2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/8014
Title:
The influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in football
Authors:
Nevill, Alan M.; Balmer, Nigel J.; Williams, A. Mark
Abstract:
The existence of the home advantage in sport is well known. There is growing evidence that crowd noise plays a crucial part in this phenomenon. Consequently, a quantitative study was undertaken to examine influence of crowd noise upon refereeing decisions in association football (soccer). The association between years of experience and any imbalance in refereeing decisions was also addressed. To investigate whether the presence or absence of crowd noise might influence qualified referees when assessing various tackles/challenges recorded on videotape. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the effect of crowd noise and years of experience on referees' decisions. The presence of crowd noise had a dramatic effect on the decisions made by referees. Those viewing the challenges with background crowd noise were more uncertain in their decision-making and awarded significantly fewer fouls (15.5 %) against the home team, compared with those watching in silence. The noise of the crowd influenced referees' decisions to favour the home team. It is suggested that referees' decisions are influenced by the salient nature of crowd noise, the potential use of heuristic strategies, and the need to avoid potential crowd displeasure by making a decision in favour of the home team.
Citation:
Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 3(4): 261-272
Publisher:
Elsevier
Issue Date:
2002
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/2436/8014
Additional Links:
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/14690292/2002/00000003/00000004/art00033
Submitted date:
2007-01-31
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1469-0292
Appears in Collections:
Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group; Sport Performance; Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorNevill, Alan M.-
dc.contributor.authorBalmer, Nigel J.-
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, A. Mark-
dc.date.accessioned2007-01-31T15:59:07Z-
dc.date.available2007-01-31T15:59:07Z-
dc.date.issued2002-
dc.date.submitted2007-01-31-
dc.identifier.citationPsychology of Sport & Exercise, 3(4): 261-272en
dc.identifier.issn1469-0292-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/8014-
dc.description.abstractThe existence of the home advantage in sport is well known. There is growing evidence that crowd noise plays a crucial part in this phenomenon. Consequently, a quantitative study was undertaken to examine influence of crowd noise upon refereeing decisions in association football (soccer). The association between years of experience and any imbalance in refereeing decisions was also addressed. To investigate whether the presence or absence of crowd noise might influence qualified referees when assessing various tackles/challenges recorded on videotape. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the effect of crowd noise and years of experience on referees' decisions. The presence of crowd noise had a dramatic effect on the decisions made by referees. Those viewing the challenges with background crowd noise were more uncertain in their decision-making and awarded significantly fewer fouls (15.5 %) against the home team, compared with those watching in silence. The noise of the crowd influenced referees' decisions to favour the home team. It is suggested that referees' decisions are influenced by the salient nature of crowd noise, the potential use of heuristic strategies, and the need to avoid potential crowd displeasure by making a decision in favour of the home team.en
dc.format.extent95360 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/14690292/2002/00000003/00000004/art00033-
dc.subjectCrowd noiseen
dc.subjectRefereesen
dc.subjectHome advantageen
dc.subjectFootballen
dc.subjectSocceren
dc.subjectDecision Makingen
dc.subjectSports psychology-
dc.titleThe influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in footballen
dc.typeArticleen
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