cliffs (up to 3 m high) of waste and depositing it on the beach. The National Trust advocates the wide understanding of the importance of such natural coastal processes and therefore accepts dune rollback as a positive process in tobacco waste management, rather than the costly total removal strategy.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCRC Press/Taylor and Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9780415566179;jsessionid=5zEJSLflK09QcxFcI7Yl9g**en
dc.subjectTobacco wasteen
dc.subjectCoastal processesen
dc.titleEffects of tobacco waste tipping on the Sefton coastal dunes (North-West England)en
dc.typeBook chapteren
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