University of Wolverhampton
Browse
Collection All
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
Listed communities
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet

Wolverhampton Intellectual Repository and E-Theses > School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure > Research Centre for Sport, Exercise and Performance > Sport Performance > The influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in football

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/8014
    Del.icio.us     LinkedIn     Citeulike     Connotea     Facebook     Stumble it!



Title: The influence of crowd noise and experience upon refereeing decisions in football
Authors: Nevill, Alan M.
Balmer, Nigel J.
Williams, A. Mark
Citation: Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 3(4): 261-272
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2002
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2436/8014
Additional Links: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/14690292/2002/00000003/00000004/art00033
Abstract: The existence of the home advantage in sport is well known. There is growing evidence that crowd noise plays a crucial part in this phenomenon. Consequently, a quantitative study was undertaken to examine influence of crowd noise upon refereeing decisions in association football (soccer). The association between years of experience and any imbalance in refereeing decisions was also addressed. To investigate whether the presence or absence of crowd noise might influence qualified referees when assessing various tackles/challenges recorded on videotape. Binary logistic regression was used to assess the effect of crowd noise and years of experience on referees' decisions. The presence of crowd noise had a dramatic effect on the decisions made by referees. Those viewing the challenges with background crowd noise were more uncertain in their decision-making and awarded significantly fewer fouls (15.5 %) against the home team, compared with those watching in silence. The noise of the crowd influenced referees' decisions to favour the home team. It is suggested that referees' decisions are influenced by the salient nature of crowd noise, the potential use of heuristic strategies, and the need to avoid potential crowd displeasure by making a decision in favour of the home team.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Crowd noise
Referees
Home advantage
Football
Soccer
Decision Making
Sports psychology
ISSN: 1469-0292
Appears in Collections: Sport, Exercise and Health Research Group
Sport Performance
Learning and Teaching in Sport, Exercise and Performance

Files in This Item:
File Description Size Format View/Open
Nevill10.pdf93KbAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open

All Items in WIRE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Fairtrade - Guarantees a better deal for Third World Producers

University of Wolverhampton, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton, WV1 1LY

Course enquiries: 0800 953 3222, General enquiries: 01902 321000,
Email: enquiries@wlv.ac.uk | Freedom of Information | Disclaimer and copyright | Website feedback | The University as a charity

OR Logo Powered by Open Repository | Cookies